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VOA慢速英语1500基础单词例句d

时间:2007-07-12 06:21来源:互联网 提供网友:y419245804   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)
dam
[a wall built across a river to hold back flowing water]
The dam burst after a week of rain.

damage
[(1) to cause injury or destruction; (2) harm; (3) hurt or injury, usually to things]
The boy damaged his toys by throwing them against the wall. (1)
The storm caused a lot of damage to crops. (2)
Hitting the tree did serious damage to my car. (3)

dance
[(1) to move the body and feet to music; (2) a series of steps, usually to music]
Will you dance with me? (1)
Do you know how to do the chicken dance? (2)

danger
[a strong chance of suffering injury, damage or loss]
Some people enjoy the danger of rock climbing or sky diving.

dark
[having little or no light]
The room was dark.

date
[a day, month and year]
Today's date is September 10, 2000.

daughter
[a person's female child]
Tommy is going to the movies with Helen's daughter.

day
[(1) twenty-four hours; (2) the hours of sunlight]
I plan to be away from home for ten days. (1)
Alan works at night and sleeps during the day. (2)

dead
[not living]
The number of dead and injured in the rioting is not yet known.

deaf
[not able to hear]
The deaf man could not hear what you said.

deal
[(1) to have to do with; (2) to buy or sell]
The talks will deal with the problem of pollution. (1)
Her company deals in plastic. (2)

debate
[(1) to argue for or against something; (2) a public discussion or argument]
The two candidates debated for one and a half hours on nationwide television. (1)
Which candidate do you think won the debate? (2)

debt
[(1) something that is owed; (2)the condition of owing]
The bank will want a list of all your debts before it considers your loan request. (1)
I owe a great debt to my family for all they did for me. (2)

decide
[(1) to choose; (2) to settle; (3) to judge]
Which of the two books did you decide to read? (1)
Jay and I agreed that we would decide our dispute. (2)
The judge decided1 that the accused man was not guilty. (3)

declare
[(1) to say; (2) to make a statement]
Jane declared that she never wanted to see him again. (1)
The United States declared its independence from Britain on July 4, 1776. (2)

decrease
[to make less in size or amount]
Technology helped the farmer to decrease his use of electricity.

deep
[(1) going far down; (2) a long way from top to bottom]
The diver went deep into the ocean. (1)
The ocean was very deep where the ship went down. (2)

defeat
[to cause to lose in a battle or struggle; (2) a loss; (3) the condition of having lost]
The House of Representatives defeated the President's request for more money for health care. (1)
It was the first defeat for the White House on health care spending. (2)
The defeat kills efforts to expand the health care system. (3)

defend
[(1) to guard or fight against attack; (2) to protect]
The soldiers fought hard to defend the city from the invaders2. (1)
How can you defend what he did? (2)

deficit3
[a shortage that results when spending is greater than earnings4, or imports are greater than exports]
The President and the Congress worked together to reduce the budget deficit.

define
[(1) to give the meaning of; (2) to explain]
Today, I want you to define all the words on this list. (1)
Please define how the new system will work. (2)     

degree
[a measure of temperature]
The temperature outside is two degrees, Celsius5.

delay
[(1) to decide to do something at a later time; (2) to postpone6; (3) to cause to be late]
Let us delay dinner until we finish this work. (1)
The meeting will be delayed until ten o'clock tomorrow morning. (2)
The snowstorm delayed my arrival. (3)

delegate
[(1) one sent to act for another; (2) one who represents another]
The President named the Vice7 President to be his chief delegate at the trade talks. (1)
The elected state assembly in Virginia is called the House of Delegates. (2)

demand
[(1) to ask by ordering; (2) to ask with force]
His wife demanded that he paint the windows. (1)
The law demands that we pay our taxes on time. (2)

democracy
[the system of government in which citizens vote to choose leaders or to make other important decisions]
The United States has been a representative democracy for more than two hundred years.

demonstrate
[(1) to make a public show of opinions or feelings; (2) to explain by using examples]
The crowd demonstrated in support of human rights. (1)
The teacher demonstrated the idea with an experiment. (2)

denounce
[(1) to accuse of being wrong or evil; (2) to criticize severely]
The war crimes court denounced the general for murder and other evil acts. (1)
The candidate denounced the newspaper report about his arrest. (2)

deny
[(1) to declare that something is not true; (2) to refuse a request]
The mayor denied the report that he had taken illegal payments. (1)
The appeals court denied the woman's request for a new trial. (2)

depend
[to need help and support]
I depend on my friends for emotional support.

deplore8
[(1) to regret strongly; (2) to express sadness]
The United Nations deplored9 the latest violence in the Middle East. (1)
The President deplored the deaths in the ship explosion. (2)

deploy10
[to move forces or weapons into positions for action]
The general deployed11 his forces along the border.

depression
[(1) severe unhappiness; (2) a period of reduced business and economic activity during which many people lose their jobs]
The doctor gave her medicine for her depression. (1)
The latest economic depression in the United States happened a long time ago. (2)

describe
[(1) to give a word picture of something; (2) to give details of something]
The young man described his home in the desert. (1)
The report described how the problem developed. (2)

desert
[a dry area of land]
Survival is difficult in the hot, dry desert.

design
[to plan or create plans for]
An architect designed my new home.

desire
[(1) to want very much; (2) to wish for]
After traveling for two weeks, Jim very much desired a meal cooked at home. (1)
If you could have anything you wanted, what would you desire? (2)

destroy
[(1) to break into pieces; (2) to end the existence of]
The earthquake destroyed many houses. (1)
His actions destroyed any trust between them. (2)

detail
[(1) a small part of something; (2) a small piece of information]
Lisa decided every detail of her wedding. (1)
I want to hear every detail of your story. (2)

develop
[(1) to grow; (2) to create; (3) to experience progress]
He is developing into a fine young man. (1)
The professor developed a new way to teach English. (2)
The country needed many years to develop an industrial economy. (3)

device
[a piece of equipment made for a special purpose]
The microwave cooker is a device I use every day.

dictator
[a ruler with complete power]
The people of Yugoslavia forced the dictator from power.

die
[(1) to become dead; (2) to stop living; (3) to end]
If you touch that wire you will die. (1)
The river died slowly as pollution increased. (2)
All hope died when the prison gate closed. (3)

diet
[usual daily food and drink]
The doctor ordered a special diet to help him lose weight.

different
[not the same]
His clothes are different from mine.

difficult
[(1) not easy; (2) hard to do, make or carry out]
Keith was a difficult child. (1)
Building a boat is a difficult job. (2)

dig
[to make a hole in the ground]
Dig here and you will find water.

dinner
[(1) the main amount of food eaten at a usual time; (2) a special event that includes food ]
The family had its dinner at noon. (1)
The official dinner took place at the White House. (2)

diplomat12
[a person who represents his or her government in dealing13 with another government]
Most foreign diplomats14 live in the Washington area.

direct
[(1) to lead; (2) to aim or show the way;(3) straight to something; (4) not through some other person or thing]
The mayor directs all city agencies. (1)
He directed me to the theater. (2)
The most direct way to Annapolis is Highway 50. (3)
The path is direct. (4)

direction
[(1) the way (east, west, north, south); (2) where someone or something came from or went to]
North is the opposite direction from south. (1)
The cold wind is coming from that direction. (2)

dirt
[earth or soil]
Little children enjoy playing in the dirt.

disappear
[(1) to become unseen; (2) to no longer exist]
His dog disappears when it is time for a bath. (1)
Dinosaurs15 disappeared a long time ago. (2)

disarm16
[(1) to take away weapons; (2) to no longer keep weapons; (3) to make a bomb harmless by removing its exploding device]
The policeman disarmed17 the gunman. (1)
Some smaller countries have disarmed. (2)
Explosives experts often can disarm bombs. (3)

discover
[to find or learn something]
Scientists have discovered cures for many kinds of cancer.

discuss
[(1) to talk about; (2) to exchange ideas]
We can discuss anything you wish. (1)
The two presidents discussed trade and other economic issues. (2)

disease
[a sickness in living things, often caused by viruses, germs or bacteria]
Modern medicines have made some diseases disappear.

dismiss
[(1) to send away; (2) to refuse to consider]
The scientist was dismissed for copying secret information about nuclear weapons. (1)
The senators dismissed any idea of campaign finance reform. (2)

dispute
[(1) to oppose strongly by argument; (2) an angry debate]
The two nations disputed where the border between them should be. (1)
The United Nations helped settle the border dispute. (2)

dissident
[a person who strongly disagrees with his or her government]
The three dissidents were sentenced to long prison terms.

distance
[the amount of space between two places or objects]
The distance from my house to your house is two kilometers.

dive
[to jump into water head first]
He dived into the river and swam to the screaming child.

divide
[to separate into two or more parts]
She divided the food into four equal amounts.

do
[(1) to act; (2) to make an effort]
I did the job exactly as ordered. (1)
He did the best that he could do. (2)

doctor
[a person trained in medicine to treat sick people]
He was sick so he went to see the doctor.

document
[an official piece of paper with facts written on it, used as proof or support of something]
The lawyer offered many documents to support his case.

dog
[a small animal that often lives with humans]
Our dog loves to chase our cat.

dollar
[United States money, one hundred cents]
Could I borrow a dollar from you?

door
[an opening for entering or leaving a building or room]
He ran through the door just as she closed it.

down
[(1) from higher to lower; (2) in a low place]
The climbers walked down the mountain. (1)
I was doing some exercises down on the floor when she walked in. (2)

dream
[(1) to have a picture or story in the mind during sleep; (2) a picture or story in the mind during sleep; (3) a happy idea about the future]
He dreamed he was standing18 on a falling building. (1)
The man described his dream to the psychiatrist19. (2)
The civil rights leader had a dream that someday whites and blacks could live together in peace. (3)

drink
[to take liquid into the body through the mouth]
I always drink water after running.

drive
[to control a moving vehicle]
He is learning to drive a car.

drop
[(1) to fall or let fall; (2) to go lower]
She dropped a book as she walked by him. (1)
The value of the dollar dropped. (2)

drown
[to die under water]
Three hundred people drowned when the ferry boat sank.

drug
[(1) anything used as a medicine or in making medicine; (2) a chemical substance used to ease pain or to affect the mind]
The new drug seems to be an effective weapon against infections. (1)
Some doctors say the illegal drug marijuana can reduce bad effects of treatment with anti-cancer chemicals. (2)

dry
[(1) not wet; (2) without rain]
This raincoat will keep you dry. (1)
The hot, dry weather is causing severe problems for farmers. (2)

during
[(1) through the whole time; (2) while (something is happening)]
She said she would be too busy during the day to see me. (1)
I slept during his long speech. (2)

dust
[pieces of matter so small that they can float in the air]
After the explosion, the air in the building was filled with dust.

duty
[(1) one's job or responsibility; (2) what one must do because it is right and just]
The soldier was often on guard duty. (1)
It is my duty to vote on election day. (2)

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
2 invaders 5f4b502b53eb551c767b8cce3965af9f     
入侵者,侵略者,侵入物( invader的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • They prepared to repel the invaders. 他们准备赶走侵略军。
  • The family has traced its ancestry to the Norman invaders. 这个家族将自己的世系追溯到诺曼征服者。
3 deficit tmAzu     
n.亏空,亏损;赤字,逆差
参考例句:
  • The directors have reported a deficit of 2.5 million dollars.董事们报告赤字为250万美元。
  • We have a great deficit this year.我们今年有很大亏损。
4 earnings rrWxJ     
n.工资收人;利润,利益,所得
参考例句:
  • That old man lives on the earnings of his daughter.那个老人靠他女儿的收入维持生活。
  • Last year there was a 20% decrease in his earnings.去年他的收入减少了20%。
5 Celsius AXRzl     
adj.摄氏温度计的,摄氏的
参考例句:
  • The temperature tonight will fall to seven degrees Celsius.今晚气温将下降到七摄氏度。
  • The maximum temperature in July may be 36 degrees Celsius.七月份最高温度可能达到36摄氏度。
6 postpone rP0xq     
v.延期,推迟
参考例句:
  • I shall postpone making a decision till I learn full particulars.在未获悉详情之前我得从缓作出决定。
  • She decided to postpone the converastion for that evening.她决定当天晚上把谈话搁一搁。
7 vice NU0zQ     
n.坏事;恶习;[pl.]台钳,老虎钳;adj.副的
参考例句:
  • He guarded himself against vice.他避免染上坏习惯。
  • They are sunk in the depth of vice.他们堕入了罪恶的深渊。
8 deplore mmdz1     
vt.哀叹,对...深感遗憾
参考例句:
  • I deplore what has happened.我为所发生的事深感愤慨。
  • There are many of us who deplore this lack of responsibility.我们中有许多人谴责这种不负责任的做法。
9 deplored 5e09629c8c32d80fe4b48562675b50ad     
v.悲叹,痛惜,强烈反对( deplore的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • They deplored the price of motor car, textiles, wheat, and oil. 他们悲叹汽车、纺织品、小麦和石油的价格。 来自辞典例句
  • Hawthorne feels that all excess is to be deplored. 霍桑觉得一切过分的举动都是可悲的。 来自辞典例句
10 deploy Yw8x7     
v.(军)散开成战斗队形,布置,展开
参考例句:
  • The infantry began to deploy at dawn.步兵黎明时开始进入战斗位置。
  • The president said he had no intention of deploying ground troops.总统称并不打算部署地面部队。
11 deployed 4ceaf19fb3d0a70e329fcd3777bb05ea     
(尤指军事行动)使展开( deploy的过去式和过去分词 ); 施展; 部署; 有效地利用
参考例句:
  • Tanks have been deployed all along the front line. 沿整个前线已部署了坦克。
  • The artillery was deployed to bear on the fort. 火炮是对着那个碉堡部署的。
12 diplomat Pu0xk     
n.外交官,外交家;能交际的人,圆滑的人
参考例句:
  • The diplomat threw in a joke, and the tension was instantly relieved.那位外交官插进一个笑话,紧张的气氛顿时缓和下来。
  • He served as a diplomat in Russia before the war.战前他在俄罗斯当外交官。
13 dealing NvjzWP     
n.经商方法,待人态度
参考例句:
  • This store has an excellent reputation for fair dealing.该商店因买卖公道而享有极高的声誉。
  • His fair dealing earned our confidence.他的诚实的行为获得我们的信任。
14 diplomats ccde388e31f0f3bd6f4704d76a1c3319     
n.外交官( diplomat的名词复数 );有手腕的人,善于交际的人
参考例句:
  • These events led to the expulsion of senior diplomats from the country. 这些事件导致一些高级外交官被驱逐出境。
  • The court has no jurisdiction over foreign diplomats living in this country. 法院对驻本国的外交官无裁判权。 来自《简明英汉词典》
15 dinosaurs 87f9c39b9e3f358174d58a584c2727b4     
n.恐龙( dinosaur的名词复数 );守旧落伍的人,过时落后的东西
参考例句:
  • The brontosaurus was one of the largest of all dinosaurs. 雷龙是所有恐龙中最大的一种。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Dinosaurs have been extinct for millions of years. 恐龙绝种已有几百万年了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
16 disarm 0uax2     
v.解除武装,回复平常的编制,缓和
参考例句:
  • The world has waited 12 years for Iraq to disarm. 全世界等待伊拉克解除武装已有12年之久。
  • He has rejected every peaceful opportunity offered to him to disarm.他已经拒绝了所有能和平缴械的机会。
17 disarmed f147d778a788fe8e4bf22a9bdb60a8ba     
v.裁军( disarm的过去式和过去分词 );使息怒
参考例句:
  • Most of the rebels were captured and disarmed. 大部分叛乱分子被俘获并解除了武装。
  • The swordsman disarmed his opponent and ran him through. 剑客缴了对手的械,并对其乱刺一气。 来自《简明英汉词典》
18 standing 2hCzgo     
n.持续,地位;adj.永久的,不动的,直立的,不流动的
参考例句:
  • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  • They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
19 psychiatrist F0qzf     
n.精神病专家;精神病医师
参考例句:
  • He went to a psychiatrist about his compulsive gambling.他去看精神科医生治疗不能自拔的赌瘾。
  • The psychiatrist corrected him gently.精神病医师彬彬有礼地纠正他。
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TAG标签:   voa  慢速英语  基础单词  例句
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