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万花筒 Kaleidoscope 2007-06-17&19, 智慧的较量

时间:2007-08-09 06:05来源:互联网 提供网友:liujunran   字体: [ ]
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Deciphering the hidden meanings found in words, symbols and phrases. No, not the Da Vinci Code, but the real life crime-fighting taking place at the FBI. NBC's Pete Williams has more.

What was in a letter sent from jail by Joseph Smith, while awaiting trial for the kidnapping and murder of 11-year-old Carlie Brucia? Unable to decode2 the jumble3 of numbers and symbols, Florida police turned to the FBI's Cryptanalysis Unit---The Code Breakers. They realized those symbols stood for letters. But the FBI's Daniel Olson says they had one more puzzle to solve.

"What we thought was the first line is actually the last line, the message started at the bottom, and worked backwards4 all the way up to the top."

"So the message starts here, and goes right to left, up."

"Correct!"

The letter revealed where Smith hid evidence that helped convict him.

" The defendant's guilty of murder in the first degree has charged."

Not every cipher1 is so easy to break. Theodore Kaczynski, the Unabomber left behind journals protected by elaborate layers of encoding. The FBI cracked them discovering that after one of his fatal attacks, Kaczynski wrote (quote) "Excellent. Humane5 way to eliminate somebody." He probably never felt a thing. Sometimes Olson says they break a code in a moment of inspiration.

"You are driving in a car, and something flashes in your mind, and, and you are on the phone with someone in the office: Here, quick, try this.

Spies, gangs, the Mafia even serial6 killers7 use codes, some quite complex.

" It's one of these things that you are, you have to be tenacious8 like a dog, I think, when you were in these cases."

Example: Brian Regan, an intelligence analyst9 who stole secret documents on US spy Satellites, hoping to sell them and bury them around the country, noting the locations in a cipher.

"The code was so complex that he himself could not recall exactly how he enciphered the messages."

The key turned out to be his junior high school yearbook. Take a pair of numbers from his code, mark off that many pictures from his own photo, then count the number of letters in that student's name, to eventually find the map coordinates10 for the secret stashes11.

Another success for FBI code breakers whose fight against crime is a battle of wits."

Pete Williams NBC News, Quantico, Virginia.
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Unabomber: University and Airline Bomber

Theodore Kaczynski: Dr. Theodore John Kaczynski (born May 22, 1942), also known as the Unabomber, is an American infamous12 for his campaign of mail bombings that killed three and wounded 23. He sent bombs to several universities and airlines from the late 1970s through early 1990s. In his Industrial Society and Its Future(commonly called the "Unabomber Manifesto") he argued that his actions were a necessary (although extreme) ruse13 by which to attract attention to what he believed were the dangers of modern technology. The Unabomber was the target of the most expensive manhunt in the FBI's history. Kaczynski's moniker as the Unabomber developed as a result of an FBI codename. Before his real identity was known, the FBI used the handle "UNABOM" ("university and airline bomber"), which resulted in variants14 such as Unabomer, Unibomber, and Unabomber when the media started using the name.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 cipher dVuy9     
n.零;无影响力的人;密码
参考例句:
  • All important plans were sent to the police in cipher.所有重要计划均以密码送往警方。
  • He's a mere cipher in the company.他在公司里是个无足轻重的小人物。
2 decode WxYxg     
vt.译(码),解(码)
参考例句:
  • All he had to do was decode it and pass it over.他需要做的就是将它破译然后转给他人。
  • The secret documents were intercepted and decoded.机密文件遭截获并被破译。
3 jumble I3lyi     
vt.使混乱,混杂;n.混乱;杂乱的一堆
参考例句:
  • Even the furniture remained the same jumble that it had always been.甚至家具还是象过去一样杂乱无章。
  • The things in the drawer were all in a jumble.抽屉里的东西很杂乱。
4 backwards BP9ya     
adv.往回地,向原处,倒,相反,前后倒置地
参考例句:
  • He turned on the light and began to pace backwards and forwards.他打开电灯并开始走来走去。
  • All the girls fell over backwards to get the party ready.姑娘们迫不及待地为聚会做准备。
5 humane Uymy0     
adj.人道的,富有同情心的
参考例句:
  • Is it humane to kill animals for food?宰杀牲畜来吃合乎人道吗?
  • Their aim is for a more just and humane society.他们的目标是建立一个更加公正、博爱的社会。
6 serial 0zuw2     
n.连本影片,连本电视节目;adj.连续的
参考例句:
  • A new serial is starting on television tonight.今晚电视开播一部新的电视连续剧。
  • Can you account for the serial failures in our experiment?你能解释我们实验屡屡失败的原因吗?
7 killers c1a8ff788475e2c3424ec8d3f91dd856     
凶手( killer的名词复数 ); 消灭…者; 致命物; 极难的事
参考例句:
  • He remained steadfast in his determination to bring the killers to justice. 他要将杀人凶手绳之以法的决心一直没有动摇。
  • They were professional killers who did in John. 杀死约翰的这些人是职业杀手。
8 tenacious kIXzb     
adj.顽强的,固执的,记忆力强的,粘的
参考例句:
  • We must learn from the tenacious fighting spirit of Lu Xun.我们要学习鲁迅先生韧性的战斗精神。
  • We should be tenacious of our rights.我们应坚决维护我们的权利。
9 analyst gw7zn     
n.分析家,化验员;心理分析学家
参考例句:
  • What can you contribute to the position of a market analyst?你有什么技能可有助于市场分析员的职务?
  • The analyst is required to interpolate values between standards.分析人员需要在这些标准中插入一些值。
10 coordinates 8387d77faaaa65484f5631d9f9d20bfc     
n.相配之衣物;坐标( coordinate的名词复数 );(颜色协调的)配套服装;[复数]女套服;同等重要的人(或物)v.使协调,使调和( coordinate的第三人称单数 );协调;协同;成为同等
参考例句:
  • The town coordinates on this map are 695037. 该镇在这幅地图上的坐标是695037。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, headed by the Emergency Relief Coordinator, coordinates all UN emergency relief. 联合国人道主义事务协调厅在紧急救济协调员领导下,负责协调联合国的所有紧急救济工作。 来自《简明英汉词典》
11 stashes efbef5d4e35218d88dc1da4955447d43     
n.隐藏处( stash的名词复数 )v.贮藏( stash的第三人称单数 );隐藏;藏匿;藏起
参考例句:
  • The squirrel stashes away nuts for winter. 松鼠贮藏胡桃以备过冬。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • The giving up love, after stashes the love again, how always? 放弃爱,呜咽后再拥有爱,多么总? 来自互联网
12 infamous K7ax3     
adj.声名狼藉的,臭名昭著的,邪恶的
参考例句:
  • He was infamous for his anti-feminist attitudes.他因反对女性主义而声名狼藉。
  • I was shocked by her infamous behaviour.她的无耻行径令我震惊。
13 ruse 5Ynxv     
n.诡计,计策;诡计
参考例句:
  • The children thought of a clever ruse to get their mother to leave the house so they could get ready for her surprise.孩子们想出一个聪明的办法使妈妈离家,以便他们能准备给她一个惊喜。It is now clear that this was a ruse to divide them.现在已清楚这是一个离间他们的诡计。
14 variants 796e0e5ff8114b13b2e23cde9d3c6904     
n.变体( variant的名词复数 );变种;变型;(词等的)变体
参考例句:
  • Those variants will be preserved in the'struggle for existence". 这些变异将在“生存竞争”中被保留下来。 来自辞典例句
  • Like organisms, viruses have variants, generally called strains. 与其他生物一样,病毒也有变种,一般称之为株系。 来自辞典例句
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TAG标签:   万花筒  智慧  较量
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