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万花筒 2009-07-31&08-02 日本动漫境况堪忧

时间:2010-05-27 02:42来源:互联网 提供网友:whl03020728   字体: [ ]
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Line by line, page by page, Nobuki Mitani has been eking1 out a living for six years.

"Every day I work about 10 to 12 hours", says the 27-year-old animator, "often we work on Saturday and if it's busy we work Sunday, too."

Japanese animation2 is a more than 2-billion-dollar-a-year industry, but for those who painstakingly3 draw each figure, the in-between animators, it's anything but lucrative4. Nobuki is paid by the page or cel, each worth about 2 dollars. All told, he makes less than 1,000 dollars a month. This is home, one room, no shower, no air-conditioning. Nobuki says he avoids drinking water so as not to sweat and he is not the only one feeling the heat.

Since its peak in 2006, animation earnings5 have dropped off. Industry expert Yasuo Yamaguchi says the recession has caught advertising6. That's meant less money for new programs. Even worse is Internet piracy7.

"The spread of free Internet downloading is having a deadly effect", he says.

Toei Animation Studio has produced some of Japan's best-known TV shows and movies. It's here they are hand drawn8, digitalized and colored. Though much of what they produce is for kids, the work is strictly9 for grown-ups.

"If you're thinking of doing this job just because you love drawing", says this animator, "that is a hobby. You'd better think of doing something else."

So what do you do if you are a talented young artist, but you haven't yet figured out how to make a living from it? Well, one option is to come here, the Tokyo Animator School, basically, a vocational school for those who wanna work in the animation industry.

These students are learning both key and in-between animation. Some will become relatively10 well-off key animators. Most will get low paid in-between work.

"Because there are always people quitting," says the school's director, "there are always hirings."

Nobuki says he's often thought of quitting. Marriage and a family are out of the question with what he earns. But for now, he'll keep at it. If there's anything the job's taught him, it's patience.

Morgan Neill, CNN, Tokyo.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 eking 889887d4a1745eb5f0a532255f3d52e5     
v.(靠节省用量)使…的供应持久( eke的现在分词 );节约使用;竭力维持生计;勉强度日
参考例句:
  • He was eking out an existence on a few francs a day. 他每天就靠几法郎勉强度日。 来自辞典例句
  • She is eking out her income by working in the evenings. 她在晚上工作以增加收入。 来自辞典例句
2 animation UMdyv     
n.活泼,兴奋,卡通片/动画片的制作
参考例句:
  • They are full of animation as they talked about their childhood.当他们谈及童年的往事时都非常兴奋。
  • The animation of China made a great progress.中国的卡通片制作取得很大发展。
3 painstakingly painstakingly     
adv. 费力地 苦心地
参考例句:
  • Every aspect of the original has been closely studied and painstakingly reconstructed. 原作的每一细节都经过了仔细研究,费尽苦心才得以重现。
  • The cause they contrived so painstakingly also ended in failure. 他们惨淡经营的事业也以失败而告终。
4 lucrative dADxp     
adj.赚钱的,可获利的
参考例句:
  • He decided to turn his hobby into a lucrative sideline.他决定把自己的爱好变成赚钱的副业。
  • It was not a lucrative profession.那是一个没有多少油水的职业。
5 earnings rrWxJ     
n.工资收人;利润,利益,所得
参考例句:
  • That old man lives on the earnings of his daughter.那个老人靠他女儿的收入维持生活。
  • Last year there was a 20% decrease in his earnings.去年他的收入减少了20%。
6 advertising 1zjzi3     
n.广告业;广告活动 a.广告的;广告业务的
参考例句:
  • Can you give me any advice on getting into advertising? 你能指点我如何涉足广告业吗?
  • The advertising campaign is aimed primarily at young people. 这个广告宣传运动主要是针对年轻人的。
7 piracy 9N3xO     
n.海盗行为,剽窃,著作权侵害
参考例句:
  • The government has already adopted effective measures against piracy.政府已采取有效措施惩治盗版行为。
  • They made the place a notorious centre of piracy.他们把这地方变成了臭名昭著的海盗中心。
8 drawn MuXzIi     
v.拖,拉,拔出;adj.憔悴的,紧张的
参考例句:
  • All the characters in the story are drawn from life.故事中的所有人物都取材于生活。
  • Her gaze was drawn irresistibly to the scene outside.她的目光禁不住被外面的风景所吸引。
9 strictly GtNwe     
adv.严厉地,严格地;严密地
参考例句:
  • His doctor is dieting him strictly.他的医生严格规定他的饮食。
  • The guests were seated strictly in order of precedence.客人严格按照地位高低就座。
10 relatively bkqzS3     
adv.比较...地,相对地
参考例句:
  • The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相对较新引入澳大利亚的物种。
  • The operation was relatively painless.手术相对来说不痛。
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TAG标签:   万花筒  日本动漫  境况堪忧
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