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新东方4+1听力口语-语音语调 Unit57

时间:2007-09-27 02:45来源:互联网 提供网友:mummy   字体: [ ]
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新东方4+1听力口语MP3-语音语调 Unit57

Part One Initial consonants2 and consonant1 clusters
English words begin with no, one, two, or three consonants.
A. Listen and repeat. Read across the chart. The first word has no initial consonant.
No Initial Consonant: old Initial [j]: you Initial [w]: we Initial [r]: row Initial [l]: lie [g] go
[k] key
[sk] sky
[kj] cute
[skj] skewer3 [gw] Gwen
[kw] quiet
[skw] square [gr] grow
[kr] cry
[skr] scratch [gl] glad
[kl] climb
[b] bee
[p] pie
[sp] spoon [bj] beauty
[pj] pure
[spj] spurious

[br] brown
[rp] prove
[spr] spring [bl] blue
[pl] play
[spl] splash [d] do
[t] too
[st] stay *[dj] due
*[tj] tune4
*[stj] stew5 [dw] Duane
[tw] twenty
[dr] draw
[tr] tree
[str] strong

[v] vote
[f] fine [vj] view
[fj] few

[fr] free
[fl] fly [?] thing
[s] see
[?] show
*[sj] suit
[?w] thwart6
[sw] swim
[?r] [three

[?r] shrink
[sl] slow
[h] he
[m] me
[n] no [hj] huge
[mj] music
*[nj] news *[hw] white

 

 

Common words also begin with these sounds:
[z] zoo [?] they [(?] chew [(?] job [sn] snow [sm] smile [sf] sphere *Many English speakers do not pronounce the [y] or [h] in these words.
B. Some words have [j] after another consonant sound. Use a word from the [y] column of the chart to answer each question
1. What are we listening to? (We’re listening to some music.)
2. What word is the opposite of very small?
3. Why do people sometimes buy water at the store?
4. Do you want to make a lot of mistakes on a test?
5. What do you think of baby’s shoes?
6. Why do people stop their car there and look around?
C. Some words have /w/ after another consonant. Use a word from the /w/ column of the chart to answer each question .
1. What is a boy’s name in the column?
2. How old do you think he might be?
3. What color is his hair?
4. Is he a noisy person?
5. What does he do every weekend?
6. What shape is his classroom?
D. Some words have /r/ after another consonant. Use a word from the [r] column of the chart to answer each question .
1. What season is May Day in?
2. Does everyone have to buy tomatoes?
3. How much did you pay for this sample?
4. What color are her eyes?
E. Some words have ????? after another consonant. Use a word from the ??? column to answer each question.
1. What color is the sky?
2. What do all children like to do?
3. Does everyone walk fast?
F. Repeat the words. Then fill in the blanks with words from the list .
black dress sleep throat
blue drive street train
dream pretty strong travel
1. The movie King Kong was filmed in _________and white.
2. The opposite of weak is _________.
3. I never take planes. I always _________ by _________.
4. Do you know how to _________a car?
5. John has a cold and a sore _________.
6. My address is 2126 24th _________.
7. I _________eight hours every night but I never _________.
8. The young lawyer was wearing a very_________ __________________.
G. Repeat the words. Then fill in the blanks with words from the list.
squeeze splinter stranger
shrink thread scream
1. I washed my new shirt. I hope it didn’t _________.
2. Let’s have orange juice this morning. Will you _________ a few oranges,
please?
3. If you’re going to sew on buttons, you’ll need a needle and _________.
4. I’ve never met that man. He’s a complete _________.
5. She was terrified, but was unable to __________.
6. My finger’s sore. I think I have a _________ in it.


H. Form noun phrases with the adjectives and nouns. Use them in sentences.
E.g. beautiful view
They have a beautiful view from their window.
blue strong beauty fly spring glad
brown green sweet bread glass square
clean huge three cloth grass string
cute proud true cross music tree
dry pure twenty cube plane view
few slow beautiful dress musician quarter

Part Two Medical consonants and consonant clusters
A. Say each consonant sound in final position and medial position.
stop/stopping write/writer time/timing
rub/rubber ride/riding sing/singer
off/offer lock/locker witch/witches
love/loving log/logger wash/washer
B. Say each pair of words. Then listen as one of the words is spoken again. Circle that word.
1. riding/writing 4. mabel/maple 7. rival/rifle
2. logger/locker 5. fuzzy/fussy 8. edging/etching
3. ringer/rigor 6. aloe/arrow 9. glazier/glacier
C. Listen to and repeat words that have [t] or [d] between vowels7. Then fill in the blanks with words from the list and read the sentences aloud.
butter/button lattice/Latin woody/wooden redder/redden
kitty/kitten subtle/Sutton ladle/laden hiding/Haydn
1. He spilled ________ on his shirt.
2. The _________ on my coat is loose. I hope I don’t lose it.
3. A __________ will come to you if you say, “Here, _________ ___________”
4. He was embarrassed, and his face got __________ and ____________.
5. I can’t find Jimmy. Do you think he’s ____________?
D. Repeat the underlined words and sentences. These medial clusters have [r] and [l].
1. Ardis wasn’t at the party.
2. Archie was a sergeant8 in the army.
3. Martha Larson married Marvin Marshall.
4. This is the album of our Alpine10 trip.
5. The butler’s name was Dudley.
6. Wilga welcomed the guests warmly.
E. Answer with a full sentence. Add –ly to one of the adjectives in the list to form an adverb.
How does he sleep? (He sleeps soundly.)
How does the car run?
How did the soldiers fight?
How did the actor dress?
How did the president speak?
brave quick smooth
clear rich soft
fierce rough sound
frank sharp strange
F. Repeat the pairs of words. The medial clusters have????, ????and????.
1. symbol/simple 6. Jenner/center
2. Dempsey/Ramsey 7. mentioned /danger
3. Denzel/pencil 8. window/winter
4. drinker/finger 9. Houghton/mountain
5. Ridgemont/Richmond 10. Disney/Passner
Now select three pairs of words from the list above and form three statements of questions using them.
E.g.: Jenner was the regular center on our basketball team.
G. Read the names of these football players and former players. Then compare their ages. Use older than, younger than, or the same age as.
E.g.: Pitman is older than Cushman.
1. Pitman, 45 6. Goodman, 81
2. Beckman, 26 7. Hagman, 61
3. Hoffman, 32 8. Cushman, 39
4. Crossman, 77 9. Wiseman, 29
5. Fineman, 21 10. Pullman, 32
H. Repeat these sets of words. The medial clusters have stops or ??? or ???.
1. Edsel/pretzel 5. captain/napkin
2. Bugsie/taxi 6. Edgar/Rutgers
3. whispered/husband 7. Pitkin/Redken
4. risky11/exit 8. Clifton/doctor/Ogden
Now listen to the questions and answer them.
Who ate the pretzels? (Edsel did.)
Who took a taxi home?
Who did Jane whisper to?
What is risky to use?
What does the captain need?
Who’s going to Rutgers College?
Who sells Redken products?
What is the name of the doctor who practices in Ogden?
I. Read the names. Then complete the sentences, using any name from the list and adding -ful to one of the nouns in parentheses12 to form an adjective.
Jepson Gibson Leffson Dodgeson
Matson Hudson Wilson Carson
Jackson Gregson Johnson Simpson
1. Mr. Hudson is a careful worker. (care, skill)
2. Mrs. ________ got rid of the ________ insects. (dread, harm)
3. Mr. __________ is very ________ about his health. (doubt, thank)
4. Mrs. _________ spent a __________ night. (rest, wake)
5. Miss _________ had a ________operation. (help, pain)
6. Mr. _________ is a __________ person. (peace, truth)

Part Three Final consonants and consonant clusters
English words end with no, one, two, or three consonants, not counting words that have a plural13 or past suffix14.
A. Listen and repeat. Read across the chart. The first word has no final consonant.
No final
Consonant: go, see [r]+Final Consonant [l]+Final
Consonant Nasal+Final
Consonant [k] ache
[g] egg [rk] mark
[rg] morgue [lk] milk
[?k] ink
[p] hope
[b] rob [rp] sharp
[rb] garb15 [lp] help
[lb] bulb [mp] camp
[t] eight
[d] add [rt] art
[rd] hard [lt] belt
[ld] gold [nt] ant
[nd] and [(?] match
[(?] edge [r(?] march
[r(?] large [l(?] welch
[l(?] bulge16 [n(?] inch
[n(?] change [f] if
[v] of [rf] scarf
[rv] carve [lf] shelf
[lv] solve [mf] triumph
[?] math
[th] breathe [r?] north
[l?] health
[n?] month
[s] us
[z] as [rs] horse
[rz] Mars [ls] else
[ns] dance
[nz] lens [?] wish
[?] beige [r?] marsh9
[l?] Welsh

[m] an
[n] in
[?] sing [rm] arm
[m] corn
[lm] film
[ln] kiln17


[l] all
[r] or [rl] Carl

Common words also end with these sounds.
[kt] act [ks] ax [sk] desk [ts] blitz
[kt] exitinct [ks] jinx [sp] wasp18 [rts] quartz19
[pt] adapt [ps] collapse20 [st] fast [lts] waltz
[mpt] tempt21 [mps] glimpse [nst] against [ft] lift B. Some words end with ????and another consonant. Use a word from the?????column to answer each question.
1. What vegetable is often served with a meal?
2. Is Chicago in the South?
3. Jane draws very well. What should she study?
4. How did Jim hurt himself?
5. What’s Mary wearing around her neck?
6. What does the teacher do with tests?
7. Is that a star in the sky?
8. What is the baby’s name?
C. Some words end with ??????and another consonant. Use a word from the???????column to answer each question.
1. Why doesn’t this light work?
2. What did Mrs. Fay buy at the grocery store?
3. What’s that ring made of ?
4. Where’s the sugar?
5. Why don’t you smoke any more?
6. What nationality is he?
D. Some words end with?????????? or ????and another consonant. Use a word from the nasal column to answer each question.
1. What shall we do on the weekend?
2. How long is it till spring?
3. Is this a good camera?
4. How long is this line?
5. Do you have a red pen?
6. Is that a fly?
E. Form sentences using these verbs and objects.
E.g.: I can’t lift this box.
act dust park bank bus desk maid
ask fix send belt camp film milk
change help sort bench card gold part
drink lift want box corn horse shell
 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 consonant mYEyY     
n.辅音;adj.[音]符合的
参考例句:
  • The quality of this suit isn't quite consonant with its price.这套衣服的质量和价钱不相称。
  • These are common consonant clusters at the beginning of words.这些单词的开头有相同辅音组合。
2 consonants 6d7406e22bce454935f32e3837012573     
n.辅音,子音( consonant的名词复数 );辅音字母
参考例句:
  • Consonants are frequently assimilated to neighboring consonants. 辅音往往被其邻近的辅音同化。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Vowels possess greater sonority than consonants. 元音比辅音响亮。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
3 skewer 2E3yI     
n.(烤肉用的)串肉杆;v.用杆串好
参考例句:
  • I used a skewer to make an extra hole in my belt.我用扦子在腰带上又打了一个眼儿。
  • He skewered his victim through the neck.他用扦子刺穿了受害人的脖子。
4 tune NmnwW     
n.调子;和谐,协调;v.调音,调节,调整
参考例句:
  • He'd written a tune,and played it to us on the piano.他写了一段曲子,并在钢琴上弹给我们听。
  • The boy beat out a tune on a tin can.那男孩在易拉罐上敲出一首曲子。
5 stew 0GTz5     
n.炖汤,焖,烦恼;v.炖汤,焖,忧虑
参考例句:
  • The stew must be boiled up before serving.炖肉必须煮熟才能上桌。
  • There's no need to get in a stew.没有必要烦恼。
6 thwart wIRzZ     
v.阻挠,妨碍,反对;adj.横(断的)
参考例句:
  • We must thwart his malevolent schemes.我们决不能让他的恶毒阴谋得逞。
  • I don't think that will thwart our purposes.我认为那不会使我们的目的受到挫折。
7 vowels 6c36433ab3f13c49838853205179fe8b     
n.元音,元音字母( vowel的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Vowels possess greater sonority than consonants. 元音比辅音响亮。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • Note the various sounds of vowels followed by r. 注意r跟随的各种元音的发音。 来自超越目标英语 第3册
8 sergeant REQzz     
n.警官,中士
参考例句:
  • His elder brother is a sergeant.他哥哥是个警官。
  • How many stripes are there on the sleeve of a sergeant?陆军中士的袖子上有多少条纹?
9 marsh Y7Rzo     
n.沼泽,湿地
参考例句:
  • There are a lot of frogs in the marsh.沼泽里有许多青蛙。
  • I made my way slowly out of the marsh.我缓慢地走出这片沼泽地。
10 alpine ozCz0j     
adj.高山的;n.高山植物
参考例句:
  • Alpine flowers are abundant there.那里有很多高山地带的花。
  • Its main attractions are alpine lakes and waterfalls .它以高山湖泊和瀑布群为主要特色。
11 risky IXVxe     
adj.有风险的,冒险的
参考例句:
  • It may be risky but we will chance it anyhow.这可能有危险,但我们无论如何要冒一冒险。
  • He is well aware how risky this investment is.他心里对这项投资的风险十分清楚。
12 parentheses 2dad6cf426f00f3078dcec97513ed9fe     
n.圆括号,插入语,插曲( parenthesis的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Irregular forms are given in parentheses . 不规则形式标注在括号内。
  • Answer these questions, using the words in parentheses. Put the apostrophe in the right place. 用句后括号中的词或词组来回答问题,注意撇号的位置。 来自《简明英汉词典》
13 plural c2WzP     
n.复数;复数形式;adj.复数的
参考例句:
  • Most plural nouns in English end in's '.英语的复数名词多以s结尾。
  • Here you should use plural pronoun.这里你应该用复数代词。
14 suffix AhMzMc     
n.后缀;vt.添后缀
参考例句:
  • We add the suffix "ly" to make the adjective "quick" into the adverb " quickly ".我们在形容词“ quick”后加“ly” 构成副词“quickly”。
  • It described the meaning of suffix array and also how to built it.它描述的含义,后缀数组以及如何建立它。
15 garb JhYxN     
n.服装,装束
参考例句:
  • He wore the garb of a general.他身着将军的制服。
  • Certain political,social,and legal forms reappear in seemingly different garb.一些政治、社会和法律的形式在表面不同的外衣下重复出现。
16 bulge Ns3ze     
n.突出,膨胀,激增;vt.突出,膨胀
参考例句:
  • The apple made a bulge in his pocket.苹果把他口袋塞得鼓了起来。
  • What's that awkward bulge in your pocket?你口袋里那块鼓鼓囊囊的东西是什么?
17 kiln naQzW     
n.(砖、石灰等)窑,炉;v.烧窑
参考例句:
  • That morning we fired our first kiln of charcoal.那天上午,我们烧了我们的第一窑木炭。
  • Bricks are baked in a kiln.砖是在窑里烧成的。
18 wasp sMczj     
n.黄蜂,蚂蜂
参考例句:
  • A wasp stung me on the arm.黄蜂蜇了我的手臂。
  • Through the glass we can see the wasp.透过玻璃我们可以看到黄蜂。
19 quartz gCoye     
n.石英
参考例句:
  • There is a great deal quartz in those mountains.那些山里蕴藏着大量石英。
  • The quartz watch keeps good time.石英表走时准。
20 collapse aWvyE     
vi.累倒;昏倒;倒塌;塌陷
参考例句:
  • The country's economy is on the verge of collapse.国家的经济已到了崩溃的边缘。
  • The engineer made a complete diagnosis of the bridge's collapse.工程师对桥的倒塌做了一次彻底的调查分析。
21 tempt MpIwg     
vt.引诱,勾引,吸引,引起…的兴趣
参考例句:
  • Nothing could tempt him to such a course of action.什么都不能诱使他去那样做。
  • The fact that she had become wealthy did not tempt her to alter her frugal way of life.她有钱了,可这丝毫没能让她改变节俭的生活习惯。
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TAG标签:   新东方  听力  口语  语音语调
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