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新视野大学英语 读写教程第一册 unit1-a

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Unit 1

Section A

Pre-reading Activities

First Listening
Please listen to a short passage carefully and prepare to answer some questions.

Second Listening
Listen to the tape again. Then answer the following questions with your own experiences.
1. What problems do you have in trying to learn English in your middle school?
2. Why do you think the computer can help you in learning1 English?
3. What other things do you think we can gain through English language learning?

Learning a Foreign Language

Learning a foreign language was one of the most difficult yet most rewarding experiences of my life. Although at times, learning a language was frustrating2, it was well worth the effort.
My experience with a foreign language began in junior middle school, when I took my first English class. I had a kind and patient teacher who often praised all of the students. Because of this positive method, I eagerly answered all the questions I could, never worrying much about making mistakes. I was at the top of my class for two years.
When I went to senior middle school, I was eager to continue studying English; however, my experience in senior school was very different from before. While my former teacher had been patient with all the students, my new teacher quickly punished those who gave incorrect answers. Whenever we answered incorrectly, she pointed3 a long stick at us and, shaking it up and down, shouted, "No! No! No!" It didn't take me long to lose my eagerness to answer questions. Not only did I lose my joy in answering questions, but also I totally lost my desire to say anything at all in English.
However, that state didn't last long. When I went to college, I learned4 that all students were required to take an English course. Unlike my senior middle school teacher, my college English teachers were patient and kind, and none of them carried long, pointed sticks! However, the situation was far from perfect. As our classes were very large, I was only able to answer a couple of questions in each class period. Also, after a few weeks of classes, I noticed there were many students who spoke5 much better than I did. I began to feel intimidated6. So, once again, although for different reasons, I was afraid to speak. It seemed my English was going to stay at the same level forever.
That was the situation until a couple of years later, when I was offered an opportunity to study English through an online course. The communication medium was a computer, phone line, and modem7. I soon got access to the necessary equipment, learned the technology from a friend and participated in the virtual8 classroom 5 to 7 days a week.
Online learning is not easier than regular classroom study; it requires much time, commitment9 and discipline to keep up with the flow of the course. I worked hard to meet the minimum10 standards set by the course and to complete assignments on time.
I practiced all the time. I carried a little dictionary with me everywhere I went, as well as a notebook in which I listed any new words I heard. I made many, sometimes embarrassing12, mistakes. Once in a while I cried with frustration13, and sometimes I felt like giving up. But I didn't feel intimidated by students who spoke faster than I did because I took all the time I needed to think out my ideas and wrote a reply before posting it on the screen. Then, one day I realized I could understand just about everything I came across, and most importantly, I could "say" anything I wanted to in English. Although I still made many mistakes and was continually15 learning, I had finally reaped17 the benefits of all that hard work.
Learning a foreign language has been a most trying experience for me, but one that I wouldn't trade for anything. Not only did learning another language teach me the value of hard work, but it also gave me insights19 into another culture, and my mind was opened to new ways of seeing things. The most wonderful result of having learned a foreign language was that I could communicate with many more people than before. Talking with people is one of my favorite activities, so being able to speak a new language lets me meet new people, participate in conversations, and form new, unforgettable friendships. Now that I speak a foreign language, instead of staring into space when English is being spoken, I can participate and make friends. I am able to reach out to others and bridge the gap20 between my language and culture and theirs.

Words: 700

NEW WORDS

reward
vt. give sth. in return for good and valuable doings 报答,酬谢,奖励
n. 1. something as a return for good and valuable doings 报答,奖赏
2. some money given to someone for his good doings 报酬,酬金

frustrate21
vt. 1. cause sb. to have feelings of disappointment 使沮丧,使灰心
2. cause the failure of sth. 使挫败,使受挫折

junior
n. 1. someone who is younger 年少者
2. someone of low or lower position 地位较低者,晚辈

positive
a. 1. leading to a practical action 积极的,肯定的
2. sure, having no doubt 确实的,明确的

senior
n. 较年长者

former
a. of an early period 在前的,以前的,旧时的
n. (the ~) the first of the two people or things just mentioned 前者

unlike
Prep.not like; being different from 不像;和……不同

▲intimidate
vt. frighten by making threats 恐吓,威胁

opportunity
n. a good moment or chance for doing sth. 机会,时机

online
a. & ad. 连线的,联网的;连线地,联网地

communicate
vi. send and exchange feelings, opinions or information 交流,交际
vt. make (opinions, feelings or information) known or understood by others 传达,传播

communication
n. the action of sending and exchanging information 交流,交际;通信

medium
n. a method for giving information 媒质,媒介物,传导体
a. of middle size, amount, quality 中等的,适中的

phone
n. 电话,电话机

modem
n. 调制解调器

access
n. 1. [U] means or right of using, reaching 接近,进入
2. means of entering, or a way in 通道,入口

technology
n. 工艺,技术

participate
vi. (in) take part in 参与,参加

virtual
a. 1.[计]being produced by the computer but almost true to the reality 虚构的,虚拟的
2. almost what is stated 实质上的,事实上的,实际上的

commitment
n. 1. devotion to 信奉,献身
2. a promise to follow certain beliefs or actions 承诺,许诺,保证

discipline
n. 1. a state of order and control; self-control 纪律;控制
2. punishment 惩罚,处分
3. a btanch of learning 学科

minimum
a. the smallest 最低的,最小的
n. the smallest amount 最低限度,最少量

assignment
n. 1. [C] a piece of work given to a particular person(分派的)任务,(指定的)作业
2. [U] act of dividing assignments 分配,指派

notebook
n. 笔记簿

embarrass11
vt. make someone feel upset esp. doing sth. not rightly 使窘迫,使尴尬,使不好意思

screen
n. 1. 屏幕,银幕
2. 屏风,帘,纱窗

continual14
a. 1. continuing without breaks 不间断的,不停的
2. repeated often and over a long period 多次重复的,频频的

continually
ad. 1. 不间断地,不停地
2. 多次重复地,频频地

finally
ad. at last 最后,终于

reap16
vt. 1. have and enjoy the food or things that happen as a result of work 获得,得到
2. cut and gather a crop of grain 收割,收获

benefit
n. anything that brings help or profit 益处,好处
vt. be useful or helpful to 有益于

insight18
n. the power of using one's mind to see or understand the true nature of sth. 洞察力,洞悉,深刻的见解

culture
n. 文化,文明

favorite (英favourite)
a. most loved 特别受宠的
n. something or someone that is loved above all others 特别喜爱的人(或物)

activity
n. something that is done or is being done 活动,行动

gap
n. an empty space between two objects 缺口,裂口

PHRASES AND EXPRESSIONS

be well worth sth./ doing sth.
be rewarding enough (to do) for the time or effort 值得……的

not only...but also...
不仅……而且……

far from
not ... at all; rather than 一点都不

a couple of
two or three 两三个

get access to
get the right of using or reaching sth. 可以使用,获得

keep up with
not to fall behind in; keep the same speed as 跟上,不落后

feel like sth./doing sth.
want to do sth. 想做,想要

give up
stop having or doing 停止,放弃

come across
meet with 偶然遇上

reap the benefits of
get sth. as a reward 获得益处,得到好处

trade...for
exchange...for 用……换

participate in
take part in 参加

now that
because (sth. has happened) 既然,由于

reach out to
communicate with; contact 接触,联系


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 learning wpSzFe     
n.学问,学识,学习;动词learn的现在分词
参考例句:
  • When you are learning to ride a bicycle,you often fall off.初学骑自行车时,常会从车上掉下来。
  • Learning languages isn't just a matter of remembering words.学习语言不仅仅是记些单词的事。
2 frustrating is9z54     
adj.产生挫折的,使人沮丧的,令人泄气的v.使不成功( frustrate的现在分词 );挫败;使受挫折;令人沮丧
参考例句:
  • It's frustrating to have to wait so long. 要等这么长时间,真令人懊恼。
  • It was a demeaning and ultimately frustrating experience. 那是一次有失颜面并且令人沮丧至极的经历。 来自《简明英汉词典》
3 pointed Il8zB4     
adj.尖的,直截了当的
参考例句:
  • He gave me a very sharp pointed pencil.他给我一支削得非常尖的铅笔。
  • She wished to show Mrs.John Dashwood by this pointed invitation to her brother.她想通过对达茨伍德夫人提出直截了当的邀请向她的哥哥表示出来。
4 learned m1oxn     
adj.有学问的,博学的;learn的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  • He went into a rage when he learned about it.他听到这事后勃然大怒。
  • In this little village,he passed for a learned man.在这个小村子里,他被视为有学问的人。
5 spoke XryyC     
n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
参考例句:
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。
6 intimidated 69a1f9d1d2d295a87a7e68b3f3fbd7d5     
v.恐吓;威胁adj.害怕的;受到威胁的
参考例句:
  • We try to make sure children don't feel intimidated on their first day at school. 我们努力确保孩子们在上学的第一天不胆怯。
  • The thief intimidated the boy into not telling the police. 这个贼恫吓那男孩使他不敢向警察报告。 来自《简明英汉词典》
7 modem sEaxr     
n.调制解调器
参考例句:
  • Does your computer have a modem?你的电脑有调制解调器吗?
  • Provides a connection to your computer via a modem.通过调制解调器连接到计算机上。
8 virtual yhfwi     
adj.实质上的,事实上的,实际上的
参考例句:
  • This reply is a virtual acceptance of our offer.这一回答实质上是接受了我们的建议。
  • At that time the East India Company was the virtual ruler of Bengal.那时东印度公司是孟加拉的实际统治者。
9 commitment uX0zS     
n.奉献,忠诚,辛劳,委托,实行,承担义务,赞助
参考例句:
  • The builder had a commitment to finish the work on time.那个承建商答应过准时完工。
  • He made a commitment to pay the rent on time.他保证按时付房租。
10 minimum cDgx3     
adj.最低的,最小的;n.最小量,最低限度
参考例句:
  • What is the minimum price?最低价是多少?
  • Today's minimum temperature is 10℃.今天的最低气温是10℃。
11 embarrass Jjmz9     
vt.使困窘,使局促不安,阻碍
参考例句:
  • He didn't mean to embarrass you.他不是成心让你难堪。
  • He is a shy person.Don't embarrass him any more.他是个腼腆的人,你就不要再羞躁他了。
12 embarrassing ut4ztI     
adj.使人尴尬的,令人为难的v.(使)窘迫,(使)局促不安( embarrass的现在分词)
参考例句:
  • His jokes didn't even raise a smile, which was embarrassing. 听了他讲的笑话,都没人笑一下,真是太尴尬了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • I was in the embarrassing position of having completely forgotten her name. 当时我完全忘记了她的名字,很是尴尬。 来自《简明英汉词典》
13 frustration 4hTxj     
n.挫折,失败,失效,落空
参考例句:
  • He had to fight back tears of frustration.他不得不强忍住失意的泪水。
  • He beat his hands on the steering wheel in frustration.他沮丧地用手打了几下方向盘。
14 continual EYezo     
adj.不间断的,不停的;多次重复的,频频的
参考例句:
  • I am tired of this continual rain.不停的下雨使我厌倦。
  • He has continual arguments with his father.他屡次跟他父亲争论。
15 continually qvlznv     
adv.不间断地,不停地;多次重复地
参考例句:
  • The other kids continually taunted him about his size.其他孩子不断地耻笑他的个头儿。
  • The US is continually building up its armed forces.美军正持续加强它的三军。
16 reap 3AQz4     
v.得到,获得(报酬、成果等),收割,收获
参考例句:
  • It is not easy to reap the harvest of my hard work.获得自己辛勤工作的成果是不容易的。
  • As a man sows,so he shall reap.种瓜得瓜,种豆得豆。
17 reaped cd07cf342e8e7e211820183054c61e66     
收割庄稼,收获( reap的过去式和过去分词 ); (因自己或他人所为)获得(某事物)
参考例句:
  • The harvest must be reaped in good time. 农作物必须及早收割。
  • The peasants reaped their rice. 农民们收割了水稻。
18 insight D6fx4     
n.洞察力,洞悉,深刻的见解
参考例句:
  • Good teachers have insight into the problems of students.好的教师能洞察学生的问题。
  • The research will provide direct insight into molecular mechanisms.这项研究将使人能够直接地了解分子的机理。
19 insights d985c03594f5f476782b0eb66d7458cd     
洞察力( insight的名词复数 ); 洞悉; 领悟; 顿悟
参考例句:
  • This is a book full of profound, original and challenging insights. 这本书充满了深刻、新颖、令人深思的见解。
  • Because his judgement was prudent, his insights were central to any consultation. 因为他考虑问题很慎重,所以他的意见在每次磋商时都最受重视。
20 gap FhkxL     
n.缺口;间隔;差距;不足,缺陷
参考例句:
  • We must see that there is no gap in our defence.我们必须确保我们的防御没有漏洞。
  • There is a gap of five miles between towns.镇与镇之间相隔五英里。
21 frustrate yh9xj     
v.使失望;使沮丧;使厌烦
参考例句:
  • But this didn't frustrate Einstein.He was content to go as far as he could.但这并没有使爱因斯坦灰心,他对能够更深入地研究而感到满意。
  • They made their preparations to frustrate the conspiracy.他们作好准备挫败这个阴谋。
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