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豆知识 2010-09-12&09-18 灾害应急预案的准备

时间:2011-09-02 03:30来源:互联网 提供网友:gmeng   字体: [ ]
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 By definition, emergencies happen when we don't expect them and often when families are not together. Suddenly, you need to think about your kids at school or elderly parents across town. If phones don't work or some neighborhoods aren't accessible, what will you do?

 
 
 
The best way to help ensure your family’s safety is to have an emergency plan. Having a plan and discussing it with loved ones will save time and make real situations less stressful.
 
 
 
This is Preparing an Emergency Plan - Explained by Common Craft.
 
 
 
To get started, let's look at one of three scenarios2. In our first scenario1, you and your family are separated. In an emergency, you'll need a simple way to contact and meet one another if going home isn't possible. Decide, in advance, on a safe place to meet like a community center, library or school. 
 
 
 
The phone can help too. Long distance calls may work better than local ones, so select a couple of out-of-town contacts who can help your family communicate and find each other. Let them know about your plan and how they can help.
 
 
 
Of course, children are a big concern. If they're in school or day care, they will need to be picked-up. Know the emergency policies and if you can’t pick up the kids, designate someone who can.
 
And talk to your kids about your Plan. Teach them basic personal information so they can identify themselves and whom to call, like 9-1-1 to get help. 
 
 
 
In our second scenario, you're together at home. In this case, listen to the radio or television for information from local authorities and follow their instructions. They may advise to turn utilities off or on so it’s important to know the location of your home’s water valve, electrical panel, gas valve and floor drain. Make sure everyone also knows the location of your family emergency kit3 and fire extinguisher. 
 
 
 
In our third scenario, you have to evacuate4. Everyone should know your home’s safe exits and best places to go. And remember your pets, who may not be allowed in shelters or hotels. Identify kennels5 or friends' homes where they can go in an emergency.
 
 
 
Elderly family members or those with special needs should also be a part of your plan. List the medications, supplies and info care-givers will need in an evacuation. If they live alone, ask a neighbor to help them evacuate.
 
 
 
Documents will also help. Make copies of birth certificates, passports, wills, and insurance info. These documents, along with photos of family members, should be kept at a safe location like your workplace.
 
 
 
Having a plan is also a part of being a responsible community member. Local authorities will react swiftly, but they can't reach everyone at once.
 
Being prepared allows these responders to help those in urgent need first.
 
 
 
So, do your part. Learn about the emergencies that can happen where you live and plan for situations that are more likely to occur. Take 20 minutes today and prepare your emergency plan.

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 scenario lZoxm     
n.剧本,脚本;概要
参考例句:
  • But the birth scenario is not completely accurate.然而分娩脚本并非完全准确的。
  • This is a totally different scenario.这是完全不同的剧本。
2 scenarios f7c7eeee199dc0ef47fe322cc223be88     
n.[意]情节;剧本;事态;脚本
参考例句:
  • Further, graphite cores may be safer than non-graphite cores under some accident scenarios. 再者,根据一些事故解说,石墨堆芯可比非石墨堆芯更安全一些。 来自英汉非文学 - 环境法 - 环境法
  • Again, scenarios should make it clear which modes are acceptable to users in various contexts. 同样,我们可以运用场景剧本来搞清楚在不同情境下哪些模式可被用户接受。 来自About Face 3交互设计精髓
3 kit D2Rxp     
n.用具包,成套工具;随身携带物
参考例句:
  • The kit consisted of about twenty cosmetic items.整套工具包括大约20种化妆用品。
  • The captain wants to inspect your kit.船长想检查你的行装。
4 evacuate ai1zL     
v.遣送;搬空;抽出;排泄;大(小)便
参考例句:
  • We must evacuate those soldiers at once!我们必须立即撤出这些士兵!
  • They were planning to evacuate the seventy American officials still in the country.他们正计划转移仍滞留在该国的70名美国官员。
5 kennels 1c735b47bdfbcac5c1ca239c583bbe85     
n.主人外出时的小动物寄养处,养狗场;狗窝( kennel的名词复数 );养狗场
参考例句:
  • We put the dog in kennels when we go away. 我们外出时把狗寄养在养狗场。
  • He left his dog in a kennels when he went on holiday. 他外出度假时把狗交给养狗场照管。 来自《简明英汉词典》
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