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豆知识 2011-11-13&11-19 图说糖尿病 (2/2)

时间:2012-04-19 06:59来源:互联网 提供网友:gmeng   字体: [ ]
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 In order to avoid these complications, people with diabetes1 must take steps to keep their blood sugar levels in a normal range. One way to do this is through diet. By reducing the amount of carbohydrates2 you eat in a single meal or snack, you can regulate the amount of sugar entering the bloodstream and prevent your body’s insulin supply from becoming overwhelmed. This may mean limiting high-sugar foods such as cake, pie, candy and soda3, you know which ones. Another way to regulate blood sugar is through exercise. Physical activity makes your body’s muscle and fat cells more receptive to insulin. In other words, those muscle and fat cells that wouldn’t open before, now they will. Finally, your doctor may prescribe oral medications to increase your supply of insulin, regulate the amount of sugar entering the bloodstream, or make your body cells more receptive to the insulin your body is producing. In some cases, insulin shots may also be necessary. 

 
 
 
Ok, let's review. We’ve talked about what diabetes is: a condition where either the body does not produce enough insulin or the body cells are not receptive to the insulin being produced. We’ve seen what complications can arise from it, such as fatigue4, dehydration5 and damage to vital organs. Finally, we’ve discussed ways to manage it: through diet, exercise and medication. 

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1 diabetes uPnzu     
n.糖尿病
参考例句:
  • In case of diabetes, physicians advise against the use of sugar.对于糖尿病患者,医生告诫他们不要吃糖。
  • Diabetes is caused by a fault in the insulin production of the body.糖尿病是由体內胰岛素分泌失调引起的。
2 carbohydrates 001f0186d1ea717492c413ca718f2635     
n.碳水化合物,糖类( carbohydrate的名词复数 );淀粉质或糖类食物
参考例句:
  • The plant uses the carbohydrates to make cellulose. 植物用碳水化合物制造纤维素。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • All carbohydrates originate from plants. 所有的碳水化合物均来自植物。 来自辞典例句
3 soda cr3ye     
n.苏打水;汽水
参考例句:
  • She doesn't enjoy drinking chocolate soda.她不喜欢喝巧克力汽水。
  • I will freshen your drink with more soda and ice cubes.我给你的饮料重加一些苏打水和冰块。
4 fatigue PhVzV     
n.疲劳,劳累
参考例句:
  • The old lady can't bear the fatigue of a long journey.这位老妇人不能忍受长途旅行的疲劳。
  • I have got over my weakness and fatigue.我已从虚弱和疲劳中恢复过来了。
5 dehydration UYkzX     
n.脱水,干燥
参考例句:
  • He died from severe dehydration.他死于严重脱水。
  • The eyes are often retracted from dehydration.眼睛常因脱水而凹陷。
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TAG标签:   豆知识  图说糖尿病
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