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英语专业四级听写027

时间:2009-01-09 00:53来源:互联网 提供网友:Zoe-w   字体: [ ]
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Passage 27
Intelligence1
Are some people born clever, and others born stupid? Or is intelligence developed by our environment and our experience?
Strangely enough, the answer to these questions is yes. To some extent2 our intelligence is given us at birth, and no amount of special education can make a genius out of a child born with low intelligence. On the other hand, a child who lives in a boring environment will develop his intelligence less than one who lives in rich and varied3 surroundings4. Thus, the limits of a person’s intelligence are fixed5 at birth, whether or not he reaches those limits will depend on his environment. This view, held by most experts now, can be supported in a number of ways. As is easy to show that intelligence is to some extent something we are born with. The closer the blood relationship between two people is, the closer they are likely to be in intelligence. (154 words)

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1 intelligence IbtzQ     
n.智力,聪明,智能;情报
参考例句:
  • He was a man of intelligence and of firmness of will.他是个聪明而又意志坚定的人。
  • He equals me in strength but not in intelligence.他和我力气相等,但智力不同。
2 extent rmVxT     
n.程度,范围,限度;广度,宽度,大小
参考例句:
  • The new race track is nearly six miles in extent. 这条新跑道将近六英里长。
  • What's the extent of the damage? 损坏的程度如何?
3 varied giIw9     
adj.多样的,多变化的
参考例句:
  • The forms of art are many and varied.艺术的形式是多种多样的。
  • The hotel has a varied programme of nightly entertainment.宾馆有各种晚间娱乐活动。
4 surroundings qrwwa     
n.周围的事物(或情况),环境
参考例句:
  • She is not very well tuned into her surroundings. 她不太适应周围的环境。
  • The rich man lives in luxurious surroundings.这位富人生活在奢侈的环境中。
5 fixed JsKzzj     
adj.固定的,不变的,准备好的;(计算机)固定的
参考例句:
  • Have you two fixed on a date for the wedding yet?你们俩选定婚期了吗?
  • Once the aim is fixed,we should not change it arbitrarily.目标一旦确定,我们就不应该随意改变。
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