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英语专业晨读美文-文化篇 14 The Victory of Jeans

时间:2010-09-06 06:29来源:互联网 提供网友:wg6855   字体: [ ]
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[00:03.53]The Victory of Jeans
[00:06.35]A twenty year old immigrant, Levi Strauss,
[00:10.80]came to the United States in 1850 to seek his fortune
[00:14.36]in the gold fields. But strangely enough,
[00:17.65]this man made his fortune on heavy canvas
[00:20.21]that he found suitable for working clothes.
[00:22.55]Strauss' jeans were particularly
[00:25.61]good for prospectors1 and cowboys.
[00:27.81]In the early days of jeans,
[00:30.06]this man couldn't have guessed that his pants,
[00:32.80]made only for rough work, would become so popular
[00:36.01]at all levels of society. Yes, this is a fact:
[00:39.48]jeans have become fashionable in our society.
[00:42.73]Furthermore, these pants have come to
[00:45.20]symbolize2 changes in social attitude.
[00:47.28]In the last decade or two we have seen movements
[00:50.28]toward equality as well as defiance3 of authority.
[00:53.64]Jeans, now worn by everybody,
[00:56.14]can be said to symbolize these changes for the better.
[00:59.08]In the past, only men wore jeans,
[01:01.24]and these men were at the bottom-socially and economically.
[01:05.12]Jeans were worn by truck drivers, farm and factory workers.
[01:09.33]Today, jeans no longer are looked down upon.
[01:12.45]They are worn by both men and women,
[01:14.68]by both skilled and unskilled workers,
[01:17.14]by both employees and employers.
[01:19.92]This common way of dressing4 symbolizes5
[01:22.57]respect for individuality,
[01:24.48]no matter what your occupation or sex.
[01:26.92]In the fight against authority,
[01:29.86]young people have been the leaders.
[01:31.31]So it is natural that the teenagers
[01:33.61]would defy parents and school administrators6
[01:36.09]over the right to wear jeans to class—and win.
[01:39.08]Jeans are the typical dress of civil rights marchers,
[01:42.85]fans at rock concerts,
[01:44.56]“hippies” returning to nature,
[01:46.60]and serious college students.
[01:48.69]Because everyone can be comfortable in them,
[01:51.32]the blue-jeans invented for the use of workers
[01:53.78]are now accepted almost anywhere, anytime.
[01:56.66]This is true not only in the United States,
[01:59.23]but in many other countries in the world.
[02:01.99]I strongly agree with the following statement:
[02:04.78]“Old or new, glorified7 or plain,
[02:07.71]jeans are likely to be around for a long time to come.
[02:11.13]Already they have succeeded where statesmanship has failed.
[02:15.19]Although unable to speak the same language,
[02:17.86]the inhabitants of this embattled planet
[02:20.78]have at least agreed to wear the same pants.”
 


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1 prospectors 6457f5cd826261bd6fcb6abf5a7a17c1     
n.勘探者,探矿者( prospector的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The prospectors have discovered such minerals as calcite,quartz and asbestos here. 探矿人员在这里发现了方解石、石英、石棉等矿藏。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The prospectors have discovered many minerals here. 探矿人员在这里发现了许多矿藏。 来自辞典例句
2 symbolize YrvwU     
vt.作为...的象征,用符号代表
参考例句:
  • Easter eggs symbolize the renewal of life.复活蛋象征新生。
  • Dolphins symbolize the breath of life.海豚象征着生命的气息。
3 defiance RmSzx     
n.挑战,挑衅,蔑视,违抗
参考例句:
  • He climbed the ladder in defiance of the warning.他无视警告爬上了那架梯子。
  • He slammed the door in a spirit of defiance.他以挑衅性的态度把门砰地一下关上。
4 dressing 1uOzJG     
n.(食物)调料;包扎伤口的用品,敷料
参考例句:
  • Don't spend such a lot of time in dressing yourself.别花那么多时间来打扮自己。
  • The children enjoy dressing up in mother's old clothes.孩子们喜欢穿上妈妈旧时的衣服玩。
5 symbolizes 8a0610984df5bcb77bc12be9119bcd7d     
v.象征,作为…的象征( symbolize的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • The use of light and dark symbolizes good and evil. 用光明与黑暗来象征善与恶。
  • She likes olive because It'symbolizes peace. 她喜欢橄榄色因为它象征着和平。 来自《简明英汉词典》
6 administrators d04952b3df94d47c04fc2dc28396a62d     
n.管理者( administrator的名词复数 );有管理(或行政)才能的人;(由遗嘱检验法庭指定的)遗产管理人;奉派暂管主教教区的牧师
参考例句:
  • He had administrators under him but took the crucial decisions himself. 他手下有管理人员,但重要的决策仍由他自己来做。 来自辞典例句
  • Administrators have their own methods of social intercourse. 办行政的人有他们的社交方式。 来自汉英文学 - 围城
7 glorified 74d607c2a7eb7a7ef55bda91627eda5a     
美其名的,变荣耀的
参考例句:
  • The restaurant was no more than a glorified fast-food cafe. 这地方美其名曰餐馆,其实只不过是个快餐店而已。
  • The author glorified the life of the peasants. 那个作者赞美了农民的生活。
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