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最新15篇文章贯通英语四级词汇MP3 Unit13-Part1

时间:2010-11-20 03:19来源:互联网 提供网友:fi1171   字体: [ ]
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[00:13.77]Norman Bethune: a Canadian Hero in China
[00:18.69]Norman Bethune was born in Gravenhurst,
[00:23.72]Ontario, Canada in 1890.
[00:26.02]His family had a long history
[00:29.52]of human service, a fact
[00:31.49]that undoubtedly1 shaped his life
[00:33.79]in later years. From the outset,
[00:37.29]as a young university student,
[00:39.70]he developed a mission,
[00:41.88]or goal in life, of compassion2
[00:44.62]and commitment to helping3
[00:46.48]the less fortunate to find
[00:48.01]freedom from the chains of poverty.
[00:50.86]In earnest, he developed
[00:54.25]a selflessness that dominated
[00:55.67]his whole life, but
[00:57.86]not without personal sacrifice.
[01:00.05]He was in a troubled marriage
[01:03.22]that consequently ended in divorce.
[01:05.73]Progressive medicine and humanitarian4
[01:08.80]deeds became the sole
[01:10.99]purposes of his life.
[01:13.17]Understandably, his much younger wife,
[01:16.67]Frances, could not tolerate this situaton.
[01:20.61]From 1911 to 1912, Bethune worked
[01:27.17]as a lumberjack and teacher
[01:29.29]in a remote area of Ontario.
[01:31.58]He taught at“Frontier College”,
[01:34.32]a unique school that provided 
[01:36.29]basic education to adult workers
[01:38.47]at the lumber5 camps.
[01:40.66]During the First World War,
[01:43.40]he became a stretcher bearer
[01:45.15](helping to carry the wounded
[01:47.56]from the battlefields).
[01:49.64]He, himself, was wounded
[01:51.60]by shrapnel(fragments of exploding  shells).
[01:54.89]He was confined, as a patient,
[01:58.72]to hospitals for months,
[02:01.01]receiving therapy and recuperating6
[02:03.64]from his injuries.
[02:05.50]After the war, he completed
[02:09.11]his internship7 at the hospital
[02:11.30]for sick children in London,
[02:13.37]England, leading to a certificate
[02:15.56]as“A Fellow of the  Royal
[02:18.08]College of Surgeons”.
[02:19.72]Later,in the United States,
[02:23.55]Bethune came in contact with
[02:26.18]poverty and deprivation8, but
[02:28.36]his skills as a doctor
[02:30.22]also attracted wealthy patients
[02:32.85]who were willing to pay for
[02:35.04]services usually denied to the poor.
[02:38.43]He began to appreciate
[02:41.05]how money was corrupting9
[02:42.48]the medical system.
[02:44.77]He developed an acute concern
[02:47.07]for the unattended medical needs
[02:50.13]and suffering among the poor.
[02:52.55]His mission was to relieve,
[02:54.95]as much as he could,
[02:57.03]the plight10 of the less fortunate.
[02:59.43]He was appalled11 at
[03:01.52]the indifference12 shown by governments
[03:03.92]to these conditions.
[03:05.67]It was at this time that
[03:07.86]his own health suffered a setback13.
[03:10.48]He had developed tuberculosis14
[03:13.22]of the left lung and
[03:15.08]had to undergo a successful
[03:17.16]but dangerous operation.This episode
[03:21.54]with his health had
[03:23.40]a tremendous  impact on his life.
[03:25.91]It stimulated15 an interest
[03:28.21]in thoracic medicine, especially
[03:30.18]the surgical16 aspects in this field
[03:33.35]and for a couple of years
[03:35.76]he worked at a tuberculosis hospital
[03:37.94]in the United States.
[03:40.68]Following this  interval17
[03:42.65]in the United States, in 1929,
[03:45.16]he began to specialize in
[03:48.01]thoracic medicine at the
[03:49.76]Royal Victoria Hospital in Montreal.
[03:52.72]He also began to write
[03:55.78]in medical journals, outlining
[03:57.97]new surgical techniques.Later,
[04:00.70]he invented, developed and
[04:03.98]refined surgical instruments


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 undoubtedly Mfjz6l     
adv.确实地,无疑地
参考例句:
  • It is undoubtedly she who has said that.这话明明是她说的。
  • He is undoubtedly the pride of China.毫无疑问他是中国的骄傲。
2 compassion 3q2zZ     
n.同情,怜悯
参考例句:
  • He could not help having compassion for the poor creature.他情不自禁地怜悯起那个可怜的人来。
  • Her heart was filled with compassion for the motherless children.她对于没有母亲的孩子们充满了怜悯心。
3 helping 2rGzDc     
n.食物的一份&adj.帮助人的,辅助的
参考例句:
  • The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可怜的孩子们总是要求我把我的汉堡包再给他们一份。
  • By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 这样一来, 他在某些时候,有助于竞争的加强。
4 humanitarian kcoxQ     
n.人道主义者,博爱者,基督凡人论者
参考例句:
  • She has many humanitarian interests and contributes a lot to them.她拥有很多慈善事业,并作了很大的贡献。
  • The British government has now suspended humanitarian aid to the area.英国政府现已暂停对这一地区的人道主义援助。
5 lumber a8Jz6     
n.木材,木料;v.以破旧东西堆满;伐木;笨重移动
参考例句:
  • The truck was sent to carry lumber.卡车被派出去运木材。
  • They slapped together a cabin out of old lumber.他们利用旧木料草草地盖起了一间小屋。
6 recuperating ba159a92f38d463a04c6b65826680308     
v.恢复(健康、体力等),复原( recuperate的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • He's still recuperating from his operation. 他动了手术,还在恢复。
  • He is recuperating from a serious back injury. 他背部受了重伤,目前正在康复中。 来自辞典例句
7 internship oqmzJB     
n.实习医师,实习医师期
参考例句:
  • an internship at a television station 在电视台的实习期
  • a summer internship with a small stipend 薪水微薄的暑期实习
8 deprivation e9Uy7     
n.匮乏;丧失;夺去,贫困
参考例句:
  • Many studies make it clear that sleep deprivation is dangerous.多实验都证实了睡眠被剥夺是危险的。
  • Missing the holiday was a great deprivation.错过假日是极大的损失。
9 corrupting e31caa462603f9a59dd15b756f3d82a9     
(使)败坏( corrupt的现在分词 ); (使)腐化; 引起(计算机文件等的)错误; 破坏
参考例句:
  • It would be corrupting discipline to leave him unpunished. 不惩治他会败坏风纪。
  • It would be corrupting military discipline to leave him unpunished. 不惩治他会败坏军纪。
10 plight 820zI     
n.困境,境况,誓约,艰难;vt.宣誓,保证,约定
参考例句:
  • The leader was much concerned over the plight of the refugees.那位领袖对难民的困境很担忧。
  • She was in a most helpless plight.她真不知如何是好。
11 appalled ec524998aec3c30241ea748ac1e5dbba     
v.使惊骇,使充满恐惧( appall的过去式和过去分词)adj.惊骇的;丧胆的
参考例句:
  • The brutality of the crime has appalled the public. 罪行之残暴使公众大为震惊。
  • They were appalled by the reports of the nuclear war. 他们被核战争的报道吓坏了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
12 indifference k8DxO     
n.不感兴趣,不关心,冷淡,不在乎
参考例句:
  • I was disappointed by his indifference more than somewhat.他的漠不关心使我很失望。
  • He feigned indifference to criticism of his work.他假装毫不在意别人批评他的作品。
13 setback XzuwD     
n.退步,挫折,挫败
参考例句:
  • Since that time there has never been any setback in his career.从那时起他在事业上一直没有遇到周折。
  • She views every minor setback as a disaster.她把每个较小的挫折都看成重大灾难。
14 tuberculosis bprym     
n.结核病,肺结核
参考例句:
  • People used to go to special health spring to recover from tuberculosis.人们常去温泉疗养胜地治疗肺结核。
  • Tuberculosis is a curable disease.肺结核是一种可治愈的病。
15 stimulated Rhrz78     
a.刺激的
参考例句:
  • The exhibition has stimulated interest in her work. 展览增进了人们对她作品的兴趣。
  • The award has stimulated her into working still harder. 奖金促使她更加努力地工作。
16 surgical 0hXzV3     
adj.外科的,外科医生的,手术上的
参考例句:
  • He performs the surgical operations at the Red Cross Hospital.他在红十字会医院做外科手术。
  • All surgical instruments must be sterilised before use.所有的外科手术器械在使用之前,必须消毒。
17 interval 85kxY     
n.间隔,间距;幕间休息,中场休息
参考例句:
  • The interval between the two trees measures 40 feet.这两棵树的间隔是40英尺。
  • There was a long interval before he anwsered the telephone.隔了好久他才回了电话。
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