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NPR 2009-05-13

时间:1970-01-01 00:00来源:互联网 提供网友:andrey23   字体: [ ]

From NPR News in Washington, I'm Jack1 Speer.

The new US envoy2 for Afghanistan and Pakistan told attendees at a Senate hearing today that while Pakistan faces an extremely difficult situation, the Muslim nation of 175 million people is not in danger of becoming a failed state or being taken over by Islamic extremists. Richard Holbrooke also said there were signs the situation there is improving.

"you can see the signs that Pakistan's political effort is knitting together somewhat compared to where it was a few weeks ago."

Pressing members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Holbrooke said dealing3 with issues of insurgency4 there are crucial in terms of the situation in neighboring Afghanistan. The administration plans to implement5 new aid plan in Pakistan that could call for $7.5 billion in development over the next five years, including spending money for new roads, schools and enhanced law enforcement.

The part of Medicare that pays for hospitals will run out of money just eight years from now. That's according to the annual report from its trustees. NPR's Julie Rovner has more.

The annual report on the state of Medicare's finances moved up the insolvency6 date for the hospital insurance part of the program by two years from 2019 to 2017. That's the portion of Medicare that's financed by payroll7 taxes. The remainder of the program is funded by general revenues and premiums8. So technically9 it can't go bankrupt. Still Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius said the new numbers are a wake-up call.

"It's another sign that we can't wait for real, comprehensive health reform."

Trustees attributed the change in the insolvency date largely to rising health care costs and a weakening economy. Congress and President Obama are hoping to include Medicare changes in the big health care bill they want pass this year. Julie Rovner, NPR News, Washington.

Commerce Department reported today the US trade deficit10 in March rose. NPR's Tom Gjelten reports.

A slumping11 global economy brings down US exports and imports alike. Foreigners buy less from the United States, fewer cars, fewer consumer goods, less equipment. But Americans also buy fewer goods from foreigners during a downturn. The trade balance depends on which changes the most. More exports relative to imports mean a trade surplus. When imports exceed exports, it’s a deficit. Over the previous six months, the trade deficit had fallen. Imports dropped even faster than exports. In March, the deficit rose to $27.6 billion. Sales of US products abroad fell more than US spending on foreign goods. That's largely because rising oil prices made petroleum12 imports slightly more expensive. Economists13 had actually predicted the trade deficit for March would rise even more than it did. Tom Gjelten, NPR News, Washington.

On Wall Street today, the Dow Jones Industrial Average gained 50 points closing at 8,469. The NASDAQ was down 15 points today.

This is NPR.

Officials in Arkansas say three contractors14 are dead after an explosion at a fuel storage facility in the north central part of the state. The blast apparently15 occurred while workers were examining an empty gasoline tank that had recently been cleaned as they were preparing to install new equipment. The facility owned by Houston-based Teppco Partners is just to the northeast of Little Rock, Arkansas. It has five fuel storage tanks. Still not clear what caused the explosion.

France's National Assembly has approved a so-called "three strikes" law that bans illegal Internet downloading of protected films and recordings17. Frank Browning reports from Paris.

For the second time in a month, the Parliament's Lower House voted to approve of a law backed by filmmakers, musicians and the recording16 industry. The law would ban people from access to Internet servers after they have committed a third illegal download. A similar law was passed then reversed in the French Parliament last month when the Socialist18 oppositions19 staged a surprise vote with many of the bill's supporters absent. They claimed the law is unenforceable and could even leave innocent Internet users victim to hackers20 who gain access to their home computers. The law also defies a vote last week by the European Parliament in which it prohibits individual government from enacting21 such laws, setting up a court battle between France and the European Union. For NPR News, I'm Frank Brown


1 jack 53Hxp     
  • I am looking for the headphone jack.我正在找寻头戴式耳机插孔。
  • He lifted the car with a jack to change the flat tyre.他用千斤顶把车顶起来换下瘪轮胎。
2 envoy xoLx7     
  • Their envoy showed no sign of responding to our proposals.他们的代表对我方的提议毫无回应的迹象。
  • The government has not yet appointed an envoy to the area.政府尚未向这一地区派过外交官。
3 dealing NvjzWP     
  • This store has an excellent reputation for fair dealing.该商店因买卖公道而享有极高的声誉。
  • His fair dealing earned our confidence.他的诚实的行为获得我们的信任。
4 insurgency dqdzEb     
  • And as in China, unrest and even insurgency are widespread. 而在中国,动乱甚至暴乱都普遍存在。 来自互联网
  • Dr Zyphur is part an insurgency against this idea. 塞弗博士是这一观点逆流的一部分。 来自互联网
5 implement WcdzG     
  • Don't undertake a project unless you can implement it.不要承担一项计划,除非你能完成这项计划。
  • The best implement for digging a garden is a spade.在花园里挖土的最好工具是铁锹。
6 insolvency O6RxD     
  • The company is on the verge of insolvency.该公司快要破产了。
  • Normal insolvency procedures should not be applied to banks.通常的破产程序不应当适用于银行。
7 payroll YmQzUB     
  • His yearly payroll is $1.2 million.他的年薪是120万美元。
  • I can't wait to get my payroll check.我真等不及拿到我的工资单了。
8 premiums efa999cd01994787d84b066d2957eaa7     
n.费用( premium的名词复数 );保险费;额外费用;(商品定价、贷款利息等以外的)加价
  • He paid premiums on his life insurance last year. 他去年付了人寿保险费。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • Moves are afoot to increase car insurance premiums. 现正在酝酿提高汽车的保险费。 来自《简明英汉词典》
9 technically wqYwV     
  • Technically it is the most advanced equipment ever.从技术上说,这是最先进的设备。
  • The tomato is technically a fruit,although it is eaten as a vegetable.严格地说,西红柿是一种水果,尽管它是当作蔬菜吃的。
10 deficit tmAzu     
  • The directors have reported a deficit of 2.5 million dollars.董事们报告赤字为250万美元。
  • We have a great deficit this year.我们今年有很大亏损。
11 slumping 65cf3f92e0e7b986ced17e25a7abe6f9     
大幅度下降,暴跌( slump的现在分词 ); 沉重或突然地落下[倒下]
  • Hong Kong's slumping economy also caused a rise in bankruptcy applications. 香港经济低迷,破产申请个案随之上升。
  • And as with slumping, over-arching can also be a simple postural habit. 就像弯腰驼背,过度挺直也可能只是一种习惯性姿势。
12 petroleum WiUyi     
  • The Government of Iran advanced the price of petroleum last week.上星期伊朗政府提高了石油价格。
  • The purpose of oil refinery is to refine crude petroleum.炼油厂的主要工作是提炼原油。
13 economists 2ba0a36f92d9c37ef31cc751bca1a748     
n.经济学家,经济专家( economist的名词复数 )
  • The sudden rise in share prices has confounded economists. 股价的突然上涨使经济学家大惑不解。
  • Foreign bankers and economists cautiously welcomed the minister's initiative. 外国银行家和经济学家对部长的倡议反应谨慎。 来自《简明英汉词典》
14 contractors afd5c0fd2ee43e4ecee8159c7a7c63e4     
n.(建筑、监造中的)承包人( contractor的名词复数 )
  • We got estimates from three different contractors before accepting the lowest. 我们得到3个承包商的报价后,接受了最低的报价。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Contractors winning construction jobs had to kick back 2 per cent of the contract price to the mafia. 赢得建筑工作的承包商得抽出合同价格的百分之二的回扣给黑手党。 来自《简明英汉词典》
15 apparently tMmyQ     
  • An apparently blind alley leads suddenly into an open space.山穷水尽,豁然开朗。
  • He was apparently much surprised at the news.他对那个消息显然感到十分惊异。
16 recording UktzJj     
  • How long will the recording of the song take?录下这首歌得花多少时间?
  • I want to play you a recording of the rehearsal.我想给你放一下彩排的录像。
17 recordings 22f9946cd05973582e73e4e3c0239bb7     
n.记录( recording的名词复数 );录音;录像;唱片
  • a boxed set of original recordings 一套盒装原声录音带
  • old jazz recordings reissued on CD 以激光唱片重新发行的老爵士乐
18 socialist jwcws     
  • China is a socialist country,and a developing country as well.中国是一个社会主义国家,也是一个发展中国家。
  • His father was an ardent socialist.他父亲是一个热情的社会主义者。
19 oppositions 193923b2c3ba9592f8aed4d669b38cb1     
(强烈的)反对( opposition的名词复数 ); 反对党; (事业、竞赛、游戏等的)对手; 对比
  • That's fine because all perihelic oppositions of Mars are spectacular. 但它和最近的几次区别不大,因为火星所有的近日对冲都很壮观。
  • He tried his best to bear down all of his oppositions. 他尽全力击败一切反对意见。
20 hackers dc5d6e5c0ffd6d1cd249286ced098382     
n.计算机迷( hacker的名词复数 );私自存取或篡改电脑资料者,电脑“黑客”
  • They think of viruses that infect an organization from the outside.They envision hackers breaking into their information vaults. 他们考虑来自外部的感染公司的病毒,他们设想黑客侵入到信息宝库中。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Arranging a meeting with the hackers took weeks againoff-again email exchanges. 通过几星期电子邮件往来安排见面,他们最终同意了。 来自互联网
21 enacting 0485a44fcd2183e9aa15d495a9b31147     
制定(法律),通过(法案)( enact的现在分词 )
  • Generally these statutes apply only to wastes from reactors outside the enacting state. 总之,这些法令只适宜用在对付那些来自外州的核废料。 来自英汉非文学 - 环境法 - 环境法
  • In addition, the complexion of enacting standards for live working is described. 另外,介绍了带电作业标准的制订情况。
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