7-11 诺贝尔大师自传:让-马里·莱恩(在线收听

Autobiography of Nobel Prize Winner:

 Jean-Marie Lehn


I was born on September 30 1939 in Rosheim, a small medieval city of Alsace in France. My father, Pierre Lehn, then a baker, was very interested in music, played the piano and the organ and became later, having given up the bakery, the organist of the city. My mother Marie kept the house and the shop. I was the eldest of four sons and helped out in the shop with my first brother. I grew up in Rosheim during the years of the second world war, went to primary school after the war and, at age eleven, I entered high school located in Obernai, a small city about five kilometers from Rosheim. During these years I began to play the piano and the organ, and with time music has become my major interest outside science. My high school studies from 1950 to 1957 were in classics, with Latin, Greek, German, and English languages, French literature and, during the last year, philosophy, on which I was especially keen. However, I also became interested in sciences, especially chemistry, so that I obtained the baccalauréat1 in Philosophy in July 1957 and in Experimental Sciences in September of the same year.


I envisaged2 to study philosophy at the University of Strasbourg, but being still undecided, I began with first year courses in physical, chemical and natural sciences. During this year 1957/58, I was impressed by the coherent3 and rigorous4 structure of organic chemistry. I was particularly receptive5 to the experimental power of organic chemistry, which was able to convert6 at will7, it seemed, complicated substances into one another following well defined rules and routes. I bought myself compounds and glassware and began performing laboratory practice experiments at my parents’ home. The seed was sown8, so that when, the next year, I followed the stimulating9 lectures of a newly appointed young professor, Guy Ourisson, it became clear to me that I wanted to do research in organic chemistry.


After having obtained the degree of Licencié ès Sciences (Bachelor), I entered Ourisson's laboratory in October of 1960. This was the first decisive stage of my training. My work was concerned with conformational10 and physico- chemical properties of triterpenes11. Being in charge of our first NMR12 spectrometer13, I was led to penetrate more deeply into the arcanes14 of this very powerful physical method; this was to be of much importance for later studies.


Having obtained my degree of Docteur ès Sciences (Ph.D.) in June of 1963, I spent a year in the laboratory of Robert Burns Woodward at Harvard University. This was the second decisive stage of my life as a researcher. I also followed a course in quantum mechanics and performed my first computations with Roald Hoffmann. I had the chance to witness in 1964 the initial stages of what was to become the Woodward Hoffmann rules15.


After my return to Strasbourg, I began to work in the area of physical organic chemistry, where I could combine the knowledge acquired in organic chemistry, in quantum theory and on physical methods.


I was promoted associate professor in early 1970 and full professor in October of the same year. I took over the chemistry laboratory of the Collège de France in 1980 and thereafter divided my time between the two laboratories in Strasbourg and in Paris, a situation continuing up to the present.



1. baccalauréat [7bAkE5lC:rei5B: ]〈法〉(法国中学会考后颁发的)中学毕业文凭

2. envisage [in5vizidV] vt. 想像,设想

3. coherent [kEu5hiErEnt] a. 一致的;协调的;聚合在一起的

4. rigorous [5ri^ErEs] a. 精确的;严密的;缜密的

5. receptive [ri5septiv] a.  (对知识、思想等)接受能力强的,能迅速接受的;(对建议等)愿接受的;易接受的

6. convert [kEn5t] vt. 使转变,使转化

7. at will  任意;随意

8. sow [sau] (p.t. sowedp.p. sown) vt. 播种,种;撒播(种子)

9. stimulating [5stimjuleitIN] a. 使人兴奋的,激励的,鼓励性的

10. conformational [9kCnfR:`meIFEnEl] a. [] 构象的

11. triterpene [7trai5tE:pi:n] n. [] 三萜()

12. NMR abbr. nuclear magnetic resonance  [] 核磁共振

13. spectrometer [spek5trCmitE] n. [] 分光计,光谱仪

14. arcane [B:5kein] a. 神秘的;深奥难解的(此处作名词用)

15. Woodward Hoffmann rule  [] 伍德瓦德·霍夫曼定则(能预测或解释有机化学中某些类型反应的立体化学现象的一种概念)