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VOA慢速英语2011--Economic News in 2011

时间:2011-12-30 08:18来源:互联网 提供网友:nan   字体: [ ]
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Economics1 Report - Economic News in 2011

经济报道 - 2011年全球经济要闻回顾

This is the VOA Special English Economics Report.

这里是美国之音慢速英语经济报道。

This week, we look back on a few of the big economic stories of twenty eleven.

本周我们来回顾一下2011年发生的一些经济大事件。

The debt crisis2 in that started last year in Greece and Ireland spread to other European countries.

欧洲经济危机去年从希腊和爱尔兰开始蔓延。

Portugal required a financial rescue of over one hundred billion dollars earlier this year. And Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi lost political support because of his country’s debt troubles. Former EU official Mario Monti took over as Italy’s prime minister in November.

葡萄牙今年春天需要1千亿美元金融救助。而意大利总理贝卢斯科尼也因为国家债务问题失去了民众支持,前欧盟官员蒙蒂于11月出任新总理。

Greek debt continued to hurt European banks. There is great pressure on Europe’s financial system from debt problems in countries that use the euro. This has created questions about the future of the euro itself. As a result, European finance3 officials have called for tighter financial cooperation and new rules.

希腊债务危机继续危害欧洲银行。欧元区国家债务问题给欧洲金融体系造成的压力,已经将欧元自身的未来拖入了债务中。因此,欧盟官员呼吁更加严格的金融合作和新规则。

But European leaders have yet to agree on expanding the rescue fund meant for debt-troubled euro-area economies.

但欧洲领导人还未就针对债务困扰的欧元区经济体的救助基金达成一致。

World Bank President Robert Zoellick say Europe will have to find answers to its debt problems.

世界银行行长佐利克说,欧洲必须找到解决其债务问题的办法。

ROBERT ZOELLICK: "Europe has to rescue Europe, OK? And it's very important. If there's any message when I'm asked, 'Well, what can the U.S. do and what can China do?' The best thing they can do is clean up their act at home, be a source of growth at home."

佐利克:“欧洲必须拯救欧洲,是吧?这是非常重要的。当我问‘美国和中国可以怎么做呢?’,如果有任何回应的时候。他们能做到的最好的事情就是做好自己国内的事,成为经济增长的源泉。”

But Mister Zoellick also said it was important for other big economies to deal with their own budget imbalances.

但佐利克先生也表示,其它经济大国处理好自身的预算失衡也很重要。

ROBERT ZOELLICK: "The downgrade of America from triple4 A didn't affect the finances5 today, but it may be one of those events people look back on 10 years from now and say, 'Did they get the warning? '"

佐利克:“美国从AAA降级并没有影响到今天的金融,但它可能是十年后人们回顾今天时的一个重大事件,人们可能会说,'他们收到警告了吗?'”

In August, the United States had its credit rating6 cut from the highest level, triple A, to double A plus. The move was widely blamed on the failure of American lawmakers to agree on details of budget cuts to reduce deficits7.

今年8月,美国信用评级从最高级AAA降到AA+。此举被广泛归咎于美国国会议员未能就减少赤字的预算削减细节达成一致。

In business news, the largest publicly traded technology company, Apple, lost its chief.

在商业新闻中,全球最大公开上市的科技公司苹果公司失去了其领袖乔布斯。

(SOUND)

Steve Jobs brought the world the iPhone, iPod and iPad. He stepped down in August because of health problems. He helped make Apple into one of the world’s most valuable companies. Steve Jobs died of cancer in October at the age of fifty-six.

乔布斯给世界带来了iPhone,iPod和iPad,今年8月他因为健康问题卸任。他让苹果成为了全球最有价值的公司之一。今年十月,乔布斯去世,享年56岁。

Protests for political freedom swept North Africa and the Middle East in the Arab Spring. But protests over budget cuts and jobs were heard around the world.

但就预算削减和就业机会的抗议席卷了全球。

(SOUND)

In the United States, activists8 in hundreds of cities protested economic inequality and joblessness. Protestors were angry that banks got rescued with taxpayers’ money during the financial crisis nearly four years ago. But many Americans continue to face hardship.

在美国,数百个城市的活动人士抗议经济不平等和失业。示威者对近四年前金融危机期间,国家用纳税人的钱救助银行感到非常愤怒,而许多美国人仍继续面临着困境。

Anger over government budget cuts led to protests in Greece, Britain and elsewhere.

对政府削减预算的怒火导致了希腊、英国和其它地方的抗议活动。

And that's the VOA Special English Economics Report. I'm Mario Ritter.
___

Jim Randle, Mil Arcega and William Ide contributed to this report.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 economics grzxZ     
n.经济学,经济情况
参考例句:
  • He is studying economics,which subject is very important.他正在学习经济学,该学科是很重要的。
  • One can't separate politics from economics.不能把政治与经济割裂开来。
2 crisis pzJxT     
n.危机,危急关头,决定性时刻,关键阶段
参考例句:
  • He had proved that he could be relied on in a crisis.他已表明,在紧要关头他是可以信赖的。
  • The topic today centers about the crisis in the Middle East.今天课题的中心是中东危机。
3 finance cktxR     
n.财务管理,财政,金融,财源,资金
参考例句:
  • She is an expert in finance.她是一名财政专家。
  • A finance house made a bid to buy up the entire company.一家信贷公司出价买下了整个公司。
4 triple Dp0yu     
n.三倍之数,三个一组;adj.三倍的
参考例句:
  • Twelve is the triple of four.十二是四的三倍数。
  • He received triple wages for all his extra work.由于额外的工作他领取了三倍的工资。
5 finances gtYzVq     
n.(pl.)财源,资产
参考例句:
  • I need a professional to sort out my finances. 我需要专业人士为我管理财务。
  • The company's finances are looking a bIt'shaky. 这个公司的财政情况看来有点不稳定。
6 rating 5kYzDZ     
n.级别,等级,额定值,责骂,收视率
参考例句:
  • It is a ship with a rating of 500,000 tons.这是一艘五十万吨级的船。
  • The opinion polls gave the president a high rating.民意测验显示人民对总统的支持率很高。
7 deficits 08e04c986818dbc337627eabec5b794e     
n.不足额( deficit的名词复数 );赤字;亏空;亏损
参考例句:
  • The Ministry of Finance consistently overestimated its budget deficits. 财政部一贯高估预算赤字。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Many of the world's farmers are also incurring economic deficits. 世界上许多农民还在遭受经济上的亏损。 来自辞典例句
8 activists 90fd83cc3f53a40df93866d9c91bcca4     
n.(政治活动的)积极分子,活动家( activist的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • His research work was attacked by animal rights activists . 他的研究受到了动物权益维护者的抨击。
  • Party activists with lower middle class pedigrees are numerous. 党的激进分子中有很多出身于中产阶级下层。 来自《简明英汉词典》
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TAG标签:   VOA标准英语  Economic
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