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VOA慢速英语2012 IN THE NEWS - Shooting at Connecticut School has Americans Re-Examining Gun Laws

时间:2012-12-27 07:00来源:互联网 提供网友:nan   字体: [ ]


IN THE NEWS - Shooting at Connecticut School has Americans Re-Examining Gun Laws

时事新闻 - 康州校园枪击案使得美国人重新审视枪支法

From VOA Learning English, this is IN THE NEWS in Special English.


This week, families and friends buried victims of the second worst attack on a school in the United States. A gunman killed 20 young children and six adults at an elementary school in Newtown, Connecticut last Friday. Police believe 20 year old Adam Lanza killed his mother at home then took some of her guns with him to the school. They say he used a military-style assault rifle to carry out the shooting spree. Such weapons can fire ammunition1 quickly, without the shooter having to reload.

本周,家人和朋友安葬了美国第二大校园袭击事件的受害者。上周五,一名枪手在康涅狄格州纽顿镇的一所小学杀害了20名年幼儿童和6名成年人。警方认为,20岁的亚当·兰扎(Adam Lanza)在家里杀害母亲后,携带她的部分枪支来到学校。警方表示,他使用一支军用突击步枪进行了这次疯狂枪杀。这种武器可以快速发射弹药而无需枪手重新装弹。

The attack shocked Americans whose opinions on gun laws have changed in the past week. A recent survey found that 52 percent of Americans questioned said they supported “major restrictions2 on guns or making them illegal.”


President Obama says he recognizes the need for change. He has called on Congress to reestablish an assault weapons ban that ended in 2004.


"We may never know all the reasons why this tragedy happened. We do know that every day since more Americans have died of gun violence. We know such violence has terrible consequences for our society. And if there is even one thing that we can do to prevent any of these events, we have a deep obligation, all of us, to try."


The president has named Vice3 President Joe Biden to lead an effort to propose gun law reforms. He also called for background investigations4 for anyone buying weapons from a private dealer5.

奥巴马任命副总统乔·拜登(Joe Biden)负责枪支法改革提案。他还呼吁对任何从私人经销商处购买武器者进行背景调查。

No matter how hard the president tries, he will face opposition6 from gun rights activists7. The second amendment8 to the Constitution protects the right of Americans to carry and use arms.


The 4,000,000 member National Rifle Association is one of the most influential9 organizations in the United States. On Friday, the NRA’s chief executive, Wayne LaPierre, told reporters that armed guards can prevent tragedies like the one in Newtown.

拥有4百万会员的美国步枪协会是美国最有影响力的组织之一。周五,美国步枪协会的首席执行官韦恩·拉皮尔瑞(Wayne LaPierre)对记者表示,持枪警卫可以防止纽顿镇这类悲剧的发生。

“The only way -- they only way -- to stop a monster from killing10 our kids is to be personally involved and invested in a plan of absolute protection. The only thing that stops a bad guy with a gun is a good guy with a gun.”


Mr. LaPierre blamed movies and video games for creating a violent culture for children.


The NRA has protected the rights of gun owners for over 140 years. The group is widely recognized as a major political force. Observers say the NRA spends millions of dollars on television advertising11 and campaign donations every year to influence members of Congress.


One thing the NRA cannot control is the sale of gun manufacturers. This week, an American investment company announced plans to sell the manufacturer of the rifle reportedly used in the school shooting.


Cerberus Capital Management said it was “shocked and deeply saddened” by the attack. Cerberus said it has no desire to take part in the debate over gun ownership rights. But the company said it immediately plans to start looking for a buyer for Freedom Group, the country’s biggest manufacturer of guns and ammunition. Cerberus bought Freedom Group with the help of the California State Teachers’ Retirement12 System and other investors13.

Cerberus资本管理公司表示对这次袭击深感震惊和悲痛。该公司表示不希望参与枪支所有权的争论。但该公司表示会立即开始寻找美国最大枪支和弹药制造商自由集团(Freedom Group)的下家。Cerberus公司在加州教师退休金系统和其它投资者的帮助购买了自由集团。


1 ammunition GwVzz     
  • A few of the jeeps had run out of ammunition.几辆吉普车上的弹药已经用光了。
  • They have expended all their ammunition.他们把弹药用光。
2 restrictions 81e12dac658cfd4c590486dd6f7523cf     
约束( restriction的名词复数 ); 管制; 制约因素; 带限制性的条件(或规则)
  • I found the restrictions irksome. 我对那些限制感到很烦。
  • a snaggle of restrictions 杂乱无章的种种限制
3 vice NU0zQ     
  • He guarded himself against vice.他避免染上坏习惯。
  • They are sunk in the depth of vice.他们堕入了罪恶的深渊。
4 investigations 02de25420938593f7db7bd4052010b32     
(正式的)调查( investigation的名词复数 ); 侦查; 科学研究; 学术研究
  • His investigations were intensive and thorough but revealed nothing. 他进行了深入彻底的调查,但没有发现什么。
  • He often sent them out to make investigations. 他常常派他们出去作调查。
5 dealer GyNxT     
  • The dealer spent hours bargaining for the painting.那个商人为购买那幅画花了几个小时讨价还价。
  • The dealer reduced the price for cash down.这家商店对付现金的人减价优惠。
6 opposition eIUxU     
  • The party leader is facing opposition in his own backyard.该党领袖在自己的党內遇到了反对。
  • The police tried to break down the prisoner's opposition.警察设法制住了那个囚犯的反抗。
7 activists 90fd83cc3f53a40df93866d9c91bcca4     
n.(政治活动的)积极分子,活动家( activist的名词复数 )
  • His research work was attacked by animal rights activists . 他的研究受到了动物权益维护者的抨击。
  • Party activists with lower middle class pedigrees are numerous. 党的激进分子中有很多出身于中产阶级下层。 来自《简明英汉词典》
8 amendment Mx8zY     
  • The amendment was rejected by 207 voters to 143.这项修正案以207票对143票被否决。
  • The Opposition has tabled an amendment to the bill.反对党已经就该议案提交了一项修正条款。
9 influential l7oxK     
  • He always tries to get in with the most influential people.他总是试图巴结最有影响的人物。
  • He is a very influential man in the government.他在政府中是个很有影响的人物。
10 killing kpBziQ     
  • Investors are set to make a killing from the sell-off.投资者准备清仓以便大赚一笔。
  • Last week my brother made a killing on Wall Street.上个周我兄弟在华尔街赚了一大笔。
11 advertising 1zjzi3     
n.广告业;广告活动 a.广告的;广告业务的
  • Can you give me any advice on getting into advertising? 你能指点我如何涉足广告业吗?
  • The advertising campaign is aimed primarily at young people. 这个广告宣传运动主要是针对年轻人的。
12 retirement TWoxH     
  • She wanted to enjoy her retirement without being beset by financial worries.她想享受退休生活而不必为金钱担忧。
  • I have to put everything away for my retirement.我必须把一切都积蓄起来以便退休后用。
13 investors dffc64354445b947454450e472276b99     
n.投资者,出资者( investor的名词复数 )
  • a con man who bilked investors out of millions of dollars 诈取投资者几百万元的骗子
  • a cash bonanza for investors 投资者的赚钱机会
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