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VOA慢速英语2013 AS IT IS - A bakery in New York City and the growing movie business in China

时间:2013-02-20 06:41来源:互联网 提供网友:nan   字体: [ ]


AS IT IS - A bakery in New York City and the growing movie business in China

From VOA Learning English, welcome to AS IT IS!

这是来自VOA英语教学,欢迎来到AS IT IS!

AS IT IS --- our new magazine show in Special English. Today and in the days to come, we will be expanding on major world events and reporting on issues that concern you. We will be talking with newsmakers, experts and VOA’s own reporters to help make sense of this quickly changing world --- AS IT IS.

AS IT IS- - - - -我们特别英语的新版块。在今后的日子里,我们将更加关注世界主要事件和你关心的问题。我们将跟大事件,权威们和美国之音的记者来帮助你了解这个迅速变化的世界- - - - - AS IT IS 。

Hello, again. I’m Jim Tedder2 in Washington. It’s nice to have you with us. On today’s program, the big cats of Africa are disappearing, and Zambia has decided3 to act. Also, a look at the growing movie business in China, and how it is affecting Hollywood. But first, a trip to New York City to a bakery that helps to change lives with every loaf of bread it sells.


Ahhh! The air is filled with the wonderful smells of freshly baked breads …walnut raisin4, grindstone rye, and sourdough. Welcome to the “Hot Bread Kitchen.” Six years ago, Jessamyn Rodriguez left her job at the United Nations and started the business. But bread was not all she had in mind.

啊!空气中充满了美妙的新鲜的烤面包的气味…核桃葡萄干,磨石黑麦和酵母。欢迎来到“ Hot Bread Kitchen “.六年前,Jessamyn Rodriguez离开她在联合国的工作开始做生意。但她所想要的并不仅是做面包。

“Many women who immigrate5 to the United States have passion and skill in the culinary arts but often end up in jobs with no professional trajectory6.”


Ms. Rodriguez’s idea was to hire women to bake the kinds of bread they made in their home countries. She knew that immigrant minority women were hard workers, but often very poorly paid.


“And I’m also a firm believer that if you invest in a woman you are investing in a family and a community.”


She has eighteen women working in her bakery. They come from Mexico, Bangladesh, Togo, Morocco, Haiti, and other places.


“A head baker1 in New York City can make up to sixty-five thousand dollars a year. We’re hoping that within a few years our women will be headed toward head baker management track positions in the city.”


The women who work and learn at the Hot Bread Kitchen are paid nine dollars an hour. They also receive health care and get English lessons two times each week. Fatiha Outabount is from Morocco.

在Hot Bread Kitchen工作和学习的妇女们被支付9美元一个小时。他们还获得卫生保健和每周两次的英文课。Outabount Fatiha来自摩洛哥。

“Before, I don’t speak English…nothing. Just “Hi, bye, goodnight” …that’s it. But when I start to have class here, I’m speaking English little bit well.”


The breads the women bake are sold to markets and expensive restaurants in New York City. Ms. Rodriguez says her business is the only bakery in the city that produces breads from so many different cultures.

妇女们烤的面包卖给市场和在纽约市的昂贵的餐馆。 Rodriguez 女士说她的业务是这个城市唯一一家生产不同文化的面包的面包店。

“I like to say that we’re like the United Nations of breads.”


When asked Fatiha if the job was what she expected it would be, she smiled and said, “Yes.”


“So I love this program. We learn a lot of stuff. We work like a family.”


Experts say there are twenty to forty thousand lions in Africa. There are even more leopards7. But, their numbers are sharply lower than they were 20 years ago. Now, Zambia has decided to act to slow the loss of these extraordinary animals. Caty Weaver8 tells us more.

专家说有二十到四十万年非狮子在非洲.甚至有更多的豹子.但是,它们的数量正在大幅低于20年前. 现在,赞比亚已决定采取措施保护这些非凡的动物。 Caty Weaver 告诉我们更多。

In January, Zambia banned the hunting of lions and leopards in several areas. The country’s Tourism Minister Sylvia Masebo says Zambia has not fully9 profited from permitting hunting by visitors.

今年1月,赞比亚在几个地区禁止猎杀狮子和豹子。国家旅游部长 Sylvia Masebo 说赞比亚没有充分借鉴允许游客狩猎。

Ms. Masebo says a number of the parks have areas that private businesses pay to use for safari10 hunting operations. Recently the government advertised 19 game management areas for safari hunting. But Ms. Masebo says the process was marred11 by corruption12.


The hunting ban covers those 19 areas. However, there are other national park areas where safari hunting will still be permitted. And Ms. Masebo says there is no ban on private game properties that are fenced and have the legal permits for hunting. But the surrounding community will now play a part in such operations.


“We need to ensure that the people that come from these areas must benefit. The government itself must benefit. The animals themselves must be protected.”


Gavin Robinson is chairman of the Professional Hunters Association of Zambia. He says the ban in the 19 areas means fewer jobs for professional hunters in Zambia. And he does not share the government’s concern about the lion population in the country.

Gavin Robinson是赞比亚猎人协会的主席。他说,禁止在19个地区意味着职业猎人在赞比亚更少的工作.他不同意政府的担忧在该国狮子数量。

“We have always looked after the remaining lion to ensure that we have lion for the following year. We as professional hunters are very involved in conservation.”


The ban in Zambia follows similar action in Botswana. That country announced last November that it would ban sport hunting in 2014. I’m Caty Weaver.


China has become a huge market for films. It is second only to North America. China is also extending it entertainment work with other countries. And this is changing the way the American film industry does business. Steve Ember has a front row seat.


A foreign army invaded the United States in last year’s remake of the movie “Red Dawn.” But the filmmakers changed the movie just before its release. The invaders13 had originally been Chinese soldiers. They became North Koreans. The “Red Dawn” filmmaker did not want to offend Chinese audiences or censors14.

一个外国军队入侵了美国在去年的重拍的电影"Red Dawn". “但是导演在上映之前做了改编. 侵略者原本是中国士兵, 该成了朝鲜人。“ Red Dawn ”导演并不想冒犯中国观众或审查。

A team of censors in China watches movies to decide if they contain offensive material. The James Bond movie “Skyfall” had parts removed for that reason. And, the censors cut 40 minutes from the recent film “Cloud Atlas15.” Most of the scenes showed sex and violence. But, films also may be cut if they are judged critical of China or its government.

一个团队在中国电影的审查表,决定如果他们包含攻击性材料。这就是詹姆斯邦德电影  “Skyfall” 部分删除的原因.还有,从最近的电影  “Cloud Atlas” 审查削减40分钟。“大部分显示性和暴力的场景。但是,电影依然可能被削减,如果他们被认为批评中国或其政府。

Stanley Rosen is a Chinese film and culture expert at the University of Southern California. He says Chinese censors also influenced other films, like the disaster story “2012.”

斯坦利·罗森是南加州大学夫人中国电影和文化专家. 他说,中国审查者也影响了其他电影,像灾难故事“2012”。

“Even if you’re not shooting in China, a film like ‘2012’ will be very careful to include positive references to China. Negative references will simply kill the market.”


Stanley Rosen says more Hollywood studios are finding Chinese partners for joint16 productions. Hollywood needs China because the North American market has not been strong, the professor believes. But, he says, China needs Hollywood as well.


I’m Steve Ember.

And that’s AS IT IS for today. I’m Jim Tedder.


1 baker wyTz62     
  • The baker bakes his bread in the bakery.面包师在面包房内烤面包。
  • The baker frosted the cake with a mixture of sugar and whites of eggs.面包师在蛋糕上撒了一层白糖和蛋清的混合料。
2 tedder 2833afc4f8252d8dc9f8cd73b24db55d     
  • Jim Tedder has more. 吉姆?特德将给我们做更多的介绍。 来自互联网
  • Jim Tedder tells us more. 吉姆?泰德给我们带来更详细的报道。 来自互联网
3 decided lvqzZd     
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
4 raisin EC8y7     
  • They baked us raisin bread.他们给我们烤葡萄干面包。
  • You can also make raisin scones.你也可以做葡萄干烤饼。
5 immigrate haAxe     
  • 10,000 people are expected to immigrate in the next two years.接下来的两年里预计有10,000人会移民至此。
  • Only few plants can immigrate to the island.只有很少的植物能够移植到这座岛上。
6 trajectory fJ1z1     
  • It is not difficult to sketch the subsequent trajectory.很容易描绘出它们最终的轨迹。
  • The path followed by a projectile is called its trajectory.抛物体所循的路径称为它的轨道。
7 leopards 5b82300b95cf3e47ad28dae49f1824d1     
n.豹( leopard的名词复数 );本性难移
  • Lions, tigers and leopards are all cats. 狮、虎和豹都是猫科动物。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • For example, airlines never ship leopards and canaries on the same flight. 例如,飞机上从来不会同时运送豹和金丝雀。 来自英语晨读30分(初三)
8 weaver LgWwd     
  • She was a fast weaver and the cloth was very good.她织布织得很快,而且布的质量很好。
  • The eager weaver did not notice my confusion.热心的纺织工人没有注意到我的狼狈相。
9 fully Gfuzd     
  • The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.医生让我先吸气,然后全部呼出。
  • They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他们很快就完全融入了当地人的圈子。
10 safari TCnz5     
  • When we go on safari we like to cook on an open fire.我们远行狩猎时,喜欢露天生火做饭。
  • They went on safari searching for the rare black rhinoceros.他们进行探险旅行,搜寻那稀有的黑犀牛。
11 marred 5fc2896f7cb5af68d251672a8d30b5b5     
adj. 被损毁, 污损的
  • The game was marred by the behaviour of drunken fans. 喝醉了的球迷行为不轨,把比赛给搅了。
  • Bad diction marred the effectiveness of his speech. 措词不当影响了他演说的效果。
12 corruption TzCxn     
  • The people asked the government to hit out against corruption and theft.人民要求政府严惩贪污盗窃。
  • The old man reviled against corruption.那老人痛斥了贪污舞弊。
13 invaders 5f4b502b53eb551c767b8cce3965af9f     
入侵者,侵略者,侵入物( invader的名词复数 )
  • They prepared to repel the invaders. 他们准备赶走侵略军。
  • The family has traced its ancestry to the Norman invaders. 这个家族将自己的世系追溯到诺曼征服者。
14 censors 0b6e14d26afecc4ac86c847a7c99de15     
删剪(书籍、电影等中被认为犯忌、违反道德或政治上危险的内容)( censor的第三人称单数 )
  • The censors eviscerated the book to make it inoffensive to the President. 审查员删去了该书的精华以取悦于总统。
  • The censors let out not a word. 检察官一字也不发。
15 atlas vOCy5     
  • He reached down the atlas from the top shelf.他从书架顶层取下地图集。
  • The atlas contains forty maps,including three of Great Britain.这本地图集有40幅地图,其中包括3幅英国地图。
16 joint m3lx4     
  • I had a bad fall,which put my shoulder out of joint.我重重地摔了一跤,肩膀脫臼了。
  • We wrote a letter in joint names.我们联名写了封信。
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