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VOA慢速英语2017 大批委内瑞拉难民涌入巴西 引恐慌

时间:2017-12-16 19:08来源:互联网 提供网友:nan   字体: [ ]

Migrants from Venezuela May Cause Problem in Brazil


An increasing number of Venezuelans have moved out of the country recently. They are seeking to escape economic hardship and high crime rates in their homeland.

Many of those Venezuelans are migrating to Brazil. One of them is Victor Rivera, a 36-year-old unemployed1 bakery worker. In August, Rivera left his home in northern Venezuela. He made the two-day trip across the countryside to Boa Vista2, a city in the Brazilian state of Roraima.

许多委内瑞拉人移民到了巴西。维克托 里韦拉(Victor Rivera)就是其中一个,他36岁,是一名失业的面包房工人。今年8月,里韦拉离开他在委内瑞拉北部的故乡。他跋涉了两天两夜,离开了农村,来到了巴西罗赖马州的博阿维斯塔市。

Few jobs can be found in Boa Vista, but Rivera finds his job prospects4 there more appealing than in his hometown. He says his six children often go hungry, as food in stores is in increasingly short supply.


“I see no future in Venezuela,” said Rivera.


The once-wealthy nation is now struggling with a recession, widespread unemployment, shortages of supplies and high inflation.


And at least 125 people died this year in clashes among government opponents, supporters and police.


As conditions there worsen, nearby countries are struggling with one of the biggest migrations5 in Latin American history. With limited public services and jobs to offer migrants, Brazilian officials fear a full humanitarian6 crisis.


George Okoth-Obbo is operations chief for the United Nations High Commission on Refugees. He spoke7 to the Reuters news agency after a recent visit to Boa Vista. He noted8, “Shelters are already crowded to their limit. It is a very tough situation.”

乔治(George Okoth-Obbo)是联合国难民事务署的业务主管。他在最近出访了博阿维斯塔后接受了路透社的采访。他表示,避难所已经拥挤不堪,达到了收容的上限,情况捉襟见肘。

Venezuelan government officials do not know exactly how many of its 30 million people have migrated overseas in recent years. Some experts have estimated the number to be as high as 2 million.


Brazil “not ready”

Many of the Venezuelans leaving have few skills or financial resources. By migrating, then, they export some of the social problems that Venezuela has struggled to resolve.


Mauricio Santoro is a political scientist at Rio de Janeiro State University. He says, “They’re leaving because of economic, health and public safety problems, but putting a lot of pressure on countries that have their own difficulties.”

毛利西奥(Mauricio Santoro)是里约热内卢州立大学的一名政治学者。他表示,他们离开委内瑞拉是因为经济、健康、公共安全等问题,但这也给一些本国也存在问题的国家带来了很大的压力。

International officials are likening the situation in Venezuela to other mass migrations in Latin America’s past, like that of people who fled Haiti after a 2010 earthquake. Thirty years earlier, about 125,000 Cubans attempted to travel by boat to the United States.


Okoth-Obbo told Reuters that as many as 40,000 Venezuelans have arrived in Brazil. Just over half of them have asked the government for asylum9. But that process that can take up to two years.


The request for asylum gives them the right to stay in Brazil while their appeal is considered. It also gives the migrants the right to health care, education and other social services.


Some migrants in Boa Vista are discovering ways to get by. They have found low-cost housing or are staying in the few shelters that officials have provided. Others have no permanent place to stay, and instead live in the streets or turn to crime.


Teresa Surita, the mayor of Boa Vista, said, “We have a very serious problem that will only get worse.” She added that the city’s once quiet streets are increasingly filled with poor Venezuelans.

特蕾莎(Teresa Surita)是博阿维斯塔市市长,她表示,我们有一个很严重的问题,这个问题只会越来越严重。她补充道,这个城市曾经安静的街道挤着越来越多的委内瑞拉人。

Most migrants to Boa Vista arrive by land. They enter Brazil on foot from the Venezuelan border town of Santa Elena. They then take buses or ask for rides from strangers to travel further south.


Brazilian officials say border guards permit as many as 400 migrants to enter Roraima state daily. Roraima has the lowest population and smallest economy of any state in Brazil.


Latin America’s biggest country has struggled recently to deal with asylum seekers from countries such as Haiti and Syria. Brazil has approved more than 2,700 asylum requests from Syrian refugees. But the refugees have received little support from the government.


One top official in Brazil’s foreign ministry10 said the country will not close its borders. Okoth-Obbo said the UNHCR and Brazil’s government are discussing ways to move refugees to larger cities.


I’m Jonathan Evans.

Words in this Story

migrate – v. to move from one country or place to live or work in another

prospect3 – n. an opportunity for something to happen

resources – n. a supply of something such as money that someone has and can use when it is needed


1 unemployed lfIz5Q     
  • There are now over four million unemployed workers in this country.这个国家现有四百万失业人员。
  • The unemployed hunger for jobs.失业者渴望得到工作。
2 vista jLVzN     
  • From my bedroom window I looked out on a crowded vista of hills and rooftops.我从卧室窗口望去,远处尽是连绵的山峦和屋顶。
  • These uprisings come from desperation and a vista of a future without hope.发生这些暴动是因为人们被逼上了绝路,未来看不到一点儿希望。
3 prospect P01zn     
  • This state of things holds out a cheerful prospect.事态呈现出可喜的前景。
  • The prospect became more evident.前景变得更加明朗了。
4 prospects fkVzpY     
  • There is a mood of pessimism in the company about future job prospects. 公司中有一种对工作前景悲观的情绪。
  • They are less sanguine about the company's long-term prospects. 他们对公司的远景不那么乐观。
5 migrations 2d162e07be0cf65cc1054b2128c60258     
n.迁移,移居( migration的名词复数 )
  • It foundered during the turmoils accompanying the Great Migrations. 它在随着民族大迁徙而出现的混乱中崩溃。 来自辞典例句
  • Birds also have built-in timepieces which send them off on fall and spring migrations. 鸟类也有天生的时间感应器指导它们秋春迁移。 来自互联网
6 humanitarian kcoxQ     
  • She has many humanitarian interests and contributes a lot to them.她拥有很多慈善事业,并作了很大的贡献。
  • The British government has now suspended humanitarian aid to the area.英国政府现已暂停对这一地区的人道主义援助。
7 spoke XryyC     
n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。
8 noted 5n4zXc     
  • The local hotel is noted for its good table.当地的那家酒店以餐食精美而著称。
  • Jim is noted for arriving late for work.吉姆上班迟到出了名。
9 asylum DobyD     
  • The people ask for political asylum.人们请求政治避难。
  • Having sought asylum in the West for many years,they were eventually granted it.他们最终获得了在西方寻求多年的避难权。
10 ministry kD5x2     
  • They sent a deputation to the ministry to complain.他们派了一个代表团到部里投诉。
  • We probed the Air Ministry statements.我们调查了空军部的记录。
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