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Number of 1)Malnourished Australian 2)Aboriginal Children

时间:2005-05-29 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:wuqisheep   字体: [ ]

Broadcast: Jan 28 2003

The number of malnourished Australian aboriginal1 children has risen sharply. At Royal Darwin Hospital, statistics show a 25 percent increase in children 3)diagnosed with malnutrition2 and 4)diarrhea in the past three years. Health professionals say the solution must go beyond health services and address the deeper problems 5)plaguing 6)indigenous3 communities.

A dozen aboriginal children sit with their mothers on the floor of a health clinic at the Royal Darwin Hospital in Australia's rugged4 north. They are between two and four years old, are underweight and very small for their age. They are being treated for malnutrition.

Dr. Paul Bauert, from the Australian Medical Association, says childhood malnutrition here has reached crisis proportions.

"They look skinny and they have infections. We see rates of pus coming from ears up to some 60-70 percent of children in some communities," he said. "The World Health Organization recognizes a public health crisis if you have pus coming from ears in greater than four percent of the population. It's an absolute disgrace."

Sandra Nelson is an indigenous health worker in Darwin. She explains how ear infections, to name just one affliction related to malnutrition, can interfere5 with achievement in school and later life.

"[If] children are fed properly, 7)immunized properly, and the chances are they're not going to have sore ears and then, we maybe drop the bad behavior," she said. "We have so many children being disruptive in the classrooms because they can't hear. It distresses6 the child, the child stops going to school, they can't get a job, they go into poverty and it's just that big vicious cycle."

Dr. David Brewster is the head of pediatrics at Royal Darwin Hospital. He says many of his young patients suffer from acute wasting and chronic7 stunting8. Childhood malnutrition plagues people into adulthood9, he says, increasing the risk of life-threatening health conditions.

"It's a risk factor when you get to adulthood for chronic diseases, cardiovascular disease, renal disease and diabetes," he said. "If you're malnourished as a child and particularly then go to a Western diet with 8)high carbohydrates10 and high cholesterol11, you are much more at risk."

Malnutrition has long been married to poverty, but the rapid escalation12 of childhood malnutrition among Aborigines is alarming authorities for two reasons: What it means for the children and what it says about the adults.

Malnutrition among aboriginal children is partly due to deep-rooted social problems embedded13 in the adult community, says Marion Scrymgour, a junior minister in the Labor14 government. She was the first indigenous woman ever elected to the Northern Territory Parliament.

She says alcohol, drug abuse and gambling15 play a role.

"A lot of the mothers get access to welfare payments," she said. "Most of those family allowance payments go towards gambling and just a small percentage of that is earmarked for food. If the father's got a severe substance abuse problem, a lot of the money goes on that. Children are missing out on both sides of the spectrum16."

The Northern Territory government is sending 25 additional medical teams to remote aboriginal settlements this year. With more healthcare workers helping17 families understand the roots of malnutrition, the authorities believe they can make a significant difference.

Phil Mercer VOA news, Darwin, north Australia.


1)    Malnourished [mAl5nQriFt]adj.营养失调的, 营养不良的

2)    Aboriginal [7AbE5ridVEnEl]adj.土著的, 原来的n.土著居民

3)    diagnose[5daiE^nEuz]v.诊断

4)    diarrhea [7daiE5riE]n.痢疾,腹泻

5)    plague [plei^] vt.折磨, 使苦恼, 使得灾祸

6)    indigenous [in5didVinEs]adj.本土的

7)    immunize[5imju(:)naiz]vt.使免疫, 赋予免疫性, 使成为无害

8)    high carbohydrates and high cholesterol高糖高胆固醇


1 aboriginal 1IeyD     
  • They managed to wipe out the entire aboriginal population.他们终于把那些土著人全部消灭了。
  • The lndians are the aboriginal Americans.印第安人是美国的土著人。
2 malnutrition kAhxX     
  • In Africa, there are a lot of children suffering from severe malnutrition.在非洲有大批严重营养不良的孩子。
  • It is a classic case of malnutrition. 这是营养不良的典型病例。
3 indigenous YbBzt     
  • Each country has its own indigenous cultural tradition.每个国家都有自己本土的文化传统。
  • Indians were the indigenous inhabitants of America.印第安人是美洲的土著居民。
4 rugged yXVxX     
  • Football players must be rugged.足球运动员必须健壮。
  • The Rocky Mountains have rugged mountains and roads.落基山脉有崇山峻岭和崎岖不平的道路。
5 interfere b5lx0     
  • If we interfere, it may do more harm than good.如果我们干预的话,可能弊多利少。
  • When others interfere in the affair,it always makes troubles. 别人一卷入这一事件,棘手的事情就来了。
6 distresses d55b1003849676d6eb49b5302f6714e5     
n.悲痛( distress的名词复数 );痛苦;贫困;危险
  • It was from these distresses that the peasant wars of the fourteenth century sprang. 正是由于这些灾难才爆发了十四世纪的农民战争。 来自辞典例句
  • In all dangers and distresses, I will remember that. 在一切危险和苦难中,我要记住这一件事。 来自互联网
7 chronic BO9zl     
  • Famine differs from chronic malnutrition.饥荒不同于慢性营养不良。
  • Chronic poisoning may lead to death from inanition.慢性中毒也可能由虚弱导致死亡。
8 stunting 8f2c436eccd1cf1d61612ae2a6f04ae1     
v.阻碍…发育[生长],抑制,妨碍( stunt的现在分词 )
  • Objective To report three-year-old twin brothers with speech stunting. 目的报道孪生兄弟同患语言发育迟缓的临床结果。 来自互联网
  • No one should talk while stunting except coach or back spotter. 在技巧进行的过程中,只有教练或后保能说话。 来自互联网
9 adulthood vKsyr     
  • Some infantile actions survive into adulthood.某些婴儿期的行为一直保持到成年期。
  • Few people nowadays are able to maintain friendships into adulthood.如今很少有人能将友谊维持到成年。
10 carbohydrates 001f0186d1ea717492c413ca718f2635     
n.碳水化合物,糖类( carbohydrate的名词复数 );淀粉质或糖类食物
  • The plant uses the carbohydrates to make cellulose. 植物用碳水化合物制造纤维素。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • All carbohydrates originate from plants. 所有的碳水化合物均来自植物。 来自辞典例句
11 cholesterol qrzzV     
  • There is cholesterol in the cell of body.人体细胞里有胆固醇。
  • They are determining the serum-protein and cholesterol levels.他们正在测定血清蛋白和胆固醇的浓度。
12 escalation doZxW     
  • The threat of nuclear escalation remains. 核升级的威胁仍旧存在。 来自辞典例句
  • Escalation is thus an aspect of deterrence and of crisis management. 因此逐步升级是威慑和危机处理的一个方面。 来自辞典例句
13 embedded lt9ztS     
  • an operation to remove glass that was embedded in his leg 取出扎入他腿部玻璃的手术
  • He has embedded his name in the minds of millions of people. 他的名字铭刻在数百万人民心中。
14 labor P9Tzs     
  • We are never late in satisfying him for his labor.我们从不延误付给他劳动报酬。
  • He was completely spent after two weeks of hard labor.艰苦劳动两周后,他已经疲惫不堪了。
15 gambling ch4xH     
  • They have won a lot of money through gambling.他们赌博赢了很多钱。
  • The men have been gambling away all night.那些人赌了整整一夜。
16 spectrum Trhy6     
  • This is a kind of atomic spectrum.这是一种原子光谱。
  • We have known much of the constitution of the solar spectrum.关于太阳光谱的构成,我们已了解不少。
17 helping 2rGzDc     
  • The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可怜的孩子们总是要求我把我的汉堡包再给他们一份。
  • By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 这样一来, 他在某些时候,有助于竞争的加强。
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