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时间:2006-04-17 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:cfgxj   字体: [ ]

Arizona High School Chooses Laptops over Textbooks



A new high school opened in Vail, Arizona, this past July with all the resources you would expect to find in classrooms these days -- except textbooks. Instead, every student received an Apple laptop computer.


The idea for Empire High's all-laptop curriculum came as administrators1, teachers and parents were making plans for the new school, which is located on the edge of Tucson. Calvin Baker2, Superintendent3 of the Vail School District, says a committee visited classrooms that were making partial use of laptops, and came away with two distinct impressions.


Calvin Baker: One was that students in schools where laptops were being used were clearly more engaged. And the other impression was that we felt we could do more with laptops. Because we had the opportunity here of opening a new school, we could make them an integral part of what we do, and actually change the way we do things. And we sort of forced that issue by not buying any textbooks.


Teachers helped plan the school's wireless4 curriculum, often experimenting with different ideas in classrooms where they taught before. The result is a high school where laptops can be found everywhere from Spanish language class to music to biology.


Michael Frank teaches a first year biology class, where students are doing experiments with dissection5 of chicken legs. They are using their laptops to access instructions for their lab work, organize data, and graph the results. Mr. Frank says he has drawn6 on computer technology to teach classes at other schools in the past, but with laptops, students take a more active part in the process.


Michael Frank: They will be putting together all the results from this experiment in a Power Point presentation for the class later. And I know I can give them an address for a web site that has information and they can go look at it there. A lot of times with science, we use it because you can get immediate7 access to the most recent information. You don't have to wait 5 or 6 years for it to get into a textbook. So there's much more access to just a huge amount of data about things.


Vail School Superintendent Calvin Baker says Empire High had the advantage of being a new facility, so administrators could hire teachers committed to the new technology. Students could choose whether they wanted to attend the school, so they too are unusually enthusiastic. And since Empire just opened its doors, it had not already spent money on textbooks.


Calvin Baker: It costs roughly $500 to outfit8 a high school student with a complete set of textbooks for four years. So we took that money we would have invested in textbooks. We also took money we normally would have used to create computer labs around the school, and we used that to buy the laptops. The laptops cost us about $800 each.


Still, the pioneering effort posed a variety of challenges.


Calvin Baker: One was simply the technological9 hurdles10 with having a place where 350 students can open up their laptops and all have good fast Internet access, and how to configure the laptops. Then the other challenge was finding the material. And then we are not just presenting material but turning in most of their assignments via the web, so we researched the best ways of doing that.


There was a surprise once classes got underway as well. Matt Federoff, the school's Director of Technology, says using computers for fun doesn't always translate into the skills needed for use in the classroom.


Matt Federoff: We thought the kids would be better at computing11 than they actually are. Being able to drive your X-box or your I-pod is not the same thing as being able to take a computer, use it, create a document, save it with a file name, put it in a particular location and retrieve12 it. And that has been a real challenge.


But administrators say the system is working well overall, and students seem to agree. Sophomore13 Justin Platt says it's a relief not having to worry about having different textbooks for every class.


Justin Platt: You keep a lot more organized. You don't have to worry about bringing all this different stuff every day. It's always there for you.


Kryssie Granillo, also a sophomore, says her grade point average has risen dramatically at Empire.


Kryssie Granillo: I'm always on the computers at home, so having one at school just makes it easier on me.


So is this the wave of the future? Calvin Baker believes more schools will move towards laptop instruction in the years ahead, but he says it will be hard to break old teaching and learning habits. And he stresses that the change has to be a matter of public choice.


Calvin Baker: We are right now in the middle of planning stages for a new elementary school. And that group of parents and teachers who are involved are asking the question, what are we going to do to make our school on the cutting edge of technology? And that's what I'm looking for, I'm looking for parents and teachers demanding this to happen. This is not a solution that is going to work imposed from above.


Calvin Baker also emphasis that he is not trying to make Empire High a technology school. And he says quality education still has to be about things like hard work, self-discipline and outstanding teaching -- with laptops becoming a natural part of the classroom, just as they have become a natural part of workplaces across America.


This is Nancy Beardsley.



laptop computer 便携式电脑

curriculum [kE5rikjulEm] n. 课程

Tucson [tu:5sCn] n. 图森(美国亚利桑那州南部城市)

superintendent [7sju:pErin5tendEnt] n. 主管,负责人

integral [5inti^r(E)l] adj. 为整体所必需的;完整的

biology [bai5ClEdVi] n. 生物学

outfit [5autfit] vt. 配备,装备

via [5vaiE] prep. 经,通过

retrieve [ri5tri:v] v. 找到

sophomore [5sRfEmC:] n. 高中二年级学生

self-discipline [self5disiplin] n. 自我训练;自我约束


1 administrators d04952b3df94d47c04fc2dc28396a62d     
n.管理者( administrator的名词复数 );有管理(或行政)才能的人;(由遗嘱检验法庭指定的)遗产管理人;奉派暂管主教教区的牧师
  • He had administrators under him but took the crucial decisions himself. 他手下有管理人员,但重要的决策仍由他自己来做。 来自辞典例句
  • Administrators have their own methods of social intercourse. 办行政的人有他们的社交方式。 来自汉英文学 - 围城
2 baker wyTz62     
  • The baker bakes his bread in the bakery.面包师在面包房内烤面包。
  • The baker frosted the cake with a mixture of sugar and whites of eggs.面包师在蛋糕上撒了一层白糖和蛋清的混合料。
3 superintendent vsTwV     
  • He was soon promoted to the post of superintendent of Foreign Trade.他很快就被擢升为对外贸易总监。
  • He decided to call the superintendent of the building.他决定给楼房管理员打电话。
4 wireless Rfwww     
  • There are a lot of wireless links in a radio.收音机里有许多无线电线路。
  • Wireless messages tell us that the ship was sinking.无线电报告知我们那艘船正在下沉。
5 dissection XtTxQ     
  • A dissection of your argument shows several inconsistencies.对你论点作仔细分析后发现一些前后矛盾之处。
  • Researchers need a growing supply of corpses for dissection.研究人员需要更多的供解剖用的尸体。
6 drawn MuXzIi     
  • All the characters in the story are drawn from life.故事中的所有人物都取材于生活。
  • Her gaze was drawn irresistibly to the scene outside.她的目光禁不住被外面的风景所吸引。
7 immediate aapxh     
  • His immediate neighbours felt it their duty to call.他的近邻认为他们有责任去拜访。
  • We declared ourselves for the immediate convocation of the meeting.我们主张立即召开这个会议。
8 outfit YJTxC     
  • Jenney bought a new outfit for her daughter's wedding.珍妮为参加女儿的婚礼买了一套新装。
  • His father bought a ski outfit for him on his birthday.他父亲在他生日那天给他买了一套滑雪用具。
9 technological gqiwY     
  • A successful company must keep up with the pace of technological change.一家成功的公司必须得跟上技术变革的步伐。
  • Today,the pace of life is increasing with technological advancements.当今, 随着科技进步,生活节奏不断增快。
10 hurdles ef026c612e29da4e5ffe480a8f65b720     
n.障碍( hurdle的名词复数 );跳栏;(供人或马跳跃的)栏架;跨栏赛
  • In starting a new company, many hurdles must be crossed. 刚开办一个公司时,必须克服许多障碍。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • There are several hurdles to be got over in this project. 在这项工程中有一些困难要克服。 来自辞典例句
11 computing tvBzxs     
  • to work in computing 从事信息处理
  • Back in the dark ages of computing, in about 1980, they started a software company. 早在计算机尚未普及的时代(约1980年),他们就创办了软件公司。
12 retrieve ZsYyp     
  • He was determined to retrieve his honor.他决心恢复名誉。
  • The men were trying to retrieve weapons left when the army abandoned the island.士兵们正试图找回军队从该岛撤退时留下的武器。
13 sophomore PFCz6     
  • He is in his sophomore year.他在读二年级。
  • I'm a college sophomore majoring in English.我是一名英语专业的大二学生。
TAG标签:   文化教育  中学  便携电脑  课本
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