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2006年VOA标准英语-Oil Hostages Released in Nigeria

时间:2007-03-18 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:louise0617   字体: [ ]
    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

By Gilbert Da Costa
Abuja
27 March 2006

Nigerian militants1 have released three Western hostages held in the troubled Niger Delta2 for more than a month. The government is now under pressure to act promptly3, to avert4 another abduction.

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Monday, State-owned radio reported the release of the hostages, including two Americans and a Briton, after five weeks in captivity5.

Radio Nigeria says the three men were handed over to Governor James Ibori of Nigeria's southern Delta State by an ethnic6 Ijaw leader, Edwin Clark.

Officials say the men were in good health and had been handed over to Shell, their employer.

The three hostages were abducted7 along with six others on February 18.

The militants had demanded a greater share of oil revenues, the release of two jailed leaders from the region and compensation for oil pollution, as conditions for releasing the hostages. The government says no ransom8 was paid.

The involvement of leading ethnic Ijaw leaders in the negotiations9 eventually led to the release of the three men.

Mike Ekamon, a Niger Delta activist10 and head of the Supreme11 Niger Delta Youth Council non-governmental group, pays tribute to efforts of the region's leaders.

"The governments themselves must realize that the people are wallowing in abject12 poverty while even the expatriates come to extort13 and equip where they come from," he said. "So, we are happy our leaders, our traditional rulers, our governors, our national assembly members, our politicians have made it possible for peace to reign14 in the Niger Delta."

The ongoing15 violence in the delta has also affected16 electric power generation in Nigeria, leading to prolonged outages in several parts of the country.

A quarter of Nigeria's 2.4-million barrels per day output is shut down because of attacks by militants on oil infrastructure17.

Ekamon says the government has to move quickly to address the grievances18 toward oil communities or else another hostage taking is inevitable19.

"It might not be the last. In as much as we are not encouraging it to happen again, were saying that fast steps should be taken to listen to the people of Niger Delta, especially the youths. Create youth empowerment programs. Listen to the people. We can no more farm again. We can no more fish again. Let the government do things… NDDC [Niger Delta Development Corporation] is not enough. Do something that will quiten the people," he added.

The release of the three hostages has raised hopes for an end to recent violence in the delta.

But analysts20 say much will depend on the government's response. The United States and Britain had promised high-level intervention21 to address the long-standing grievances of Nigeria's oil producing communities, if they avoid further hostage taking.

Some 20 million people live in poverty, alongside the multi-billion dollar oil industry in Nigeria.

Shell says it will not resume normal oil production in Nigeria until it is safe to do so.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 militants 3fa50c1e4338320d8495907fdc5bdbaf     
激进分子,好斗分子( militant的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The militants have been sporadically fighting the government for years. 几年来,反叛分子一直对政府实施零星的战斗。
  • Despite the onslaught, Palestinian militants managed to fire off rockets. 尽管如此,巴勒斯坦的激进分子仍然发射导弹。
2 delta gxvxZ     
n.(流的)角洲
参考例句:
  • He has been to the delta of the Nile.他曾去过尼罗河三角洲。
  • The Nile divides at its mouth and forms a delta.尼罗河在河口分岔,形成了一个三角洲。
3 promptly LRMxm     
adv.及时地,敏捷地
参考例句:
  • He paid the money back promptly.他立即还了钱。
  • She promptly seized the opportunity his absence gave her.她立即抓住了因他不在场给她创造的机会。
4 avert 7u4zj     
v.防止,避免;转移(目光、注意力等)
参考例句:
  • He managed to avert suspicion.他设法避嫌。
  • I would do what I could to avert it.我会尽力去避免发生这种情况。
5 captivity qrJzv     
n.囚禁;被俘;束缚
参考例句:
  • A zoo is a place where live animals are kept in captivity for the public to see.动物园是圈养动物以供公众观看的场所。
  • He was held in captivity for three years.他被囚禁叁年。
6 ethnic jiAz3     
adj.人种的,种族的,异教徒的
参考例句:
  • This music would sound more ethnic if you played it in steel drums.如果你用钢鼓演奏,这首乐曲将更具民族特色。
  • The plan is likely only to aggravate ethnic frictions.这一方案很有可能只会加剧种族冲突。
7 abducted 73ee11a839b49a2cf5305f1c0af4ca6a     
劫持,诱拐( abduct的过去式和过去分词 ); 使(肢体等)外展
参考例句:
  • Detectives have not ruled out the possibility that she was abducted. 侦探尚未排除她被绑架的可能性。
  • The kid was abducted at the gate of kindergarten. 那小孩在幼儿园大门口被绑架走了。
8 ransom tTYx9     
n.赎金,赎身;v.赎回,解救
参考例句:
  • We'd better arrange the ransom right away.我们最好马上把索取赎金的事安排好。
  • The kidnappers exacted a ransom of 10000 from the family.绑架者向这家人家勒索10000英镑的赎金。
9 negotiations af4b5f3e98e178dd3c4bac64b625ecd0     
协商( negotiation的名词复数 ); 谈判; 完成(难事); 通过
参考例句:
  • negotiations for a durable peace 为持久和平而进行的谈判
  • Negotiations have failed to establish any middle ground. 谈判未能达成任何妥协。
10 activist gyAzO     
n.活动分子,积极分子
参考例句:
  • He's been a trade union activist for many years.多年来他一直是工会的积极分子。
  • He is a social activist in our factory.他是我厂的社会活动积极分子。
11 supreme PHqzc     
adj.极度的,最重要的;至高的,最高的
参考例句:
  • It was the supreme moment in his life.那是他一生中最重要的时刻。
  • He handed up the indictment to the supreme court.他把起诉书送交最高法院。
12 abject joVyh     
adj.极可怜的,卑屈的
参考例句:
  • This policy has turned out to be an abject failure.这一政策最后以惨败而告终。
  • He had been obliged to offer an abject apology to Mr.Alleyne for his impertinence.他不得不低声下气,为他的无礼举动向艾莱恩先生请罪。
13 extort KP1zQ     
v.勒索,敲诈,强要
参考例句:
  • The blackmailer tried to extort a large sum of money from him.勒索者企图向他勒索一大笔钱。
  • They absolutely must not harm the people or extort money from them.严格禁止坑害勒索群众。
14 reign pBbzx     
n.统治时期,统治,支配,盛行;v.占优势
参考例句:
  • The reign of Queen Elizabeth lapped over into the seventeenth century.伊丽莎白王朝延至17世纪。
  • The reign of Zhu Yuanzhang lasted about 31 years.朱元璋统治了大约三十一年。
15 ongoing 6RvzT     
adj.进行中的,前进的
参考例句:
  • The problem is ongoing.这个问题尚未解决。
  • The issues raised in the report relate directly to Age Concern's ongoing work in this area.报告中提出的问题与“关心老人”组织在这方面正在做的工作有直接的关系。
16 affected TzUzg0     
adj.不自然的,假装的
参考例句:
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  • His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
17 infrastructure UbBz5     
n.下部构造,下部组织,基础结构,基础设施
参考例句:
  • We should step up the development of infrastructure for research.加强科学基础设施建设。
  • We should strengthen cultural infrastructure and boost various types of popular culture.加强文化基础设施建设,发展各类群众文化。
18 grievances 3c61e53d74bee3976a6674a59acef792     
n.委屈( grievance的名词复数 );苦衷;不满;牢骚
参考例句:
  • The trade union leader spoke about the grievances of the workers. 工会领袖述说工人们的苦情。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • He gave air to his grievances. 他申诉了他的冤情。 来自《简明英汉词典》
19 inevitable 5xcyq     
adj.不可避免的,必然发生的
参考例句:
  • Mary was wearing her inevitable large hat.玛丽戴着她总是戴的那顶大帽子。
  • The defeat had inevitable consequences for British policy.战败对英国政策不可避免地产生了影响。
20 analysts 167ff30c5034ca70abe2d60a6e760448     
分析家,化验员( analyst的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • City analysts forecast huge profits this year. 伦敦金融分析家预测今年的利润非常丰厚。
  • I was impressed by the high calibre of the researchers and analysts. 研究人员和分析人员的高素质给我留下了深刻印象。
21 intervention e5sxZ     
n.介入,干涉,干预
参考例句:
  • The government's intervention in this dispute will not help.政府对这场争论的干预不会起作用。
  • Many people felt he would be hostile to the idea of foreign intervention.许多人觉得他会反对外来干预。
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TAG标签:   VOA标准英语  Oil  Hostages  Released 
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