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VOA标准英语2011--Somali Famine Defies Easy Answers

时间:2011-08-15 08:01来源:互联网 提供网友:nan   字体: [ ]

Somali Famine Defies Easy Answers

The famine sweeping1 southern Somalia is posing a painful challenge to humanitarian2 organizations. Children are dying by the thousands just a few kilometers from warehouses4 full of emergency food supplies. But the countryside is still a war zone controlled by an al-Qaida linked extremist group that restricts humanitarian access, and has killed aid workers.
The roads into Mogadishu are dotted with families streaming in from parched5 southern Somalia in hopes of saving their wafer-thin children from starvation. But even in the capital, the prospect6 of survival is little better.
Twenty-six-year-old Hamsa Ali and her six children were part of a small community that packed their belongings7 and walked 20 days to get to Mogadishu. Fifteen died along the way, and now children weakened by malnutrition8 are dying of measles9.
26岁的Hamsa Ali和她的6个孩子与她所在社区的其他人带着自己的物品,步行了20天来到摩加迪沙。15人在途中死亡,现在,由于营养不良而严重衰弱的孩子慢慢死于麻疹。
She said her three-year old boy became swollen10, contracted measles and died a few days ago.
Her group has taken refuge in the remains11 of an Italian-colonial-era church, but it offers little protection from the elements, and the crowded conditions invite disease.
Officials say hastily-erected tent communities like this one are at the breaking point. New camps spring up every day.
Some stocks of emergency food have arrived at a U.N. World Food Program warehouse3 in Mogadishu. More is on the way, and much more is needed, but the vexing12 question is how to get the food to people before they starve.
It is more complicated than one might think. Years of control by the anti-Western al-Shabab extremist group have left Somalia with no aid delivery infrastructure13. After al-Shabab was driven out of Mogadishu this month, the flood of hungry families from the countryside intensified14. But al-Shabab still controls the famine ravaged15 south, where 2.2-million people are believed to be in desperate straits.
That desperation is spreading to Mogadishu. Last week, hungry residents at one camp laid siege to a truck delivering grain and began carting away sacks of food. Guards trying to control the crowd began shooting. Several people died.
The dilemma16 is this - the World Food Program distributes food primarily through humanitarian NGOs (Non-Governmental Organizations), but Western aid groups spooked by the killing17 of humanitarian workers have stopped working in Somalia. Even the World Food Program shut down its operation a year and a half ago after 14 of its local employees were killed.
Now, when people are starving by the thousands, there is no system to ensure the aid gets to those who need it. WFP spokesperson in Mogadishu Susannah Nicoll says rebuilding the aid infrastructure is excruciatingly time consuming. "It is not a case a case of just dumping food. You can not just dump it. It is a desperate situation where you know you want to get the access, but you have to do it in a fashion that you know it would be safe and it would reach the people you are trying to target," she said.
现在,当成千上万的人们被饿死的时候,没有任何体系来保障食品救助能够到达需要的人手中。世界粮食规划署驻摩加迪沙发言人Susannah Nicoll表示,重新建立救助分发基础设施是非常耗费时间的。“这并不是倾倒粮食的问题,你不能只把粮食倾倒出去就完事。目前的形势非常绝望,你知道,你必须尽快将粮食分发出去,但是必须以安全的方式,必须到达真正需要的人手中。”
The World Food Program and other agencies have come in for severe criticism for keeping a warehouse full of food, while people in the city are starving. The self-proclaimed mayor of Mogadishu has urged the World Food Program to give the food to local NGOs who can at least help some of the people.
But the WFP’s Susannah Nicoll says the short-term solution would be a long-term mistake. “There are lots of people who have arrived in town claiming to be NGOs and you have to know they are going to be able to [distribute food] in a reasonable fashion with minimal18 risk to be able to target people. It is not just a case of handing out food to anyone who says, ‘We can give it out," she said.
但是世界粮食规划署的Susannah Nicoll表示,短期的解决方法长期来看将是一个错误。“许多人来到这里声称是非政府组织,你必须确保他们以合理的方式分发食品,确保为目标人群带来的风险最小化。我们不可能把食品交给任何一个说‘我们可以分发食品’的人。”
With food security analysts19 predicting the famine zone might soon spread to the entire south, the head of Somalia’s feeble transitional government is proposing creation of a special food security protection force. But Prime Minister Abdiweli Mohamed Ali admits it would take precious time to train and arm the force, which would then face a difficult challenge escorting food shipments through Mogadishu, much less the al-Shabab controlled south.
粮食安全分析人员预测,饥荒区域可能很快扩散至整个南方。索马里脆弱的过渡政府领导提议建立食品安全保护特别部队。但是总理穆罕默德·阿里(Abdiweli Mohamed Ali) 承认需要大量时间来训练和武装这支部队,然而,押送食品经过摩加迪沙会面临艰难的挑战。
Susannah Nicoll says the World Food Program is not ruling out anything as it looks for ways to reach people in the famine zone. But when asked how long it would be before the aid operation would be up to full speed, she said it would only be when humanitarian groups have full access to the south.
Susannah Nicoll表示,世界粮食规划署在寻找方法救助饥荒地区的难民方面不排除任何可能性。但是被问到救助工作何时能全面展开时,她表示,只有到了人道主义组织能够全面进入南方的时候才有可能。
The reality is, there is no quick solution. Somalia faces many difficult months ahead.


1 sweeping ihCzZ4     
  • The citizens voted for sweeping reforms.公民投票支持全面的改革。
  • Can you hear the wind sweeping through the branches?你能听到风掠过树枝的声音吗?
2 humanitarian kcoxQ     
  • She has many humanitarian interests and contributes a lot to them.她拥有很多慈善事业,并作了很大的贡献。
  • The British government has now suspended humanitarian aid to the area.英国政府现已暂停对这一地区的人道主义援助。
3 warehouse 6h7wZ     
  • We freighted the goods to the warehouse by truck.我们用卡车把货物运到仓库。
  • The manager wants to clear off the old stocks in the warehouse.经理想把仓库里积压的存货处理掉。
4 warehouses 544959798565126142ca2820b4f56271     
仓库,货栈( warehouse的名词复数 )
  • The whisky was taken to bonded warehouses at Port Dundee. 威士忌酒已送到邓迪港的保稅仓库。
  • Row upon row of newly built warehouses line the waterfront. 江岸新建的仓库鳞次栉比。
5 parched 2mbzMK     
  • Hot winds parched the crops.热风使庄稼干透了。
  • The land in this region is rather dry and parched.这片土地十分干燥。
6 prospect P01zn     
  • This state of things holds out a cheerful prospect.事态呈现出可喜的前景。
  • The prospect became more evident.前景变得更加明朗了。
7 belongings oy6zMv     
  • I put a few personal belongings in a bag.我把几件私人物品装进包中。
  • Your personal belongings are not dutiable.个人物品不用纳税。
8 malnutrition kAhxX     
  • In Africa, there are a lot of children suffering from severe malnutrition.在非洲有大批严重营养不良的孩子。
  • It is a classic case of malnutrition. 这是营养不良的典型病例。
9 measles Bw8y9     
  • The doctor is quite definite about Tom having measles.医生十分肯定汤姆得了麻疹。
  • The doctor told her to watch out for symptoms of measles.医生叫她注意麻疹出现的症状。
10 swollen DrcwL     
  • Her legs had got swollen from standing up all day.因为整天站着,她的双腿已经肿了。
  • A mosquito had bitten her and her arm had swollen up.蚊子叮了她,她的手臂肿起来了。
11 remains 1kMzTy     
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
12 vexing 9331d950e0681c1f12e634b03fd3428b     
adj.使人烦恼的,使人恼火的v.使烦恼( vex的现在分词 );使苦恼;使生气;详细讨论
  • It is vexing to have to wait a long time for him. 长时间地等他真使人厌烦。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • Lately a vexing problem had grown infuriatingly worse. 最近发生了一个讨厌的问题,而且严重到令人发指的地步。 来自辞典例句
13 infrastructure UbBz5     
  • We should step up the development of infrastructure for research.加强科学基础设施建设。
  • We should strengthen cultural infrastructure and boost various types of popular culture.加强文化基础设施建设,发展各类群众文化。
14 intensified 4b3b31dab91d010ec3f02bff8b189d1a     
v.(使)增强, (使)加剧( intensify的过去式和过去分词 )
  • Violence intensified during the night. 在夜间暴力活动加剧了。
  • The drought has intensified. 旱情加剧了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
15 ravaged 0e2e6833d453fc0fa95986bdf06ea0e2     
毁坏( ravage的过去式和过去分词 ); 蹂躏; 劫掠; 抢劫
  • a country ravaged by civil war 遭受内战重创的国家
  • The whole area was ravaged by forest fires. 森林火灾使整个地区荒废了。
16 dilemma Vlzzf     
  • I am on the horns of a dilemma about the matter.这件事使我进退两难。
  • He was thrown into a dilemma.他陷入困境。
17 killing kpBziQ     
  • Investors are set to make a killing from the sell-off.投资者准备清仓以便大赚一笔。
  • Last week my brother made a killing on Wall Street.上个周我兄弟在华尔街赚了一大笔。
18 minimal ODjx6     
  • They referred to this kind of art as minimal art.他们把这种艺术叫微型艺术。
  • I stayed with friends, so my expenses were minimal.我住在朋友家,所以我的花费很小。
19 analysts 167ff30c5034ca70abe2d60a6e760448     
分析家,化验员( analyst的名词复数 )
  • City analysts forecast huge profits this year. 伦敦金融分析家预测今年的利润非常丰厚。
  • I was impressed by the high calibre of the researchers and analysts. 研究人员和分析人员的高素质给我留下了深刻印象。
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