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时间:2013-12-28 11:47来源:互联网 提供网友:nan   字体: [ ]


Middle East Turmoil1 Sparks Unease in Israel 中东动乱令以色列不安

JERUSALEM — The year 2013 saw more upheaval2 in the Middle East as the effects continued from popular uprisings in a half-dozen countries. For Israel this brought a  mixed reaction of reassurance3 and uncertainty4.

The effort to end Iran's suspected nuclear weapons program caused Israeli leaders their greatest worry. Few believe Iran is serious about abandoning its program, whose  existence it denies. Ephraim Kam is at the Institute for National Security Studies in Tel Aviv.

意在结束伊朗嫌疑核武器项目的努力使得以色列领导人非常担忧,没有人认为伊朗会真的放弃该项目,而且伊朗否则该项目的存在。Ephraim Kam就职于特拉维夫市国家安全研究所。

"They [the Iranians] have not invested so many efforts and money just to stop it now even if they are in economic trouble. So what they are trying to do is to  maneuver, to give something, to get much more than they give and when the time is appropriate to continue with their nuclear program," said Kam.


Israeli leaders are also watching the war in Syria. They like that the fighting is distracting the attention and absorbing the resources of Syria's government and its  allies, Iran and Hezbollah. But the situation must be watched, said Ely Karmon of The International Institute for Counter-Terrorism. "Who will control the vast  territory which now is under the control of dozens, dozens of small organizations," he questioned. "Jihadists, Salafists, some of them local warlords?

以色列领导人们也在关注叙利亚的战争,战争转移了人们的目光,同时消耗叙利亚政府及其盟友伊朗核真主党的资源。但国际反恐研究所的Ely Karmon说必须关注这一局势,“谁将控制那些 目前被十几个小组织控制的广大领土呢,圣战分子、沙拉菲,还是当地军阀呢?”

The Syrian conflict has aggravated5 tensions between the Sunni and Shi'ite branches of Islam across the region. Ephraim Kam said this, too, is benefiting Israel, though  the arrival of so many fighters is worrisome.

叙利亚冲突进一步恶化了该地区伊斯兰教逊尼派和什叶派的紧张局势,Ephraim Kam说尽管许多武装分子的到来令人担忧,但这对以色列有好处。

"Our concern is that at a certain point, when the struggle will decline, we are going to find these guys trying to challenge us. This is a problem. Not now. Not  immediately. What we have immediately, it's relatively6 small incidents but sometime in future it can change," Kam said.


Egypt's military coup7 was a relief to Israeli officials. The new government in Cairo has cracked down on terrorist activity in the Sinai near Israel and wants to  weaken the anti-Israel Hamas movement that rules Gaza.


The revival8 of peace talks with the Palestinians after a three-year freeze brought some hope but most observers are not optimistic.


Ely Karmon said each side is constrained9 by its hardliners. "So I think that we need an interim10 agreement which will give symbolic11 territorial12 gains to the  Palestinians over the very short term, much more freedom of movement and economic incentives13 and a very general framework which will speak about a final agreement," he  said.

Ely Karmon说各方都受到其强硬派的制约,“所以我想我们需要能在短期内给巴勒斯坦象征性领土的临时政府,以及活动自由、经济鼓励和非常笼统的框架,这些将有利于最后的协议。”

The Palestinians are pessimistic. They don't believe Israel is ready to make concessions14, like freezing West Bank settlement, said Hadi Abdul Mahdi of East Jerusalem's  PASSIA research institute. "We are contained and will continue to be contained in an autonomy-minus situation, governed militarily by Israelis, controlled by the  powers of the West and keeping mediocre15 people in offices like municipality arrangements," he added.

巴勒斯坦人很不乐观,他们认为以色列并未准备好让步,比如冻结西岸定居点,东耶路撒冷PASSIA研究所的哈·阿卜杜勒·迈赫迪说,“我们在自治程度最低的时候受到以色列军事手段的制 约,以后还要受到制约,被西方大国控制,像直辖市管理那样将平庸者留下。”

Israeli leaders said they are ready to make concessions but need security guarantees. But given the rising number of incidents in the past year, this appears less and  less likely.



1 turmoil CKJzj     
  • His mind was in such a turmoil that he couldn't get to sleep.内心的纷扰使他无法入睡。
  • The robbery put the village in a turmoil.抢劫使全村陷入混乱。
2 upheaval Tp6y1     
  • It was faced with the greatest social upheaval since World War Ⅱ.它面临第二次世界大战以来最大的社会动乱。
  • The country has been thrown into an upheaval.这个国家已经陷入动乱之中。
3 reassurance LTJxV     
  • He drew reassurance from the enthusiastic applause.热烈的掌声使他获得了信心。
  • Reassurance is especially critical when it comes to military activities.消除疑虑在军事活动方面尤为关键。
4 uncertainty NlFwK     
  • Her comments will add to the uncertainty of the situation.她的批评将会使局势更加不稳定。
  • After six weeks of uncertainty,the strain was beginning to take its toll.6个星期的忐忑不安后,压力开始产生影响了。
5 aggravated d0aec1b8bb810b0e260cb2aa0ff9c2ed     
使恶化( aggravate的过去式和过去分词 ); 使更严重; 激怒; 使恼火
  • If he aggravated me any more I shall hit him. 假如他再激怒我,我就要揍他。
  • Far from relieving my cough, the medicine aggravated it. 这药非但不镇咳,反而使我咳嗽得更厉害。
6 relatively bkqzS3     
  • The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相对较新引入澳大利亚的物种。
  • The operation was relatively painless.手术相对来说不痛。
7 coup co5z4     
  • The monarch was ousted by a military coup.那君主被军事政变者废黜了。
  • That government was overthrown in a military coup three years ago.那个政府在3年前的军事政变中被推翻。
8 revival UWixU     
  • The period saw a great revival in the wine trade.这一时期葡萄酒业出现了很大的复苏。
  • He claimed the housing market was showing signs of a revival.他指出房地产市场正出现复苏的迹象。
9 constrained YvbzqU     
  • The evidence was so compelling that he felt constrained to accept it. 证据是那样的令人折服,他觉得不得不接受。
  • I feel constrained to write and ask for your forgiveness. 我不得不写信请你原谅。
10 interim z5wxB     
  • The government is taking interim measures to help those in immediate need.政府正在采取临时措施帮助那些有立即需要的人。
  • It may turn out to be an interim technology.这可能只是个过渡技术。
11 symbolic ErgwS     
  • It is symbolic of the fighting spirit of modern womanhood.它象征着现代妇女的战斗精神。
  • The Christian ceremony of baptism is a symbolic act.基督教的洗礼仪式是一种象征性的做法。
12 territorial LImz4     
  • The country is fighting to preserve its territorial integrity.该国在为保持领土的完整而进行斗争。
  • They were not allowed to fish in our territorial waters.不允许他们在我国领海捕鱼。
13 incentives 884481806a10ef3017726acf079e8fa7     
激励某人做某事的事物( incentive的名词复数 ); 刺激; 诱因; 动机
  • tax incentives to encourage savings 鼓励储蓄的税收措施
  • Furthermore, subsidies provide incentives only for investments in equipment. 更有甚者,提供津贴仅是为鼓励增添设备的投资。 来自英汉非文学 - 环境法 - 环境法
14 concessions 6b6f497aa80aaf810133260337506fa9     
n.(尤指由政府或雇主给予的)特许权( concession的名词复数 );承认;减价;(在某地的)特许经营权
  • The firm will be forced to make concessions if it wants to avoid a strike. 要想避免罢工,公司将不得不作出一些让步。
  • The concessions did little to placate the students. 让步根本未能平息学生的愤怒。
15 mediocre 57gza     
  • The student tried hard,but his work is mediocre. 该生学习刻苦,但学业平庸。
  • Only lazybones and mediocre persons could hanker after the days of messing together.只有懒汉庸才才会留恋那大锅饭的年代。
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