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VOA标准英语2014--巴以分裂加剧动荡的一年

时间:2015-01-01 13:57来源:互联网 提供网友:nan   字体: [ ]
    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

 

Israeli-Palestinian Divide Deepens in Turbulent Year

JERUSALEM—

A series of events in 2014 heightened tensions between Israelis and Palestinians to levels not seen in years, and the new year portends1 even more difficult times.

Confrontations2 between Israelis and Palestinians ratcheted up following the spring collapse3 of efforts to revive the Middle East peace talks. This strengthened extremists on both sides, said Moshe Ma’oz of Hebrew University in Jerusalem.

Militants4 on both sides are "feeding off one another, especially on the right-wing side," said Ma’oz, professor emeritus5 of Islamic and Middle Eastern studies.

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry’s nine-month effort to restart the Middle East peace talks fell apart in April.

This came as the two major Palestinian factions6, Fatah and Hamas, announced a unity7 government following a seven-year rift8. Israel said it scuttled9 any diplomacy10 because Hamas refuses to recognize the Jewish state.

The collapse of diplomacy, along with the June murders of several young Israelis and Palestinians, escalated11 into a 50-day conflict between Hamas and Israel in which more than 2,000 people were killed.

The conflict, which ended in August without a formal ceasefire, left people talking about survival rather than peace, said a professor of national security studies at East Jerusalem’s al-Quds University.

"The best thing, I hope, is that the bad situation – the current situation – stays as it is" and doesn’t deteriorate12, said Zakaria al-Qaq. "This is my best hope."

October visits by right-wing Israelis to the Temple Mount or al-Aqsa Mosque13 compound, revered14 by Jews and Muslims alike, sparked a new round of violence: spontaneous, lone-wolf attacks on Israelis, revenge attacks on Muslims and clashes in East Jerusalem and the West Bank.

As a result, feelings of hopelessness are widespread, Ma’oz said.

"Despair – this is the conclusion now," he said. "Hopefully, things can change. As an historical analyst15, I can tell you, no, things are moving, can change. There are all kinds of forces, you don’t see them."

Al-Qaq, the al-Quds professor, said he believes the Israeli government and the Palestinian Authority will avoid any explosion of violence because both fear losing control of the situation.

"They have a mutual16 interest to bother each other and annoy each other," he said, "but it’s not going to be ‘annihilate’ or ‘eliminate’ either party."

Analysts17 foresee more turmoil18 and little room for diplomacy as Israel prepares to hold parliamentary elections in March and the United States, seen as important to any mediation19, enters its lengthy20 2016 presidential campaign.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 portends f348eeac60ff5aa4516a88661e71adee     
v.预示( portend的第三人称单数 );预兆;给…以警告;预告
参考例句:
  • Fame portends trouble for men just as fattening does for pigs. 人怕出名猪怕壮。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • It portends we are in danger. 这预示我们陷入危险。 来自互联网
2 confrontations c51194060d6a4df61a641d2290c573ad     
n.对抗,对抗的事物( confrontation的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • At times, this potential has escalated into actual confrontations. 有时,这一矛盾升级为实际的对抗。 来自英汉非文学 - 行政法
  • These confrontations and uncertainties were bing played out for the first time on a global scale. 所有这一切对抗和不稳定,第一次在全球范围内得到充分的表演。 来自辞典例句
3 collapse aWvyE     
vi.累倒;昏倒;倒塌;塌陷
参考例句:
  • The country's economy is on the verge of collapse.国家的经济已到了崩溃的边缘。
  • The engineer made a complete diagnosis of the bridge's collapse.工程师对桥的倒塌做了一次彻底的调查分析。
4 militants 3fa50c1e4338320d8495907fdc5bdbaf     
激进分子,好斗分子( militant的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The militants have been sporadically fighting the government for years. 几年来,反叛分子一直对政府实施零星的战斗。
  • Despite the onslaught, Palestinian militants managed to fire off rockets. 尽管如此,巴勒斯坦的激进分子仍然发射导弹。
5 emeritus ypixp     
adj.名誉退休的
参考例句:
  • "Perhaps I can introduce Mr.Lake Kirby,an emeritus professor from Washington University?"请允许我介绍华盛顿大学名誉教授莱克柯尔比先生。
  • He will continue as chairman emeritus.他将会继续担任荣誉主席。
6 factions 4b94ab431d5bc8729c89bd040e9ab892     
组织中的小派别,派系( faction的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The gens also lives on in the "factions." 氏族此外还继续存在于“factions〔“帮”〕中。 来自英汉非文学 - 家庭、私有制和国家的起源
  • rival factions within the administration 政府中的对立派别
7 unity 4kQwT     
n.团结,联合,统一;和睦,协调
参考例句:
  • When we speak of unity,we do not mean unprincipled peace.所谓团结,并非一团和气。
  • We must strengthen our unity in the face of powerful enemies.大敌当前,我们必须加强团结。
8 rift bCEzt     
n.裂口,隙缝,切口;v.裂开,割开,渗入
参考例句:
  • He was anxious to mend the rift between the two men.他急于弥合这两个人之间的裂痕。
  • The sun appeared through a rift in the clouds.太阳从云层间隙中冒出来。
9 scuttled f5d33c8cedd0ebe9ef7a35f17a1cff7e     
v.使船沉没( scuttle的过去式和过去分词 );快跑,急走
参考例句:
  • She scuttled off when she heard the sound of his voice. 听到他的说话声,她赶紧跑开了。
  • The thief scuttled off when he saw the policeman. 小偷看见警察来了便急忙跑掉。 来自《简明英汉词典》
10 diplomacy gu9xk     
n.外交;外交手腕,交际手腕
参考例句:
  • The talks have now gone into a stage of quiet diplomacy.会谈现在已经进入了“温和外交”阶段。
  • This was done through the skill in diplomacy. 这是通过外交手腕才做到的。
11 escalated 219d770572d00a227dc481a3bdb2c51e     
v.(使)逐步升级( escalate的过去式和过去分词 );(使)逐步扩大;(使)更高;(使)更大
参考例句:
  • The fighting escalated into a full-scale war. 这场交战逐步扩大为全面战争。
  • The demonstration escalated into a pitched battle with the police. 示威逐步升级,演变成了一场同警察的混战。
12 deteriorate Zm8zW     
v.变坏;恶化;退化
参考例句:
  • Do you think relations between China and Japan will continue to deteriorate?你认为中日关系会继续恶化吗?
  • He held that this would only cause the situation to deteriorate further.他认为,这只会使局势更加恶化。
13 mosque U15y3     
n.清真寺
参考例句:
  • The mosque is a activity site and culture center of Muslim religion.清真寺为穆斯林宗教活动场所和文化中心。
  • Some years ago the clock in the tower of the mosque got out of order.几年前,清真寺钟楼里的大钟失灵了。
14 revered 1d4a411490949024694bf40d95a0d35f     
v.崇敬,尊崇,敬畏( revere的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • A number of institutions revered and respected in earlier times have become Aunt Sally for the present generation. 一些早年受到尊崇的惯例,现在已经成了这代人嘲弄的对象了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The Chinese revered corn as a gift from heaven. 中国人将谷物奉为上天的恩赐。 来自辞典例句
15 analyst gw7zn     
n.分析家,化验员;心理分析学家
参考例句:
  • What can you contribute to the position of a market analyst?你有什么技能可有助于市场分析员的职务?
  • The analyst is required to interpolate values between standards.分析人员需要在这些标准中插入一些值。
16 mutual eFOxC     
adj.相互的,彼此的;共同的,共有的
参考例句:
  • We must pull together for mutual interest.我们必须为相互的利益而通力合作。
  • Mutual interests tied us together.相互的利害关系把我们联系在一起。
17 analysts 167ff30c5034ca70abe2d60a6e760448     
分析家,化验员( analyst的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • City analysts forecast huge profits this year. 伦敦金融分析家预测今年的利润非常丰厚。
  • I was impressed by the high calibre of the researchers and analysts. 研究人员和分析人员的高素质给我留下了深刻印象。
18 turmoil CKJzj     
n.骚乱,混乱,动乱
参考例句:
  • His mind was in such a turmoil that he couldn't get to sleep.内心的纷扰使他无法入睡。
  • The robbery put the village in a turmoil.抢劫使全村陷入混乱。
19 mediation 5Cxxl     
n.调解
参考例句:
  • The dispute was settled by mediation of the third country. 这场争端通过第三国的斡旋而得以解决。
  • The dispute was settled by mediation. 经调解使争端得以解决。
20 lengthy f36yA     
adj.漫长的,冗长的
参考例句:
  • We devoted a lengthy and full discussion to this topic.我们对这个题目进行了长时间的充分讨论。
  • The professor wrote a lengthy book on Napoleon.教授写了一部有关拿破仑的巨著。
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