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英语口译教程(第二版)--中级 UNIT 1-3

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上海紧缺人才培训工程教 学系列丛书.英语口语口 译资格证书考试.中级口 译教程.第二版.第一盒 ;
Part Two A Trainning Course ;
Unit 1 Interpreting Conversations ;
1-1 Welcome Text for Interpretation ;
Interpret the following conversation alternatively into English and Chinese: ;
欢迎来上海,罗伯茨先生。 我是上海邮电服务发展 公司海外部主任陈天明 ;
Nice to meet you, Director Chen.I'm very excited to visit your company and of course, ;
to tour around Shang hai and the whole country. ;
您专程从英国赶来,我很 高兴。我们为您来此参加 工作,成为我部门的一员 而感到骄傲和荣幸。 ;
我真诚地希望您的来访有 价值,有意义。 ;
It is indeed my pleasure and privilege to have received your gracious invitation ;
and work with a distinguished group of people like Director Chen ;
I had been looking forward to this visit for years, ;
I had a dream that someday I would visit China ;
and work in the beautiful city of Shanghai for a while. ;
I'm very grateful that you have made my dream come true. ;
您对这次来沪短期工作 有如此高的期望,真令人 高兴。我们会尽力使您在 沪期间过得愉快 ;
考虑到您的方便和舒适, 您可以居住在公司的外 宾专用别墅。 ;
别墅挨着海滩,从那里骑 自行车15分钟可到我海外 部的办公楼。您一定会 喜欢的。 ;
That's wonderful.Isn't it nice that not only your"Overseas" ;
Department looks"over the sea".but also my residence? ;
罗伯茨先生,我真的很喜 欢您的幽默感。 ;
您可知道“上海”这两个 字在汉语里的字面意思 是“海上之埠? ;
我们为能够安排英国朋友 在临海的寓所下榻而感 到骄傲。英国不是海上 岛国吗? ;
I like what you said, Mr.Chen. ;
We have much in common with Shanghai and its people. ;
I believe my wife will like here, too. ;
我希望您的家人能早日与 您在此团聚。我公司支付 包括国际机票在内所需的 一切费用 ;
thank you so much for your concern.My wife teaches at a university ;
and the best time for her and our son to come over is ;
when school breaks in the summer. ;
Two more months.We simply can't wait to see each other here in Shanghai. ;
真遗憾,您还要等那么久 。 ;
You're very nice,Mr. Chen,really. ;
长途飞行后您一定累了。 今晚有招待晚宴,您需要 休息一下。晚上6时我派 车来接您。 ;
Very good. ;
我得走了,我们晚上再 见。 ;
Bye now. ;
1-2 A Wish to Invest ;
Text for Interpretation ;
Interpret the folloing conversation alternatively into English and Chinese: ;
您好,罗伯茨先生。 ;
Hi,Mr.Chen,I have been thinking about something lately ;
and I'd like to share with you my thoughts. ;
愿洗耳恭听。如能为您 效劳,我将很高兴。 ;
In the West everybody is talking about going to the East and making an investment. ;
Apparently a growing number of foreign firms have been pouring into China, ;
and the Pudong area of Shanghai ;
is among the best choices of their investment destinations. ;
Today it is not a matter of whether to go east,but when and how. ;
您说得对。海外人士在上 海及周边地区的投资近年 来翻了两番。 ;
出现这一 高涨不止的投 资热有多种缘由。 ;
除了中国是世界上经济 增长最快的国家之一这 个原因外, ;
中国政府和地方政府很 重视对外全面开放, ;
不仅开放沿海城市, 也开放内地,尽可能吸 引外资。 ;
另外,许多海外团体与 个人投资者认为在中国 直接投资比同中国公司 做生意更有利可图。 ;
I'm not sure if I understand the logic behind this preference. ;
I'm all ears to your explanation. ;
好的,基本情况是这样 的,外国直接在华投资 可以在最大程度上发挥 有关双方的优势。 ;
中国幅员辽阔,自然资 源丰富,廉价劳动力充裕, 税收低,消费市场不断 增长, ;
基础设施不断改善, 当然罗,我们还有稳定 的社会政治环境以及诱人 的投资政策。 ;
所有这些优势难以在其 他国家找到。 ;
而来自发达国家和地区的 外国投资者则有充足的 资金,先进的技术和 管理知识。 ;
同做进出口贸易生意相 比,在华直接投资的经济 回报则更高。 ;
You're right.I have friends who are interested in direct investment in China. ;
Do you have any idea of the best place in which to invest? ;
就我个人来说,我希望 你们在上海的浦东地区 投资。 ;
这倒不是因为浦东是我的 家乡,而是因为浦东的 确是投资者的理想场所。 ;
如果您或您的朋友有兴趣 我可以向你们提供许多 研究资料。 ;
我也听说过许多关于在 中国内地和其他沿海城市 进行投资而获得成功的 例子。 ;
真的很难说哪一个地方 为最佳。也许应该说在 某一时期的某一地点做 投资相对比较为好。 ;
My next question concerns the forms of investment ;
that are allowed in China currently. ;
投资方式很多,您可以同 中方合资办企业,也可以 独资办公司。 ;
What are the differences? ;
投资兴办合资企业时, 通常外方提供资金,机械 先进技术和管理方法,而 中方则提供土地, ;
劳工以及部分用于基础 设施建设的资金。 ;
至于独资企业嘛,外商 提供所有资金,赚取所有 利润,同时承担所有风 险。 ;
您可以选择自己喜欢的 方式经营独资公司, 当然不可超越中国法律。 ;
Your explanations are very enlightening.If we ever decide to invest in Shanghai, ;
We'd like you to be our Chinese consultant. ;
I hope you won't refuse our offer then. ;
我深感荣幸。希望早日 为您的投资效劳。 ;
1-3 Establishing a Joint Venture ;
Text for Interpretation ;
Interpret the following conversation alternatively into English and Chinese: ;
罗伯茨先生,很高兴再次 见到你。有什么需要我 做的吗? ;
Hi,Mr.Chen,it's been ten months since I left China. ;
I would like to discuss with you the possibilities of ;
establishing a joint venture with your company to manufacture cordless phones ;
and mobile phones. ;
好极了。您的投资意向是 明智的。我公司也正在 寻求外资, ;
合办一家生产无绳电话 和移动电话的制造公司, 您的提议很好。 ;
罗伯茨先生,我还记得 一年前曾同您讨论过有 关外国在华投资的事情。 ;
Yes.you did a good job. The whole idea of my investing in a joint enterprise ;
with your company is the direct result of your wonderful lecture. ;
Your answers were direct and honest.And your explanations were sincere and persuasive. ;
May 1 get on China's economic express train and share your economic gains? ;
当然可以。欢迎罗伯茨 先生加入我们的行列! 我们来讨论一下合资企业 的事宜吧。 ;
您能告诉我您得设想吗? ;
I did a lot of research in the market of telecommunications equipment lately. ;
There's a potential market for cordless and mobile phones in China ;
and the world as a whole.Initially. ;
I would like to embark on this joint venture business at a moderate rate and a safe scale. ;
My suggestion for the amount of total capital investment is ;
in the vicinity of eight million US dollars,a lucky number in China.I suppose. ;
很好。800万岂止是个 吉利的数字,我认为这 对启动这家合资企业来 说,是很合适的。 ;
那么您在合资中打算占 有多少投资比重呢? ;
My conlribution is 50% of the total investment, ;
including the construction funds and the cost of all the imported equipment, ;
and the engineers, technicians and management staff from my home company. ;
我对您这个5:5对半开的 合伙投资比例感到满意. ;
这就是说,我们在经营管 理和利润分配上也保持 一种5:5对半开的权益关 系. ;
You're absolutely right. ;
接下来的问题是产品的 营销.无绳电话在中国 有很大的需求量, ;
但是我们无法保证在国内 推销50%移动电话.此外, 我们需要增加外汇的储备 ;
"天晴还需防雨天"嘛.我 建议贵方负责向海外推销 65%以上的移动电话,您 看如何? ;
我相信您对外汇的需求大 于对我人民币的需求. ;
I love renminbi.And 1 have heard that the Chinese yuan will ;
become a convertible currency soon.But I accept your proposal ;
and we will be responsible ;
for the international marketing of two- thirds of the mobile phones. ;
好极了. ;
Two more questions.One concerns the term of our partnership and ;
the other the management's structure of the venture. ;
至于我们的合作期限, 我们可以定为15年,只要 双方愿意,合同期满后我 们还可以续签. ;
您意下如何? ;
That's quite logical. May I suggest that we set up a board of directors ;
for the management of the company and share rights and obligations as equal partners? ;
正合我的想法。下周我们 是否再举行一轮会谈, 详细讨论一些技术性问题 ;
That's fine.I like to work with you.as I did before.It's been a very rewarding day. ;
收获的确很大。罗伯茨 先生,祝您周末愉快。 ;
You,too. ;
Sentences in Focus ;
Interpret the following sentences into English or Chinese. ;
1.我希望您的太太能早日 和您在此团聚,我公司支 付包括国际机票票在内所 需要的一切费用。 ;
2.今晚我们为您举行招待 晚宴,晚上5:30我派车来 接您. ;
3.中央政府很重视全面 对外开放,不仅开放沿海 城市,也开放内地,尽可能 吸引外资. ;
4.由于外国直接在华投资 可以在最大程度上发挥有 关各方的优势, ;
所以许多海外机构个人 投资者认为,他们在中国 直接投资比同中国公司 做生意更有利可图. ;
5.中国幅员辽阔,自然资 源丰富,劳动力低廉,税收 低,消费者市场潜力大, 社会环境稳定, ;
投资政策诱人,经济回报 率高. ;
6.在华投资的方式很多, 你可以同中方合资办企业 也可以独资办公司, ;
选择自己喜欢的方式经 营,但不可超越中国法律. ;
7.投资兴办合资企业时 通常外方提供资金,机械, ;
先进技术和管理方法,而 中方则提供土地,劳工 以及部分用于基础设施 建设的资金. ;
8.我们来讨论以下建立 合资企业的适宜吧.您能 告诉我您的设想吗? ;
例如您打算在合资企业 中占有多少投资份额? ;
9.我们之间的投资份额 可以对半开,在经营管理 和利润分配上也可以对半 开. ;
10.我们的合作期定为10 年,只要双方满意,期满后 我们还可以续签合同. ;
11.我们的想法不谋而合. ;
12.我们是否可以在下周 再举行一次会谈,集中讨 论一些技术性的问题? ;
13.It is my great pleasure and privilege to have received your gracious invitation ;
and work with a distinguished group of China's automobile specialists. ;
14.A growing number of American firms have been pouring into ;
China's inland provinces,although coastal cities such as Shanghai and Tianjin ;
are still among their first choices of investment with many foreign investors. ;
15.1 would like to discuss with you the possibilities of ;
establishing a joint venture with your company to manufacture ;
progressive-scan DVD home cinema systems of the latest model. ;
16.I suggest that we should set up a board of directors for the ;
management of the company and share rights and obligations as equal partners. ;
Unit 2 Interpreting Interviews ;
2-1 Travel in America ;
Text for Interpretation Interpret the ;
following interview alternatively English and Chinese: ;
An interview to learn about travel and public transportation in the United States. ;
Q:据说美国是一个由汽 车驱动的国家, ;
美国人实际是一个生活 在轮子上的民族。你认 为这是一种夸张的说法 吗? ;
A: This is basically a correct observation, ;
which says something about the American way of life. ;
Americans like to do business without leaving their cars. Wherever you go. ;
you'll see drive-in banks, drive-in restaurants, ;
drive-in churches and drive-in movies. ;
Q:如果我以游客的身份 访问美国,我可以在美国 境内开车吗? ;
A :Yes.you can.When you drive in the U.S. ;
it's a good idea to have an international driver's license if you are a foreigner ;
and don't have a state license. Each of the fifty states of the U.S. ;
has its own traffic laws.Drivers are expected to know and ;
understand the local laws even if they don't live in a particular stale. ;
You can get information when you cross the border into a different state at ;
a tourist information center. ;
Q:在中国某些道路上开 车,司机必须将自己的行 车速度控制在标牌规定的 限速内, ;
美国是否也有限速? ;
A:Yes.In most states, the speed limit on the expressway is miles per hour, ;
or about 88 kilometers per hour.On some roads,such as state or federal expressways, ;
there is a minimum speed of in miles per hour,or about 65 kilometers per hour. ;
B:我作为一名出公差来 美国的旅行者,可没有必 要为了旅行而去买一辆车 子。 ;
我想贵国一定有某种出租 车服务行业吧? ;
A :Of course we do. This country has the ;
most developed ear rental industry in the world.The two largest ;
American car rental companies.Hertz and Avis,have offices all over the U.S, ;
with counters at most airports and in many international ciries. ;
Other national car rental companies you can find at airports, such as Thrifty, ;
National,Budger or Dollar, have offices in other countries too.. ;
so you may want to reserve a car through your travel agent in your own country. ;
Q:那么租车时我以什么 方式来付款呢? ;
A :In order to rent a car, you have to have a major credit card, such as MasterCard, ;
Visa, or American Express. ;
Without a credit card you may have 10 pay a very high deposit on the car. ;
If you don't want to spend a lot of money, ;
you may rent used cars from used car rental companies, ;
such as Rent A-Junkcr and Lgly Duckling. ;
Their rates are often lower and they don't always demand a credit card. ;
Sometimes they have special offers that ;
make the total cost of renting a car even lower. ;
Q:如果我没有驾照,那 我怎样去其他城市呢? ;
A :There are three ways to get from city to city without a car. In some places, ;
you can take Anitrak, the national passenger rail service. Or you can take a bus. ;
Greyhound is the largest long distance coach company, ;
which offers the monthly pass.And.of course, you can fly. ;
There arc dozens of airlines,both regional and national. ;
Prices are not regulated, so airlines can make special offers that are ;
sometimes cheaper than train tickets.There are also shuttle and ;
commuter flights between some major cities that are close to each other. ;
Q:听说美国城市的公共 交通不尽如人意,有没有 这回事? ;
A : Well,I have to admit that getting around a city on ;
public transportation is generally not as easy as it is in most other countries, ;
but it is possible. Although only a few cities have subways, ;
most towns with a population of 50.000 or more have some kind of city bus service. ;
Q:万一坐巴士或地铁到 不了我想要去的地方怎么 办呢? ;
A:You can always take a cab.You can stop a cab on the street, ;
but that's not easy in many cities.It's actually easier to call a taxi company ;
listed in the Yellow Pages of a telephone directory and ask them ;
to send a cab to your door.American taxi drivers will usually ;
expect a tip of at least 10%. In big cities like New York, ;
cabbies expect a tip of 15%. ;
Q:十分感激您所提供的 情况。 ;
A : You're welcome. ;
2-2 The AIDS Epidemic Text for Interpretation ;
Interpret the following interview alternatively into English and Chinese: ;
An interview with a Nobel Prize winning microbiologist on the AIDS epidemic. ;
Q:巴尔迪摩先生,爱滋 病的传播程度有多严重? ;
A :AIDS is the worst plague in modern history. ;
In the 20 years since ihe first reports of what we now know was AIDS, ;
an entire generation has been horn and come of age never knowing ;
a world without the epidemic.The disease has changed the personal ;
as well as the political how we think and how we love, ;
what we teach our children and what words we say in public. ;
On an international scale,it threatens to undermine countries, ;
particularly in Africa.AIDS is now the fourth leading cause of death globally, ;
and the leading cause of death in Africa. ;
Throughout the world 36 million people are HIV positive, ;
including 900.000 in the United States. ;
Q:您所说的“危害国家生 计“是指什么? ;
A:AIDS has stolen a generation and imperiled the future. ;
It will cause such a significant amount of disease in the middle ages of the population ;
thai it will largely reduce the number of people available to ;
carry out the functions of the society.In parts of Africa, ;
it's happening already.In seven African countries, ;
more than 20 percent of the 15 to 19-year old population is infected with HIV. ;
For example. Zambia cannot train teachers fast enough to replace those killed by AIDS. ;
Within 10 years,there will be 40 million AIDS orphans in Africa. ;
Q:你认为我们可以及时 改变人们的基本行为,以 阻止爱滋病的传播吗? ;
A:In time to have a significant impact. yes.1 don‘t think we'll be perfect. ;
People will respond differently,but for the homosexua ;
population in San Francisco,the rate of homosexuially transmitted diseases ;
fell dramatically when a serious educational program was put in place. ;
People were obviously willing to change their behavior when ;
they were made to realize how severe a risk they were taking. ;
Q:对于那些还未受到严 重打击的群体,有何措施 可以采取呢? ;
能否在大规模的死亡发生 之前也让我们意识到问题 的严重性? ;
It is certainly harder to reach people when they don't see the con sequences of ;
what they're doing right around them or when the consequences are extremely delayed. ;
I'd guess that's been one of the problems with smokers. ;
Q:怎样才能让人们意识 到问题的严重性呢? ;
Drugs cannot be seen as the ultimate solution.And about $10 billion a year ;
is needed to fight the spread of HIV.I think a massive educational campaign ;
is the only thing conceivable at the moment that can help. ;
Not to do it would he criminal.To argue that it's difficult and ;
expensive and therefore we shouldn’t do it would be self -defeating. ;
Q:调查结果表明,公众 中大部分人认为爱滋病 患者应该被隔离开来, 你的意见呢? ;
A :Quarantining will help no one.Most AIDS patients arc too sick ;
to be transmitting the virus.The virus is being spread largely by people ;
who do not have AIDS but are infected with the HIV virus, ;
and they may or may not even know it. Quarantining would be totally futile. ;
Q:强制性化验有无作用? ;
A :I believe it would drive the very people you want to test underground. ;
Voluntary confidential testing is much more appropriate. ;
Q:怎样做才能鼓励人们 去接受这种令人不安的 化验呢? ;
A :The only thing you can do is convince people that they're better off knowing ;
than not knowing. First,because then they can take action ;
to protect their friends and loved ones and,second,because ;
they can begin to interpret their own ;
symptoms and take whatever action available. ;
AIDS is a very serious disease,but it usually reveals its presence ;
through a variety of infections, and many of those infections can be controlled ;
with appropriate drugs. ;
2-3 Business Management ;
Text for Interpretation ;
Interpret the following interview alternatively into English and Chinese: ;
An interview with an American manager of a Sino-American joint ;
venture an some of the differences in business communication style ;
and work ethic between the Chinese and the Americans。 ;
Q:您好,杰克逊先生。 您在中国已连续工作了 三年,您能否读一下中 美两国生意人在商务沟通 ;
方式上有何不同之处? ;
A : With pleasure. I think there are at least two differences in the way of business ;
communication between Chinese and American businessmen. ;
First,Chinese businessmen tend to have business ;
negotiations in a rather indirect manner,as opposed to the more direct manner ;
of American businessmen.The Chinese take time to ;
learn if their prospective business contacts are really reliable, ;
for example, by inviting them to a party and socializing with them.In contrast. ;
The Americans act with the "get-down-to- business-first" mentality. ;
Second,the decision-ma king process of Chinese companies is ;
generally slow and time-consuming.This is because most Chinese ;
companies keep to the "bottom-up,then top-down and then ;
bottom up" decision- making principle which involves many people at different levels. ;
American companies, on the other hand, usually operate with quick decisions made ;
by the top management. I hope American businessmen in China will understand these ;
differences in business practices and adjust to the Chinese way. ;
美国式的经营之道在我们 中国人看来常显得咄咄逼 人。 ;
您在与中国同事的 合作中有无注意到这一 点? ;
A:Well, we are more direct and straightforward than most Chinese. ;
I would say,due to our different cultural traditions. ;
I  noticed that a lot of Chinese often avoid saying a clear "no" just to be polite. ;
Sometimes my Chinese colleagues say "yes" not to express agreement, ;
hut only to show that they are listening. ;
Q:我们都应该承认这些 文化差异,尊重这些差异 以免产生误解。这很重要 不是吗? ;
A : Yes. understanding these differences. ;
1 believe, will be a first step toward establishing a firm business relationship ;
between American and Chinese companies. ;
Q:刚才您提到了中国式 的决策过程,您认为这 种管理模式有无优点? ;
将其与美国式相比, 您有何看法? ;
A :I would say the American-type,or the top-down,management emphasizes efficiency ;
and competition among workers,while the Chinese-type ;
management gives priority to careful planning and encourages cooperation ;
among workers,and between  workers and the management. ;
Thus,while the American-type manage- ment often  frustrates many workers, ;
the Chinese-type management gives workers a joy of participation ;
and fulfillment,and a sense of pride in their work. ;
Q:谈到员工的工作态度 中国人和美国人在这方面 有何不相同? ;
A :I think most Chinese view work as ;
essential for having member ship in a community. ;
They believe that work allows them to have the.sense of belonging to a community. ;
In other words, work is necessary for them ;
to gain social acceptance in the society.That is why ;
many Chinese managers and employees work so hard to maintain their ;
positions in their companies.Also,they ;
sec work as the most important thing in life.That is, ;
they have tried to find the meaning of life through their jobs. ;
While the Chinese-work ethic is based on social pressure1 and community belonging. ;
the American work ethic seems to be more individual oriented. Traditionally, ;
we work because it is the will of God,and we often value the ;
results and accomplishments of work more than its process. ;
By the way.I'm very impressed by the obvious strong sense of dedication to ;
the jobs among the older Chinese employees. ;
Q:回到我们一开始的 话题,您如何评价中美 两种不同经营之道的利 弊? ;
A : It is difficult to decide which is better than which, because there are some merits ;
and demerits to both types of management. My suggestion is that ;
people of both countries should learn from each other. ;
I will say that in recent years,the  merits of the Chinese  way.or rather, ;
the Oriental way. of management are beginning to he ;
recognized by an increasing number of people in the West. ;
This more humane Oriental way of management seems to offer a great deal lo ;
the executives of our American industries. ;
Sentences in Focus ;
Interpret the following sentences into English or  Chinese: ;
1.This is basically a correct observation, ;
which says something about the American way of life. ;
2.Each state has its own traffic laws,and a driver from another ;
stale is expected to know and understand the local laws. ;
3.My country has the most developed car rental industry in the world, ;
so you may very well want to reserve a car through your travel ;
agent in your own country  if you intend to drive while ;
traveling in my country. ;
4.Airfare in this country is not regulated,and airlines often make special ;
offers in order to attract customers. ;
5.It's actually easier to call a taxi company listed in the Yellow Pages of a telephone ;
directory and ask them to send a cab to pick you up at your doorstep. ;
6.In the 20 years since the first reports of what we now know was AIDS, ;
an entire generation has been born and come ;
of age never knowing a world without the epidemic. ;
7.A massive educational campaign is the only thing conceivable ;
at the moment that can help;to argue that this campaign is difficult, ;
expensive and therefore impossible would he quite self-defeating. ;
8.We'll have to convince people that they're belter off knowing ;
than not knowing the fact, because they can take whatever action available to ;
treat the problem and control its infection with appropriate drugs. ;
9.I think Chinese businessmen tend to have business ;
negotiations in a rather indirect manner,as opposed to ;
the more direct style of American businessmen,who are ;
said to work with the "get-down-to-business- first" mentality. ;
10,The  Chinese-type management encourages cooperation among employees, ;
between the labor and the management, and gives employees a joy of participation ;
and fulfillment,as well as a sense of pride in their work. ;
11.1 think most Chinese try to find the meaning of life through working in ;
their jobs,and view work as essential for having membership in a community. ;
Put it in another way. they regard work as a prerequisite to gain ;
social acceptance in the community. ;
12.听说美国城市的公共 交通可不尽如人意,有没 有这回事? ;
13.司机在高速公路上开 车时必须将自己的行车 速度控制在标牌规定的最 高限速与最低限速之间。 ;
14.调查结果表明,许多 人对爱滋病的传播不以为 然。你认为我们怎样做 才能让人们意识到问题的 ;
严重性呢? ;
15.美式经营之道在我们 中国人看来常常显 的咄咄逼人。 ;
16.我们应该承认我们 之间的文化差异,应该尊 重这些差异,以免产生 误解。 ;
Unit 3 Interpreting Ceremonial Speeches English-Chinese Interpretation ;
3-1 Revisiting the Old Haunt ;
Text for Interpretation Interpret the ;
following passage from English into Chinese: ;
Ladies and Gentlemen. ;
Permit me first to thank you,our Chinese hosts,for your extraordinary ;
arrangements and hospitality.My wife and I.as well as our entire party, ;
are deeply grateful. In the short period of six days we have gone a longer distance than ;
the world renowned "Long March". We have acquired a keen sense of the diversity, ;
dynamism, and progress of China under your ;
policies of reform and opening to the outside world. ;
My wife and I have a special regard and personal friendship ;
for the people of China. Beijing is for us an old and nostalgic home. ;
During our stay here ten years ago we spent a great deal of memorable time with ;
the people here -- working, shopping, sightseeing, ;
and touring the city on our bicycles. During that time we never experienced ;
anything other than the utmost courtesy and genuine friendship of the Chinese people. ;
Those were happy days. They were good days, important days. ;
We were part of the dramatic process which brought us hack together and set us ;
on the road to a genuine friendly and cooperative relationship. ;
Our friendly and cooperative ties have become extensive, ;
affecting all aspects of our national lives: commerce, culture, ;
education, and scientific exchange. ;
1 am most proud of the large number of Chinese students being educated in exchange ;
in my country.1 myself teach some of them and see the benefits ;
that come from this exchange.At the same time we are learning ;
valuable lessons from you. ;
Nonetheless, problems remain in our economic, ;
education and strategic relations. While we are not so naive as to believe ;
that there are no issues of difference between us.1 also believe that our ;
differences are greatly overshadowed by issues which bind ;
us and strengthen our relationship. As a former government ;
leader and now a private citizen. I recognize that many of the burdens and ;
opportunities of our relationship have now passed to the non-governmental ;
sectors of our two societies: to individuals,our corporations, ;
universities, research institutes, ;
foundations,and so on. Then- is no doubt that our relations have reached a new stage, ;
In this context,it is important for our two societies to search ;
for areas of cooperation which clearly add to our mutual benefit. ;
My visit is a symbol of the good faith with ;
which we seek lo build up the strength of our friendship, ;
our cultural and commercial ties and our important ;
strategic relationship.Events of the past decade have confirmed time ;
and time again thai our friendship and cooperation will continue fo flourish ;
and yield more fruits in the days to come. ;
3-2 A Pleasant Trip ;
Text for Interpretation Interpret the ;
following passage from English into Chinese: ;
Respected Your Excellency.My Chinese friends. ;
Thank you very much for your kind words of welcome. ;
This is a happy and memorable occasion for ;
me personally as well as for the members of my delegation. ;
To come to China,one of the very earliest cradles of civilization, ;
is.1 suppose,the dream of many people the world over.1. therefore, ;
feel very honoured to be your guest. In accepting Your Excellency's gracious ;
invitation to visit this great country,I have had an excellent opportunity to renew ;
old friendships and establish new contacts. ;
When we established our friendly and cooperative relations, ;
we did so on the understanding that we would develop our friendship ;
on the basis of mutual respect and equality, and mutual benefit. ;
These are the principles on which we seek friendship with ;
all peoples of the world.It is absolutely vital that all nations,big or small, ;
strong or weak,should conduct their relations with each other ;
on these principes. We.therefore,welcome the interest and understanding ;
that China has shown regarding the problems of and positions taken ;
by small and developing countries. China's support is a constant source of ;
encouragement to us in the pursuit of the goals of developing ;
and maintaining the independence of our country. ;
It is my sincere hope that we can develop further,on the basis of mutual respect ;
and mutual benefit, ;
the links and the friendship that exist between our two countries. ;
As we are both developing countries, having a common aspiration in ;
improving the standard of life of our peoples.I look forward, ;
in the next few days, to the opportunity of learning something from your endeavours ;
and experience in promoting economic and social development in ;
the service of your people.I'd like to take this opportunity to extend to Your ;
Excellency an invitation to visit my country,so that we ;
will have an opportunity to ;
return the warm welcome and generous hospitality you extended to us. ;
In closing,may I say again how delighted and privileged we are to be in your country. ;
We arc deeply grateful for what you have,done for us since our ;
arrival in your country. May I propose a toast ;
To the health of Your Excellency, To the health of all the Chinese friends. ;
To our lasting friendship. Cheers! ;
3-3 Euro-Asian Cooperation ;
Text for Interpretation ;
Interpret the following passage from English into Chinese: ;
Respected Mr.Chairman, Ladies and gentlemen. ;
The European Union has adopted a new strategy for Asian affairs, ;
We hereby urge our EU members to efficiently cooperate with Asian countries to ;
establish a constructive,stable and equal partnership ;
between the two continents. History has proved the necessity to expand ;
cooperative relations between the two continents.Europe and Asia, ;
two major cradles of human civilization, have both contributed to human progress. ;
Since the 1980s Asia, and East Asia particularly, ;
has witnessed a rapid rise to prosperity. ;
As the world's most robust economic region the East Asia has ;
attracted worldwide attention over the past few decades with ;
its remarkable achievement. In Europe,a 50-year alliance made the ;
European Union the world's largest trade bloc in the world, ;
with its gross domestic product and foreign trade volume ;
both surpassing those of the United States. In addition,EU nations have unified tariffs ;
and established common foreign trade, agricultural and fishery policies. ;
The EU has initially established an economic and monetary union. ;
It has,in other words, become a region which enjoys the highest level of political ;
and economic integration. Trade ties between Europe and East Asia ;
have expanded rapidly in recent years. Significantly. ;
Easi Asia has replaced the United States as the EU's largest export market, ;
with 18 percent of its exports targeted for the region. ;
However,the European Union continues to lag behind the United and ;
Japan in terms of market share in East Asia. ;
We realize that the current Euro Asian economic and trade contacts ;
are a far cry from meeting demands. Ladies and gentlemen. ;
Europe,North America and East Asia have ;
emerged as the world's throe major economic centers. ;
Europe and North America have already established close ties ;
thanks to our historical links.Easi Asia and North America have also established ;
contacts via the forum of the Asian-Pacific Economic Cooperation. ;
Comparatively speaking,ties between the European Union and ;
East Asia remain relatively weak. Therefore.ladies and gentlemen, ;
it is our common desire that Europe and ;
East Asia should resolve differences through dialogues and ;
mutual trust,enhance our cooperative relations, ;
and form a now partnership in the interest of ihe ;
peoples of our two continents. Ladies and gentlemen, ;
given this historic opportunity,let us work together and ;
forge that partnership,thereby contributing to global peace, ;
stability and prosperity. Thank you.Mr.Chairman. ;
3-4 A New Long March ;
Text for Interpretation ;
Interpret the following passage from English into Chinese: ;
Mr.President. On behalf of all my colleagues present here, ;
I wish lo thank you for the  incomparable hospitality for which ;
the Chinese people are justly famous throughout the world. ;
1 particularly want to pay triblute,not only to those ;
who prepared the magnificent dinner, but also to those who ;
have provided the splendid music. ;
These have been very pleasant days in China, ;
and I'm happy that my visit should conclude in such a congenial atmosphere. ;
Mr,President,I wish to thank you for your very gracious and eloquent remarks. ;
At this very moment through the wonder of telecommunications, ;
many people are hearing what we say today,Yet. ;
what we say here will not be long remembered. ;
But whal we do here can change the world. So.let us start a long ;
march together on different roads leading to the same goal, ;
the goal of building a world structure of peace and justice in which ;
all may stand together with equal dignity and in which each nation, large or small, ;
has a right to determine us own form of government,Us own course of development, ;
free of outside interference or domination. ;
We have a social and political system which ;
differs in many respects from your own. ;
It is the result of different experiences and a different tradition. ;
This system of ours docs not always produce results of which we all approve. ;
People sometimes grumble at it and criticize it. ;
But it is a political system deeply rooted in the instincts of our people. ;
We do not aim to impose our own ideas on other people. ;
We believe that it is right and necessary that people with different political ;
and social systems should live side by side. ;
We do not assess in identical fashion all aspects of today's ;
world — with our distinct histories, geographies and cultures ;
it is inconceivable that we could see eye to eye on all issues ;
— but we do agree on the fundamental need for world peace, ;
and the equally fundamental need for all countries to determine their own ;
fate and design their own future. The world watches. The world listens. ;
The world waits to see what we will do. What legacy shall we leave our children? ;
Are they destined to die painfully for the hatreds which have plagued the old world, ;
or are they destined to live joyfully ;
because we had the vision to build a new world? ;
This is the hour. This is the day for us to rise to the heights of greatness ;
which can build a new and better world. In that spirit. ;
I ask all of you present to join me in raising your glasses to the friendship and ;
cooperation of our two peoples which can lead to friendship and ;
peace for all peoples in the world. Sentences in Focus ;
Interpret the following sentences from English into Chinese: ;
1.Permit me first of all to thank you.our host, ;
for your extraordinary arrangements and hospitality. ;
2.Thank you very much for your gracious words of welcome. ;
This is a happy and memorable occasion for me personally ;
as well as for all the members of my delegation. ;
3.To come to China,one of the early cradles of civilization, ;
has long been my dream and therefore,1 feel very honored to be your guest. ;
4.In accepting Your Excellency's gracious invitation to visit this great country, ;
I have had an excellent opportunity to renew old friendships and ;
establish new contacts. ;
5.I wish to thank you for the incomparable hospitality, ;
for which the Chinese people arc justly famous throughout the world. ;
6.We have acquired a keen sense of the diversity,dynamism, ;
and progress of China under the policies of reform and opening to the outside world. ;
7.I have a special regard and personal friendship for the people of China, ;
in which 1 never experienced anything other than the utmost ;
courtesy and genuine friendship of your people. ;
8.Our friendly and cooperative tics have become extensive, ;
affecting all aspects of our national lives, including industry, ;
agriculture,commerce, culture,public health, education, ;
and scientific and technological exchange. ;
9.I'm looking forward, in the next few days, to the opportunity of learning something ;
from your endeavors and experience in promoting economic ;
and social development in the service of your people. ;
10.We recognize that our differences are greatly overshadowed ;
by issues which hind us and strengthen our relationship. ;
11.Our visit to your country is a symbol of the good faith with which we seek to build ;
up the. strength of our friendship,our cultural ;
and commercial ties and our important strategic relationship. ;
13.It is absolutely vital that all nations,big or small, strong or weak, ;
should conduct their relations with each other on the basis of mutual respect, ;
and equality and mutual benefit. ;
14.History has proved the necessity to expand cooperative relations ;
between Europe and Asia,two major cradles of human civilization. ;
15.As the world's most robust economic region China has attracted ;
worldwide attention with it's remarkable achievement over the past two decades. ;
16.It is our common desire that we should resolve differences through dialogues ;
and mutual trust, enhance our cooperative relations, ;
and form a new partnership in the interest of the ;
peoples of our two countries. ;
17.Given this rare historic opportunity, let us work together ;
and forge our partnership,thereby contributing to global peace, ;
stability and prosperity. ;
18.Let us start a long march together along different roads leading to the same ;
goal of building a new world of peace and just, ;
a world in which all peoples may stand together with equal dignity, ;
and a world in which each nation has the right lo determine its ;
own course of development. ;
19.I'd like to take this opportunity to extend to Your ;
Excellency an invitation to visit Canada,so that ;
we will have an opportunity to return the warm welcome and ;
generous hospitality you extended to us. ;
20.May I ask all of you present to join me in raising your glasses ;
to the friendship and cooperation of our two peoples! ;
 

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