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NPR 2008-06-24

时间:2009-02-04 05:45来源:互联网 提供网友:jette   字体: [ ]
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The Supreme1 Court says it is going to review a lower court ruling protecting marine2 mammals from Navy sonar. NPR’s Martin Kaste has more.

For years, environmental groups have argued that the Navy’s high-intensity, submarine-tracking sonar can disorient or even kill whales and other marine mammals. They say the problem is especially bad off the coast of Southern California, where the Navy conducts frequent sonar training missions. Earlier this year, a federal court barred the use of the sonar close to marine mammals. Vice3 Admiral Sam Locklear, commander of the Third Fleet, calls those restrictions4 “crippling”. “Active sonar today is the only effective means we have available to detect, track and target modern submarines under all ocean’s conditions.” The Bush administration appealed the restrictions and the Supreme Court has now agreed to review the case. The Natural Resources Defense5 Council says it will try to convince the high court to maintain the restrictions, which it believes are vital for the well-being6 of dozens of species of marine mammals. Martin Kaste, NPR News.

Constitutional showdown between President Bush and the Congress landed in a DC federal court today. At issue is whether two top White House aides should be forced to cooperate with a congressional investigation7 into whether US attorneys were fired for political reasons. NPR’s Debbie Elliott reports.

The Bush administration argued the case should be thrown out, that neither the court nor Congress can force Chief of Staff Joshua Bolten and former counsel Harriet Miers to comply with the House subpoena8. Justice Department lawyer Carl Nichols said presidential advisors9 have immunity10. US House attorney Irv Nathan argued that even presidents don’t have absolute immunity and the court should force compliance12. It’s the first time Congress has gone to court to enforce a contempt of Congress citation13. And DC district Judge John Bates made it clear he didn’t relish14 being brought into the constitutional dispute because the two sides can work it out. Debbie Elliott, NPR News, Washington.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said today the decision by Zimbabwe’s opposition15 leader to withdraw from this week’s run-off presidential election was “understandable”. Morgan Tsvangirai said he feared for his safety and for his supporters as long-time leader Robert Mugabe has continued to crack down there. Former colonial power Britain said sanctions should be stiffened16 against the 84-year-old leader. British Prime Minister Gordon Brown addressing parliament said a number of countries are considering taking further measures against those responsible for violence. “We’ll seek to impose travel and financial sanctions on those in the inner circle of the criminal cabal17 running the regime.” US has said in the absence of a true run-off, Mugabe regime can not be considered legitimate18.

Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama have settled on the location for their first joint19 general election appearance since Clinton endorsed20 Obama in the presidential race. The former rivals will appear together in Unity11, New Hampshire on Friday.

On Wall Street, the Dow fell a fraction today. This is NPR News.

A Harvard University study is painting a bleak21 picture of the nation’s housing market. The analysis says because of the record number of properties in foreclosure and continued difficulties in assessing credit, any recovery from the worst housing slump22 in decades is likely to be slow. The Center for Housing Studies says a two-year drop in house prices is eroding23 consumer wealth, cutting into spending and making it unlikely buyers will jump into the housing market until they’re convinced that prices have stopped falling.

New coalition24 of business and labor25 groups says the country must dramatically increase spending on transportation even if it means raising the gas tax. NPR’s Kathleen Schalch reports.

Tom Donohue, President of the US Chamber26 of Commerce, says the nation is failing to keep pace with its transportation needs and this is having a dramatic impact “on everything from safety to the environment, from quality of life to economic growth. And the evidence is beyond question”. He says a third of traffic fatalities27 are linked to poorly-maintained roads. And every year, Americans waste nearly three billion gallons of gas and 4.2 billion hours of their time sitting in traffic jams. “We want faster, better, safer transportation infrastructure28. And the bottom line is we gotta pay for it.” Donohue’s group generally favors lower taxes, but here’s his reaction to a proposed gas tax holiday: “I think it’s a stupid idea.” In fact, with the Highway Trust Fund running out of money, he says, politicians may have to raise taxes on gasoline. Kathleen Schalch, NPR News, Washington.

Oil prices moved higher. The price of light sweet crude oil for August delivery rose $1.38 a barrel today, ending the session at $136.74 a barrel in New York.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 supreme PHqzc     
adj.极度的,最重要的;至高的,最高的
参考例句:
  • It was the supreme moment in his life.那是他一生中最重要的时刻。
  • He handed up the indictment to the supreme court.他把起诉书送交最高法院。
2 marine 77Izo     
adj.海的;海生的;航海的;海事的;n.水兵
参考例句:
  • Marine creatures are those which live in the sea. 海洋生物是生存在海里的生物。
  • When the war broke out,he volunteered for the Marine Corps.战争爆发时,他自愿参加了海军陆战队。
3 vice NU0zQ     
n.坏事;恶习;[pl.]台钳,老虎钳;adj.副的
参考例句:
  • He guarded himself against vice.他避免染上坏习惯。
  • They are sunk in the depth of vice.他们堕入了罪恶的深渊。
4 restrictions 81e12dac658cfd4c590486dd6f7523cf     
约束( restriction的名词复数 ); 管制; 制约因素; 带限制性的条件(或规则)
参考例句:
  • I found the restrictions irksome. 我对那些限制感到很烦。
  • a snaggle of restrictions 杂乱无章的种种限制
5 defense AxbxB     
n.防御,保卫;[pl.]防务工事;辩护,答辩
参考例句:
  • The accused has the right to defense.被告人有权获得辩护。
  • The war has impacted the area with military and defense workers.战争使那个地区挤满了军队和防御工程人员。
6 well-being Fe3zbn     
n.安康,安乐,幸福
参考例句:
  • He always has the well-being of the masses at heart.他总是把群众的疾苦挂在心上。
  • My concern for their well-being was misunderstood as interference.我关心他们的幸福,却被误解为多管闲事。
7 investigation MRKzq     
n.调查,调查研究
参考例句:
  • In an investigation,a new fact became known, which told against him.在调查中新发现了一件对他不利的事实。
  • He drew the conclusion by building on his own investigation.他根据自己的调查研究作出结论。
8 subpoena St1wV     
n.(法律)传票;v.传讯
参考例句:
  • He was brought up to court with a subpoena.他接到传讯,来到法庭上。
  • Select committees have the power to subpoena witnesses.特别委员会有权传唤证人。
9 advisors 9c02a9c1778f1533c47ade215559070d     
n.顾问,劝告者( advisor的名词复数 );(指导大学新生学科问题等的)指导教授
参考例句:
  • The governors felt that they were being strung along by their advisors. 地方长官感到他们一直在受顾问们的愚弄。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • We will consult together with advisors about her education. 我们将一起和专家商议她的教育事宜。 来自互联网
10 immunity dygyQ     
n.优惠;免除;豁免,豁免权
参考例句:
  • The law gives public schools immunity from taxation.法律免除公立学校的纳税义务。
  • He claims diplomatic immunity to avoid being arrested.他要求外交豁免以便避免被捕。
11 unity 4kQwT     
n.团结,联合,统一;和睦,协调
参考例句:
  • When we speak of unity,we do not mean unprincipled peace.所谓团结,并非一团和气。
  • We must strengthen our unity in the face of powerful enemies.大敌当前,我们必须加强团结。
12 compliance ZXyzX     
n.顺从;服从;附和;屈从
参考例句:
  • I was surprised by his compliance with these terms.我对他竟然依从了这些条件而感到吃惊。
  • She gave up the idea in compliance with his desire.她顺从他的愿望而放弃自己的主意。
13 citation 1qyzo     
n.引用,引证,引用文;传票
参考例句:
  • He had to sign the proposition for the citation.他只好在受奖申请书上签了字。
  • The court could issue a citation and fine Ms. Robbins.法庭可能会发传票,对罗宾斯女士处以罚款。
14 relish wBkzs     
n.滋味,享受,爱好,调味品;vt.加调味料,享受,品味;vi.有滋味
参考例句:
  • I have no relish for pop music.我对流行音乐不感兴趣。
  • I relish the challenge of doing jobs that others turn down.我喜欢挑战别人拒绝做的工作。
15 opposition eIUxU     
n.反对,敌对
参考例句:
  • The party leader is facing opposition in his own backyard.该党领袖在自己的党內遇到了反对。
  • The police tried to break down the prisoner's opposition.警察设法制住了那个囚犯的反抗。
16 stiffened de9de455736b69d3f33bb134bba74f63     
加强的
参考例句:
  • He leaned towards her and she stiffened at this invasion of her personal space. 他向她俯过身去,这种侵犯她个人空间的举动让她绷紧了身子。
  • She stiffened with fear. 她吓呆了。
17 cabal ucFyl     
n.政治阴谋小集团
参考例句:
  • He had been chosen by a secret government cabal.他已被一个秘密的政府阴谋集团选中。
  • The illegal aspects of the cabal's governance are glaring and ubiquitous.黑暗势力的非法统治是显而易见的并无处不在。
18 legitimate L9ZzJ     
adj.合法的,合理的,合乎逻辑的;v.使合法
参考例句:
  • Sickness is a legitimate reason for asking for leave.生病是请假的一个正当的理由。
  • That's a perfectly legitimate fear.怀有这种恐惧完全在情理之中。
19 joint m3lx4     
adj.联合的,共同的;n.关节,接合处;v.连接,贴合
参考例句:
  • I had a bad fall,which put my shoulder out of joint.我重重地摔了一跤,肩膀脫臼了。
  • We wrote a letter in joint names.我们联名写了封信。
20 endorsed a604e73131bb1a34283a5ebcd349def4     
vt.& vi.endorse的过去式或过去分词形式v.赞同( endorse的过去式和过去分词 );在(尤指支票的)背面签字;在(文件的)背面写评论;在广告上说本人使用并赞同某产品
参考例句:
  • The committee endorsed an initiative by the chairman to enter discussion about a possible merger. 委员会通过了主席提出的新方案,开始就可能进行的并购进行讨论。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The government has broadly endorsed a research paper proposing new educational targets for 14-year-olds. 政府基本上支持建议对14 岁少年实行新教育目标的研究报告。 来自《简明英汉词典》
21 bleak gtWz5     
adj.(天气)阴冷的;凄凉的;暗淡的
参考例句:
  • They showed me into a bleak waiting room.他们引我来到一间阴冷的会客室。
  • The company's prospects look pretty bleak.这家公司的前景异常暗淡。
22 slump 4E8zU     
n.暴跌,意气消沉,(土地)下沉;vi.猛然掉落,坍塌,大幅度下跌
参考例句:
  • She is in a slump in her career.她处在事业的低谷。
  • Economists are forecasting a slump.经济学家们预言将发生经济衰退。
23 eroding c892257232bdd413a7900bdce96d217e     
侵蚀,腐蚀( erode的现在分词 ); 逐渐毁坏,削弱,损害
参考例句:
  • The coast is slowly eroding. 海岸正慢慢地被侵蚀。
  • Another new development is eroding the age-old stereotype of the male warrior. 另一个新现象是,久已形成的男人皆武士的形象正逐渐消失。
24 coalition pWlyi     
n.结合体,同盟,结合,联合
参考例句:
  • The several parties formed a coalition.这几个政党组成了政治联盟。
  • Coalition forces take great care to avoid civilian casualties.联盟军队竭尽全力避免造成平民伤亡。
25 labor P9Tzs     
n.劳动,努力,工作,劳工;分娩;vi.劳动,努力,苦干;vt.详细分析;麻烦
参考例句:
  • We are never late in satisfying him for his labor.我们从不延误付给他劳动报酬。
  • He was completely spent after two weeks of hard labor.艰苦劳动两周后,他已经疲惫不堪了。
26 chamber wnky9     
n.房间,寝室;会议厅;议院;会所
参考例句:
  • For many,the dentist's surgery remains a torture chamber.对许多人来说,牙医的治疗室一直是间受刑室。
  • The chamber was ablaze with light.会议厅里灯火辉煌。
27 fatalities d08638a004766194f5b8910963af71d4     
n.恶性事故( fatality的名词复数 );死亡;致命性;命运
参考例句:
  • Several people were injured, but there were no fatalities. 有几个人受伤,但没有人死亡。
  • The accident resulted in fatalities. 那宗意外道致多人死亡。 来自《简明英汉词典》
28 infrastructure UbBz5     
n.下部构造,下部组织,基础结构,基础设施
参考例句:
  • We should step up the development of infrastructure for research.加强科学基础设施建设。
  • We should strengthen cultural infrastructure and boost various types of popular culture.加强文化基础设施建设,发展各类群众文化。
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