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NPR 2008-09-10

时间:2009-02-24 02:52来源:互联网 提供网友:407692020   字体: [ ]
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More troops will be heading home from Iraq. President Bush made the announcement today in Washington. NPR's JJ Sutherland reports from the Pentagon.

The president said the situation in Iraq has changed dramatically. "Civilian1 deaths are down, sectarian killings2 are down, suicide bombings are down, and normal life is returning to communities across the country." As a result, he's ordered a reduction of about 8,000 troops in the country. But he also said he'll be sending more forces to Afghanistan, where violence has done anything but recede3. A Marine4 battalion5 will head there in November and an army brigade in January. The redeployment of troops hasn't satisfied Senate Democrats7 though. Majority Leader Harry8 Reid says the president is out of touch with the reality of Afghanistan and should have shifted more troops there. JJ Sutherland, NPR News, the Pentagon.

Members of Congress are concerned about how well the Justice Department has prepared for November's elections. The Senate Judiciary Committee had a hearing today where some senior officials from the department testified. NPR's Ari Shapiro has more.

Senator Ben Cardin is a Maryland Democrat6. He said deceptive9 election practices have flourished in the last two elections. "We've seen flyers that tell people if they have outstanding parking tickets, they are in jeopardy10 of being arrested. We've seen the wrong Election Day handed out. And we've seen information that's been deceptive as to endorsements11 and they've been handed out in minority communities. " Cardin said the Justice Department has to punish people who do those things to prevent others from intimidating12 minority voters in the future. The acting13 head of the department's Civil Rights Division said there are some ongoing14 investigations15 related to those cases. Grace Chung Becker said the Justice Department wants to know if those sorts of incidents happen again this year. Ari Shapiro, NPR News, Washington.

A published report today says Alaska Governor Sarah Palin charged the state a travel allowance for more than 300 nights spent at home. According to the Washington Post, the GOP vice16 presidential candidate also billed the state more than $40,000 for travel by her husband and children. Report comes at a time that Palin is coming under intense scrutiny17. State officials, however, maintain the claims where per diem expenses were allowed because her duty station is in the capital in Juneau but she lives some 600 miles away. The newspaper also points out Palin's travel expenses pale in comparison to those of her predecessor18 Frank Murkowski, who according to the Post, charged the state $463,000 for airfare in 2006.

Shares in financial giant Lehman Brothers tumbled by double digits19 today on reports talks over a possible investment by a Korean bank may have broken down, making it less likely the fourth largest Wall Street investment bank will be able to raise needed capital.

On Wall Street today, the Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 280 points to end the session at 11,230. The NASDAQ was down 59 points today to close at 2,209. The S&P 500 fell 43 points.

This is NPR News.

The Iowa Attorney General has now filed child labor20 charges against the owner and managers of a kosher meat packing plant in Postville, Iowa. Complaint against Agriprocessors alleges21 more than 9,000 violations22 of Iowa's child labor law, which the office claims occurred from September of last year through May of 2008. According to the complaint, the violations at the plant involved 32 children under the age of 18 and seven who were 16 years old or younger. The plant was the site of one of the biggest immigration raids in US history in May when nearly 400 people were arrested.

Shareholders23 of the former energy company Enron will receive more than $7.2 billion. The settlement will come from the financial institutions that participated in financial schemes which eventually bankrupted the company. NPR's Wade24 Goodwyn reports.

It is the largest settlement ever reached in a securities fraud case, with well over a million investors25, shareholders and debtholders who will share in the distribution. The agreement is part of a multi-billion dollar lawsuit26 against Citigroup, Bank of America and JPMorgan Chase, among others, which helped Enron hide its debt and inflate27 its earnings28 in complex financial schemes. Several defendants29 have not settled, including Merrill Lynch, Barclays and Credit Suisse First Boston as well as former Enron CEO Jeff Skilling now serving more than 24 years in federal prison. Enron was at one time the nation's seventh largest company. The bankruptcy30 in December of 2001 put thousands out of work. More than $2 billion in pensions and $60 billion in market value went up in smoke. Wade Goodwyn, NPR News.

Crude oil futures31 fell $3.08 a barrel to settle at $103.26 a barrel in New York.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 civilian uqbzl     
adj.平民的,民用的,民众的
参考例句:
  • There is no reliable information about civilian casualties.关于平民的伤亡还没有确凿的信息。
  • He resigned his commission to take up a civilian job.他辞去军职而从事平民工作。
2 killings 76d97e8407f821a6e56296c4c9a9388c     
谋杀( killing的名词复数 ); 突然发大财,暴发
参考例句:
  • His statement was seen as an allusion to the recent drug-related killings. 他的声明被视为暗指最近与毒品有关的多起凶杀案。
  • The government issued a statement condemning the killings. 政府发表声明谴责这些凶杀事件。
3 recede sAKzB     
vi.退(去),渐渐远去;向后倾斜,缩进
参考例句:
  • The colleges would recede in importance.大学的重要性会降低。
  • He saw that the dirty water had begun to recede.他发现那污浊的水开始往下退了。
4 marine 77Izo     
adj.海的;海生的;航海的;海事的;n.水兵
参考例句:
  • Marine creatures are those which live in the sea. 海洋生物是生存在海里的生物。
  • When the war broke out,he volunteered for the Marine Corps.战争爆发时,他自愿参加了海军陆战队。
5 battalion hu0zN     
n.营;部队;大队(的人)
参考例句:
  • The town was garrisoned by a battalion.该镇由一营士兵驻守。
  • At the end of the drill parade,the battalion fell out.操练之后,队伍解散了。
6 democrat Xmkzf     
n.民主主义者,民主人士;民主党党员
参考例句:
  • The Democrat and the Public criticized each other.民主党人和共和党人互相攻击。
  • About two years later,he was defeated by Democrat Jimmy Carter.大约两年后,他被民主党人杰米卡特击败。
7 democrats 655beefefdcaf76097d489a3ff245f76     
n.民主主义者,民主人士( democrat的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The Democrats held a pep rally on Capitol Hill yesterday. 民主党昨天在国会山召开了竞选誓师大会。
  • The democrats organize a filibuster in the senate. 民主党党员组织了阻挠议事。 来自《简明英汉词典》
8 harry heBxS     
vt.掠夺,蹂躏,使苦恼
参考例句:
  • Today,people feel more hurried and harried.今天,人们感到更加忙碌和苦恼。
  • Obama harried business by Healthcare Reform plan.奥巴马用医改掠夺了商界。
9 deceptive CnMzO     
adj.骗人的,造成假象的,靠不住的
参考例句:
  • His appearance was deceptive.他的外表带有欺骗性。
  • The storyline is deceptively simple.故事情节看似简单,其实不然。
10 jeopardy H3dxd     
n.危险;危难
参考例句:
  • His foolish behaviour may put his whole future in jeopardy.他愚蠢的行为可能毁了他一生的前程。
  • It is precisely at this juncture that the boss finds himself in double jeopardy.恰恰在这个关键时刻,上司发现自己处于进退两难的境地。
11 endorsements dfbd0f1b5d6e20b7cae6a4e0d7aefd50     
n.背书( endorsement的名词复数 );(驾驶执照上的)违章记录;(公开的)赞同;(通常为名人在广告中对某一产品的)宣传
参考例句:
  • He must make much money on those tennis shoe endorsements he does. 他替那些网球鞋珍重广告,就赚了不少钱。 来自互联网
  • But celebrity endorsements remain an important promotional tool for marketers. 尽管如此,邀明星助阵仍是营销人员重要的推广手段之一。 来自互联网
12 intimidating WqUzKy     
vt.恐吓,威胁( intimidate的现在分词)
参考例句:
  • They were accused of intimidating people into voting for them. 他们被控胁迫选民投他们的票。
  • This kind of questioning can be very intimidating to children. 这种问话的方式可能让孩子们非常害怕。
13 acting czRzoc     
n.演戏,行为,假装;adj.代理的,临时的,演出用的
参考例句:
  • Ignore her,she's just acting.别理她,她只是假装的。
  • During the seventies,her acting career was in eclipse.在七十年代,她的表演生涯黯然失色。
14 ongoing 6RvzT     
adj.进行中的,前进的
参考例句:
  • The problem is ongoing.这个问题尚未解决。
  • The issues raised in the report relate directly to Age Concern's ongoing work in this area.报告中提出的问题与“关心老人”组织在这方面正在做的工作有直接的关系。
15 investigations 02de25420938593f7db7bd4052010b32     
(正式的)调查( investigation的名词复数 ); 侦查; 科学研究; 学术研究
参考例句:
  • His investigations were intensive and thorough but revealed nothing. 他进行了深入彻底的调查,但没有发现什么。
  • He often sent them out to make investigations. 他常常派他们出去作调查。
16 vice NU0zQ     
n.坏事;恶习;[pl.]台钳,老虎钳;adj.副的
参考例句:
  • He guarded himself against vice.他避免染上坏习惯。
  • They are sunk in the depth of vice.他们堕入了罪恶的深渊。
17 scrutiny ZDgz6     
n.详细检查,仔细观察
参考例句:
  • His work looks all right,but it will not bear scrutiny.他的工作似乎很好,但是经不起仔细检查。
  • Few wives in their forties can weather such a scrutiny.很少年过四十的妻子经得起这么仔细的观察。
18 predecessor qP9x0     
n.前辈,前任
参考例句:
  • It will share the fate of its predecessor.它将遭受与前者同样的命运。
  • The new ambassador is more mature than his predecessor.新大使比他的前任更成熟一些。
19 digits a2aacbd15b619a9b9e5581a6c33bd2b1     
n.数字( digit的名词复数 );手指,足趾
参考例句:
  • The number 1000 contains four digits. 1000是四位数。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The number 410 contains three digits. 数字 410 中包括三个数目字。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
20 labor P9Tzs     
n.劳动,努力,工作,劳工;分娩;vi.劳动,努力,苦干;vt.详细分析;麻烦
参考例句:
  • We are never late in satisfying him for his labor.我们从不延误付给他劳动报酬。
  • He was completely spent after two weeks of hard labor.艰苦劳动两周后,他已经疲惫不堪了。
21 alleges 3b19fc4aac03cd2333e7882df795ffc4     
断言,宣称,辩解( allege的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • The newspaper article alleges that the mayor is corrupt. 报纸上断言该市长腐败。
  • Steven was tardy this morning and alleges that his bus was late. 史提芬今天早上迟到的说词是公车误点了。
22 violations 403b65677d39097086593415b650ca21     
违反( violation的名词复数 ); 冒犯; 违反(行为、事例); 强奸
参考例句:
  • This is one of the commonest traffic violations. 这是常见的违反交通规则之例。
  • These violations of the code must cease forthwith. 这些违犯法规的行为必须立即停止。
23 shareholders 7d3b0484233cf39bc3f4e3ebf97e69fe     
n.股东( shareholder的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The meeting was attended by 90% of shareholders. 90%的股东出席了会议。
  • the company's fiduciary duty to its shareholders 公司对股东负有的受托责任
24 wade nMgzu     
v.跋涉,涉水;n.跋涉
参考例句:
  • We had to wade through the river to the opposite bank.我们只好涉水过河到对岸。
  • We cannot but wade across the river.我们只好趟水过去。
25 investors dffc64354445b947454450e472276b99     
n.投资者,出资者( investor的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • a con man who bilked investors out of millions of dollars 诈取投资者几百万元的骗子
  • a cash bonanza for investors 投资者的赚钱机会
26 lawsuit A14xy     
n.诉讼,控诉
参考例句:
  • They threatened him with a lawsuit.他们以诉讼威逼他。
  • He was perpetually involving himself in this long lawsuit.他使自己无休止地卷入这场长时间的诉讼。
27 inflate zbGz8     
vt.使膨胀,使骄傲,抬高(物价)
参考例句:
  • The buyers bid against each other and often inflate the prices they pay.买主们竞相投标,往往人为地提高价钱。
  • Stuart jumped into the sea and inflated the liferaft.斯图尔特跳到海里给救生艇充气。
28 earnings rrWxJ     
n.工资收人;利润,利益,所得
参考例句:
  • That old man lives on the earnings of his daughter.那个老人靠他女儿的收入维持生活。
  • Last year there was a 20% decrease in his earnings.去年他的收入减少了20%。
29 defendants 7d469c27ef878c3ccf7daf5b6ab392dc     
被告( defendant的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The courts heard that the six defendants had been coerced into making a confession. 法官审判时发现6位被告人曾被迫承认罪行。
  • As in courts, the defendants are represented by legal counsel. 与法院相同,被告有辩护律师作为代表。 来自英汉非文学 - 政府文件
30 bankruptcy fPoyJ     
n.破产;无偿付能力
参考例句:
  • You will have to pull in if you want to escape bankruptcy.如果你想避免破产,就必须节省开支。
  • His firm is just on thin ice of bankruptcy.他的商号正面临破产的危险。
31 futures Isdz1Q     
n.期货,期货交易
参考例句:
  • He continued his operations in cotton futures.他继续进行棉花期货交易。
  • Cotton futures are selling at high prices.棉花期货交易的卖价是很高的。
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