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NPR 2009-01-07

时间:2009-03-20 03:18来源:互联网 提供网友:罗雯   字体: [ ]
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An Israeli airstrike near a United Nations school in Gaza has claimed at least three dozen lives and left hundreds more injured. According to UN hospital officials, latest death injuries come as fierce fighting continues amid an Israeli ground assault which began this past weekend. Israeli officials confirmed the attack, saying it was a response to a mortar1 fire coming from the school. They also say the Palestinian munitions2 were being stored in the building and there were multiple explosions. Gaza officials say more than 50 Palestinians have been killed in fighting today, taking the death toll3 since the Israeli offensive began 11 days ago to nearly 600.

Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice is in New York today for meetings at the UN to promote her ideas of how to end the conflict in Gaza. NPR s Michele Kelemen has more.

Secretary Rice is to meet with several of her Arab counterparts in New York and take part in a UN Security Council meeting on ways to end the latest conflict between Israel and Palestinian militant4 group Hamas in the Gaza Strip. The Bush administration has stopped short of calling for an immediate5 ceasefire, arguing that a truce6 would need to resolve what it says is the root of the conflict, Hamas’s ability to fire rockets from Gaza into Israel. The State Department says the US also wants to deal with the issue of the tunnels that Hamas uses to smuggle7 weapons and material into Gaza from Egypt. UN officials have been calling for a quicker end to the Israeli military operation which they say has led to a humanitarian8 disaster and a mounting civilian9 death toll in Gaza. Michele Kelemen, NPR News, Washington.

Roland Burris, the man appointed by embattled Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich to fill President-elect Barack Obama's vacant Senate seat, was effectively bound from the Senate today. Senate Majority Leader Harry10 Reid says that will be the case until Burris's appointment certified11. "Mr. Burris takes possession of valid12 credentials13, the Senate will proceed in a manner that is respectful to Mr. Burris while ensuring that there's no cloud of doubt over the appointment to fill the seat." Senate Democrats14 have previously15 done to block any appointment by Rod Blagojevich who faces charges. He sought to sell Mr. Obama's vacant seat to the highest bidder16.

With the economic stimulus17 proposal that could win up 800 billion dollars, Congressional leaders are vowing18 to hold the line in pact19 projects. NPR's Adui Cornish reports form the Capitol.

State governors have made a case for about 800 billion dollars in federal aid which they say they could use it to ease budget deficits20, create jobs and build roads and highways. But Congressional leaders are trying to avoid weighing down the bill with earmarks, says House Appropriations21 Committee Chairman David Obey of Wisconsin. "I think everybody understands that the governors in state highway commissions have a pretty good idea what’s needed of the state level, there are going to be no earmarks in the House." Obey, who spoke22 to NPR's Morning Edition, says he will not bring a bill to the House floor if it has pact projects in it. Adui Cornish, NPR News, the Capitol.

On Wall Street, the Dow Jones Industry Average closed up 62 points today ending the session at 9, 015. The NASDAQ was up 24 points. The S&P 500 rose seven points today.

This is NPR.

Alcoa is the latest big company to announce major job cuts heading into the New Year. The Pittsburgh-based aluminum23 maker24 said today it will eliminate 13, 500 jobs roughly 13% of its global workforce25 by the end of the year. In addition to the job cuts which will include 216 positions at its corporate26 headquarters, the company also says it will freeze salaries and hiring, and sell four of its none-core businesses and eliminate around 1, 700 contract positions.

Ethiopia has not yet withdrawn27 its entire force from neighboring Somalia despite announcing a pullout by the end of 2008. NPR s Gwen Tompkins reports.

There's nothing easy about military withdrawal28. Some say in situations where animosities linger, it takes two soldiers to get one out. And in Somalia, animosities have been lingering since that nation’s last military dictatorship fell in 1991, prompting clan29 violence, warlord violence and now a full-blown Islamist insurgency30. For the past two years, Ethiopia has provided protection for Somalia's internationally supported but weak transitional government. And yet during that time, they have become public and mean No.1 among the insurgents31 and among ordinary Somalis who see them as invaders32. But in a recent statement announcing beginning of the pullout from Somalia, the Ethiopian government said that many of its goals of helping33 to restore peace and stability in Somalia with the cooperation of the transitional government had been met. In fact, the statement is titled “Mission Accomplished”. Gwen Tompkins, NPR News, Nairobi.

Nation s housing market continues to show no signs of turning around with a key measure of pending34 home sales falling to its lowest level on record in November. National Association of Realtors says the index which attracts signing contracts to purchase the existing homes fell by 4%.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 mortar 9EsxR     
n.灰浆,灰泥;迫击炮;v.把…用灰浆涂接合
参考例句:
  • The mason flushed the joint with mortar.泥工用灰浆把接缝处嵌平。
  • The sound of mortar fire seemed to be closing in.迫击炮的吼声似乎正在逼近。
2 munitions FnZzbl     
n.军火,弹药;v.供应…军需品
参考例句:
  • The army used precision-guided munitions to blow up enemy targets.军队用精确瞄准的枪炮炸掉敌方目标。
  • He rose [made a career for himself] by dealing in munitions.他是靠贩卖军火发迹的。
3 toll LJpzo     
n.过路(桥)费;损失,伤亡人数;v.敲(钟)
参考例句:
  • The hailstone took a heavy toll of the crops in our village last night.昨晚那场冰雹损坏了我们村的庄稼。
  • The war took a heavy toll of human life.这次战争夺去了许多人的生命。
4 militant 8DZxh     
adj.激进的,好斗的;n.激进分子,斗士
参考例句:
  • Some militant leaders want to merge with white radicals.一些好斗的领导人要和白人中的激进派联合。
  • He is a militant in the movement.他在那次运动中是个激进人物。
5 immediate aapxh     
adj.立即的;直接的,最接近的;紧靠的
参考例句:
  • His immediate neighbours felt it their duty to call.他的近邻认为他们有责任去拜访。
  • We declared ourselves for the immediate convocation of the meeting.我们主张立即召开这个会议。
6 truce EK8zr     
n.休战,(争执,烦恼等的)缓和;v.以停战结束
参考例句:
  • The hot weather gave the old man a truce from rheumatism.热天使这位老人暂时免受风湿病之苦。
  • She had thought of flying out to breathe the fresh air in an interval of truce.她想跑出去呼吸一下休战期间的新鲜空气。
7 smuggle 5FNzy     
vt.私运;vi.走私
参考例句:
  • Friends managed to smuggle him secretly out of the country.朋友们想方设法将他秘密送出国了。
  • She has managed to smuggle out the antiques without getting caught.她成功将古董走私出境,没有被逮捕。
8 humanitarian kcoxQ     
n.人道主义者,博爱者,基督凡人论者
参考例句:
  • She has many humanitarian interests and contributes a lot to them.她拥有很多慈善事业,并作了很大的贡献。
  • The British government has now suspended humanitarian aid to the area.英国政府现已暂停对这一地区的人道主义援助。
9 civilian uqbzl     
adj.平民的,民用的,民众的
参考例句:
  • There is no reliable information about civilian casualties.关于平民的伤亡还没有确凿的信息。
  • He resigned his commission to take up a civilian job.他辞去军职而从事平民工作。
10 harry heBxS     
vt.掠夺,蹂躏,使苦恼
参考例句:
  • Today,people feel more hurried and harried.今天,人们感到更加忙碌和苦恼。
  • Obama harried business by Healthcare Reform plan.奥巴马用医改掠夺了商界。
11 certified fw5zkU     
a.经证明合格的;具有证明文件的
参考例句:
  • Doctors certified him as insane. 医生证明他精神失常。
  • The planes were certified airworthy. 飞机被证明适于航行。
12 valid eiCwm     
adj.有确实根据的;有效的;正当的,合法的
参考例句:
  • His claim to own the house is valid.他主张对此屋的所有权有效。
  • Do you have valid reasons for your absence?你的缺席有正当理由吗?
13 credentials credentials     
n.证明,资格,证明书,证件
参考例句:
  • He has long credentials of diplomatic service.他的外交工作资历很深。
  • Both candidates for the job have excellent credentials.此项工作的两个求职者都非常符合资格。
14 democrats 655beefefdcaf76097d489a3ff245f76     
n.民主主义者,民主人士( democrat的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The Democrats held a pep rally on Capitol Hill yesterday. 民主党昨天在国会山召开了竞选誓师大会。
  • The democrats organize a filibuster in the senate. 民主党党员组织了阻挠议事。 来自《简明英汉词典》
15 previously bkzzzC     
adv.以前,先前(地)
参考例句:
  • The bicycle tyre blew out at a previously damaged point.自行车胎在以前损坏过的地方又爆开了。
  • Let me digress for a moment and explain what had happened previously.让我岔开一会儿,解释原先发生了什么。
16 bidder oyrzTm     
n.(拍卖时的)出价人,报价人,投标人
参考例句:
  • TV franchises will be auctioned to the highest bidder.电视特许经营权将拍卖给出价最高的投标人。
  • The bidder withdrew his bid after submission of his bid.投标者在投标之后撤销了投标书。
17 stimulus 3huyO     
n.刺激,刺激物,促进因素,引起兴奋的事物
参考例句:
  • Regard each failure as a stimulus to further efforts.把每次失利看成对进一步努力的激励。
  • Light is a stimulus to growth in plants.光是促进植物生长的一个因素。
18 vowing caf27b27bed50d27c008858260bc9998     
起誓,发誓(vow的现在分词形式)
参考例句:
  • President Bush is vowing to help Minneapolis rebuild its collapsed bridge. 布什总统承诺将帮助明尼阿波利斯重建坍塌的大桥。
  • President Bush is vowing to help Minneapolis rebuild this collapse bridge. 布什总统发誓要帮助明尼阿波利斯重建起这座坍塌的桥梁。
19 pact ZKUxa     
n.合同,条约,公约,协定
参考例句:
  • The two opposition parties made an electoral pact.那两个反对党订了一个有关选举的协定。
  • The trade pact between those two countries came to an end.那两国的通商协定宣告结束。
20 deficits 08e04c986818dbc337627eabec5b794e     
n.不足额( deficit的名词复数 );赤字;亏空;亏损
参考例句:
  • The Ministry of Finance consistently overestimated its budget deficits. 财政部一贯高估预算赤字。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Many of the world's farmers are also incurring economic deficits. 世界上许多农民还在遭受经济上的亏损。 来自辞典例句
21 appropriations dbe6fbc02763a03b4f9bd9c27ac65881     
n.挪用(appropriation的复数形式)
参考例句:
  • More commonly, funding controls are imposed in the annual appropriations process. 更普遍的作法是,拨款控制被规定在年度拨款手续中。 来自英汉非文学 - 行政法
  • Should the president veto the appropriations bill, it goes back to Congress. 假如总统否决了这项拨款提案,就把它退还给国会。 来自英汉非文学 - 政府文件
22 spoke XryyC     
n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
参考例句:
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。
23 aluminum 9xhzP     
n.(aluminium)铝
参考例句:
  • The aluminum sheets cannot be too much thicker than 0.04 inches.铝板厚度不能超过0.04英寸。
  • During the launch phase,it would ride in a protective aluminum shell.在发射阶段,它盛在一只保护的铝壳里。
24 maker DALxN     
n.制造者,制造商
参考例句:
  • He is a trouble maker,You must be distant with him.他是个捣蛋鬼,你不要跟他在一起。
  • A cabinet maker must be a master craftsman.家具木工必须是技艺高超的手艺人。
25 workforce workforce     
n.劳动大军,劳动力
参考例句:
  • A large part of the workforce is employed in agriculture.劳动人口中一大部分受雇于农业。
  • A quarter of the local workforce is unemployed.本地劳动力中有四分之一失业。
26 corporate 7olzl     
adj.共同的,全体的;公司的,企业的
参考例句:
  • This is our corporate responsibility.这是我们共同的责任。
  • His corporate's life will be as short as a rabbit's tail.他的公司的寿命是兔子尾巴长不了。
27 withdrawn eeczDJ     
vt.收回;使退出;vi.撤退,退出
参考例句:
  • Our force has been withdrawn from the danger area.我们的军队已从危险地区撤出。
  • All foreign troops should be withdrawn to their own countries.一切外国军队都应撤回本国去。
28 withdrawal Cfhwq     
n.取回,提款;撤退,撤军;收回,撤销
参考例句:
  • The police were forced to make a tactical withdrawal.警方被迫进行战术撤退。
  • They insisted upon a withdrawal of the statement and a public apology.他们坚持要收回那些话并公开道歉。
29 clan Dq5zi     
n.氏族,部落,宗族,家族,宗派
参考例句:
  • She ranks as my junior in the clan.她的辈分比我小。
  • The Chinese Christians,therefore,practically excommunicate themselves from their own clan.所以,中国的基督徒简直是被逐出了自己的家族了。
30 insurgency dqdzEb     
n.起义;暴动;叛变
参考例句:
  • And as in China, unrest and even insurgency are widespread. 而在中国,动乱甚至暴乱都普遍存在。 来自互联网
  • Dr Zyphur is part an insurgency against this idea. 塞弗博士是这一观点逆流的一部分。 来自互联网
31 insurgents c68be457307815b039a352428718de59     
n.起义,暴动,造反( insurgent的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The regular troops of Baden joined the insurgents. 巴登的正规军参加到起义军方面来了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Against the Taliban and Iraqi insurgents, these problems are manageable. 要对付塔利班与伊拉克叛乱分子,这些问题还是可以把握住的。 来自互联网
32 invaders 5f4b502b53eb551c767b8cce3965af9f     
入侵者,侵略者,侵入物( invader的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • They prepared to repel the invaders. 他们准备赶走侵略军。
  • The family has traced its ancestry to the Norman invaders. 这个家族将自己的世系追溯到诺曼征服者。
33 helping 2rGzDc     
n.食物的一份&adj.帮助人的,辅助的
参考例句:
  • The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可怜的孩子们总是要求我把我的汉堡包再给他们一份。
  • By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 这样一来, 他在某些时候,有助于竞争的加强。
34 pending uMFxw     
prep.直到,等待…期间;adj.待定的;迫近的
参考例句:
  • The lawsuit is still pending in the state court.这案子仍在州法庭等待定夺。
  • He knew my examination was pending.他知道我就要考试了。
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