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2015年6月英语六级考试真题与答案

时间:2015-12-03 08:10来源:互联网 提供网友:nan   字体: [ ]
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Short conversations

1.

W: Can you come to the concert with me this weekend or do you have to prepare for exams?

M: I still have a lot to do. But maybe a break will do me good.

Q: What will the man probably do?

2.

W: What does the paper say about the horrible incident that happened this morning on Flight 870 to Hong Kong?

M: It ended with the arrest of the three hijackers. They have forced the plane to fly to Japan. But all the passengers and the crewmembers landed safely.

Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

3.

M: Helen, this is the most fascinating article I’ve ever come across. I think you should spare some time to read it.

W: Oh, really? I thought that anything about the election would be tedious.

Q: What are the speakers talking about?

4.

W: I’m not going to trust the restaurant critic from that magazine again. The food here doesn’t taste anything like what we had in Chinatown.

M: It definitely wasn’t worth the wait.

Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

5.

W: Do you know what’s wrong with Mark? He’s been acting2 very strangely lately.

M: Come on. With his mother hospitalized right after he’s taking on a new job, he's just got a lot on his mind.

Q: What do we learn from the conversation about Mark?

6.

W: There were only 20 students at last night’s meeting, so nothing could be voted on.

M: That’s too bad. They'll have to turn up in greater numbers if they want a voice on campus issues.

Q: What does the man mean?

7.

M: I try to watch TV as little as possible. But it’s so hard.

W: I didn’t watch TV at all before I retired3. But now I can hardly tear myself away from it.

Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

8.

W: I’m having a problem registering for the classes I want.

M: That’s too bad. But I’m pretty sure you’ll be able to work everything out before the semester starts.

Q: What does the man mean?

 

长对话1 

Long Conversation 1

W: Jack1, sit down and listen. This is important. We have to tackle the problems of exporting step by step. And the first move is to get an up-to-date picture of where we stand now.

M: Why don't we just concentrate on expanding here at home?

W: Of course we should hold on to our position here, but you must admit the market here is limited.

M: Yes, but it's safe. The government keeps out foreigners with import controls. So I must admit I feel sure we could hold our own against the foreign bikes.

W: I agree. That’s why I'm suggesting exporting, because I feel we can compete with the best of them.

M: What you are really saying is that we'd make more profit by selling bikes abroad, where we have a cost advantage and can charge higher prices.

W: Exactly.

M: But…Wait a minute! Packaging, shipping4, financing, etc. will push up our costs and we could end up no better-off. Maybe worse-off.

W: Okay. Now there are extra costs involved. But if we do it right, they can be built into the price of the bike, and we can still be competitive.

M: How sure are you about our chances of success in the foreign market?

W: Well, that's the sticky one. It's going to need a lot of research. I'm hoping to get your help. Oh, come on Jack! Is that worth it or not?

M: There'll be a lot of problems.

W: Nothing we can't handle.

M: Um… I'm not that hopeful. But… yes, I think we should go ahead with the feasibility study.

W: Marvelous, Jack. I was hoping you be on my side.

Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

9. What does the woman intend to do?

10. Why does the man think it’s safe to focus on the home market?

11. What is the man's concern about selling bikes abroad?

12. What do the speakers agree to do?

 

Long conversation2

长对话二

W: What does the term alternative energy source mean?

M: When you think of energy or fuel for our homes and cars, we think of petroleum5 or fossil fuel processed from oil removed from the ground of which there is a limited supply. But alternative fuels can be many things, wind, sun and water can all be used to create fuel.

W: Is the threat of running out of petroleum real?

M: It has taken thousands of years to create the natural stores of petroleum we have now. We are using what is available at a much faster rate than it has been produced over time. The real controversy6 surrounding the amounts of petroleum we have is how much we need to keep in reserve for future use. Most experts agree that by around 2025 the amount of petroleum we use will reach a peak then production and availability will begin to seriously decline. This is not to say there will be no petroleum at this point, but it will become very difficult and therefore expensive to extract.

W: Is that the most important reason to develop alternative fuel and energy sources?

M: There're two very clear reasons to do so. One is that whether we have 60 or 600 years of fossil fuels left, we have to find other fuel sources eventually, so the sooner we start, the better off we will be. The other big argument is that when you burn fossil fuels, you release substances trapped in the ground for a long time, which leads to some long term negative effects like global warming and greenhouse effect.

13. What do we usually refer to when we talk about energy according to the man?

14. What do most experts agree on according to the man?

15. What does the man think we should do now?

 

短文一

Passage One

Karen Smith is a buyer for a department store in New York. Department store buyers purchase the goods that their stores sell. They not only have to know what is fashionable at the moment, but also have to guess what will become fashionable next season or next year. 

Most buyers work for just one department in a store, but the goods that Karen finds may be displayed and sold in several different sections of the store. Her job involves buying handicrafts from all over the world. 

Last year, she made a trip to Morocco, and returned with rugs, pots, dishes, and pans. The year before, she visited Mexico, and brought back hand-made table cloths, mirrors with frames of tin, and paper flowers. The paper flowers are bright and colorful, so they were used to decorate the whole store. This year, Karen is traveling in Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia. Many of the countries that Karen visits have government offices that promote handicrafts. They officials are glad to cooperate with her, by showing her the products that are available. 

Karen especially likes to visit markets and small towns and villages whenever she can arrange for it. She’s always looking for interesting and unusual items. Karen thinks she has the best job she could have found. She loves all the traveling that she has to do, because she often visits markets and small out-of-the-way places. She sees much more of the country she visits than an ordinary tourists would. As soon as she gets back to New York from one trip, Karen begins to plan another.

16. What is said to make a good department store buyer?

17. What does Karen’s job involve?

18. Why does Karen think she has got the best job?

 

Passage Two

Mark felt that it was time for him to take part in his community, so he went to the neighborhood meeting after work. The area city council woman was leading a discussion about how the quality of life was on the decline. The neighborhood faced many problems. Mark looked at the charts taped to the walls. There were charts for parking problems, crime, and for problems in vacant buildings. Mark read from the charts, “Police patrols cut back, illegal parking up 20%”. People were supposed to suggest solutions to the council woman. It was too much for Mark. “The problems are too big”, he thought. He turned to the man next to him and said, “I think this is a waste of my time. Nothing I can do would make a difference here.” 

As he neared the bus stop on his way home, Mark saw a woman carrying a grocery bag, and a baby. As Mark got closer, her other child, a little boy, suddenly darted7 into the street. The woman tried to reach for him, but as she moved, her bag shifted, and groceries started to fall out. Mark ran to take the boy’s arm and led him back to his mother. “You gotta stay with mom,” he said. Then he picked up the stray groceries while and the woman smiled in relief. “Thanks,” she said, “You’ve got great timing8.” “Just being neighborly,” Mark said. As he rode home, he glanced at the poster near his seat in the bus. Small acts of kindness add up. Mark smiled and thought, “Maybe that’s a good place to start.”

19. What did Mark think he should start doing?

20. What was being discussed when Mark arrived at the neighborhood meeting?

21. What did Mark think of the community’s problems?

22. Why did Mark smile on his ride home?

 

Passage Three

And if stress in childhood can lead to heart disease, what about current stresses? Longer work hours, threats of layoffs9, collapse10 in pension funds. A study last year in the Lancered examined more than 11,000 heart attack sufferers from 52 countries. It found that in the year before their heart attacks, patients have been under significantly more stress than some 13,000 healthy control subjects. Those stresses came from work, family, financial trouble, depression and other causes.

Each of these factors individually was associated with increased risk, says Dr. Salim Yosef, professor of medicine at Canada’s McMaster University, and senior investigator11 on the study. Together they accounted for 30% of overall heart attack risk, but people respond differently to high pressure work situations. Whether it produces heart problems seems to depend on whether you have a sense of control over life, or live at the mercy of circumstances and superiors.

That was the experience of Jano Cano, a roughed Illinois laboratory manager, who suffered his first heart attack in 1996 at the age of 56. In the two years before, his mother and two of his children had suffered serious illnesses, and his job had been changed in a reorganization. “My life seemed completely out of control,” he says, “I had no idea where I would end up.” He ended up in hospital due to a block in his artery12. Two months later, he had a triple bypass surgery. A second heart attack when he was 58 left his doctor shaking his head. “There’s nothing more we can do for you,” doctors told him.

23. What does the passage mainly discuss?

24. What do we learn about Jano Cano’s family?

25. What did Jano Cano’s doctors tell him when he had a second heart attack? 

 

1. C. Attend the concert.

  2. D. None of the passengers were injured or killed.

  3. A. An article about the election.

  4. A. The restaurant was not up to the speaker’s expectations.

  5. C. He has many things to deal with right now.

  6. D. More students have to appear to make their voice heard.

  7. B. The speakers like watching TV very much.

  8. D. The woman will be able to attend the classes she wants.

长对话一

  9. C) Export bikes to foreign markets.

  10. B) The government has control over bicycle imports.

  11. A) Extra costs might eat up their profits abroad.

  12. C) Conduct a feasibility study.

长对话二

  13. B) Anything that can be used to produce power.

  14. D) Oil production will begin to decline worldwide by 2025.

  15. B) Start developing alternative fuels.

【总评】

  本篇短文主要讲述作为百货商店买手的Karen Smith环游世界采购商品的个人经历。文章为总分结构。

  第16题,答案出现在文章的开头部分,They not only have to know what is fashionable at the moment, but also have to guess what willbecome fashionable next season or next year. 告诉我们,买手们不但要熟知当下的流行,并且能够预测下一季或是明天的流行趋势。

  句中反复出现选项中的fashion一次,根据所听即所得原则,本题应选择A. The ability to predict fashion trend.

  第17题,同样考察同学们的对于细节的把握,根据文中的,Her job involves buying handicrafts from all over the world. 以及之后所例举的国家地名等,可以知道,Karen的工作内容与选项D Purchasing handicrafts from all over the world.相吻合。

  第18题,问到为何Karen认为她拥有世上最棒的工作。根据文中所提到的,Karen喜欢所有她的旅行经历,我们可以知道这里应该选择B. She is doing what she enjoys doing.

  本文在听题过程中,只需要抓住概括性的话语即可,所举的事例都可以忽略。难度并不高。

【总评】

  本篇短文为叙述文章,讲述主人公Mark在社区的个人经历。

  第19题,答案出现在文章的开头部分,Mark felt that it was time for him to take part in his community, so he went to the neighborhood meeting after work. 句中出现选项中关键词community。选项B. Get involved in his community为原文内容的同义替换。

  第20题,答案紧随其后,The area city council woman was leading a discussion about how the quality of life was on the decline. 这里的the quality of life生活质量是选项中的关键词,同时,on the decline在选项中被同义替换为deterioration。

  第21题,关于Mark对于社区问题的看法,文中相对应的原文为It was too much for Mark. “The problems are too big”, he thought. 因此在Mark看来这些问题对于个人而言太大了,是理所不能及的,因此应该选择D. They are too big for individual efforts.

  第22题,提问在回家的路上Mark为何笑了,可以通过对路上发生的事情进行概括,因为他从小善开始做起。

  在人物个人经历的文章中,我们可以从人物本身的活动与想法语言中得到关键信息。本篇难度适中。

26. are supposed to

  27. inserting

  28. drawing-out

  29. distinguished13

  30. spark

  31. flame

  32. schooling14

  33. controversies15

  34. are concerned with

  35. dissatisfaction


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 jack 53Hxp     
n.插座,千斤顶,男人;v.抬起,提醒,扛举;n.(Jake)杰克
参考例句:
  • I am looking for the headphone jack.我正在找寻头戴式耳机插孔。
  • He lifted the car with a jack to change the flat tyre.他用千斤顶把车顶起来换下瘪轮胎。
2 acting czRzoc     
n.演戏,行为,假装;adj.代理的,临时的,演出用的
参考例句:
  • Ignore her,she's just acting.别理她,她只是假装的。
  • During the seventies,her acting career was in eclipse.在七十年代,她的表演生涯黯然失色。
3 retired Njhzyv     
adj.隐退的,退休的,退役的
参考例句:
  • The old man retired to the country for rest.这位老人下乡休息去了。
  • Many retired people take up gardening as a hobby.许多退休的人都以从事园艺为嗜好。
4 shipping WESyg     
n.船运(发货,运输,乘船)
参考例句:
  • We struck a bargain with an American shipping firm.我们和一家美国船运公司谈成了一笔生意。
  • There's a shipping charge of £5 added to the price.价格之外另加五英镑运输费。
5 petroleum WiUyi     
n.原油,石油
参考例句:
  • The Government of Iran advanced the price of petroleum last week.上星期伊朗政府提高了石油价格。
  • The purpose of oil refinery is to refine crude petroleum.炼油厂的主要工作是提炼原油。
6 controversy 6Z9y0     
n.争论,辩论,争吵
参考例句:
  • That is a fact beyond controversy.那是一个无可争论的事实。
  • We ran the risk of becoming the butt of every controversy.我们要冒使自己在所有的纷争中都成为众矢之的的风险。
7 darted d83f9716cd75da6af48046d29f4dd248     
v.投掷,投射( dart的过去式和过去分词 );向前冲,飞奔
参考例句:
  • The lizard darted out its tongue at the insect. 蜥蜴伸出舌头去吃小昆虫。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The old man was displeased and darted an angry look at me. 老人不高兴了,瞪了我一眼。 来自《简明英汉词典》
8 timing rgUzGC     
n.时间安排,时间选择
参考例句:
  • The timing of the meeting is not convenient.会议的时间安排不合适。
  • The timing of our statement is very opportune.我们发表声明选择的时机很恰当。
9 layoffs ce61a640e39c61e757a47e52d4154974     
临时解雇( layoff的名词复数 ); 停工,停止活动
参考例句:
  • Textile companies announced 2000 fresh layoffs last week. 各纺织公司上周宣布再次裁员两千人。
  • Stock prices broke when the firm suddenly announced layoffs. 当公司突然宣布裁员时,股票价格便大跌
10 collapse aWvyE     
vi.累倒;昏倒;倒塌;塌陷
参考例句:
  • The country's economy is on the verge of collapse.国家的经济已到了崩溃的边缘。
  • The engineer made a complete diagnosis of the bridge's collapse.工程师对桥的倒塌做了一次彻底的调查分析。
11 investigator zRQzo     
n.研究者,调查者,审查者
参考例句:
  • He was a special investigator for the FBI.他是联邦调查局的特别调查员。
  • The investigator was able to deduce the crime and find the criminal.调查者能够推出犯罪过程并锁定罪犯。
12 artery 5ekyE     
n.干线,要道;动脉
参考例句:
  • We couldn't feel the changes in the blood pressure within the artery.我们无法感觉到动脉血管内血压的变化。
  • The aorta is the largest artery in the body.主动脉是人体中的最大动脉。
13 distinguished wu9z3v     
adj.卓越的,杰出的,著名的
参考例句:
  • Elephants are distinguished from other animals by their long noses.大象以其长长的鼻子显示出与其他动物的不同。
  • A banquet was given in honor of the distinguished guests.宴会是为了向贵宾们致敬而举行的。
14 schooling AjAzM6     
n.教育;正规学校教育
参考例句:
  • A child's access to schooling varies greatly from area to area.孩子获得学校教育的机会因地区不同而大相径庭。
  • Backward children need a special kind of schooling.天赋差的孩子需要特殊的教育。
15 controversies 31fd3392f2183396a23567b5207d930c     
争论
参考例句:
  • We offer no comment on these controversies here. 对于这些争议,我们在这里不作任何评论。 来自英汉非文学 - 历史
  • The controversies surrounding population growth are unlikely to subside soon. 围绕着人口增长问题的争论看来不会很快平息。 来自辞典例句
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