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CNN 2012-03-08

时间:2012-04-13 06:05来源:互联网 提供网友:gmeng   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

 Ten minutes,global headlines, no commercials.Hi,everyone.I am Carl Azuz.Thank you for spending part of your Tuesday with CNN student news.

 
It's not just any Tuesday.When it comes to the race for the White House,today is Super Tuesday.Four Republican candidates,ten states,more than 400 delegates up for grabs.It happens every four years,usually in March during primary season,a bunch of states all hold their presidential contests on the same day,that's how it got the name.Here's a look at the states involved,in Super Tuesday this year,you can see the voters in the north,south,east and west,will all be casting their ballots1 in primaries and caucuses2.
For the candidates,the goal in these contest is to win delegates,we have said more than 400 will be awarded based on today's results alone.It takes 1144 delegates to win the Republican Party's nomination3 for President,so today could go a long way toward determining whom that nominee4 will be.
 
 
One of the states getting a lot of attention today is Ohio,it's one of the big prizes on Super Tuesday because it has 63 delegates.It's also expected to be a battle-ground state in the general election in November.
 
 
That General Election will involve the Republican nominee and the likely Democratic nominee,of course,is President Obama.He was at the White House yesterday,meeting with Benjamin Netanyahu,the Prime Minister of Israel.A big focus of that meeting was the nation of Iran.The United States and Israel both think Iran is trying to develop a nuclear weapon.Iran denies that claim.President Obama said both leaders would prefer a diplomatic solution to the situation,meaning no fighting but he also said military force is an option.Prime Minister Netanyahu said Israel and the US stand together but he added that Israel has the right to defend itself.
 
 
See if you can ID me?I am a US government agency that's part of the Department of Health and Human Services.I am responsible for protecting public health and I do that specifically by ensuring that food and drug are safe.I am the FDA,the Food and Drug Administration,and I am also responsible for regulating tobacco products.
 
 
The FDA regulates how tobacco products are marketed.What you see on cigarette packaging,for example,the agency came with rules that would require tobacco companies to include graphic5 pictures on their products that show the potential dangers of smoking.A judge says the FDA can not do that.Mary Snow has more on the case and shows us some of these images.
 
 
Would this image of a diseased lung,make you think twice about smoking?How about this warning--that smoking can kill you?A 2009 Congressional Act mandated6 they be put on cigarette packages and advertising7 along with warning such as "Cigarette are Addictive8" but a Federal Judge blocked the move,ruling that forcing tobacco companies to do that on their own products violated free speech.
 
 
My initial reaction was a little bit disgust.I really do believe that we need to get the message out.
 
 
Anti-smoking advocates called the ruling bad for the public health but Floyd Abrams,an Attorney representing Lorillard,one of the tobacco company,is challenging the rulings,sees it differently.
 
 
He says it's about free speech and argues there's a big difference between mandating9 the company to put on a warning on its products,versus, a graphic picture.
 
 
Where's the line between the warnings and the images?
 
 
The basic line is that the government can require factual,purely factual and uncontradicted information to be provided to the public,so the public will know what they are getting,so the public can be educated,so they public can choose.What they can't do is to put a terribly emotionally laden10 photograph,which is designed and there's no disagreement about this,designed to persuade people to stop smoking.
 
 
But he says that, if those same emotional images were used by others,including the government to persuade people to stop smoking,tobacco companies wouldn't feel the need to sue.
 
 
If the tobacco company were forced to pay for that government campaign,I'd have absolutely,no problem with it,I do however,have a problem with the fact that the tobacco industry consistently is advertising making a cigarette smoking look youthful,making cigarette smoking attractive,when in reality it's not.
 
 
The Department of Health and Human Services says, it's confident that, these efforts to stop the warnings will ultimately fail.The government plans to appeal the judge's ruling and some expect this case could reach the Supreme11 Court.Mary Snow,CNN New York.

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 ballots 06ecb554beff6a03babca6234edefde4     
n.投票表决( ballot的名词复数 );选举;选票;投票总数v.(使)投票表决( ballot的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • They're counting the ballots. 他们正在计算选票。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The news of rigged ballots has rubbed off much of the shine of their election victory. 他们操纵选票的消息使他们在选举中获得的胜利大为减色。 来自《简明英汉词典》
2 caucuses d49ca95184fa2aef8e2ee3b613a6f7dd     
n.(政党决定政策或推举竞选人的)核心成员( caucus的名词复数 );决策干部;决策委员会;秘密会议
参考例句:
  • Republican caucuses will happen in about 410 towns across Maine. 共和党团会议选举将在缅因州的约410个城镇进行。 来自互联网
3 nomination BHMxw     
n.提名,任命,提名权
参考例句:
  • John is favourite to get the nomination for club president.约翰最有希望被提名为俱乐部主席。
  • Few people pronounced for his nomination.很少人表示赞成他的提名。
4 nominee FHLxv     
n.被提名者;被任命者;被推荐者
参考例句:
  • His nominee for vice president was elected only after a second ballot.他提名的副总统在两轮投票后才当选。
  • Mr.Francisco is standing as the official nominee for the post of District Secretary.弗朗西斯科先生是行政书记职位的正式提名人。
5 graphic Aedz7     
adj.生动的,形象的,绘画的,文字的,图表的
参考例句:
  • The book gave a graphic description of the war.这本书生动地描述了战争的情况。
  • Distinguish important text items in lists with graphic icons.用图标来区分重要的文本项。
6 mandated b1de99702d7654948b507d8fbbea9700     
adj. 委托统治的
参考例句:
  • Mandated desegregation of public schools. 命令解除公立学校中的种族隔离
  • Britain was mandated to govern the former colony of German East Africa. 英国受权代管德国在东非的前殖民地。
7 advertising 1zjzi3     
n.广告业;广告活动 a.广告的;广告业务的
参考例句:
  • Can you give me any advice on getting into advertising? 你能指点我如何涉足广告业吗?
  • The advertising campaign is aimed primarily at young people. 这个广告宣传运动主要是针对年轻人的。
8 addictive hJbyL     
adj.(吸毒等)使成瘾的,成为习惯的
参考例句:
  • The problem with video game is that they're addictive.电子游戏机的问题在于它们会使人上瘾。
  • Cigarettes are highly addictive.香烟很容易使人上瘾。
9 mandating c62e9d854cbfb789e6edc0c8d21324f7     
托管(mandate的现在分词形式)
参考例句:
  • Current requirements mandating that committees keep minutes are too general. 目前对委员会要保持详细记录的指令性要求,还是太过一般化了。
  • Mandating that workers who quit without permission forfeit a month's wages. 规定工人私自离岗将受到罚没一个月工资的处罚。
10 laden P2gx5     
adj.装满了的;充满了的;负了重担的;苦恼的
参考例句:
  • He is laden with heavy responsibility.他肩负重任。
  • Dragging the fully laden boat across the sand dunes was no mean feat.将满载货物的船拖过沙丘是一件了不起的事。
11 supreme PHqzc     
adj.极度的,最重要的;至高的,最高的
参考例句:
  • It was the supreme moment in his life.那是他一生中最重要的时刻。
  • He handed up the indictment to the supreme court.他把起诉书送交最高法院。
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