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CNN 2012-07-13

时间:2012-09-10 09:00来源:互联网 提供网友:gmeng   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

 It's a dream for a lot of Americans to retire at 65 and start living the good life. But the recession has now put that further out of reach for a lot of us. Alicia Munnell, she has just finished a study that says if we wait until we're 70 years old to retire, we've got a much better chance of having a good retirement1. She's the director of the Center for Retirement Research at Boston College.

 
 
 
And I have to say, professor, this is not the number we wanted to hear, 70. A little bit more time to work here. How did you come up with this? 
 
 
 
Well, I mean, the goal was actually to make people comfortable with the notion of working longer. Most people say, I don't want to work until my 90s. Since so we thought if we did a careful study showing how much longer it would have to be, it would seem manageable. So 70 is the age that will let people maintain the same standard of living they've had before they retired2 once they've stopped working. 
 
 
 
And we hear a lot from retirement planners that you need pretty much $1 million to retire. What do you think of that figure? How does that relate to stopping at 70, working until you're 70?
 
 
 
So we really don't think in terms of an absolute dollar amount, because if you think about it, low income people don't need $1 million and high income people need a lot more than $1 million. So we think in terms of, what percent of your pre-retirement earnings3 do you need. And that number we usually work with is around 80 percent. 
 
 
 
Eighty percent. OK. And the biggest retirement mistake that we make. Should we, what should we do? Should we take a lump sum from our employers or put it off? 
 
 
 
I think the biggest mistake that people make is grabbing their Social Security benefits as soon as they become available at age 62. If people can work until age 70, their monthly benefit will be 75 percent higher than it is at 62. And that give you just such a much larger secure base on which to build, to support yourself. 
 
 
 
If you were to stop working at 65, and retire at 65, instead of 70, would you be in danger of not living the way you're accustomed to? 
 
 
 
Yes, I, our estimates show that part, partly half of the households will not be able to maintain their standard of living if they retire at 65. So this moving from 65 to 70 brings that number up to 86, which we view close enough to the whole population. So if we could get the population as a whole to retire at 70, most people would be able to support themselves in retirement.
 
 
 
So bottom line, we just got to work a little bit longer now? 
 
 
 
We do. And we understand that not everybody can do it. Some people have health issues. Some people have spouses4 with health issues. Some people's jobs are outdated5. But for the great bulk of the population, working longer is really the way to have a secure retirement. 
 
 
 
All right. Well, we'll just keep working. Thank you, professor. Appreciate …

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1 retirement TWoxH     
n.退休,退职
参考例句:
  • She wanted to enjoy her retirement without being beset by financial worries.她想享受退休生活而不必为金钱担忧。
  • I have to put everything away for my retirement.我必须把一切都积蓄起来以便退休后用。
2 retired Njhzyv     
adj.隐退的,退休的,退役的
参考例句:
  • The old man retired to the country for rest.这位老人下乡休息去了。
  • Many retired people take up gardening as a hobby.许多退休的人都以从事园艺为嗜好。
3 earnings rrWxJ     
n.工资收人;利润,利益,所得
参考例句:
  • That old man lives on the earnings of his daughter.那个老人靠他女儿的收入维持生活。
  • Last year there was a 20% decrease in his earnings.去年他的收入减少了20%。
4 spouses 3fbe4097e124d44af1bc18e63e898b65     
n.配偶,夫或妻( spouse的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Jobs are available for spouses on campus and in the community. 校园里和社区里有配偶可做的工作。 来自辞典例句
  • An astonishing number of spouses-most particularly in the upper-income brackets-have no close notion of their husbands'paychecks. 相当大一部分妇女——特别在高收入阶层——并不很了解他们丈夫的薪金。 来自辞典例句
5 outdated vJTx0     
adj.旧式的,落伍的,过时的;v.使过时
参考例句:
  • That list of addresses is outdated,many have changed.那个通讯录已经没用了,许多地址已经改了。
  • Many of us conform to the outdated customs laid down by our forebears.我们许多人都遵循祖先立下的过时习俗。
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