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Stephen Hawking on Black Holes

时间:2005-06-09 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:幽幽草   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

 

 

By their very definition,black holes are 1)objects which are not supposed to 2)emit anything .It therefore seemed that the area of the 3)event horizon of a black hole could not be regarded as its 4)entropy. In fact in 1972, I wrote a paper on this subject with Brandon Carter and an American colleague Jim Bardeen. We pointed1 out that, although there were many similarities between entropy and the area of the event horizon, there was this apparently2 5)fatal difficulty. I must admit that in writing this paper I was 6)motivated partly by 7)irritation3 with Beckenstein, because I felt he had 8)misused my discovery of the increase of the area of the event horizon. However, it 9)turned out in the end that he was basically correct, though in a 10)manner he had certainly not expected.CE

 

22、斯蒂芬·霍金谈黑洞

 

根据他们的特别定义,黑洞是不会辐射任何物质的。因而黑洞视界地带似乎不能被视同为熵。实际上在1972年,我就和布兰登·卡特、还有美国同事吉姆·巴丁就此论题合写过一篇论文。我们指出,尽管熵和黑洞视界有许多相似点,但也存在有明显致命的毛病。我得承认,我写这篇论文部分原因是出于对贝肯斯坦恩的愤怒,因为我觉得他误用了我关于黑洞视界在增加的发现。但是,结果却表明他基本是正确的,尽管正确是以他没有预期到的方式出现。CE

 

1) object [5CbdVikt] n. 物体

2) emit [i5mit] v. 放射,吐露

3) the event horizon 事件视界,即黑洞的边界

4) entropy [5entrEpi] n. 熵,热力学概念。

5)fatal [5feitEl] a. 重大的,致命的

6) motivate [5mEutiveit] v. 激发

7) irritation [iri5teiFEn] n. 愤怒

8) misuse4 [mis5ju:z] v. 误用,错用

9) turn out 结果是

10) manner [5mAnEr] n. 方式,风格

 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 pointed Il8zB4     
adj.尖的,直截了当的
参考例句:
  • He gave me a very sharp pointed pencil.他给我一支削得非常尖的铅笔。
  • She wished to show Mrs.John Dashwood by this pointed invitation to her brother.她想通过对达茨伍德夫人提出直截了当的邀请向她的哥哥表示出来。
2 apparently tMmyQ     
adv.显然地;表面上,似乎
参考例句:
  • An apparently blind alley leads suddenly into an open space.山穷水尽,豁然开朗。
  • He was apparently much surprised at the news.他对那个消息显然感到十分惊异。
3 irritation la9zf     
n.激怒,恼怒,生气
参考例句:
  • He could not hide his irritation that he had not been invited.他无法掩饰因未被邀请而生的气恼。
  • Barbicane said nothing,but his silence covered serious irritation.巴比康什么也不说,但是他的沉默里潜伏着阴郁的怒火。
4 misuse XEfxx     
n.误用,滥用;vt.误用,滥用
参考例句:
  • It disturbs me profoundly that you so misuse your talents.你如此滥用自己的才能,使我深感不安。
  • He was sacked for computer misuse.他因滥用计算机而被解雇了。
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TAG标签:   疯狂英语  stephen  black  hole
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