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Globalization: Opportunities and Challenges for China’s You

时间:2005-06-10 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:幽幽草   字体: [ ]



Good morning, Ladies and Gentlemen. Today I’m very happy to be here to share with you some of my thoughts on the topic of Globalization. And first of all, I would like to mention an event  in our recent history.

Thirty years ago, American President Richard Nixon made an epoch-making visit to China, a country still isolated1 at that time. Premier2 Zhou Enlai said to him, “Your handshake came over the vastest ocean in the world - twenty-five years of no communi-cation.” Ever since then, China and America have exchanged many handshakes of various kinds. The fundamental 1)implication of this example is that the need and desire to communicate across differences in culture and 2)ideology3 is not only felt by the two countries but by many other nations as well.

As we can see today, environmentalists from different countries are making joint4 efforts to address the issue of global warming, economists5 are seeking solutions to financial crises that rage in a particular region but nonetheless cripple the world’s economy, and diplomats6 and politicians are getting together to discuss the issue of combating terrorism. Peace and prosperity has become a common goal that we are striving for all over the world. Underlying7 this mighty8 trend of globalization is the echo of 3)E. M. Forster’s words, “Only connect!”

With the IT revolution taking place, traditional boundaries of human society fall away. Our culture, politics, society and commerce are being 4)sloshed into a large 5)melting pot of humanity. In this interlinked world, there are no outsiders, for a disturbance9 in one place is likely to impact other parts of the globe. We have begun to realize that a world divided cannot endure.

China is now actively10 integrating into the world. Our recent entry to the WTO is a good example. For decades, we have taken pride in being self-reliant, but now we realize the importance of participating in and contributing to a broader economic order. From the 6)precarious11 role in the world arena12 to our present WTO membership, we have come a long way.

But what does the way ahead look like? In some parts of the world people are demonstrating against globalization. Are they justified13, then, in criticizing the globalizing world? Instead of narrowing the gap between the rich and the poor, they say, globalization enables  developed nations to swallow the developing nations’ wealth in debts and interest. Globalization, they argue, should be about an earnest interest in every other nation’s economic health.

We are reminded by Karl Marx that capital goes beyond national borders and eludes14 control from any other 7)entity15. This has become a reality. Multinational16 corporations are seeking the lowest cost, the largest market, and the most favorable policy. They are often powerful lobbyists in government decision-making, ruthless expansionists in the global market place and a devastating17 presence to local businesses.

For China, still more challenges exist. How are we going to ensure a smooth 8)transition from the planned economy to a market-based one? How to construct a legal system that is sound enough and broad enough to respond to the needs of a 9)dynamic society? How to maintain our cultural identity in an increasingly 10)homogeneous world? And how to define greatness in our rise as a peace-loving nation? Globalization entails18 questions that concern us all.

Like many young people my age in China, I want to see my country get prosperous and enjoying respect in the international community. But it seems to me that mere19 11)patriotism20 is not just enough. It is vitally important that we young people do more serious thinking and broaden our minds to bigger issues. And there might never be easy answers to those issues such as globalization, but to take them on and give them honest thinking is the first step to be prepared for both opportunities and challenges coming our way. And this is also one of the thoughts that came to me while preparing this speech. Thank you! CE






正如我们今天所看到的,不同国家的环保专家们正齐心协力在全球变暖这一问题上各抒己见;经济学家们一同寻找着对付金融危机的办法,虽然这一危机只发生在一定区域,但它还是会阻碍世界经济的发展;外交官和政治家们则聚到一起探讨打击恐怖主义的问题。和平与繁荣已成为全世界共同奋斗的目标。如此强大趋势的“全球化”正应证了E. M. 福斯特的那句话:“但求沟通!”







1) implication [ 7impli5keiFEn] n. 含意,暗示

2) ideology [ aidi5ClEdVi] n. 意识形态

3) E. M. Forster  爱德华·摩根·福斯特

(1879-1970) 是本世纪英国著名的作家。

4) slosh [slCF] v. 溅,泼

5) melting pot  大熔炉

6) precarious [pri5kZEriEs] a. 不确定的,不安全的

7) entity [5entiti] n. 实体

8) transition [trAn5ziFEn] n. 转变,过渡,转换

9) dynamic [dai5nAmik] a. 动力的,动力学的

10) homogeneous [ hCmEu5dVi:njEs] a. 同类的,相似的

11) patriotism [5pAtriEtizEm] n. 爱国心,爱国精神




1 isolated bqmzTd     
  • His bad behaviour was just an isolated incident. 他的不良行为只是个别事件。
  • Patients with the disease should be isolated. 这种病的患者应予以隔离。
2 premier R19z3     
  • The Irish Premier is paying an official visit to Britain.爱尔兰总理正在对英国进行正式访问。
  • He requested that the premier grant him an internview.他要求那位总理接见他一次。
3 ideology Scfzg     
  • The ideology has great influence in the world.这种思想体系在世界上有很大的影响。
  • The ideal is to strike a medium between ideology and inspiration.我的理想是在意识思想和灵感鼓动之间找到一个折衷。
4 joint m3lx4     
  • I had a bad fall,which put my shoulder out of joint.我重重地摔了一跤,肩膀脫臼了。
  • We wrote a letter in joint names.我们联名写了封信。
5 economists 2ba0a36f92d9c37ef31cc751bca1a748     
n.经济学家,经济专家( economist的名词复数 )
  • The sudden rise in share prices has confounded economists. 股价的突然上涨使经济学家大惑不解。
  • Foreign bankers and economists cautiously welcomed the minister's initiative. 外国银行家和经济学家对部长的倡议反应谨慎。 来自《简明英汉词典》
6 diplomats ccde388e31f0f3bd6f4704d76a1c3319     
n.外交官( diplomat的名词复数 );有手腕的人,善于交际的人
  • These events led to the expulsion of senior diplomats from the country. 这些事件导致一些高级外交官被驱逐出境。
  • The court has no jurisdiction over foreign diplomats living in this country. 法院对驻本国的外交官无裁判权。 来自《简明英汉词典》
7 underlying 5fyz8c     
  • The underlying theme of the novel is very serious.小说隐含的主题是十分严肃的。
  • This word has its underlying meaning.这个单词有它潜在的含义。
8 mighty YDWxl     
  • A mighty force was about to break loose.一股巨大的力量即将迸发而出。
  • The mighty iceberg came into view.巨大的冰山出现在眼前。
9 disturbance BsNxk     
  • He is suffering an emotional disturbance.他的情绪受到了困扰。
  • You can work in here without any disturbance.在这儿你可不受任何干扰地工作。
10 actively lzezni     
  • During this period all the students were actively participating.在这节课中所有的学生都积极参加。
  • We are actively intervening to settle a quarrel.我们正在积极调解争执。
11 precarious Lu5yV     
  • Our financial situation had become precarious.我们的财务状况已变得不稳定了。
  • He earned a precarious living as an artist.作为一个艺术家,他过得是朝不保夕的生活。
12 arena Yv4zd     
  • She entered the political arena at the age of 25. 她25岁进入政界。
  • He had not an adequate arena for the exercise of his talents.他没有充分发挥其才能的场所。
13 justified 7pSzrk     
  • She felt fully justified in asking for her money back. 她认为有充分的理由要求退款。
  • The prisoner has certainly justified his claims by his actions. 那个囚犯确实已用自己的行动表明他的要求是正当的。
14 eludes 493c2abd8bd3082d879dba5916662c90     
v.(尤指机敏地)避开( elude的第三人称单数 );逃避;躲避;使达不到
  • His name eludes me for the moment. 他的名字我一时想不起来了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • But philosophers seek a special sort of knowledge that eludes exact definition. 但是,哲学家所追求的是一种难以精确定义的特殊知识。 来自哲学部分
15 entity vo8xl     
  • The country is no longer one political entity.这个国家不再是一个统一的政治实体了。
  • As a separate legal entity,the corporation must pay taxes.作为一个独立的法律实体,公司必须纳税。
16 multinational FnrzdL     
  • The firm was taken over by a multinational consulting firm.这家公司被一个跨国咨询公司收购。
  • He analyzed the relationship between multinational corporations and under-developed countries.他分析了跨国公司和不发达国家之间的关系。
17 devastating muOzlG     
  • It is the most devastating storm in 20 years.这是20年来破坏性最大的风暴。
  • Affairs do have a devastating effect on marriages.婚外情确实会对婚姻造成毁灭性的影响。
18 entails bc08bbfc5f8710441959edc8dadcb925     
使…成为必要( entail的第三人称单数 ); 需要; 限定继承; 使必需
  • The job entails a lot of hard work. 这工作需要十分艰苦的努力。
  • This job entails a lot of hard work. 这项工作需要十分努力。
19 mere rC1xE     
  • That is a mere repetition of what you said before.那不过是重复了你以前讲的话。
  • It's a mere waste of time waiting any longer.再等下去纯粹是浪费时间。
20 patriotism 63lzt     
  • His new book is a demonstration of his patriotism.他写的新书是他的爱国精神的证明。
  • They obtained money under the false pretenses of patriotism.他们以虚伪的爱国主义为借口获得金钱。
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