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Globalization: Opportunities and Challenges for China’s You

时间:2005-06-10 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:幽幽草   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

 

 

Good morning, Ladies and Gentlemen. Today I’m very happy to be here to share with you some of my thoughts on the topic of Globalization. And first of all, I would like to mention an event  in our recent history.

Thirty years ago, American President Richard Nixon made an epoch-making visit to China, a country still isolated1 at that time. Premier2 Zhou Enlai said to him, “Your handshake came over the vastest ocean in the world - twenty-five years of no communi-cation.” Ever since then, China and America have exchanged many handshakes of various kinds. The fundamental 1)implication of this example is that the need and desire to communicate across differences in culture and 2)ideology3 is not only felt by the two countries but by many other nations as well.

As we can see today, environmentalists from different countries are making joint4 efforts to address the issue of global warming, economists5 are seeking solutions to financial crises that rage in a particular region but nonetheless cripple the world’s economy, and diplomats6 and politicians are getting together to discuss the issue of combating terrorism. Peace and prosperity has become a common goal that we are striving for all over the world. Underlying7 this mighty8 trend of globalization is the echo of 3)E. M. Forster’s words, “Only connect!”

With the IT revolution taking place, traditional boundaries of human society fall away. Our culture, politics, society and commerce are being 4)sloshed into a large 5)melting pot of humanity. In this interlinked world, there are no outsiders, for a disturbance9 in one place is likely to impact other parts of the globe. We have begun to realize that a world divided cannot endure.

China is now actively10 integrating into the world. Our recent entry to the WTO is a good example. For decades, we have taken pride in being self-reliant, but now we realize the importance of participating in and contributing to a broader economic order. From the 6)precarious11 role in the world arena12 to our present WTO membership, we have come a long way.

But what does the way ahead look like? In some parts of the world people are demonstrating against globalization. Are they justified13, then, in criticizing the globalizing world? Instead of narrowing the gap between the rich and the poor, they say, globalization enables  developed nations to swallow the developing nations’ wealth in debts and interest. Globalization, they argue, should be about an earnest interest in every other nation’s economic health.

We are reminded by Karl Marx that capital goes beyond national borders and eludes14 control from any other 7)entity15. This has become a reality. Multinational16 corporations are seeking the lowest cost, the largest market, and the most favorable policy. They are often powerful lobbyists in government decision-making, ruthless expansionists in the global market place and a devastating17 presence to local businesses.

For China, still more challenges exist. How are we going to ensure a smooth 8)transition from the planned economy to a market-based one? How to construct a legal system that is sound enough and broad enough to respond to the needs of a 9)dynamic society? How to maintain our cultural identity in an increasingly 10)homogeneous world? And how to define greatness in our rise as a peace-loving nation? Globalization entails18 questions that concern us all.

Like many young people my age in China, I want to see my country get prosperous and enjoying respect in the international community. But it seems to me that mere19 11)patriotism20 is not just enough. It is vitally important that we young people do more serious thinking and broaden our minds to bigger issues. And there might never be easy answers to those issues such as globalization, but to take them on and give them honest thinking is the first step to be prepared for both opportunities and challenges coming our way. And this is also one of the thoughts that came to me while preparing this speech. Thank you! CE

 

22、全球化:中国年轻一代所面临的机遇与挑战

 

女士们、先生们,早上好。很高兴今天能在此就“全球化”这一主题来和大家谈谈我的想法。首先,我要提到的是近代史上的一件大事。

三十年前,美国总统理查德·尼克松来中国进行了具有划时代意义的访问,那时中国正受到美国孤立。周恩来总理对他说了这样一番话:“你与我的握手越过了世界上最为辽阔的海洋,这个海洋就是互不交往的25年。”自从那以后,美国和中国已经握过多次不同的手。这一事件充分表明:不同文化、不同意识形态之间的交流不仅仅是两个国家的需要和愿望,也是更多其它国家的心声。

正如我们今天所看到的,不同国家的环保专家们正齐心协力在全球变暖这一问题上各抒己见;经济学家们一同寻找着对付金融危机的办法,虽然这一危机只发生在一定区域,但它还是会阻碍世界经济的发展;外交官和政治家们则聚到一起探讨打击恐怖主义的问题。和平与繁荣已成为全世界共同奋斗的目标。如此强大趋势的“全球化”正应证了E. M. 福斯特的那句话:“但求沟通!”

随着IT产业的出现,传统的人类社会分界线也随之消失。我们的文化、政治、社会和商业都被放入一个人性的大熔炉里。在这个互相联系的世界里,没有局外人,任何地区性的不稳定因素都可能波及全世界。我们已意识到一个分裂的世界是无法长存的。

中国现在正积极地融入世界,前不久加入世贸就是一个很好的例子。几十年来,我们总是以自立为荣,但是现在我们意识到了参与和促成更为广阔的经济秩序的重要性。从世界舞台上的一个不稳定角色到如今的世贸组织成员,我们走过了一段漫长的路。

但是前方的路又将如何?世界上部分国家的人民示威游行,反对全球化。那么,他们责怪世界全球化有道理吗?他们又说,全球化只能使发达国家通过债务与利息吞并发展中国家的财富,而不是缩短贫富之间的差距。全球化,他们认为,应该是对其它国家经济健康的一种关注。

卡尔·马克思提醒我们,资本跨越国界,便会逃离对象国政治实体的管制,这一点已成为现实。跨国公司一直在实行寻求最低成本、最大市场和最多收益的政策。他们常常在政府做决定时施加强大的影响力,在全球市场上无情地扩张并在地区贸易中形成极强的杀伤力。

对于中国来说,仍然是挑战居多。我们如何确保从计划经济向市场经济平稳过渡?如何建立一个足够健全、足够广泛的法制体系来适应一个生机勃勃的社会的需要?如何在这个日益同化的世界中保持我们的文化特性?还有,如何树立我们这个爱好和平的国度的良好形象?全球化所牵涉的问题关系到我们大家。

和中国的许多同龄人一样,我期待着我的祖国变得繁荣,受到国际社会的尊重。但是对我来说,仅仅爱国是不够的,我们年轻人多做一些冷静的思考,把视野拓展到更大的问题上,这才是最为重要的。也许回答那些诸如全球化的问题并不是件容易的事,但是我们可以关注它们,对它们做一些认真的思考,这是我们迎接所有机遇和挑战的准备工作的第一步,这也是我准备这次演讲比赛时时刻刻的想法之一。谢谢!CE

1) implication [ 7impli5keiFEn] n. 含意,暗示

2) ideology [ aidi5ClEdVi] n. 意识形态

3) E. M. Forster  爱德华·摩根·福斯特

(1879-1970) 是本世纪英国著名的作家。

4) slosh [slCF] v. 溅,泼

5) melting pot  大熔炉

6) precarious [pri5kZEriEs] a. 不确定的,不安全的

7) entity [5entiti] n. 实体

8) transition [trAn5ziFEn] n. 转变,过渡,转换

9) dynamic [dai5nAmik] a. 动力的,动力学的

10) homogeneous [ hCmEu5dVi:njEs] a. 同类的,相似的

11) patriotism [5pAtriEtizEm] n. 爱国心,爱国精神

 

 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 isolated bqmzTd     
adj.与世隔绝的
参考例句:
  • His bad behaviour was just an isolated incident. 他的不良行为只是个别事件。
  • Patients with the disease should be isolated. 这种病的患者应予以隔离。
2 premier R19z3     
adj.首要的;n.总理,首相
参考例句:
  • The Irish Premier is paying an official visit to Britain.爱尔兰总理正在对英国进行正式访问。
  • He requested that the premier grant him an internview.他要求那位总理接见他一次。
3 ideology Scfzg     
n.意识形态,(政治或社会的)思想意识
参考例句:
  • The ideology has great influence in the world.这种思想体系在世界上有很大的影响。
  • The ideal is to strike a medium between ideology and inspiration.我的理想是在意识思想和灵感鼓动之间找到一个折衷。
4 joint m3lx4     
adj.联合的,共同的;n.关节,接合处;v.连接,贴合
参考例句:
  • I had a bad fall,which put my shoulder out of joint.我重重地摔了一跤,肩膀脫臼了。
  • We wrote a letter in joint names.我们联名写了封信。
5 economists 2ba0a36f92d9c37ef31cc751bca1a748     
n.经济学家,经济专家( economist的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The sudden rise in share prices has confounded economists. 股价的突然上涨使经济学家大惑不解。
  • Foreign bankers and economists cautiously welcomed the minister's initiative. 外国银行家和经济学家对部长的倡议反应谨慎。 来自《简明英汉词典》
6 diplomats ccde388e31f0f3bd6f4704d76a1c3319     
n.外交官( diplomat的名词复数 );有手腕的人,善于交际的人
参考例句:
  • These events led to the expulsion of senior diplomats from the country. 这些事件导致一些高级外交官被驱逐出境。
  • The court has no jurisdiction over foreign diplomats living in this country. 法院对驻本国的外交官无裁判权。 来自《简明英汉词典》
7 underlying 5fyz8c     
adj.在下面的,含蓄的,潜在的
参考例句:
  • The underlying theme of the novel is very serious.小说隐含的主题是十分严肃的。
  • This word has its underlying meaning.这个单词有它潜在的含义。
8 mighty YDWxl     
adj.强有力的;巨大的
参考例句:
  • A mighty force was about to break loose.一股巨大的力量即将迸发而出。
  • The mighty iceberg came into view.巨大的冰山出现在眼前。
9 disturbance BsNxk     
n.动乱,骚动;打扰,干扰;(身心)失调
参考例句:
  • He is suffering an emotional disturbance.他的情绪受到了困扰。
  • You can work in here without any disturbance.在这儿你可不受任何干扰地工作。
10 actively lzezni     
adv.积极地,勤奋地
参考例句:
  • During this period all the students were actively participating.在这节课中所有的学生都积极参加。
  • We are actively intervening to settle a quarrel.我们正在积极调解争执。
11 precarious Lu5yV     
adj.不安定的,靠不住的;根据不足的
参考例句:
  • Our financial situation had become precarious.我们的财务状况已变得不稳定了。
  • He earned a precarious living as an artist.作为一个艺术家,他过得是朝不保夕的生活。
12 arena Yv4zd     
n.竞技场,运动场所;竞争场所,舞台
参考例句:
  • She entered the political arena at the age of 25. 她25岁进入政界。
  • He had not an adequate arena for the exercise of his talents.他没有充分发挥其才能的场所。
13 justified 7pSzrk     
a.正当的,有理的
参考例句:
  • She felt fully justified in asking for her money back. 她认为有充分的理由要求退款。
  • The prisoner has certainly justified his claims by his actions. 那个囚犯确实已用自己的行动表明他的要求是正当的。
14 eludes 493c2abd8bd3082d879dba5916662c90     
v.(尤指机敏地)避开( elude的第三人称单数 );逃避;躲避;使达不到
参考例句:
  • His name eludes me for the moment. 他的名字我一时想不起来了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • But philosophers seek a special sort of knowledge that eludes exact definition. 但是,哲学家所追求的是一种难以精确定义的特殊知识。 来自哲学部分
15 entity vo8xl     
n.实体,独立存在体,实际存在物
参考例句:
  • The country is no longer one political entity.这个国家不再是一个统一的政治实体了。
  • As a separate legal entity,the corporation must pay taxes.作为一个独立的法律实体,公司必须纳税。
16 multinational FnrzdL     
adj.多国的,多种国籍的;n.多国籍公司,跨国公司
参考例句:
  • The firm was taken over by a multinational consulting firm.这家公司被一个跨国咨询公司收购。
  • He analyzed the relationship between multinational corporations and under-developed countries.他分析了跨国公司和不发达国家之间的关系。
17 devastating muOzlG     
adj.毁灭性的,令人震惊的,强有力的
参考例句:
  • It is the most devastating storm in 20 years.这是20年来破坏性最大的风暴。
  • Affairs do have a devastating effect on marriages.婚外情确实会对婚姻造成毁灭性的影响。
18 entails bc08bbfc5f8710441959edc8dadcb925     
使…成为必要( entail的第三人称单数 ); 需要; 限定继承; 使必需
参考例句:
  • The job entails a lot of hard work. 这工作需要十分艰苦的努力。
  • This job entails a lot of hard work. 这项工作需要十分努力。
19 mere rC1xE     
adj.纯粹的;仅仅,只不过
参考例句:
  • That is a mere repetition of what you said before.那不过是重复了你以前讲的话。
  • It's a mere waste of time waiting any longer.再等下去纯粹是浪费时间。
20 patriotism 63lzt     
n.爱国精神,爱国心,爱国主义
参考例句:
  • His new book is a demonstration of his patriotism.他写的新书是他的爱国精神的证明。
  • They obtained money under the false pretenses of patriotism.他们以虚伪的爱国主义为借口获得金钱。
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TAG标签:   疯狂英语  challenge  china
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