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The 1)Taj Mahal 2)Epitaph of Love

时间:2005-06-10 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:幽幽草   字体: [ ]
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The love story behind the Taj Mahal is a tragic1 one. What you actually see here is a 3)mausoleum, an 4)ex  travagant tomb built in the 17th century by Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz. They had been married for 19 years when Mumtaz died in 5)childbirth. The heartbroken emperor resolved to immortalize her memory by creating the finest monument ever seen, the Taj Mahal.

Dr. Najaf Haider (Historian, University of Delhi): How deep was Shah Jahan’s love for Mumtaz Mahal can be seen from the reaction the tragedy 6)provoked. His beard began to turn white and he never quite appeared the same thereafter.

It was custom for the emperor to build a mausoleum to ensure his own body’s journey to heaven. But Shah’s love for his wife was such that instead he built it for her. Construction of the Taj Mahal began in the same year as Mumtaz’ death. It took a fleet on 1,000 elephants and a work force of over 20,000 to complete this majestic2 structure.

Prof. Monica Junejah (Art Historian, University of Delhi): The Taj Mahal was a mammoth3 project of Shah Jahan’s reign4. It was a project which required planning till the very last detail. It was something, which was completed in 11 years which was rather amazingly short for a monument of this kind.

The Taj Mahal itself forms the 7)centerpiece of a 42-acre complex. The cost? Five million rupies. That’s a 8)staggering 104 million dollars in today’s money. But then perfection comes at a price. And today the Taj does look as perfect as it did 500 years ago. What most people don’t get to see is the manpower that goes into its 9)upkeep. The secret to its splendor5 is all down to traditional methods of marble 10)inlaying, cleaning, and gardening which have been passed down through generations of local people.

Our cameras were allowed exclusive access inside the Taj Mahal normally off limits to visitors. Here you can see where the body of Mumtaz was laid to rest. Her tomb covered in 43 different types of gem6. The emperor was determined7 that everything about the Taj Mahal should be 11)symmetrical. Ironically though when he died in 1666, his son decided8 to bury Shah next to his wife. That was never meant to happen.

Monica: The only symmetrical flaw in the whole building is the placement of the emperor’s tomb because it’s not in the center.

To rub even more salt into the wound, the emperor had had to spend the last eight years of his life imprisoned9 in a 12)fort on the Jhelum River. All he could see from his cell window? His finest achievement, the Taj Mahal.

If you’re travelling in India, seeing it for real and up close is a once in a lifetime experience. CE

 

 

09、爱的铭记泰姬陵

 

泰姬陵背后是一个悲剧爱情故事。现在大家看到的实际上是皇帝沙贾汗于十七世纪为纪念爱妃泰姬所建的一座奢华的陵墓。婚后十九年,泰姬不幸在分娩时去世。悲痛欲绝的皇帝于是决定建造一座人间最华丽的陵墓--泰姬陵--来永远怀念亡妻。

纳加夫·海德博士(德里大学历史学家):沙贾汗对泰姬的爱有多深,从他的极度悲痛中就可以知道。他的胡子全白了,而且他再难以恢复往日的欢颜。

依照惯例,每位皇帝可以为自己建造一座陵墓,以确保通往天堂之路畅通无阻。但沙贾汗对皇后的爱是如此之深,以至于他决定陵墓将为她而建。泰姬去世的那一年泰姬陵开始动工。完成这座宏伟的建筑动用了一千头大象和两万多人的劳力。

莫妮卡·朱奈亚教授(德里大学艺术史学家):泰姬陵是沙贾汗在位时期的一项庞大的工程,从头到尾每一个细节都要精心设计。到全部完工共历时十一年,建造这样一座陵墓,十一年的时间是相当短的了。

泰姬陵的中心墓室错综复杂,占地四十二英亩。陵墓造价五百万卢比,按当今折合起来是一亿零四百万美元,真是令人咋舌。但是物有所值,今天的泰姬陵看起来仍和五百年前一样完美。不过许多人都不了解陵墓修缮所需的人力。泰姬陵之所以今天仍然这样富丽堂皇,秘密在于当地人代代相传的大理石镶嵌、清洁和园艺的传统工艺。

我们被破例允许进入泰姬陵内室进行拍摄,一般游客是禁止入内的。在这里你能看到泰姬的遗体安放的位置。她的墓室用四十三种宝石来装饰。皇帝认为泰姬陵内的一切都应该是对称的。具有讽刺意味的是,沙贾汗于1666年去世后,尽管他的儿子决定将他葬在爱妃旁边,可是却从来没有实现。

莫妮卡·朱奈亚教授∶整座建筑在对称上的唯一瑕疵就是皇帝的墓室,因为它不在中心位置。

而沙贾汗人生的最后八年是被监禁在积林河旁的一座堡垒中度过的,这对他来说不啻于雪上加霜。他透过牢房的窗户仅能看到的就是他一生的杰作--泰姬陵。

如果你有机会到印度旅行,身临其境去看看泰姬陵吧,这将是一次毕生难忘的经历。CE

 

 

1) Taj Mahal [5tB:dVmE5hB:] 泰吉·玛哈尔陵(亦译泰姬陵)由莫卧儿皇帝沙贾汗(1628-1658在位)为其爱妻所建。沙贾汗是莫卧儿王朝鼎盛时期的著名皇帝,他嫔妃满宫而独宠波斯女子蒙泰吉·玛哈尔。她聪明美丽,多才多艺,无论沙贾汗出征还是被放逐都伴随同行。沙贾汗封她为“泰姬·玛哈尔”,意为“宫廷的王冠”。

2) epitaph [5epitB:f] n. 墓志铭,碑文

3) mausoleum [9mC:sE5liEm] n. 陵墓

4) extravagant10 [iks5trAvgEnt] a. 奢侈的,过分的

5) childbirth [5tFaildbE:W] n. 分娩

6) provoke [prE5vEuk] v. 惹起,挑拨

7) centerpiece [5sentEpi:s] n. 中心装饰品

8) staggering [5stAgEriN] a. 令人惊愕的

9) upkeep [5Qpki:p] n. 维修,维修费

10) inlay [5in9lei] v. 把……镶入

11) symmetrical [si5metrikE] a. 对称的,均匀的

12) fort [fC:t] n. 堡垒,边界上的贸易站

 

 

 

 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 tragic inaw2     
adj.悲剧的,悲剧性的,悲惨的
参考例句:
  • The effect of the pollution on the beaches is absolutely tragic.污染海滩后果可悲。
  • Charles was a man doomed to tragic issues.查理是个注定不得善终的人。
2 majestic GAZxK     
adj.雄伟的,壮丽的,庄严的,威严的,崇高的
参考例句:
  • In the distance rose the majestic Alps.远处耸立着雄伟的阿尔卑斯山。
  • He looks majestic in uniform.他穿上军装显得很威风。
3 mammoth u2wy8     
n.长毛象;adj.长毛象似的,巨大的
参考例句:
  • You can only undertake mammoth changes if the finances are there.资金到位的情况下方可进行重大变革。
  • Building the new railroad will be a mammoth job.修建那条新铁路将是一项巨大工程。
4 reign pBbzx     
n.统治时期,统治,支配,盛行;v.占优势
参考例句:
  • The reign of Queen Elizabeth lapped over into the seventeenth century.伊丽莎白王朝延至17世纪。
  • The reign of Zhu Yuanzhang lasted about 31 years.朱元璋统治了大约三十一年。
5 splendor hriy0     
n.光彩;壮丽,华丽;显赫,辉煌
参考例句:
  • Never in his life had he gazed on such splendor.他生平从没有见过如此辉煌壮丽的场面。
  • All the splendor in the world is not worth a good friend.人世间所有的荣华富贵不如一个好朋友。
6 gem Ug8xy     
n.宝石,珠宝;受爱戴的人 [同]jewel
参考例句:
  • The gem is beyond my pocket.这颗宝石我可买不起。
  • The little gem is worth two thousand dollars.这块小宝石价值两千美元。
7 determined duszmP     
adj.坚定的;有决心的
参考例句:
  • I have determined on going to Tibet after graduation.我已决定毕业后去西藏。
  • He determined to view the rooms behind the office.他决定查看一下办公室后面的房间。
8 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
9 imprisoned bc7d0bcdd0951055b819cfd008ef0d8d     
下狱,监禁( imprison的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • He was imprisoned for two concurrent terms of 30 months and 18 months. 他被判处30个月和18个月的监禁,合并执行。
  • They were imprisoned for possession of drugs. 他们因拥有毒品而被监禁。
10 extravagant M7zya     
adj.奢侈的;过分的;(言行等)放肆的
参考例句:
  • They tried to please him with fulsome compliments and extravagant gifts.他们想用溢美之词和奢华的礼品来取悦他。
  • He is extravagant in behaviour.他行为放肆。
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TAG标签:   疯狂英语    mahal  epitaph  love
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