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新概念英语第二册Lesson 64 The Channel Tunnel

时间:2006-07-09 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:xiayimiao2007   字体: [ ]
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Lesson 64 The Channel Tunnel1海峡隧道 

First listen and then answer the question.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
Why was the first tunnel not completed?

   
In 1858, a French engineer, Aime Thome de Gamond, arrived in England with a plan for a twenty-one-mile tunnel under the English Channel. He said that it would be possible to build a platform in the centre of the Channel. This platform would serve as a port and a railway station. The tunnel would be well-ventilated3 if tall chimneys5 were built above sea level. In 1860, a better plan was put forward by an Englishman6, William Low. He suggested that a double railway-tunnel should be built. This would solve the problem of ventilation, for if a train entered this tunnel, it would draw in fresh air behind it. Forty-two years later a tunnel was actually begun. If, at the time, the British had not feared invasion7, it would have been completed. The world had to wait almost another 100 years for the Channel Tunnel. It was officially opened on March 7,1994, finally connecting Britain to the European continent.

New words and expressions 生词和短语 

tunnel n. 隧道
port n. 港口
ventilate2 v. 通风
chimney4 n. 烟囱
sea level 海平面
double adj. 双的
ventilation n. 通风
fear v. 害怕
invasion n. 入侵,侵略
officially adv. 正式地
connect v. 连接
European adj. 欧洲的
continent n. 大陆

参考译文 

1858年,一位名叫埃梅.托梅.德.干蒙的法国工程师带着建造一条长21英里、穿越英吉利海陕的隧道计划到了英国。他说,可以在隧道中央建造一座平台,这座平台将用作码头和火车站。如果再建些伸出海面的高大的烟囱状通风管,隧道就具备了良好的通风条件。1860年,一位名叫威廉.洛的英国人提出了一项更好的计划。他提议建一条双轨隧道,这样就解决了通风问题。因为如果有列火车开进隧道,它就把新鲜空气随之抽进了隧道。42年以后,隧道实际已经开始建了。如果不是因为那时英国人害怕入侵,隧道早已建成了。世界不得不再等将近100年才看到海峡隧道竣工。它于1994年3月7日正式开通,将英国与欧洲大陆连到了一起。

 

  自学导读
1.a plan for a twenty-one-mile tunnel,建造一条长  21英里的隧道的计划。
twenty-one-mile作 tunnel的修饰语,注意 mile为单数。plan for +名词/动名词表示“……的计划”:
They always make plans for their holidays, but, in the end, they always stay at home.
他们总是为假期制订各种计划,但是,末了,他们总是呆在家里。
He came with a plan for (building) a bridge over the river.
他带来了在这条河上建一座桥的计划。
2.serve as,充当,起……的作用(也可以说 serve for)。
The books on the floor may serve as/ for a carpet.
地板上的书可充当地毯用了。
This sofa can serve as/ for(a) bed.
这张沙发可以当床用。
3.a better plan was put forward, 提出了一项更好的计划。
put forward为固定短语,可分开用,其含义之一是“提出(计划、建议等)”:
You know they wouldn't accept your plan. Why did you put it forward?
你知道他们不会接受你的计划。你为什么要提出来呢?
Has he put forward any suggestion?
他提出什么建议了吗?
4.He suggested that a double railway-tunnel should be built.他提
议建一条双轨隧道。
suggest后面跟从句时,从句的谓语动词形式为 should(可省略)+动词原形(cf.第63课语法):
He suggested (that) they (should) change the plans.
他建议他们改变计划。
suggest后面也可以跟名词或动名词形式。(cf.第47课词汇学习)
5.It was officially opened on March 7,1994, finally connecting Britain to the European continent.它于1994年3月7日正式开通,将英国与欧洲大陆连到了一起。
现在分词 connecting 引导的短语相当于一个并列分句。connect表示“连接”、“连结”,可与to或with连用:
This road connects the willage with/to London.
这条公路连接着这个村子与伦敦。
The lake and the canal8 are connected by a river.
这个湖与运河之间由一条小河相连。


  语法 Grammar in use
第3类条件句
(1)在第16课的语法中,我们学习了用第1类条件句表示将来很可能发生的事:
If you park your car in the wrong place, a traffic policeman will soon find it.
一旦你把汽车停错了地方,交通警便很快就会发现。
在第40课的语法中,我们学习了用第2类条件句谈论想像中的情况或描写完全不可能的事:
If you ate more and talked less, we would both enjoy our dinner!
如果你多吃点,少说点,我们两个都会吃得好的!
If I were you, I would not go to London tomorrow.
如果我是你,我明天就不去伦敦。(婉转的建议)
(2)第3类条件句的基本结构与前两类都不一样,if从句需用过去完成时,主句用 would have/should have+过去分词形式:
If it had rained, we would have stayed at home.
要是下雨,我们就会呆在家里了。
第3类条件句在if从句里设想纯粹想像的事情,在主句里讲述想像的结果。它与第2类条件句有一定的相似之处。但是,第3类条件句所谈的是没有或永远不可能有的结果,因为它们指的是过去没有过的事情。它们是所谓的“假设条件句”:
If I had worked harder at school, I'd have go a better job.
要是我上学时勤奋一些,我就会有较好的工作了。(事实是现在的工作不太好)
在 if从句中可用 could have+过去分词代替 had been able to +动词原形


  词汇学习 Word study
1.fear vt.
(1)害怕,畏惧:
If, at the time, the British had not feared invasion, the tunnel would have been completed.
如果不是因为那时英国人害怕入侵,隧道早就建成了。
She fears speaking in public.
她害怕当众讲话。
(2)恐怕,猜想(比 be afraid要正式):
We fear/It is feared/ We're afraid that many lives have been lost in the crash.
在这次撞车事故中恐怕有许多人丢了性命。
I fear that she has lost her way in the forest.
我担心她在森林里迷路了。
2.动词 draw 的一些短语
动词draw的主要含义之一是“拉”、“拖”,它与不同的小品词连用可以有不同的含义。
(1)draw in,使……进入;吸入:
If a train entered the tunnel, it would draw in fresh air behind it.
如果有一列火车开进隧道,它就把新鲜空气随之抽了进来。
The smell of flowers in the shop drew us in.
花的香味使我们走进了这家商店。
(2)draw back,后退,后缩;收回,撤回:
If you take part in the race, you mustn't draw back.
你如果参加比赛,就一定不能退出/后退。
You must finish the work by yourselves now. They have drawn9 back their people.
你们得靠自己完成这项工作。他们已把他们的人员撤走了。
(3)draw up,停住,使……停住;起草,制订,拟订:
I was waiting for Jill in front of a shop when a taxi drew up beside me.
我正在一家商店门口等吉尔时,一辆出租车停在了我身边。
Have any new agreements been drawn up between the two countries?
这两个国家之间又签订什么新协议了吗?
(4)draw off,撤走,离开:
The villagers had to draw off because of the flood.
由于洪水的缘故,村民们不得不撤走。
When the others were talking loudly, he quietly drew off.
其他人大声交谈时,他悄悄地离开了。


  练习答案 Key to written exercises
1.关键句型练习答案
A Three sentences: 1.5,Type 2;
1.9, Type 2;
1.10,Type 3
C 1 would have been able  2 could have come  3 would not have made
4 were  5 is
2.难点练习答案
1 up  2 back  3 up
3.多项选择题答案
1 c  2 c  3 c  4 c  5 b  6 b
7 c  8 c  9 a  10 b  11b  12 b


  【New words and expressions】 生词和短语
★tunnel n. 隧道
channel 海峡
★port n. 港口
airport
★ventilate v. 通风
air
Air the room,please!
★chimney n. 烟囱
★sea level 海平面
★double adj. 双的
double income,no kid.
couple / pair
a couple of weeks
a pair of shoes/socks/glasses
★ventilation n. 通风
Forced Ventilation 强制排风系统
★fear v. 害怕
afraid / frighten/frightening/frightened/frightful
be afraid/frighten/scare10
sb.fear sth.
I feared darkness.
I fear dogs.
be afraid of  I am afraid of dogs.
Can you help me?   I am afraid I can't/I am afraid not.
sth.frighten / scare sb.  You frightened/scared me
The dog frightened me
fear / be afraid of 是习惯性的/人做主语
frighten/scare 是因某件突然的事情才有的害怕情绪/句子后边的部分是人  The film scared me
horrified11 恐惧
★invasion n. 入侵,侵略
decide/decision invade12 v.
★officially adv. 正式地
official / office
formally
★connect v. 连接
connect sth.with / to
★European adj. 欧洲的
European Continent
★continent n. 大陆


  【课文讲解】
1.in 1858
2.in 1860
3.forty-two years later
4.1994
描述一件事物的要素:
who/do what/how /why
in 1858,a French engineer arrived in England with a plan.
plan for
twenty-one-mile 是定语
He said
it 代表to build a platform in the centre of the Channel,做形式主语
serve as 作为...来服务; 起...作用
It will serve as swimming pool.
above 在海拔上高
put forward (plan/suggestion)
an Englishman
suggest 有两个意思:
1作为"暗示"意思时,用法与其它的词相同。
2作为"建议"意思时,则为虚拟语气,后接动词是要用-ing形式,后接that从句采用一种固定的用法。
should + 动词原形  should 可以省略
He suggested that a double railway-tunnel be built.
I suggested (that) he (should) go home.
He suggested that I should go with him
He insisted that I should stay to lunch.
for 因为
draw in 吸进
bring
at the time
the British 英国人
虚拟语气 (非真实条件句)
1与现在事实相反
2与过去事实相反
其从句的使用:
1与现在事实相反,用一般过去时
2与过去事实相反,用过去完成时,此时主句格式为:would have done
would/could/should
must have done 对过去的推测
cann't have done 对过去的推测
情态动词加have done 表示对过去的推测
wait for
wait for five minutes
I have waited five minutes.
I have waited for you for five minutes
I have waited five years for you.
connect...to...
非谓语动词中的ing形式:
1表示其与主语是主动的关系
2表示动作正在发生
非谓语动词中的ed形式表示其与主语是被动的关系


  【Key structures】
1.虚拟语气  与过去事实相反
特殊结构:suggest/insist,后接that从句(should+动词原形)
Exercise C:
No.1 would have been able
No.3 would not have made
No.4 虚拟语气与现在事实相反,从句使用一般过去时
与一般现在时相反的be动词,用were代替
if I were you
No.5 is 真实条件句


Multiple choice questions】

3...
possible
could:可能
would:表示将来要做
11...
mix:混合
join:连接(加入),强调使成为其中一员
rejoin:再次加入
combine:合并
9...
put forward:提出
intend to do
aim at:目标是什么
plan:计划
suggest:建议
suggest+doing/that, suggest+名词或代词


Special difficuilties】
1....
drwa up :签署
2...
draw back:倒退
3...
draw up = stop :停止,停下来


Summary writing】
1...
The tunnel will(would) be ventilated,a French engineer planned to build in 1858
The tunnel which a French engineer planned to build in 1858 would be ventilated if tall chimneys were built above sea level.
先行词,which非限定性定语从句
The tunnel,which a French engineer planned to build in 1858,would be ventilated if tall chimneys were built above sea level.
3.because they would
4.Though...because
It was stopped because the British had feared invasion.
Though it was begun(work begin forty-two years later),it was stopped because...
5.However 起了副词的作用,后面考研直接加一个句子


Composition】
1.Thanks to(prep.):幸亏,because of :由于
Thanks to the English channel which separates13 Britain from Europe,the country has not been invaded14 since 1066
2.now that :即使(既然)
However,now that modern warfare15 is far more complex,such fears no longer exist.
3.Both...and...
Both Britain and Europe benefit


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 tunnel qHHyz     
n.隧道,地下道;vi.挖隧道;vt.掘隧道于
参考例句:
  • They will have to block up the entrance to the tunnel.他们将不得不封闭通往隧道的入口。
  • The train passed through a tunnel.火车通过了一条隧道。
2 ventilate WH2yA     
vt.使通风,把...公开,公开讨论
参考例句:
  • We ventilate a room by opening windows.我们开窗以使室内空气流通。
  • The lungs ventilate the blood.肺吸收新鲜空气使血液静化。
3 ventilated 09cf7911ccb54fe1f58357c6fd81992d     
通风的
参考例句:
  • The bathroom is ventilated by means of an extractor fan. 这个浴室使用抽风扇通风。
  • The matter should not be hushed up, but freely ventilated. 这事不应掩盖起来,而应该公开自由讨论。
4 chimney zVoyu     
n.烟囱,烟筒;玻璃罩
参考例句:
  • The chimney blew out a cloud of black smoke.烟囱里喷出一团黑烟。
  • His father is a chimney sweeper.他的父亲是一位扫烟囱的工人。
5 chimneys 48e7c43d24e5ee82b4a29b22bbe474f5     
n.烟囱( chimney的名词复数 );烟筒;(岩石间可供攀登的)狭孔;狭缝
参考例句:
  • the silhouette of chimneys and towers 烟囱和塔楼的轮廓
  • You can differentiate between the houses by the shape of their chimneys. 你可以凭借烟囱形状的不同来区分这两幢房子。 来自《简明英汉词典》
6 Englishman Dp9xR     
n.(pl.Englishmen)英国人;英国男人
参考例句:
  • I was astonished that he was not an Englishman.我很惊讶,他竟不是英国人。
  • She stared thoughtfully at the Englishman across the table.她若有所思地盯着桌子对面的那个英国人。
7 invasion Y4Kxc     
n.入侵,侵略,侵犯
参考例句:
  • They are ready against the possible invasion.他们防备可能的入侵。
  • It is our duty to shield our country from invasion.保卫祖国不受侵犯是我们的责任。
8 canal 3Tyyi     
n.运河;水道;管;沟渠;vt.开运河
参考例句:
  • South America is joined to North America by a canal.南美洲和北美洲由一条运河连在一起。
  • The ship is sailing towards Europe through the Suez Canal.这条船正通过苏伊士运河驶往欧洲。
9 drawn MuXzIi     
v.拖,拉,拔出;adj.憔悴的,紧张的
参考例句:
  • All the characters in the story are drawn from life.故事中的所有人物都取材于生活。
  • Her gaze was drawn irresistibly to the scene outside.她的目光禁不住被外面的风景所吸引。
10 scare NZvxq     
vt.恐吓;vi.受惊吓
参考例句:
  • I like reading scare stories.我喜欢读恐怖故事。
  • The sound of the explosion gave me quite a scare.爆炸声把我吓了一跳。
11 horrified 8rUzZU     
a.(表现出)恐惧的
参考例句:
  • The whole country was horrified by the killings. 全国都对这些凶杀案感到大为震惊。
  • We were horrified at the conditions prevailing in local prisons. 地方监狱的普遍状况让我们震惊。
12 invade 84exh     
v.侵略,侵犯;闯入,侵扰
参考例句:
  • I don't want to invade your private life unnecessarily.我不想过多地干涉你的私生活。
  • He ordered the army to invade at dawn.他命令军队在拂晓入侵。
13 separates 98e87878c77cb90d87e0a81e1572b3e8     
n.可搭配穿着的女服v.分开( separate的第三人称单数 );(使)分离;区分;隔开
参考例句:
  • A chasm separates my generation from my parents'. 分歧使我这一代人不同于我父母那一代。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The Bering StraIt'separates Asia and America. 白令海峡隔开了亚洲和美洲。 来自《简明英汉词典》
14 invaded d864e930e51cafaff2158139b8518f52     
v.侵入,侵略( invade的过去式和过去分词 );涌入;侵袭;侵犯
参考例句:
  • Troops invaded on August 9th that year. 军队是在那年的8月9日入侵的。
  • The diseased tissue can be easily invaded by these microorganisms. 有病的组织容易被微生物侵袭。 来自《简明英汉词典》
15 warfare XhVwZ     
n.战争(状态);斗争;冲突
参考例句:
  • He addressed the audience on the subject of atomic warfare.他向听众演讲有关原子战争的问题。
  • Their struggle consists mainly in peasant guerrilla warfare.他们的斗争主要是农民游击战。
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TAG标签:   新概念  第二册  channel  tunnel
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