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新概念英语第三册lesson 8 A famous monastery

时间:2005-04-24 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yaopf   字体: [ ]
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Lesson 8: A famous monastery1  著名的修道院
         
Listen to the tape then answer the question below.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
What are the St. Bernard dogs used for?

    The Great St. Bernard Pass connects Switzerland to Italy. At 2,473 metres, it is the highest mountain pass in Europe. The famous monastery of St. Bernard, witch was founded in eleventh century, lies about a mile away. For hundreds of years, St. Bernard dogs have saved the lives of travellers crossing the dangerous Pass. These friendly dogs, which were first brought from Asia, were used as watchdogs even in Roman times. Now that a tunnel ahs been built through the mountains, the Pass is less dangerous, but each year, the dogs are still sent out into the snow whenever a traveller is in difficulty. Despite the new tunnel, there are still a few people who rashly4 attempt to cross the Pass on foot.
    During the summer months, the monastery is very busy, for it is visited by thousands of people who cross the Pass in cars. As there are so many people about, the dogs have to be kept in a special enclosure5. In winter, however, life at the monastery is quite different. The temperature drops to -- 30 o and very few people attempt to cross the Pass. The monks7 prefer winter to summer of they have more privacy8. The dogs have greater freedom, too, for they are allowed to wander outside their enclosure. The only regular visitors to the monastery in winter are parties of skiers who go there at Christmas and Easter. These young people, who love the peace of mountains, always receive a warm welcome at St. Bernard's monastery.

New words and expressions 生词和短语

     monastery
n.   寺院,修道院

     St. Bernard
     圣伯纳德

     pass
n.   关隘

     watchdog
n.   看门狗

     rashly
adj. 莽撞地,冒失地

     enclosure
n.   围场,圈地

     monk6
n.   和尚

     privacy
n.   清静,隐居

     skier9
n.   滑雪者

     Easter
n.   复活节

参考译文

    圣伯纳德大山口连接着瑞士与意大利,海拔2,473O米,是欧洲最高的山口。11世纪建造的著名的圣伯纳德修道院位于离山口1英里远的地方。几百年来,圣伯纳德修道院驯养狗拯救了许多翻越这道山口的旅游者的生命。那些最先从亚洲引进的狗,待人友好,早在罗马时代就给人当看门狗了。如今由于山里开挖了隧道,翻越山口已不那么危险了。但每年还要派狗到雪山地里去帮助那些遇到困难的旅游者,尽管修通了隧道,但仍有一些人想冒险徒步跨越圣伯纳德山口。
    夏天的几个月里,修道院十分忙碌,因为有成千上万的人驾车通过山口,顺道来修道院参观。由于来人太多,狗被关在专门的围栏里。然而到了冬天,修道院里的生活则是另一番景象。气温下降到零下30度,试图跨越山口的人寥寥无几。修道士们喜欢冬天,而不太喜欢夏天。因为在冬天,他们可以更多地过无人打扰的生活。狗也比较自由,被放出围栏,四处遛达。冬天常来修道院参观的只有一批批滑雪者。他们在圣诞节或复活节到那儿去。这些热爱高山清静环境的年轻人每年都受到圣伯纳德道院的热烈欢迎。

新概念英语正版图书购买

 

  自学导读
Notes on the text课文注释

1  Now that a tunnel has been built through the mountains,由于一条穿山隧道已经开通。now that是连词,当“既然”,“由于”讲,引导一个原因状语从句,说明一种新情况。
2  As there are so many people about, …about为副词,作“在附近”,“到处”讲。也可用around表示。
3  The monks prefer winter to summer,修道士们喜欢冬天而不喜欢夏天。 prefer…to…有“喜欢……而不喜欢……”的意思,to的前后要用名词或动名词来表示所对比的事物或活动。


  Exercise练习
Supply the missing10 words in the following sentences:
1  Now that he's grown up, he does ______ ever he pleases.
2  ______ ever I telephone, the line's engaged.
3  ______ ever told you that, didn't know what he was talking about.
Multiple11 choice questions多项选择题
Choose the correct answers to the following questions. Comprehension
1  St. Bernard dogs are best known for ______ .
a.being a great summer tourist attraction
b.having saved people's lives before the new tunnel was built
c.being able to search people out who have been trapped in the snow
d.the freedom they have to wander about in the winter
2  What is the main advantage of the new tunnel?
a.It prevents people from endangering their lives by climbing the Pass.
b.It brings thousands of tourists to the monastery each summer.
c.It provides a fast and safe communication across the Swiss-Italian border.
d.It brings the St. Bernard monks into greater contact with the world.
3  In what way does life at the St. Bernard monastery differ in winter?
a.The great number of visitors must come to the monastery on skis.
b.The dogs are free to save the lives of people lost in the snow.
c.The monks are more welcoming to their visitors.
d.The monks can pursue12 their occupation relatively13 undisturbed.


  Structure结构
4  The highest mountain pass in Europe is ______ . . . (11. 1-2)
a.of 2, 473  metres
b.at 2, 473  metres high
c.high 2, 473  metres
d.2, 473  metres high
5  ---- a few people who are ______ to cross the Pass on foot. (11. 9-10)
a.rash3 enough
b.so rash
c.too rash (d)very rash
6  ______ so many people about, the dogs have to be kept in an enclosure. (1. 12)
a.With
b.Being
c.Because
d.Having
7  The monks let ______  outside their enclosure. (1. 15)
a.them to wander
b.to them wandering.
c.them wander
d.them wandering
8  Parties of skiers ______  the monastery in winter. (11. 15-16)
a.visit to
b.are visiting at
c.visit
d.are visitingVocabulary词汇
9  The great St. Bernard Pass lies ______  Switzerland and Italy. (1. 1)
a.within
b.between
c.about
d.along
10  The dogs are sent out into the snow a traveller is in difficulty. (11. 8-9)
a.if ever
b.in case
c.all the time
d.while
11  Thousands of people ______ over the Pass. (11. 11-12)
a.trip
b.voyage
c.conduct
d.drive
12  They are allowed to ______ outside their enclosure. (1. 15)
a.graze14
b.drift15
c.roam16
d.wonder


  【New words and expressions】 生词和短语
★monastery
n.   寺院,修道院
abbot: 修道院院长
convent  nun17: 修女
abbess: 女修道院院长
★St. Bernard
圣伯纳德
★pass
n.   关隘
★watchdog
n.   看门狗
★rashly
adj. 莽撞地,冒失地
boldly18
★enclosure
n.   围场,圈地
★monk
n.   和尚
★privacy
n.   清静,隐居
★skier
n.   滑雪者
ski
go skiing
★Easter
n.   复活节
at Easter
at Christmas
at Thanksgiving


  【课文讲解】
connects/join Switzerland to Italy  link Switzerland with Italy
connect...with: 把...与某事联系在一起
I can't connect the picture with my friend Mary
Are you connected with the government?
be connected with: 与...有联系
At 2,473 metres: 介词短语修饰全句用于句首表示原因、条件或状态
In red,she looks much more beautiful.
At  the age of 25,he is able.
At one point 65 metres,he is a little short.
限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句最大的区别
非限制性定语从句只是对主句或主句中所出现的某个名词的补充说明和解释去掉对主句影响不大
限制性定语从句是主句当中不可缺少的一部分
Mr Smith was a famous person in American history.
Mr Smith who died on July 17th at 84,was a famous person in American history
There were very few passengers,who escaped without serious injury.
旅客很少,他们没有受到重伤都逃出来了。
There wer vey few passengers who excaped without serious injury.
没有受重伤而逃出来的旅客很少
The taxi drivers,who knew about the traffic jam,took another road.
所有司机都知道堵车的事,都走了别的路
The taxi drivers who knew about the traffic jam took another road,and others who didn't know about the traffic jam still took this heavy road.
得知堵车的司机走了别的路,不知道堵车事件的司机仍然走这条路
who引导的非限制性定语从句主要指人做主语
指代事物在非限制性定语从句当中只能使用which
He lent me a thousand dollars,which was exactly the sum I needed,
指代时间when、地点where
He was left on the desert island,where he stayed for as long as three weeks.
found: 建立  set up  eatablish
live-lives
which指代friendly dogs
The panda,which was brought from China,was used as a symbol of friendship
Now that: 既然  用做时间连接词,后面通常跟完成式
Now that you have left university,you have to find a job.
用做原因连接词时,后面时态不限
Now that you won't help me,I must do the job myself.
whoever,whatever,whenever,wherever,whichever,however
== no matter who/what/when/where/which/how
You can telephone me whenever you like.
Whichever day you come,we'll be pleased to see you.
Wherever you go,I'll follow you.
However busy you are,you must spare some time to study English.
Despite: 介词---in spite2 of
rashly: 莽撞的   attempt to do something --try to do something
there + be
There are still a few students studying English in the classroom.
in cars--by car
<I>about:</I> 到处,周围
Don't litter waste paper about.  look about  go about  run about
wander about
keep: 使某人或某物处于某种状态,经常和介词短语,形容词,分词(现在分词和过去分词)搭配使用,表示一种状态
Keep him out.   Keep him in.        Do keep the cat in the room
表示逻辑的主谓关系--现在分词   I'm sorry to keep you waiting.
表示逻辑的动宾关系--过去分词 The lamb was kept tight to a tree
quite the opposite.
prefer something to something
I prefer reading to doing nothing.
The boy prefers apples to bananas.
prefer to do than do something
He prefers to read than do nothing
The regular visitors to BeiJing
Mike,who loves chess very much,enter for the game.


Special difficulties】
1...what...
2...When...
3...Who...


Multiple choice questons】
1...C...
be best known for = be famous for,众所周知
2...C...
the main advantage.
3...D...
occupation: 事业,undisturbed: 不受打扰的
Structure
4...d...
名词作表语,at, 介词短语作状语
5...a...
形容词或副词和enough to do 搭配
b选项错在so rash as to,You are so kind as to help me.
6...a...
with的复合结构形式
A large car,with its headlights on and its horn blaring,roared down the arcade19.
With so many people around me,I fell happy.
7...C..
让某人做某事:let sb do
8...C...
泛泛的概念采取一般现在时
Vocabulary
9...b...
强调两者之间
10...a...
whenever=if ever: 无论什么时候,只要情况是如此
Whenever(if ever) you pour oil on water,it floats.
in case主要是讨论预防措施
You should insure20 your house in case there is a fire.
11...d...
drive
12...c...
wander  :闲逛,roam
graze: 吃草,drift: 漂流=float, wonder: 想知道,感到奇怪


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 monastery 2EOxe     
n.修道院,僧院,寺院
参考例句:
  • They found an icon in the monastery.他们在修道院中发现了一个圣像。
  • She was appointed the superior of the monastery two years ago.两年前她被任命为这个修道院的院长。
2 spite uv7wD     
n.(用于短语)虽然,不顾,尽管
参考例句:
  • He has modern ideas in spite of his great age.尽管他年事很高,但思想观念却很入时。
  • In spite of his anger,his remarks were restrained.他尽管生气,说的话还是有节制的。
3 rash 1tRyF     
adj.轻率的;n.(皮)疹,爆发的一连串
参考例句:
  • My skin has broken out in an itchy rash.我的皮肤上突然长出一片让人发痒的皮疹。
  • Don't be rash in making your decision.别轻率做出决定。
4 rashly UklzCa     
ad.too hastily;recklessly
参考例句:
  • Some people jumped rashly to the conclusion that something must be wrong. 有些人轻率地得出结论说一定是出了什么问题。
  • They had acted rashly, without thought. 他们未加考虑就轻率行动了。
5 enclosure 9pmx1     
n.围绕,圈地,围场,围墙,附件,封入物
参考例句:
  • We were led to a fenced enclosure.我们被带到一处用篱笆围住的场地。
  • I received your enclosure with gratitude.附件收到,十分感谢。
6 monk 5EDx8     
n.和尚,僧侣,修道士
参考例句:
  • The man was a monk from Emei Mountain.那人是峨眉山下来的和尚。
  • Buddhist monk sat with folded palms.和尚合掌打坐。
7 monks 218362e2c5f963a82756748713baf661     
n.修道士,僧侣( monk的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The monks lived a very ascetic life. 僧侣过着很清苦的生活。
  • He had been trained rigorously by the monks. 他接受过修道士的严格训练。 来自《简明英汉词典》
8 privacy 5Q3xC     
n.私人权利,个人自由,隐私权
参考例句:
  • In such matters,privacy is impossible.在这类事情中,保密是不可能的。
  • She wept in the privacy of her own room.她在自己房内暗暗落泪。
9 skier skier     
n.滑雪运动员
参考例句:
  • She is a skier who is unafraid of danger.她是一名敢于冒险的滑雪者。
  • The skier skimmed across the snow.滑雪者飞快地滑过雪地。
10 missing 3nTzx7     
adj.遗失的,缺少的,失踪的
参考例句:
  • Check the tools and see if anything is missing.检点一下工具,看有无丢失。
  • All the others are here;he's the only one missing.别人都来了,就短他一个。
11 multiple kFCxf     
adj.多个(或多项、多种)的;n.(数)倍数
参考例句:
  • The number 8 is a multiple of 4.八是四的倍数。
  • The most common multiple births are twins,two babies born at the same time.最常见的多胎是双胞胎,两个婴儿同时出生。
12 pursue IC3ys     
vt.继续,从事;追赶,追踪;追求
参考例句:
  • He began to pursue an easy and comfortable life.他开始追求安逸舒适的生活。
  • This is the path that we shall continue to pursue.这是我们要继续走的道路。
13 relatively bkqzS3     
adv.比较...地,相对地
参考例句:
  • The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相对较新引入澳大利亚的物种。
  • The operation was relatively painless.手术相对来说不痛。
14 graze 46DyU     
v.(牲畜)吃草;放牧;擦过(牲畜);n.擦伤
参考例句:
  • There is good grassland here for your cattle and horses to graze on.这里有很好的草地供你们放牧牛马。
  • Nothing serious.Just a graze.没关系,就破了一点皮。
15 drift yk9z5     
vi.漂流(泊);n.漂流,漂流物;大意;趋势
参考例句:
  • The leaves drift in the storm.树叶在暴风雨中飘动。
  • The drift of the icebergs in the sea endangers the ships.海上冰山的漂流危及船只的安全。
16 roam kXdxa     
vi.漫游,闲逛,徜徉
参考例句:
  • He used to roam the streets for hours on end.他过去常逛大街,一逛就是几个小时。
  • I like to roam about over the countryside.我喜欢在乡间走一走。
17 nun THhxK     
n.修女,尼姑
参考例句:
  • I can't believe that the famous singer has become a nun.我无法相信那个著名的歌星已做了修女。
  • She shaved her head and became a nun.她削发为尼。
18 boldly QRUy1     
adv.大胆地,显眼地;冒
参考例句:
  • Everyone admires his spirit of doing boldly what is righteous. 人人都赞美他这种见义勇为的精神。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • Do boldly what is righteous. 见义勇为。 来自《简明英汉词典》
19 arcade yvHzi     
n.拱廊;(一侧或两侧有商店的)通道
参考例句:
  • At this time of the morning,the arcade was almost empty.在早晨的这个时候,拱廊街上几乎空无一人。
  • In our shopping arcade,you can find different kinds of souvenir.在我们的拱廊市场,你可以发现许多的纪念品。
20 insure F5Axp     
v.保险,给…保险;保证使...得到
参考例句:
  • Check your work to insure its accuracy.检查一下你的工作,以保证它的准确性。
  • An insurance company will insure your life.保险公司可以给你保寿险。
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