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新概念英语第三册lesson 7 Mutilated ladies

时间:2005-04-24 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yaopf   字体: [ ]
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Lesson 7
           Mutilated ladies
             残钞鉴别组
         
Listen to the tape then answer the question below.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
Why did Jane cook John's wallet?

    Has it ever happened to you? Have you ever put your trousers in the washing machine and then remembered there was a large bank note in your back pocket? When you rescued your trousers, did note in your back pocket? When you rescued your trousers, did you find the note was whiter than white? People who live in Britain needn't despair1 when they made mistakes like this (and a lot of people do)! Fortunately for them, the Bank of England has a team called Mutilated Ladies which deals with claims from people who fed their money to a machine or to their dog. Dogs, it seems, love to chew up money!
    A recent case concerns Jane Butlin whose fiancé, John, runs a successful furniture business. John had very good day and put his wallet containing $3,000 into the microwave oven2 for safekeeping. Then he and Jane went horse-riding. When they got home, Jane cooked their dinner in the microwave oven and without realizing it, cooked her fiancé's wallet as well. Imagine their dismay3 when they found a beautifully-cooked wallet and notes turned to ash! John went to see his bank manager who sent the remains4 of wallet and the money to the special department of the Bank of England in Newcastle: the Mutilate Ladies! They examined the remain and John got all his money back. 'So long as there's something to identify, we will give people their money back,' said a spokeswoman for the Bank. 'Last year, we paid $1.5m on 21,000 claims. Damaged bank notes. The Queen's head appears on English bank notes, and 'lady' refers to this.

New words and expressions 生词和短语

     mutilate
v.   使残缺不全

     chew
v.   咀嚼

     microwave
n.   微波,微波炉

     oven
n.   炉灶

     safekeeping
n.   妥善保管

     Newcastle
n.   纽卡斯尔(英国港市)

     identify
v.   鉴定,识别

     spokeswoman
n.   女发言人
 
参考译文

    这种事情在你身上出现过吗?你有没有把裤子塞洗衣机,然后又想在裤子的后兜有一张大面值的纸币?当你把裤子抢救出来时,你有没有发现那张纸币已经变得比白纸还白?当英国人犯这种错误时,他们不必感到绝望(而许多国家的人都有这种绝望的感觉)。对英国人来说,值得庆幸的是英国银行有一个残钞鉴别组,负责理那些把钱塞进机器或塞给狗的人提出的索赔要求。看起来,狗很喜欢咀嚼钱币。
    最近的一个案例与简.巴特林有关,她的未婚夫约翰拥有一家生意兴隆家具店。有一天约翰的生意很好,他把一只装有3,000 英镑的钱包放进微波炉内保存。然后,他和简一起去骑马。回家后,简用微波炉煮了晚饭,无意中之中把她未婚夫的钱包也一起煮了。可以想像他们发现一只煮得很好看的钱包,钞票已化成灰时的沮丧心情。约翰去找银行经理,经理把约翰的钱包和纸币的残留物送到英国银行在纽卡斯尔的一个专门部门——残钞鉴别组。他们鉴定了这些残留物。约翰拿回了他损失的全部数额。“只要有东西可供识别,我们会把钱还给人家的,”银行的一位女发言人说。“去年,我们对21,000 起索赔要求支付了150万英镑。”
 

新概念英语正版图书购买

 

  自学导读
Notes on the text课文注释

1  Mutilated ladies,这是英国银行专门负责识别和鉴定残缺或被毁纸币的小组,其中的 lady是指英国纸币上印的女王头像。
2  a large bank note,面额很大的纸币。
3  whiter than white,这是英国有关洗衣粉的电视广告中常用的一句话。这里的意思是纸币上的字迹、图案均被洗掉了,可以译为“比白纸还白”。
4  they found a beautifully-cooked wallet and notes turned to ash,他们发现一只煮得很好看的钱包,钞票已烧成了灰。后半句 they found… notes turned to ash中过去分词短语 turned to ash作宾语 notes的补足语,这后半句话可以看成 they found… that notes had been turned to ash。


  Exercise练习
Supply the missing5 words.
1  You won't feel any pain. The operation is completely ______ .
2  I admired the beauty of the countryside. The country side is so ______ .
3  I visit my mother every day. My mother expects ______ visits.
4  Don't behave like a child. Don't be so ______ !
5  She's a wonderful athlete. That explains why she's so ______ .
Multiple6 choice questions多项选择题
Choose the correct answers to the following questions.
Comprehension 理解
1  They call the team in Newcastle‘Mutilated Ladies’because ______ .
a.their job involves mutilating bank notes
b.their job is to identify pictures of the Queen on mutilated bank notes
c.ladies are always mutilating bank notes by accident in the wash
d.only ladies have the patience for this difficult job
2  The Bank of England offers a special service to people who ______ .
a.feed their money to the dog
b.try to wash large bank notes
c.mutilate bank notes on purpose
d.have damaged but identifiable bank notes
3  You don't get your money back unless ______ .
a.you go to Newcastle and see the Mutilated Ladies
b.there is enough evidence to prove your claim
c.your bank manager agrees to help you
d.you have done this sort of thing beforeStructure结构
4  Have you ever forgotten ______ in the pocket of your trousers . . . ?  (11. 1-3)(a) a large bank note
b. large bank note
c. any large bank note
d. some large bank note
5  If you ______ in Britain, you needn't despair. (11. 4-5)
a. do live
b. are living
c. live
d. were living
6  John is ______ , and runs a furniture business. (1. 9)
a.fiancé of Jane Butlin
b.Jane Butlin's fiancé
c.Jane Butlin who's fiancé
d. Jane Butlin whose fiancé
7  The wallet ______ £3, 000 from the day's business. (1. 10)
a.containing
b.was containing
c.contained
d. content
8  John put his wallet into the microwave oven ______ . (1. 10)
a.to keep it safe
b. for keeping safe
c. for the safety
d. to be safe keeping
Vocabulary词汇
9  John runs a furniture business. He ______ the business. (1. 9)
a.is in charge of
b.is in the charge of
c.charges
d.bears the charges of
10  Jane discovered that the£3, 000 had ______ ash. (11. 12-13)
a.turned
b.grown
c.made
d.become
11  The remains were ______ to the Mutilated Ladies. (11. 13-74)
a.conveyed8
b.dispatched10
c.carried
d.fetched
12  People can get their money back ______ there is something to identify. (11. 15-16)
a.depending
b.provided11
c.supposed
d.allowing


New words and expressions】 生词和短语

★mutilate
v.   使残缺不全
及物动词--经常用于被动语态
1.毁伤、残害
He was mutilated in the accident,and now has only one leg
a mutilated note
2.把...搞砸了
You've already mutilated the novel by making such changes.
dad president: 美元
mutilation n.
★chew
v.   咀嚼
a lot of people love chewing gums12.
Don't bite off more than one can chew.
chew the fat: 聊天
chewed up: 着急的、担心的
Don't get worried about your examination13.
Don't get chewed up about your examination.
★microwave
n.   微波,微波炉
microswitch
microfilm
microscope
microsecond
microphone14
microbiology
macro 大的
★oven
n.   炉灶
★safekeeping
n.   妥善保管
keep something safe
Please keep your ID card safe.
do evil15: 干坏事
evil doing
make trouble--trouble making
Newcastle
n.   ★纽卡斯尔(英国港市)
★identify
v.   鉴定,识别
identity16 of somebody or something
He can't identify the person
identity
So far the archeologists have been unable to discover her identity.
identification17 确认,
★spokeswoman
n.   女发言人


  【课文讲解】
断首或断尾运用疑问句提出问题
断首——主要引起读者的兴趣和注意力
断尾——进一步巩固、加深与本段所涉及的内容、进一步引起读者的沉思
rescued: 救援,援助
Hundreds of people went ot rescue the plane crash.
大词小用所起的目的——加强语气
whiter than white——damaged,mutilated
make mistakes like this
Fortunately for them     happily for them
team: 组织   make a claim
feed something to      it seems
第二段充分的说明了约翰是怎么样把钱从银行里拿回来
concern: 涉及到——is about
run a factory,run a company
I have a very good day.   I have a good time
to keep it safe
put his wallet which contained...
go horse-riding    go fishing    go hunting   go shopping
dismay: 沮丧
beautifully-cooked wallet: 用一种讽刺的口吻
turn to     turned into  become
who--bank mangager
so long as: on condition that 表假设,只要
pay for: 为...付款
We paid 80 dollars for the dictionary.
on    pay off
The couple have already paid their debts off
pay back
1.把钱归还回去  pay money back
2.报复、报仇   pay somebody back


  【Special difficulties】
如何运用后缀
less表示否定概念  care---careless
ful 表示有,充满了 hopeful---careful
ly: 形容词+ly=副词,名词+ly=形容词 daily
ic  pic: energetic
ish: childish,womanish
Exercise
1.painless
2.beautiful
3.daily
4.childish  ---ish的形容词是贬义色彩
5.athletic   强壮的,强健的


  【Multiple choice questions】
1.B正确
2.D正确 identify---identifiable  return--returnable  eat-eatable
3.B正确 unless: if not
Structure
4.A正确 any large bank notes
5.C正确 真实的条件句
6.B正确 一般来说,如果表示某人的,就用 '
如果采用介词of表示所属关系,被修饰名词前要出现定冠词
7.C正确  简单句,选用一般过去式
8.A正确  to keep it safe
Vocabulary
9. in charge of: 负责  in the charge of: 由某人了负责
10.turn to ash  D正确
11.sent  B正确  dispatch9: 送,送达 deliver
convey7: 运输、传达  fetch: 去取回来
12.B正确 provided   providing
Provided that you reduce the price ,I'll take all the goods.
supposed  表假设:suppose supposing


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 despair rmjzP     
vi.灰心丧气,感到沮丧绝望;n.绝望,沮丧
参考例句:
  • If you are in the depths of despair,you will be extremely unhappy.如果你彻底地失望,你会十分不开心。
  • Don't despair;things will get better soon.不必绝望,事情不久就会好起来。
2 oven iJuxQ     
n.烤炉;烤箱
参考例句:
  • You put food inside an oven to cook it.你把食物放进烤箱里热一下。
  • She baked bread in an oven.她用烤炉烤面包。
3 dismay 9Pizh     
n.灰心,沮丧,惊愕;vt.使沮丧,使惊愕
参考例句:
  • The enemy retreated in perfect dismay.敌人沮丧地退去。
  • I am filled with dismay at the news.我对这个消息极为震惊。
4 remains 1kMzTy     
n.剩余物,残留物;遗体,遗迹
参考例句:
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
5 missing 3nTzx7     
adj.遗失的,缺少的,失踪的
参考例句:
  • Check the tools and see if anything is missing.检点一下工具,看有无丢失。
  • All the others are here;he's the only one missing.别人都来了,就短他一个。
6 multiple kFCxf     
adj.多个(或多项、多种)的;n.(数)倍数
参考例句:
  • The number 8 is a multiple of 4.八是四的倍数。
  • The most common multiple births are twins,two babies born at the same time.最常见的多胎是双胞胎,两个婴儿同时出生。
7 convey co2zv     
vt.传送;运送,输送;传达,表达,传播
参考例句:
  • Don't forget to convey my regards when you see him.你去见着他,别忘了给我捎个好儿。
  • My letter will convey some idea of my mode of life.我的信将使你了解到一些我的生活方式。
8 conveyed c7bf70d72d4a819b47f82b6ba89fe417     
v.运输( convey的过去式和过去分词 );运送;输送;表达
参考例句:
  • The ambassador personally conveyed the president's message to the king. 大使将总统的口信亲自转达给国王。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The ambassador personally conveyed the president's message to the premier. 大使亲自向总理转达了总统的问候。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
9 dispatch 6tcx0     
vt.派遣;n.急件,快信,新闻报道,派遣
参考例句:
  • We must ask someone to carry a dispatch from Rome to London.我们得派人把急件由罗马送往伦敦。
  • I'll advise you of the dispatch of the goods.我会通知你们货物的发运情况。
10 dispatched 5749a3d1e076d60f9a1b06df61030108     
(常指为了特殊原因或执行特殊任务而迅速地)派遣( dispatch的过去式和过去分词 ); 杀死; (迅速地)发出; 迅速处理
参考例句:
  • Troops have been dispatched to the area. 部队已派往那个地区。
  • A Chinese trade mission has been dispatched to Japan. 一个中国贸易代表团已被派往日本。
11 provided PkNzng     
conj.假如,若是;adj.预备好的,由...供给的
参考例句:
  • Provided it's fine we will have a pleasant holiday.如果天气良好,我们的假日将过得非常愉快。
  • I will come provided that it's not raining tomorrow.如果明天不下雨,我就来。
12 gums 72f77a03b04a173b1a40e1e36143d9c8     
树胶
参考例句:
  • A bad tooth may cause an abscess on the gums. 一颗病牙可使牙床脓肿。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • The dog bared its gums at me. 狗龇着牙冲我叫。 来自《简明英汉词典》
13 examination pn6xJ     
n.考试,考查,试题;检查,调查
参考例句:
  • Teachers always judge their students on the final examination.老师常根据期末考试来评价他们的学生。
  • He put up a good show in the final examination.他在期末考试中表现得不错。
14 microphone UDwxt     
n.扩音器,麦克风,话筒
参考例句:
  • He gave a tap at the microphone before speaking.他在讲话前先轻叩了一下扩音器。
  • She behaved naturally before the microphone.她在话筒前表现自然。
15 evil KiHzS     
n.邪恶,不幸,罪恶;adj.邪恶的,不幸的,有害的,诽谤的
参考例句:
  • We pray to God to deliver us from evil.我们祈求上帝把我们从罪恶中拯救出来。
  • Love of money is the root of all evil.爱钱是邪恶的根源。
16 identity McFzh     
n.身份,本体,特征;同一(性),一致
参考例句:
  • He never revealed his identity.他从未暴露过自己的身份。
  • He showed his identity card and went in.他把工作证亮了一下就进去了。
17 identification RbFxK     
n.视为同一,证明同一,确认
参考例句:
  • He's made a formal identification of the body.他正式确认了死者身份。
  • We should have identification card on the person when we go out.我们外出时应随身携带身份证。
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