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新概念英语第三册lesson 6 Smash-and-grab

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Lesson 6:Smash-and-grab
            砸橱窗抢劫
         
Listen to the tape then answer the question below.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
How did Mr. Taylor try to stop the thieves?

    The expensive shops in a famous near Piccadilly were just "opening. At this time of the morning, the arcade1 was almost empty. Mr. Taylor, the owner of a jewellery shop was admiring a new display. Two of his assistants had been working busily since eight o'clock and had only just finished. Diamond necklaces and rings had been beautifully arranged on a background of black velvet2. After gazing at the display for several minutes, Mr. Taylor went back into his shop.
    The silence was suddenly broken when a large car, with its headlights on and its horn blaring, roared down the arcade. It came to a stop outside the jeweller's. One man stayed at the wheel while two others with black stocking over their faces jumped out and smashed the window of the shop with iron bars. While this was going on, Mr. Taylor was upstairs. He and his staff began throwing furniture out of the window. Chairs and tables went flying into the arcade. One of the thieves was struck by a heavy statue, but he was too busy helping3 himself to diamonds to notice any pain. The raid was all over in three minutes, for the men scrambled5 back into the car and it moved off at a fantastic speed. Just as it was leaving, Mr. Taylor rushed out and ran after it throwing ashtrays7 and vases, but it was impossible to stop the thieves. They had got away with thousands of pounds worth of diamonds.

New words and expressions 生词和短语

     smash-and-grab
n.   砸橱窗抢劫

     arcade
n.   有拱廊的街道(两旁常设商店)

     Piccadilly
n.   皮卡迪利大街

     jewellery

n.   珠宝(总称)

     necklace
n.   项链

     ring
n.   戒指

     background
n.   背景

     velvet
n.   天鹅绒,丝绒

     headlight
n.   (汽车等)前灯

     blare
v.   发嘟嗜声,吼叫

     staff
n.   全体工作人员

     raid
n.   偷袭

     scramble4
n.   偷袭

     scramble
v.   爬行

     fantastic
adj. 非常大的

     ashtray6
n.   烟灰缸

参考译文

    皮卡迪利大街附近的一条著名拱廊街道上,几家高档商店刚刚开始营业。在早晨的这个时候,拱廊街上几乎空无一人。珠宝店主泰勒先生正在欣赏新布置的橱窗。他手下两名店员从早上8点就开始忙碌,这时刚刚布置完毕。钻石项链、戒指漂亮地陈列在黑色丝绒上面。泰勒先生站在橱窗外凝神欣赏了几分钟就回到了店里。
    宁静突然被打破,一辆大轿车亮着前灯,响着喇叭,呼啸着冲进了拱廊街,在珠宝店门口停了下来。一人留在驾驶座上,另外两个用黑色长筒丝袜蒙面的人跳下车来。他们用铁棒把商店橱窗的玻璃砸碎。这开始发生时,泰勒先生正在楼上。他与店员动手向窗外投掷家具,椅子,桌子飞落花流水在拱廊街上。一个窃贼被一尊很重的雕像击中,但由于他忙着抢钻石首饰,竟连疼痛都顾不上了。这场抢劫只持续了3分钟,因为窃贼争先恐后地爬上轿车,以惊人的速度开跑了。就在轿车离开的时候,泰勒先生从店里冲了出来,跟在车后追赶,一边还往车上扔烟灰缸、花瓶。但他已无法抓住那些窃贼了。他们已带着价值数千镑的首饰逃之夭夭了。

新概念英语正版图书购买

 

  自学导读
Notes on the text课文注释

1  Piccadilly, 皮卡迪利,这是伦敦市中心一条著名的街。这条街从海德公园通向一个著名的广场,叫作“皮卡迪利广场”。
2  with its headlights on and its horn blaring, …这是 with引导的独立主格结构,在句中表示伴随状况。3  but he was too busy helping himself to diamonds to notice any pain.
但他只顾忙着抢劫钻石,根本顾不上疼痛了。这里 help oneself to sth. 是“擅自取用,侵占某物”的意思。


  Multiple choice questions多项选择题
Choose the correct answers to the following questions.

Comprehension理解
1  While Mr. Taylor was admiring the new window display, ______ .
a.his two assistants were arranging jewellery in the window
b.some thieves were on their way to raid his shop
c.he was standing8 inside his shop
d.his staff were finishing their work for the day
2  The car headlights were on and its horn blaring ___.
a.as the thieves wanted to warn people out of their way
b.as a special signal to the assistants
c.so the thieves could see where they were going
d.to break the early morning silence
3  The thieves chose to raid Mr. Taylor's shop because ___.
a.it was early in the morning and not many shops were open
b.they did not expect Mr. Taylor and his staff to try and stop them
c.it usually had a great deal of valuable jewellery on display
d.they had a very fast car to get away in
Structure结构
4  The expensive shops in ______ were just opening. (11. 1-2).
a.Piccadilly's famous arcade(b)  a Piccadilly famous arcade
c.a famous Piccadilly arcade
d.the famous arcade off Piccadilly
5  He ______ the display for several minutes before re-entering his shop. (11. 7-8)
a.was gazing at
b.gazed at
c.had gazed at
d.had been gazing at
6  Using bars made ___iron, the thieves smashed the shop window. (1. 11)
a.of
b.from
c.by
d.with
7  He and his staff began ______ furniture out of the window. (1. 12)
a.to throw
b.by throwing
c.and threw
d.the throwing of
8  Had he not been so busy taking the diamonds, he ______ the blow. (11. 13-14)
a.would feel
b.had been feeling
c.had felt
d.would have felt
Vocabulary词汇
9  To make the car‘roar down the arcade’, the driver must have ___. (11. 9-10)
a.accelerated
b.sped
c.run
d.reversed
10  Two others,  their faces ______ black stockings, jumped out. (11. 10-11)
a.covered with
b.overdressed with
c.overlooked by
d.made up in
11  ______ ,  Mr. Taylor was upstairs. (11. 11-12)
a.For the time being
b.Meanwhile
c.As it happened
d.For a while
12  Chairs and tables were ______ into the arcade. (11. 12-13)
a.flown
b.emptied
c.hurled9
d.projected


  【New words and expressions】 生词和短语
★smash-and-grab
n.   砸橱窗抢劫
smash: (vt.)break sth.into pieces violently
(vi.)The dishes smashed on the floor.
smash into: 撞击到某处
grab: seize suddenly
catch: get hold of sth./sb moving
snatch: catch sth./sb. suddenly and violently
seize: 强调抓住、抓到的结果 Fear seized her.
grasp: 强调“掌握”
hold: 强调抓牢、抓紧
★arcade
n.   有拱廊的街道(两旁常设商店)
★Piccadilly
n.   皮卡迪利大街
★jewllery
n.   珠宝(总称)
★necklace
n.   项链
★ring
n.   戒指
★background
n.   背景
on the background of sth.
background information
a man of excellent background
★velvet
n.   天鹅绒,丝绒
★headlight
n.   (汽车等)前灯
★blare
v.   发嘟嗜声,吼叫
★staff
n.   全体工作人员
★raid
n.   偷袭
★scramble
n.   偷袭
★scramble
v.   爬行
scramble(vi.): creep quickly
climb(vt.): 爬上
mount: 登上
★fantastic
adj. 非常大的
fantastic: very great /large
strange
wonderful
★ashtray
n.   烟灰缸


  【课文讲解】
介词短语修饰shops
The shoe shop im my neighborhood was just opening.
BeiJing,our capital,is develping enormously(at fantastic speed).
运用ing形式结构,其逻辑主语要和主句的主语保持一致
本课的重点结构句式:with的符合结构: with its headlights on and its horn blaring.
如果宾语和宾语补足语在逻辑上有主谓关系,应该采用动词的ing形式;
如果是动宾关系,应该采用过去分词形式作宾补;
如果是说明当时的情况,常用形容词、副词、介词短语表明宾语的状态
如果表达某事将要展开发生,要用动词不定式to.
She sat staring into the distance with tears streaming down her cheeks.
She stood there with her hands resting on her hips10
He ran into the room with his face covered with tears
With his hornework finished,he felt happy.
He used to sleep with all the windows open.
He went out with his hat on.
With the meeting over,we went home.
He came in with a knife in his hand.
Tow others with black stockings over their faces jumped out.
With a lot of work to do,he can't to to the cinema.
with用于句首或句尾,常表示状语、行为方式、原因、伴随状况等;
如果跟在名词之后,是用来修饰限定该名词
a thief with stocking over his face
a teacher with a book under his arm
a room with the windows open
come to 后面常接名词,表示达到
come to a stop,come to an end,come to a decision,come to an agreement,come to an understanding,come to success,come to fame
停车 stop,draw up ,pull up
at the barber's,at the butcher's,at the baker's,at the greengrocer's,at the grocer's,at the stationer's,at the tobacconist's,at the chemist's
help oneself to: 自便
My roommate helped herself to my clothes without asking me.
at a fantastic speed/at a tremendous speed/at a high(full)speed
with great speed.
hundreds of thousands of dollars worth of jewel


  【Special difficulties】
World building
前缀构词法
如何运用常见的前缀
dis-   agreeable     disagreeable      content     discontent
graceful      disgraceful       honest      dishonest
satisfactory  dissatisfactory
dis还可以加在名词前
agreement   disagreement
honesty     dishonesty
ability     disability
grace       disgrace
comfort     discomfort11
dis可以加在动词前
agree       disagree
appear      disappear
believe     disbelieve
dis--还可表示除去、解除  在名词前加dis得到动词形式
courage           discourage
root         &n  bsp;    disroot
mask              dismask
burden            disburden
il--加在以i开头的形容词之前
legal       illegal        logical         illogical
literate    illiterate12
im--加在以b,m,p开头的形容词之前
possible           impossible
mortal             immortal13
moral              immoral14
balanced           imbalanced
ir-加在以r开头的形容词之前
regular        irregular          rational     irrational15
resistible     irresistlble
in--主要用于其它字母开头的词之前
human         inhuman           correct         incorrect
justice       injustice         sincere         insincere
un--只能用于形容词和动词之前

happy      unhappy         friendly      unfriendly
lucky      unlucky

conditional   unconditional    limited      unlimited16

official      unofficial       just         unjust
未,主要用于过去分词之前
undecided     unfinished       unexpected   unhurt
用于动词之前表示做相反的动作
lock     unlock        tie       untie17
cover    uncover       pack      unpack18
dress    undress       load      unload
Exercise
1.polite    impolite       2.agree     disagree
3.legible   illegible      4.accurate  inaccurate19
5.locked    unlocked       6.regular   irregular


  【Mutiple choice questions】
1.B正确  on one's way to do
He is on the way to become a lawyer.
2.A正确  warn somebody out of one's way   in one's way
3.C正确
4.名词具有修饰词的时候,语序的排列顺序通常是形容词、名词
an old village school
C正确
5.B正确  做句子结构题时要和原文加以对比
6.made of A正确
7.began doing something/began to do something
A正确
8.D正确
9.accelerated: 加速  A正确
speed: 加快动作和工作的进程  speed up
We'd better speed up,if we want to get there in time.
The driver accelerated to pass the other car.
The car sped along the road.
reversed: 倒车
The car reversed through the gate.
10.Two others 和their faces同位语关系
A正确
overdressed   I fell rathe  r overdressed in this smart suit.
overlooked: 俯瞰
11.for the time being--temporarily
B正确  meanwhile--at the same time
As it happened--这类事情的发生  for a while --for a moment
12.flown--fly 不能用于被动语态 go flying    send something flying
A gust of wind sent the paper flying in all directions
hurled: 用力的去投掷
C正确
projected: send up


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 arcade yvHzi     
n.拱廊;(一侧或两侧有商店的)通道
参考例句:
  • At this time of the morning,the arcade was almost empty.在早晨的这个时候,拱廊街上几乎空无一人。
  • In our shopping arcade,you can find different kinds of souvenir.在我们的拱廊市场,你可以发现许多的纪念品。
2 velvet 5gqyO     
n.丝绒,天鹅绒;adj.丝绒制的,柔软的
参考例句:
  • This material feels like velvet.这料子摸起来像丝绒。
  • The new settlers wore the finest silk and velvet clothing.新来的移民穿着最华丽的丝绸和天鹅绒衣服。
3 helping 2rGzDc     
n.食物的一份&adj.帮助人的,辅助的
参考例句:
  • The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可怜的孩子们总是要求我把我的汉堡包再给他们一份。
  • By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 这样一来, 他在某些时候,有助于竞争的加强。
4 scramble JDwzg     
v.爬行,攀爬,杂乱蔓延,碎片,片段,废料
参考例句:
  • He broke his leg in his scramble down the wall.他爬墙摔断了腿。
  • It was a long scramble to the top of the hill.到山顶须要爬登一段长路。
5 scrambled 2e4a1c533c25a82f8e80e696225a73f2     
v.快速爬行( scramble的过去式和过去分词 );攀登;争夺;(军事飞机)紧急起飞
参考例句:
  • Each scrambled for the football at the football ground. 足球场上你争我夺。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • He scrambled awkwardly to his feet. 他笨拙地爬起身来。 来自《简明英汉词典》
6 ashtray 6eoyI     
n.烟灰缸
参考例句:
  • He knocked out his pipe in the big glass ashtray.他在大玻璃烟灰缸里磕净烟斗。
  • She threw the cigarette butt into the ashtray.她把烟头扔进烟灰缸。
7 ashtrays 642664ae8a3b4343205ba84d91cf2996     
烟灰缸( ashtray的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • A simple question: why are there ashtrays in a no-smoking restaurant? 问题是:一个禁止吸烟的餐厅为什么会有烟灰缸呢?
  • Avoid temptation by throwing away all cigarettes, lighters and ashtrays. 把所有的香烟,打火机,和烟灰缸扔掉以避免引诱。
8 standing 2hCzgo     
n.持续,地位;adj.永久的,不动的,直立的,不流动的
参考例句:
  • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  • They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
9 hurled 16e3a6ba35b6465e1376a4335ae25cd2     
v.猛投,用力掷( hurl的过去式和过去分词 );大声叫骂
参考例句:
  • He hurled a brick through the window. 他往窗户里扔了块砖。
  • The strong wind hurled down bits of the roof. 大风把屋顶的瓦片刮了下来。 来自《简明英汉词典》
10 hips f8c80f9a170ee6ab52ed1e87054f32d4     
abbr.high impact polystyrene 高冲击强度聚苯乙烯,耐冲性聚苯乙烯n.臀部( hip的名词复数 );[建筑学]屋脊;臀围(尺寸);臀部…的
参考例句:
  • She stood with her hands on her hips. 她双手叉腰站着。
  • They wiggled their hips to the sound of pop music. 他们随着流行音乐的声音摇晃着臀部。 来自《简明英汉词典》
11 discomfort cuvxN     
n.不舒服,不安,难过,困难,不方便
参考例句:
  • One has to bear a little discomfort while travelling.旅行中总要忍受一点不便。
  • She turned red with discomfort when the teacher spoke.老师讲话时她不好意思地红着脸。
12 illiterate Bc6z5     
adj.文盲的;无知的;n.文盲
参考例句:
  • There are still many illiterate people in our country.在我国还有许多文盲。
  • I was an illiterate in the old society,but now I can read.我这个旧社会的文盲,今天也认字了。
13 immortal 7kOyr     
adj.不朽的;永生的,不死的;神的
参考例句:
  • The wild cocoa tree is effectively immortal.野生可可树实际上是不会死的。
  • The heroes of the people are immortal!人民英雄永垂不朽!
14 immoral waCx8     
adj.不道德的,淫荡的,荒淫的,有伤风化的
参考例句:
  • She was questioned about his immoral conduct toward her.她被询问过有关他对她的不道德行为的情况。
  • It is my belief that nuclear weapons are immoral.我相信使核武器是不邪恶的。
15 irrational UaDzl     
adj.无理性的,失去理性的
参考例句:
  • After taking the drug she became completely irrational.她在吸毒后变得完全失去了理性。
  • There are also signs of irrational exuberance among some investors.在某些投资者中是存在非理性繁荣的征象的。
16 unlimited MKbzB     
adj.无限的,不受控制的,无条件的
参考例句:
  • They flew over the unlimited reaches of the Arctic.他们飞过了茫茫无边的北极上空。
  • There is no safety in unlimited technological hubris.在技术方面自以为是会很危险。
17 untie SjJw4     
vt.解开,松开;解放
参考例句:
  • It's just impossible to untie the knot.It's too tight.这个结根本解不开。太紧了。
  • Will you please untie the knot for me?请你替我解开这个结头,好吗?
18 unpack sfwzBO     
vt.打开包裹(或行李),卸货
参考例句:
  • I must unpack before dinner.我得在饭前把行李打开。
  • She said she would unpack the items later.她说以后再把箱子里的东西拿出来。
19 inaccurate D9qx7     
adj.错误的,不正确的,不准确的
参考例句:
  • The book is both inaccurate and exaggerated.这本书不但不准确,而且夸大其词。
  • She never knows the right time because her watch is inaccurate.她从来不知道准确的时间因为她的表不准。
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