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新概念英语第三册lesson 5 The facts

时间:2005-04-24 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yaopf   字体: [ ]
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Lesson 5: The facts  确切数字

Listen to the tape then answer the question below.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
What was the consequence of the editor's insistence1 on facts and statistics2?

    Editors of newspapers and magazines often go to extremes to provide their reader with unimportant3 facts and statistics. Last year a journalist had been instructed by a well-known magazine to write an article on the president's palace in a new African republic. When the article arrived, the editor read the first sentence and then refuse to publish it. The article began: 'Hundreds of steps lead to the high wall which surrounds the president's palace'. The editor at once sent the journalist a fax instructing him find out the exact number of steps and the height of the wall.
    The journalist immediately set out to obtain these important facts, but he took a long time to send them Meanwhile, the editor was getting impatient4, for the magazine would soon go to press. He sent the journalist two more faxes, but received no reply. He sent yet another fax informing the journalist that if he did not reply soon he would be fired. When the journalist again failed to reply, the editor reluctantly5 published the article as it had originally been written. A week later, the editor at last received a fax from the journalist. Not only had the poor man been arrested, but he had been sent to prison as well. However, he had at last been allowed to send a fax in which he informed the editor that the he had been arrested while counting the 1,084 steps leading to the fifteen-foot wall which surrounded the president's palace.

New words and expressions 生词和短语

     editor
n.   编辑

     extreme
n.   极端

     statistics
n.   统计数字

     journalist
n.   新闻记者

     president
n.   总统

     palace
n.   王宫;宏伟的住宅

     publish
v.   出版

     fax
n.   传真

     impatient
adj. 不耐烦的

     fire
v.   解雇

     originally
adv. 起初,原先,从前

参考译文

    报刊杂志的编辑常常为了向读者提供成立一些关紧要的事实和统计数字而走向极端。去年,一位记者受一家有名的杂志的委托写一篇关于非洲某个新成立共和国总统府的文章。稿子寄来后,编辑看第一句话就拒绝予以发表。文章的开头是这样的:“几百级台阶通向环绕总统的高墙。”编辑立即给那位记者发去传真,要求他核实一下台阶的确切数字和围墙的高度。
    记者立即出发去核实这些重要的事实,但过了好长时间不见他把数字寄来,在此期间,编辑等得不耐烦了,因为杂志马上要复印。他给记者先后发去两份传真,但对方毫无反应。于是他又发了一份传真,通知那位记者说,若再不迅速答复,将被解雇。但记者还是没有回复。编辑无奈,勉强按原样发稿了。一周之后,编辑终于接到记者的传真。那个可怜的记者不仅被捕了,而且还被送进了监狱。不过,他终于获准发回了一份传真。在传真中他告诉编辑,就在他数通向15英尺高的总统府围墙的1,084级台阶时,被抓了起来。
 

新概念英语正版图书购买

 

  自学导读
Notes on the text课文注释

1  go to extremes.  走极端。
2  provide…with…作“向……提供……”解。
3  to write an article on, 写一篇有关的报道。
4  lead to …作“通往……”、“导致……”解
5  go to press, 付印。
6  Not only had the poor man been arrested, but he had been sent to prison as well.  这是 not only… but… as well 引导的并列句子,如果将not only置于句首,后面主谓语应采取倒装结构。


  Exercise练习
Write these sentences again beginning each one with the words in italics:
1  He has not only made this mistake before but he will make it again.
2  I realized what was happening only then.
3  I will never trust him again.
4  You seldom find traffic wardens6 who are kind and helpful.


Multiple7 choice questions多项选择题
Choose the correct answers to the following questions.


Comprehension理解
1  The editor acted as he did because ______ .
a.he wanted an excuse to fire the journalist
b.he had not read the article beyond the first sentence
c.he was dissatisfied8 with the factual content of the article
d.he wanted to please the president of the new African republic
2  The journalist took a long time to send the details required because ______ .
a.it took him a long time to count all the steps
b.he had not been allowed to fax the information he had obtained
c.he did not realize how soon the magazine would go to press
d.he had been arrested before he had had time to obtain the facts
3  Why had the journalist been arrested?
a.Because his activities must have appeared suspicious9.
b.For having gone to extremes to provide unimportant facts.
c.For climbing the palace wall in order to measure its height.
d.Because the article was published in its original form.


Structure结构
4  ______ the first sentence, the editor refused to publish the article. (11. 5-6)
a.Reading
b.Having read
c.He read
d.Being read
5  The magazine ______ to press. (1. 10)
a.was
b.had gone
c.was about to go
d.was due
6  He sent the journalist two faxes, but did not receive ______ . (11. 10-11)
a.the replies
b.the reply
c.no reply
d.a reply
7  He informed the journalist he would be fired unless he ______ . (11. 11-12)
a.was replied
b.replied
c.would reply
d.did not reply
8  He informed ______ while carrying out his instructions. (11. 15-16)
a.his arrest to the editor
b.the editor his arrest
c.the editor of his arrest
d.the editor that his arrest had beenVocabulary词汇
9  Editors of newspapers and magazines often go to extremes to provide their ______ with unimportant facts and statistics. (11. 1-2)
a.audience
b.lectures
c.public
d.common
10  The magazine would soon go to press. It would soon be ______ . (1. 10)
a.pressing
b.printed
c.typed
d.impressed
11  The poor man had been arrested.  He was very ______ . (1. 14)
a.poor
b.stupid
c.innocent10
d.unfortunate
12  He had at last been ______ to send a fax. (11. 14-15)
a.admitted
b.let
c.left
d.given permission


  【New words and expressions】 生词和短语
★editor
n.   编辑
edit:(v.)编辑
edition:(n.)编辑
editorial:(a)编辑的,主编的
(n.)社论,评论
★extreme
n.   极端
go to extreme(s) to do: 走极端
He went to extreme to say that the play was the best one.
He went to extremes to say that his girlfriend was the most beautiful in the world.
go from one extreme to the other
★statistics
n.   统计数字
★journalist
n.   新闻记者
reporter:(电视台)记者
correspondent:(电台)记者,通讯员
★president
n.   总统
★palace
n.   王宫;宏伟的住宅
★publish
v.   出版
They have already published the magazine
=print(vt.),go to press
The book has already been published.
The book has gone to press.
★fax
n.   传真
send a fax
★impatient
adj. 不耐烦的
patient :有耐心的
patiently:有耐心地
impatient:不耐烦的
impatiently11:不耐烦地
n.: patience,impatience
★fire
v.   解雇
He was fired from his job
dismiss(正式)
The manage dismissed12 him from his company.
sack(俚语)“解雇,辞退“
If you do it wrong again you will be sacked.
★originally
adv. 起初,原先,从前
original (a.)


  【课文讲解】
The facts:确切数字
go to extremes:走极端
provide=supply: 给...提供(通常与介词搭配连用)
provide sb.with sth/provide sth for sb.
He provided13 them with a bed for the night.
He provided a bed for them for the night
instruct sb.to do sth.=tell sb formally to do sth.正式告诉某人做某事
A well-known magazine instructed a journalist to write an article on the president's palace in new African republic.
The teacher instructed him to take the examination14.
on=about 侧重强调课题专一
a book on radio
When the article arrived=When the editor received the article
refuse to publish it
refuse:(vt.) 拒绝(态度严厉)
decline:(vt.) 婉言谢绝
repudiate:(vt.)断然拒绝
which 指代the high wall
instruction……现在分词进一步补充说明fax的情况
set out to do = decide and try to do 决定,打算,着手做...
He set out to make his first 1,000,000 in 5 years.
set about doing
take sb.a long time to do sth.:某事花了某人很久的时间
It took me five days to write the article.
two more faxed=another two faxed
fail to
reluctantly=unwilling 勉勉强强地,不情愿地
as it bad originally been written=in its original way
Not only位于句首,必须采用倒装形式
The poor man had not only been arrested,but had been sent to prison as well.
否定副词位于句首,要倒装
Never have I read such stones.
Nowhere can he find the book he wants.
Hardly did I think it possible.
常见的否定副词: never,seldom,rarely,little,hardly,scarcely,nowhere,no sooner
含有only的状语位于句首,句子要倒装
Only then did he realize that he had made a mistake.
Only when a great deal more information has been obtained will it be possible to plan a trip.
含有not的副词短语位于句首,句子要倒装
not for a moment,not in the least,not for an instant,not until
Not in the least is he interested in English literature.
Not for an instant did I believe he had lied.
含有no的短语位于句首,句子要倒装
at on time,in no way ,in no sence,by no means,in no case,on no account,on no condition,under no circumstances“决不”
Under no circumstances can we accept the check.
On no account must you leave the baby in the house.
so such 位于句首,句子要倒装
he had at last been allowed=he had at last been permitted
=he had asked for permission
请求允许,被允许:be allowed to do,be permitted to do,asked for permission to do sth.
in which --which指代fax
while和现在分词(-ing)搭配,做时间状语,表示“正在做某事的过程中”
可用用while引导的时间状语从句去替换
while he was counting
现在分词
the steps leading to the president's palace
the road leading to the forest
fifteen-foot……做前置定语,这里的名词必须上单数形式
which 指代wall(避免和前面的句式结构相同)


Special difficulties】

倒装的用法
1.Not only has he made this mistake before but he will make it again.
2.Only then did I realize what was happening
3.Never will I trust him again.
4.Seldom do you find traffic wardens who are kind and helpful.


  【Multiple choice questions】
1.C
2.B
3.A
4.B 首选从句、分词、独立主格结构,缺少了时间状语从句的连接词
Having seen the movie,they went for a walk.
6.D 表示“任意”
7.B unless=if not 一般过去时
8.C inform sb.of(about)sth
9.C
10. C print=publish
11. D
12. D 请求允许做某事:ask for permission to do sth.
允许某人做某事:be given permission to do sth.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 insistence A6qxB     
n.坚持;强调;坚决主张
参考例句:
  • They were united in their insistence that she should go to college.他们一致坚持她应上大学。
  • His insistence upon strict obedience is correct.他坚持绝对服从是对的。
2 statistics iGyzb     
n.统计,统计数字,统计学
参考例句:
  • We have statistics for the last year.我们有去年的统计资料。
  • Statistics is taught in many colleges.许多大学都教授统计学。
3 unimportant OfHz34     
adj.不重要的,无意义的
参考例句:
  • Let's not quarrel about such unimportant matters.我们不要为这些小事争吵了。
  • Money seems unimportant when sets beside the joys of family life.与天伦之乐相比,金钱显得微不足道。
4 impatient bafxD     
adj.不耐烦的,急躁的;热切的,急切的
参考例句:
  • He was so impatient that I could hardly hold him back.他是那样急躁,我简直拉不住他。
  • With an impatient gesture he thrust the food away from him.他不耐烦地把吃的东西猛地推开。
5 reluctantly 9kczTI     
ad.不情愿地,勉强地
参考例句:
  • He finally agreed, albeit reluctantly, to help us. 尽管勉强,他最后还是同意帮助我们。
  • She reluctantly communicated the facts. 她不愿把真实情况讲出来。
6 wardens e2599ddd0efb9a7622608a7c43692b1e     
n.看守人( warden的名词复数 );管理员;监察员;监察官
参考例句:
  • Air raid wardens in tin hats self-importantly stalked the streets. 空袭民防队员戴着钢盔神气活现地走在街上昂首阔步。 来自辞典例句
  • The game wardens tranquillized the rhinoceros with a drugged dart. 猎物保护区管理员用麻醉射器让犀牛静了下来。 来自辞典例句
7 multiple kFCxf     
adj.多个(或多项、多种)的;n.(数)倍数
参考例句:
  • The number 8 is a multiple of 4.八是四的倍数。
  • The most common multiple births are twins,two babies born at the same time.最常见的多胎是双胞胎,两个婴儿同时出生。
8 dissatisfied ftcxP     
a.不满的
参考例句:
  • If you are dissatisfied with our service, please write to the manager. 对我们的服务如有不满,请函告经理。
  • There was a dissatisfied look in the magager's eyes. 经理的眼睛里露出不满的神色。
9 suspicious DrLw1     
adj.可疑的,容易引起怀疑的,猜疑的,疑心的
参考例句:
  • A man was hanging about the house in a suspicious manner.一个男人在房子周围可疑地荡来荡去。
  • He's so suspicious he would distrust his own mother.他这个人疑心太重,连自己的母亲也不相信。
10 innocent J68xs     
adj.无罪的,清白的;无害的;天真的,单纯的
参考例句:
  • I'm not quite so innocent as to believe that.我还不至于简单到相信那种事的地步。
  • I was very young,and very innocent.我那时非常年轻,幼稚无知。
11 impatiently gqnzdI     
adv.不耐烦地
参考例句:
  • Impatiently he cut short what I was telling him. 他不耐烦地打断了我的话。
  • The children wait impatiently for the vacation.孩子们焦急地等待着假期的来临。
12 dismissed dismissed     
v.解雇( dismiss的过去式和过去分词 );(使击球员或球队)退场;使退去;驳回
参考例句:
  • Vegetarians are no longer dismissed as cranks. 素食者不再被视为有怪癖的人。
  • He was dismissed for incompetence. 他因不称职而被解雇。
13 provided PkNzng     
conj.假如,若是;adj.预备好的,由...供给的
参考例句:
  • Provided it's fine we will have a pleasant holiday.如果天气良好,我们的假日将过得非常愉快。
  • I will come provided that it's not raining tomorrow.如果明天不下雨,我就来。
14 examination pn6xJ     
n.考试,考查,试题;检查,调查
参考例句:
  • Teachers always judge their students on the final examination.老师常根据期末考试来评价他们的学生。
  • He put up a good show in the final examination.他在期末考试中表现得不错。
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TAG标签:   新概念英语  第三册  lesso
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