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新概念英语第三册lesson 4 The double life of Alfred Bl

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Lesson 4:The double life of Alfred Bloggs
    阿尔弗雷德.布洛格斯的双重生活

Listen to the tape then answer the question below.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
Why did Alf want a white-collar job?

    These days, people who do manual1 work often receive far more money than people who work in offices. People who work in offices are frequently referred to as "white-collar workers' for the simple reason that they usually wear a collar and tie to go to work. Such is human nature, that a great many people are often willing to sacrifice higher pay for the privilege2 of becoming white-collar workers. This can give rise to curious situations, as it did in the case of Alfred Bloggs who worked as a dustman for the Ellesmere Corporation3.
    When he got married, Alf was too embarrassed to say anything to his wife about his job. He simply told her that he worked for the Corporation. Every morning, he left home dressed in a smart black suit. He then changed into overalls4 and spent the next eight hours as a dustman. Before returning home at night. He took a shower and changed back into his suit. Alf did this for over two years and his fellow dustmen kept his secret Alf's wife has never discovered that she married a dustman and she never will, for Alf has just found another job. He will soon be working in an office. He will be earning only half as much as he used to, but he feels that his rise in status is well worth the loss of money. From now on, he will wear a suit all day and others will call him 'Mr. Bloggs', not 'Alf'.

New words and expressions 生词和短语

     manual
adj. 体力的

    collar
n.  衣领

    sacrifice
v.  牺牲,献出

    privilege
n.  好处

    dustman
n.  清洁工

    corporation
n.  公司

    overalls
n.  工作服

    shower
n.  淋浴

    secret
n.  秘密

    status
n.  地位

参考译文

    如今,从事体力劳动的人的收入一般要比坐办公室的人高出许多。坐办公室的之所以常常被称作“白领工人”,就是因为他们通常是穿着硬领白衬衫,系着领带去上班。许多人常常情愿放弃较高的薪水以换取做白领工人的殊荣,此乃人之常情。而这常常会引起种种奇怪的现象,在埃尔斯米尔公司当清洁工的艾尔弗雷德.布洛斯就是一个例子。
    艾尔弗结婚时,感到非常难为情,而没有将自己的职业告诉妻子。他只说在埃尔斯米尔公司上班。每天早晨,他穿上一身漂亮的黑色西装离家上班,然后换上工作服,当8个小时清洁工。晚上回家前,他洗个淋浴,重新换上那身黑色西服。两年多以来,艾尔弗一直这样,他的同事也为他保守秘密。艾尔弗的妻子一直不知道她嫁给了一个清洁工,而且她永远也不会知道了,因为艾尔弗已找到薪职,不久就要坐办公室里工作了。他将来挣的钱只有他现在的一半。不过他觉得,地位升高了,损失点儿钱也值得。从此,艾尔弗可以一天到晚穿西服了。别人将称呼他为“布洛格斯先生”,而不再叫他“艾尔弗”了。

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  自学导读
Notes on the text课文注释

1  People who work in offices are frequently referred to as‘white-collar workers’, 那些坐在办公室的人,往往被称为“白领工人”。 white-collar workers往往指脑力劳动者,而体力劳动者则被称为 blue-collar workers, 蓝领工人。
2  for the simple reason that…这里 that引导的从句是 the reason的同位语。
3  Such is human nature, that…
such位于句首,起强调作用,后面要用倒装语序, that引导的是 such的同位语从句。
4  as it did in the case of Alfred Bloggs who… worked as a dustman for the Ellesmere Corporation. 正如给埃尔斯米尔公司当清洁工的艾尔弗雷德·布洛格斯的情况所造成的怪现象那样。 as it did中的 it是指上一句中that 从句所指的情况,而 did是替代give rise to curious situations。
5  half as much as he used to, 只相当于过去的一半。
Summary writing摘要写作
In not more than 80 words describe how Alfred Bloggs prevented his wife from finding5 out that he worked as a dustman. Do not include anything that is not in the last paragraph.
Answer these questions in note form to get your points:
1  What did Alfred Bloggs tell his wife when they got married?
2  How did he dress each morning before he left home?
3  Did he change into overalls or not?
4  How did he spend the day?
5  What did he do before going home at night?
6  For how long did this last?
7  Did his fellow dustmen keep his secret or not?
8  Will his wife ever learn the truth?
9  Where will her husband be working in future


Vocabulary词汇
Give another word or phrase to replace the following words as they are used in the passage: receive(1. 1); sacrifice(1. 5); privilege(1. 6);  curious(1. 7); embarrassed(1. 9); discovered(1. 13); status(1. 15).


Composition作文
Write a composition of about 200 words using the ideas given below. Do not write more than three paragraphs.
Title: Nearly caught.
Introduction: Alf and three other dustmen were collecting rubbish----arrived at Mrs. Frost's house.
Development: Alf's wife was visiting Mrs. Frost at the time----Alf was just getting out of the dustcart----saw his wife leaving Mrs. Frost's house----hid in dustcart----dustmen helped him----his wife talked to Mrs. Frost on the doorstep.
Conclusion: The dustcart drove away just as Mrs. Bloggs came towards it.


Letter writing书信写作
Write a letter of about 80 words to an acquaintance6 whom you do not know very well asking him to lend you a book you know he possesses. Supply a suitable Introduction and Conclusion.
Use the following ideas to write your Purpose: ask for loan7 of book----its title----Why you want it----how long you will keep it----you will take good care of it.


Key structures关键句型
What has happened?  What has been happening?  现在完成时与现在完成进行时(IKS 76)(参见第 2册第 76课关键句型)


Exercises练习
A  Find two verbs in the passage which tell us what has happened and note how they have been used.
B  Write sentences using each of the following words or phrases: since last April; up till now; just; ever; yet.


Special difficulties难点
A  Alf was too embarrassed to say anything to his wife. (1. 9)间接宾语(Compare ISD 3) (对比第2册第3课难点)
Study these examples:
He explained the difficulty to me.
I described the scene to my wife.
He said nothing to me about it.
Did you suggest this idea to him?
I confided8 the secret to my sister.
B  Words often misused9: Worth
Study these examples:
His rise in status is well worth the loss of money. (1. 15)
That film is not worth seeing. (Compare IKS 68a) (对比第2册第68课关键句型a)


Exercises练习
A  Write sentences using the following combinations10 of words:
1  describe/film/ aunt.
2  say/nothing/her.
3  explain/the position/me.
4  propose/idea/us.
B  Choose the correct words in the following:
1  (Is) (Does) it worth five pounds?
2  Is this worth(buying) (to buy)?
3  Your car(does) (is) not worth £ 5, 000.
4  I don't think it is worth(to go) (going) to all that trouble.


Multiple11 choice questions多项选择题
Choose the correct answers to the following questions.


Comprehension理解
1  What does the case of Alfred Bloggs illustrate12?
a.That people often care more about the status  of a job than the salary.
b.That‘white-collar workers' usually wear a suit to go to work.
c.That manual workers prefer to keep their job a secret.
d.That office workers usually earn less than manual workers.
2  What did Alfred Bloggs do for over two years?
a.He told his wife he worked for the Corporation, when in fact he did not.
b.He disguised13 himself as a dustman.
c.He led a double life.
d.He earned twice as much as he used to.
3  Why did Alfred Bloggs consider wearing a suit all day and being called‘Mr. Bloggs’so important?
a.His new job is worth more than his previous one in every respect.
b.He will no longer need a shower before returning home from work.
c.He can now tell his wife about his previous job without embarrassment14.
d.He feels that other people will respect him more.


Structure结构
4  They usually wear a collar and tie ______ …(1. 4)
a.as they work
b.to work
c.going to work
d.in order to work
5  Alf was ______ anything to his wife. (1. 9)
a.so embarrassed he said
b.very embarrassed and said
c.very embarrassed, so he said
d.so embarrassed he did not say
6  He told her that he worked for the Corporation ______ …(11. 9-10)
a.simply
b.in a simple way
c.and no more
d.only
7  Before he ______ home at night, he took a shower…(11. 11-12)
a.was returning
b.returned
c.had returned
d.will return
8  His earnings15 were only half the amount ______ …(1. 14)
a.as they used to
b.they used to
c.they used to be
d.they were used toVocabulary词汇
9  Manual workers often receive much higher ______ than people who work in offices. (11. 1-2)
a.gains
b.fees
c.payments17
d.wages
10  His ______ kept his secret. (1. 12)
a.brothers
b.workmates
c.companions
d.comrades18
11  His rise in status more than ______ the loss of money. (11. 14-15)
a.pays back
b.rewards
c.compensates20 for
d.values
12  He wanted to be ______ ‘Mr. Bloggs’, not‘Alf’. (11. 15-16)
a.addressed as
b.named
c.cried out
d.shouted


New words and expressions】 生词和短语

double:双重的
★manual
adj. 体力的
=physical
manual work: 体力工作
mental work: 脑力工作
★collar
n.  衣领
white-collar:白领(do mental work)
bule-collar: 蓝领(do manual work)
(get) hot underthe collar:怒气冲天
★sacrifice
v.  牺牲,献出
vt.……to give up for good purpose
sacrifice one's life for the country
sacrifice time
n.……
make many sacrifices
★privilege
n.  好处
=advantage
特权(special right)
牺牲掉自己的好处:
sacrifice one's advantage/privilege
特许某人做某事:
give sb.the privilege of doing sth.
privileged:(a.)荣幸的
★dustman
n.  清洁工
★corporation
n.  公司
★overalls
n.  工作服
★shower
n.  淋浴
★secret
n.  秘密
a. keep secret:保密
It's between you and me.
I'll keep it to myself.
confidential21:机密的
in secret:私下里
=secretly,in private,privately
I was told about it in secret.
in the secret:知道内情
He was in the secret form the beginning
★status
n.  地位
=social position
status
statue:雕像,塑像


课文讲解】

people who do manual work=>blue-collar workers
p  eople who work in offices/do mental work=>white-collar workers
for more money
far-副词用来加强语气==much
refer to...as = regard...as 把...看作为
I always refer to him as boolworm(书呆子)
for the simple reason=>for 引导的原因状语从句
for the reason that比because正式,因此多用于正式文体
human nature人性
such...that...
that引导同位语从句,进一步补充说明such的基本内涵
His kindness was such that we will never forget him.
=》Such was his kindness...
Such is human nature that we want to get a lot of things free.
介词for表示一种目的
be willing to do sth.=be ready to do sth.心甘情愿做
give rise to,lead to,cause:引起,惹起=result in
Such conduct might give rise to misunderstandings.
The bad conditions have given rise to a lot of crimes.
in the case of: 至于,就...而言=concerning
Stealing isno shame in the case of him.
in case of:(连)万一,以访
You should ensure your house in case of fire.
who引导定语从句
too embarrassed to say:太尴尬而没有说明
be ashamed of
get married
marry(v.)如果强调动作:He married the girl
如果表示状态:get married,be married
如果表明和某人已经结婚多长时间了:be married to sb
The old man has been married to his wife for 50 years.
too...to...:太...而不能
simply:副词,用来修饰限定动词told
dressed in a smart balck suit---形容词短语表示一种状态
He got to work dressed in a beautiful coat.
He left home wearing a smart balck suit.
changed into:换上
Before returning home=Before he returned home
在Before引导的时间状语从句中,return的逻辑主语和主句的主语he是保持一致的,所以这个时间状语是有介词Before和动名词搭配而成,相当于Before引导的时间状语从句。
如果运用动名词形式,动名词的逻辑主语必须是主句的主语
After gettting home,he had a good rest.
Before having dinner,he finished all his homework.
she never will=she will never discover the secret
在省略句式中,never要放在助动词之前
“will you go to see her?"
“I will never to to see her"/"no ,I never will."
half as much as (he used to)
half(a quarter,twice,three times)as .... as...---表示倍数
I won't marry a man who is twice as old as me.
We got three times as many people as we expected.
This room is about three times as large as that one.
...as(形容词或副词原形)as...:是...几倍
比...多几倍:...times(形容词或副词比较级)
This road is four times longer than that one.
=》This road is five times as long as that one.
is well worth the loss of money
What he obtained is well worth the loss of time.
well 副词用来加强语气,修饰形容词worth


Special difficulties】
A.英语中的许多动词不能以人作为宾语,只能代某物或某事,如果需要说明是某人就要用介词to
He told a story to me.=》He told me a story .
两类词汇:tell可以和双宾语搭配(指物的直接宾语;指人的间接宾语)
explain,say只能代一个(直接)宾语,在间接宾语前要介词to
She speaks English to her husband and Swedish to her children.
He admitted his guilt22 to the police.
Did you suggest this idea to him?
当直接宾语比较长或者是个从句时,通常放在间接宾语之后,但say除外。
I explained to him the impossibility of granting23 his request.
He comfessed to me that he had fallen asleep during the meeting.
B.“Worth"后面只能跟名词或动名词
His suggestion is worth considering.


  【Multiple choice questions】
(1)...a...
illustrate:阐明,阐述
“...a great many people are often willing to sacrifice higher pay for the privilege of becoming white-collar worker"
(2)...c...
double life
(3)...d...
"...he feels that his rise in status is well worth the loss of money"
Structure
(4)...b...
to go 可以省略
They usually go to
work wearing a collar and tie.
(5)...d...
"Alfred was too embarrassed to say anything to his wife about his job."
too...to(不定式to表示否定)
so...that:“如此,以致于”(在that引导的结果状语从句中,如果采用否定式,可以和too...to 互换)
The water is too hot for us to dringk.
==》The water is so hot that we can't drink.
(6)...C...
"He simply told her that he worker of the Corporation"
simply :副词“仅仅是,再没有别的了”=only,just
无论是simply,only还是just,往往用在主体词之前
I did it simply/only for the money
I don't like driving.I do it simply /only because I have to go to work each day.
and no more ……放句尾
in a simple way: 简单地,简朴地
She was always dressed in a simple way.
(7)...b...
如果主、从的主语一致,可用介词和动名词形式搭配
Before returning home...
before---连接词,引导时间状语从句
Before he returned home...
before 引导的从句,常用一般现在时或一般过去时,不用进行时。
(8)...c...
"half as much as it used to be"
the amount 要用定语从句进行限定
used to: 当主句的谓语动词是行为动词时,之后的动词必须省略掉
used to be: 当主句的谓语动词是系动词时,之后必须带有系动词be.
I feel the summers are hotter that they used to be
I feel you are much fatter than you used to be.
(9)...d...
gain: 获利,赢得(表示通过努力)~time,~reputation,~speed,~height
fee: (为专业服务支付的)费用 doctor's ~s,the lawyer's ~s
pay for my university fees
payment16: (商业、信贷)支付的款项(正式)
wages: (体力劳动者的)工资
salary: (白领的)薪水
(10)...b...
companion:同伴
(11)...c...
"well worth the loss of money"
pay back: 偿还,报复
reward:酬劳
value:价值
Compensate19 for=make up for:弥补
Vacabulary
(12)...a...
"call"
name: 命名
cry out:喊叫
shout: 喊


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 manual 4BXxm     
adj.手工的,体力的;n.手册,指南,键盘
参考例句:
  • The majority of men there earn their living by manual labour.那里绝大多数人靠体力劳动谋生。
  • The school offers manual training to the pupils.该校为学生开设手工课。
2 privilege v1YzL     
n.特权,优惠,特许;v.给予优惠,给予特权
参考例句:
  • Of course,no country has the privilege of fishing in our coastal water.当然,在我国的领海内没有一个国家有捕鱼的特权。
  • He never abuses his privilege.他从不滥用特权。
3 corporation Vozzl     
n.公司,企业&n.社团,团体
参考例句:
  • The company has gone into partnership with Swiss Bank Corporation. 这家公司已经和瑞士银行公司建立合作关系。
  • The inflation did the corporation up. 通货膨胀使这个公司破产了。
4 overalls 2mCz6w     
n.(复)工装裤;长罩衣
参考例句:
  • He is in overalls today.他今天穿的是工作裤。
  • He changed his overalls for a suit.他脱下工装裤,换上了一套西服。
5 finding 5tAzVe     
n.发现,发现物;调查的结果
参考例句:
  • The finding makes some sense.该发现具有一定的意义。
  • That's an encouraging finding.这是一个鼓舞人心的发现。
6 acquaintance Fy8zI     
n.认识,相识,了解;相识的人,熟人
参考例句:
  • When did you make the acquaintance of his brother?你是什么时候认识他兄弟的?
  • I have only a nodding acquaintance with him.我和他只有点头之交。
7 loan w0RxB     
n.贷款;借出的东西;借;vt.借出;贷予
参考例句:
  • I asked the bank to help me with a loan.我请银行给我一笔贷款。
  • Has the bank okayed your request for a loan?银行批准你的贷款要求了吗?
8 confided 724f3f12e93e38bec4dda1e47c06c3b1     
v.吐露(秘密,心事等)( confide的过去式和过去分词 );(向某人)吐露(隐私、秘密等)
参考例句:
  • She confided all her secrets to her best friend. 她向她最要好的朋友倾吐了自己所有的秘密。
  • He confided to me that he had spent five years in prison. 他私下向我透露,他蹲过五年监狱。 来自《简明英汉词典》
9 misused 8eaf65262a752e371adfb992201c1caf     
v.使用…不当( misuse的过去式和过去分词 );把…派作不正当的用途;虐待;滥用
参考例句:
  • He misused his dog shamefully. 他可耻地虐待自己的狗。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He had grossly misused his power. 他严重滥用职权。 来自《简明英汉词典》
10 combinations 9256e4c379ff4a504a88c567d54dcb97     
n.合作( combination的名词复数 );密码组合;联合体;排列
参考例句:
  • The music students are learning how to score tunes for various combinations. 学音乐的学生把曲调改编为各种器乐组曲。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Some antigens, or combinations of antigens, are much more potent than others. 某些抗原或者联合抗原可比其它抗原作用强得多。 来自辞典例句
11 multiple kFCxf     
adj.多个(或多项、多种)的;n.(数)倍数
参考例句:
  • The number 8 is a multiple of 4.八是四的倍数。
  • The most common multiple births are twins,two babies born at the same time.最常见的多胎是双胞胎,两个婴儿同时出生。
12 illustrate IaRxw     
v.举例说明,阐明;图解,加插图
参考例句:
  • The company's bank statements illustrate its success.这家公司的银行报表说明了它的成功。
  • This diagram will illustrate what I mean.这个图表可说明我的意思。
13 disguised c6a7d15693cd63659e0649b77cca4491     
v.假扮( disguise的过去式和过去分词 );化装;伪装;掩盖
参考例句:
  • The hijackers were heavily disguised. 劫持者伪装得严严实实。
  • The chieftain of that country is disguised as a benefactor this time. 那个国家的首领这一次伪装出一副施恩者的姿态。 来自《简明英汉词典》
14 embarrassment fj9z8     
n.尴尬;使人为难的人(事物);障碍;窘迫
参考例句:
  • She could have died away with embarrassment.她窘迫得要死。
  • Coughing at a concert can be a real embarrassment.在音乐会上咳嗽真会使人难堪。
15 earnings rrWxJ     
n.工资收人;利润,利益,所得
参考例句:
  • That old man lives on the earnings of his daughter.那个老人靠他女儿的收入维持生活。
  • Last year there was a 20% decrease in his earnings.去年他的收入减少了20%。
16 payment qL4xJ     
n.付款,支付,偿还,偿还,报应
参考例句:
  • I gave ten pounds in payment for the goods I bought.我买那些东西付了10英镑。
  • This last payment will wipe out your debt to me.这最后一笔付款将了结你欠我的债务。
17 payments 84d5eaf713c96eecb3d2c4a83e64dc9a     
n.支付,付款,缴纳,报酬( payment的名词复数 );付出的[要付出的]款项;报答,报偿
参考例句:
  • Welfare payments cease as soon as an individual starts a job. 一旦就业,即停发福利救济。
  • The law can compel fathers to make regular payments for their children. 这项法律可强制父亲定期支付子女的费用。
18 comrades 28d2de921bcc0478da3789e7d35f9a24     
n.亲密的伙伴( comrade的名词复数 );战友;朋友;同志
参考例句:
  • They were old army comrades. 他们是部队的老战友。
  • In conclusion she wished her comrades every success in their work. 最后她祝同志们工作顺利。 来自《简明英汉词典》
19 compensate AXky7     
vt.补偿,赔偿;酬报 vi.弥补;补偿;抵消
参考例句:
  • She used her good looks to compensate her lack of intelligence. 她利用她漂亮的外表来弥补智力的不足。
  • Nothing can compensate for the loss of one's health. 一个人失去了键康是不可弥补的。
20 compensates 66643d75881387c68c4962ba4b92c1c9     
补偿,报酬( compensate的第三人称单数 ); 给(某人)赔偿(或赔款)
参考例句:
  • The company compensates her for extra work. 公司因她的额外工作而给她报酬。
  • A vertical spring compensates for the weight of the sensing element. 用一根垂直弹簧补偿敏感元件的负荷。
21 confidential MOKzA     
adj.秘(机)密的,表示信任的,担任机密工作的
参考例句:
  • He refused to allow his secretary to handle confidential letters.他不让秘书处理机密文件。
  • We have a confidential exchange of views.我们推心置腹地交换意见。
22 guilt 9e6xr     
n.犯罪;内疚;过失,罪责
参考例句:
  • She tried to cover up her guilt by lying.她企图用谎言掩饰自己的罪行。
  • Don't lay a guilt trip on your child about schoolwork.别因为功课责备孩子而使他觉得很内疚。
23 granting c66e6a9141df63cf8936d788f3c161af     
v.(退一步)承认( grant的现在分词 );(尤指正式地或法律上)同意;准许;让渡
参考例句:
  • The boss called the foreman on the carpet for granting sick leave to a worker without first asking for permission. 老板训斥那个工头未经事先请示就擅自批准一个工人的病假。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • I thank you for the great favour which you have shown me in granting my petition. 承蒙大家同意了我的请求,多谢诸位的盛情。 来自英汉文学 - 败坏赫德莱堡
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TAG标签:   新概念英语  第三册
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