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新概念英语第三册lesson 12 Life on a desert island

时间:2005-04-24 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yaopf   字体: [ ]
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Lesson 12
        Life on a desert island
              荒岛生活
Listen to the tape then answer the question below.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
What was exceptional about the two men's stay on the desert island?

    Most of us have formed an unrealistic picture of life on a desert island. We sometimes imagine a desert island to be a sort of paradise where the sun always shines. Life there is simple and good. Ripe fruit falls from the trees and you never have to work. The other side of the picture is quite the opposite. Life on a desert island is wretched. You either starve to death or live like Robinson Crusoe, Waiting for a boat which never comes. Perhaps there is an element of truth in both these pictures, but few us have had the opportunity to find out.
    Two men who recently spent five days on a coral island wished they had stayed there longer. They were taking a badly damaged boat from the Virgin1 Islands to Miami to have it repaired. During the journey, their boat began to sink. They quickly loaded a small rubber dinghy with food, matches, and cans of beer and rowed for a few miles across the Caribbean until they arrived at a tiny coral island. There were hardly any trees on the island and there was no water, but this did not prove to be a problem. The men collected rainwater in the rubber dinghy. As they had brought a spear gun with them, they had plenty to eat. They caught lobster2 and fish every day,and, as one of them put it 'ate like kings'. When a passing tanker3 rescued them five days later, both men were genuinely sorry that they had to leave.

New words and expressions 生词和短语

     desert island
     荒岛

     unrealistic
adj. 不真实

     paradise
n.   天堂,乐士

     wretched
adj. 可怜的,艰苦的

     starve
v.   挨饿

     element
n.   成分

     opportunity
n.   机会

     coral
n.   珊瑚

     Virgin Islands
     维尔京群岛

     Miami
n.   迈阿密(美国最南的城市)

     dinghy
n.   救生筏,小船

     Caribbean
n.   加勒比海

     spear gun
     捕鱼枪

     lobster
n.   龙虾

     tanker
n.   油轮

     genuinely
adv. 由衷地

     Robinson Crusoe
     鲁滨孙.克鲁索(小说《鲁滨孙漂流记》主人公)

参考译文

    我们许多人对于荒岛生活有一种不切实际的想法。我们有时想象荒岛是阳光终日普照的天堂。在那里,生活简单又美好。成熟的水果从树上掉下来,人们根本无需劳动。另一种想法恰恰相反,认为荒岛生活很可怕,要么饿死,要么像鲁滨孙那样,天天盼船来,却总没见船影。也许,这两种都像都有可信之处。但很少有人能有机会去弄个究竟。
    最近有两个人在一座珊瑚岛上呆了5天,他们真希望在那儿再多呆一些日子。他们驾着一条严重损坏的小船从维尔京群岛阿密修理。途中,船开始下沉,他们迅速把食物、火柴、罐装啤酒往一只救生筏上装。然后在加勒比海上划行了几英里,到了一座珊瑚岛上。岛上几乎没有一颗树,也没有淡水,但这不算什么问题。他们用像皮艇蓄积雨水。由于他们随身带了一支捕鱼枪,因此,吃饭不愁。他们天天捕捉龙虾和鱼,正如其中一位所说,吃得“像国王一样好”。5天后,一条油轮从那儿路过,搭救了他们。这二位不得不离开那个荒岛时,还真的感到遗憾呢!
 

新概念英语正版图书购买

 

  自学导读
Notes on the text课文注释

1  imagine…to be…,作“想像……是……”,“设想……是……”讲。不定式to be引起的短语作宾语补足语。
2  quite the opposite,完全相反,截然不同。
3  starve to death,饿死。
4  …wished they had stayed there longer.
……还真希望在那里多呆些日子。wish引起的宾语从句常用虚拟语气。
5  as one of them put it,正如其中一位所说的。


  Multiple choice questions多项选择题
Choose the correct answers to the following questions.
Comprehensjon理解
1  In what way are the pictures we form of life on a desert island unreal?
a.They fail to present the wretchedness of such a situation.
b.We forget that we would be too weak to work and only imagine the pleasure of idleness.
c.They are either unduly4 optimistic or unduly pessimistic.
d.They lack any truth at all as most of us have never visited one.
2  What was the equipment the men had brought that proved essential to their survival?
a.Tools with which they had been going to repair their boat.
b.Food, matches and tins of beer.
c.Rainwater, lobster and fish.
d.A spear gun and a rubber dinghy.
3  What made the men wish to stay on the desert island?
a.Discovering how pleasant life can be fending6 for oneself.
b.Having seen very few trees and no rainwater on the coral island.
c.The fact that they were able to eat the same food as kings eat.
d.Knowing they no longer needed to take their boat to Miami for repair.
Structure结构
4  We sometimes think of a desert island ______ a sort of paradise. (1.2)
a.to be
b.as being
c.is
d.be
5  But ______ have had the opportunity to find out. (11.7-8)
a.we few
b.hardly anybody
c.little people
d.not many
6  After ______ a few miles across the Caribbean, they arrived at a small coral island. (11.11-12)
a.they rowed
b.rowed
c.rowing
d.to row
7  ______ were scarce there and there was no water. (11.12-13)
a.The trees
b.Trees
c.Any trees
d.Trees on the island
8  Both men genuinely regretted ______ . (1.16)
a.their leave
b.to have to leave
c.having to leave
d.they must have leftVocabulary词汇
9  A desert island is ______ place. (11.1-2)
a.an unpopular
b.an uninhabited
c.a deserted7
d.a barren
10  The other side of the picture is ______ different. (11.4-5)
a.naturally
b.rather
c.really
d.entirely8
11  But this was not ______ to be a problem. (1.13)
a.demonstrated
b.thought
c.shown
d.found
12  And, as one of them ______ it, they‘ate like kings’. (1.15)
a.expressed
b.placed
c.told
d.said


  【New words and expressions】 生词和短语
★desert island
荒岛
desert: 沙漠 背弃,遗弃
dessert: 甜点
★unrealistic
adj. 不真实
★paradise
n.   天堂,乐士
A lot of people imagine the USA as their paradise.
heaven: 天堂,天国,也指死亡
★wretched
adj. 可怜的,艰苦的
miserable9
lead a wretched/miserable/terrible life
★starve
v.   挨饿
starve to death
★element
n.   成分
★opportunity
n.   机会
golden opportunity
Opportunity knocks only once.
chance: 表机会时可以与opportunity互换,表可能性时则不可
There is  a chance that I will see him
The chances are that he will be elected the president.
+of,to
★coral
n.   珊瑚
★Virgin Islands
维尔京群岛
★Miami
n.   迈阿密(美国最南的城市)
★dinghy
n.   救生筏,小船
★Caribbean
n.   加勒比海
★spear gun
捕鱼枪
★lobster
n.   龙虾
★tanker
n.   油轮
★genuinely
adv. 由衷地
He is genuinely thankful to me
genuine(adj.)
(n.)genuineness
★Robinson Crusoe
鲁滨孙.克鲁索(小说《鲁滨孙漂流记》主人公)             荒岛生活


  【课文讲解】
form an unrealistic picture of sth.: 对……抱有不切实际的幻想
A large number of people have formed an unrealistic picture of the job.
imagine sth.to be./imagine sth.as
quite the opposite: 恰恰相反
Either you or I am going to the party.
谓语动词和最接近的主语保持一致
an element of truth: a bit of truth
optimistic: 乐观的
pessimistic: 消极的,悲观的
wish在谓语动词,其后的宾语从句中要使用虚拟语气
虚拟语气的结构形式取决于所表达的实际情况
如果表达对现在的遗憾或现在相反的情况,that从句中的动词要采用过去时,be 动词要用were
如果表达对过去的遗憾或过去相反的情况,that从句中的动词要采用过去完成时
I wish I hadn't spent so much money.
I wish that you had written to him
如果表达与将来事实相反的情况或将来不可能实现的心愿,that从句中要使用would ,could 等情态动词的过去时
I wish that I could go abroad tomorrow.
I wish that you could come here tomorrow
if only要比wish更富有戏剧性和感情色彩
If only the weather would change.
I wish the weather would change.
We wish that we knew where to look for him.
If only we knew where to look for him.
If only we could have gone to the party.
If only you hadn't said that.
If only you would come here tommorrow.
have sth.repaired
load with: 把……装载到……上
The workers are loading the truck with goods.
unload: 卸
hardly any: very little/few
Hardly anybody likes him because he is so rude.
You hardly eat anything,what's wrong?
prove to be=turn out to be
put: express
If only we could have stayed on the desert island a little bit longer.


  【Special difficulties】
wish,if only;
(1) ...had bought it...
显然说明的是过去的情况 "was"
(2) ...couldn't/wouldn't make such noise...
(3) ...were here...
强调“他在这儿,该有多好”
运用be动词,说明现在情况相反的概念
无论什么人称,be动词应该使用were
(4) ...could play the piano as well...
(5) ...had studied hard then...
"studied" ---过去式
(6) ...hadn't mentioned it to him...
"mentioned" -- 过去式


  【Multiple choice questions】
(1) ...C...
要么是过度乐观,要么是过度的悲观
(2) ...d...
essential = very necessary 绝对必要的,必不可缺的
(3) ...a...
fend5 for oneself: 独立的照料某人
虚拟语气
(4) ...b...
think of sb./sth.as: 把某人、某事看作为...
(5) ...d...
"few of us": 我们当中,没有几个人
(6) ...c...
after介词,其后要和名词、动名词搭配
and前后连接的并列成分,时态是应该相呼应的。
"They quickly loaded a small rubber dinghy with food,matches,and cans of beer and rowed for a few miles across the Caribean until they arrived at tiny coral island" 一般过去时的形式
after引导的时间状语从句,表示动作在前
(7) ...c...
在表示类指概念的时候,可以采用名词的复数形式;或者运用名词的单数形式,注意冠词的修饰。 (a tree,the tree)
Refrigerators are useful.== A refrigerator is useful.
(8) ...c...
为做过的事情后悔:regret + 动名词
(9) ...b...
inhabited: 有人居住的
uninhabited:无人居住的
unpopular:不流行的
barren: 贫瘠的
(10) ...d...
完全不同的
(11) ...d...
;  "this did not prove to be a problem"
觉得、发现某人或某事怎么样:find sb./sth. to be
They found the trip to be interesting/very exciting.
某人或某事被发现怎么样 ……常用被动语态
The car is found to be beautiful.
demonstrate: 论证,表明,举行,示威
(12) ...a...
"as one of them put it"


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 virgin phPwj     
n.处女,未婚女子;adj.未经使用的;未经开发的
参考例句:
  • Have you ever been to a virgin forest?你去过原始森林吗?
  • There are vast expanses of virgin land in the remote regions.在边远地区有大片大片未开垦的土地。
2 lobster w8Yzm     
n.龙虾,龙虾肉
参考例句:
  • The lobster is a shellfish.龙虾是水生贝壳动物。
  • I like lobster but it does not like me.我喜欢吃龙虾,但它不适宜于我的健康。
3 tanker xqawA     
n.油轮
参考例句:
  • The tanker took on 200,000 barrels of crude oil.油轮装载了二十万桶原油。
  • Heavy seas had pounded the tanker into three parts.汹涌的巨浪把油轮撞成三载。
4 unduly Mp4ya     
adv.过度地,不适当地
参考例句:
  • He did not sound unduly worried at the prospect.他的口气听上去对前景并不十分担忧。
  • He argued that the law was unduly restrictive.他辩称法律的约束性有些过分了。
5 fend N78yA     
v.照料(自己),(自己)谋生,挡开,避开
参考例句:
  • I've had to fend for myself since I was 14.我从十四岁时起就不得不照料自己。
  • He raised his arm up to fend branches from his eyes.他举手将树枝从他眼前挡开。
6 fending 18e37ede5689f2fb4bd69184c75f11f5     
v.独立生活,照料自己( fend的现在分词 );挡开,避开
参考例句:
  • He is always spending his time fending with the neighbors. 他总是与邻里们吵架。 来自互联网
  • Fifth, it is to build safeguarding system and enhance the competence in fending off the risk. 五是建立政策保障体系,提高防范和抵御风险的能力。 来自互联网
7 deserted GukzoL     
adj.荒芜的,荒废的,无人的,被遗弃的
参考例句:
  • The deserted village was filled with a deathly silence.这个荒废的村庄死一般的寂静。
  • The enemy chieftain was opposed and deserted by his followers.敌人头目众叛亲离。
8 entirely entirely     
ad.全部地,完整地;完全地,彻底地
参考例句:
  • The fire was entirely caused by their neglect of duty. 那场火灾完全是由于他们失职而引起的。
  • His life was entirely given up to the educational work. 他的一生统统献给了教育工作。
9 miserable g18yk     
adj.悲惨的,痛苦的;可怜的,糟糕的
参考例句:
  • It was miserable of you to make fun of him.你取笑他,这是可耻的。
  • Her past life was miserable.她过去的生活很苦。
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