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新概念英语第三册lesson 13 "It's only me'

时间:2005-04-24 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yaopf   字体: [ ]
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Lesson 13: "It's only me'
          “是我,别害怕”
         
Listen to the tape then answer the question below.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
What did the man expect to find under the stairs?

    After her husband had gone to work. Mrs. Richards sent her children to school and went upstairs to her bedroom. She was too excited to do any housework that morning, for in the evening she would be going to a fancy-dress party with her husband. She intended to dress up as a ghost and as she had made her costume the night before, she was impatient to try it on. Though the costume consisted only of a sheet, it was very effective. After putting it on, Mrs. Richards went downstairs. She wanted to find out whether it would be comfortable to wear.
    Just as Mrs. Richards was entering the dinning1 room, there was a knock on the front door. She knew that it must be the baker2. She had told him to come straight in if ever she failed to open the door and to leave the bread on the kitchen table. Not wanting to frighten the poor man, Mrs. Richards quickly hid in the small storeroom under the stairs. She heard the front door open and heavy footsteps in the hall. Suddenly the door of the storeroom was opened and a man entered. Mrs. Richards realized that it must be the man from the Electricity Board who had come to read the meter. She tried to explain the situation, saying 'It's only me', but it was too late. The man let out cry and jumped back several paces. When Mrs. Richards walked towards him, he fled, slamming the door behind him.

New words and expressions 生词和短语

     costume
n.   化装服

     consist
v.   由……组成

     sheet
n.   被单

     effective
adj. 有明显效果的,有作用的

     meter

n.   电表

     pace
n.   一步

     flee (fled, fled)
v.   逃走

     slam
v.   砰地关上


参考译文

    理查兹夫人等丈夫上班走后,把孩子送去上学,然后来到楼上自己的卧室。那天上午,她兴奋得什么家务活都不想做,因为晚上她要同丈夫一起参加一个化装舞会。她打算装扮成鬼的模样。头天晚上她已把化装服做好,这时她急于想试试。尽管化装服仅由一个被单制成,却十分逼真。理查兹夫人穿上化装服后下了楼,想看穿起来是否舒服。
    理查兹夫人刚刚走进餐厅,前门就传来敲门声。她知道来了一定面包师。她曾告诉过面包师,如果她不去开门,他可直接进门,把面包放在厨房的桌上。理查兹夫人不想吓唬这个可怜人,便赶紧躲到了楼梯下的小储藏室里。她听见前门被打开,走廊里响起重重的脚步声。突然贮藏门开了,一个男人走了进来。理查兹夫人这才想到一定是供电局来人查电表了。她说了声“是我,别怕!”然后想进行一番解释,但已来不及了。那人大叫了一声,惊退了几步。理查兹夫人朝他走去,只见他“砰”的一声关上门逃走了。

新概念英语正版图书购买

 

  自学导读
Notes on the text课文注释

1  would be going, 是过去将来进行时,用来表示过去预计将要发生的动作。
2  fancy-dress party化装舞会。
3  dress up as, 化装成……。
4  try it on, it指costume, try on是“试穿”、“试戴”。
5  just as…, 正当……的时候。
6  She had told him to come straight in if ever she failed to open the door and to leave the bread on the kitchen table. 她曾告诉过他,如果她没去开门,他可直接进来,把面包放在厨房的桌子上。if ever在条件句中表示强调,可译作“任何时候”。to come straight in指“直接进来”。
7  Not wanting to frighten the poor man, 不想去吓唬这个可怜的人。这是现在分词短语的否定形式,作目的状语。


  Multiple choice questions多项选择题
Choose the correct answers to the following questions.
Comprehension 理解
1  Mrs. Richards went upstairs because ______ .
a.she did not need to do any housework
b.she still had to finish the costume she was going to wear
c.she wanted to change her clothes before doing the housework
d.she wanted to change into her fancy-dress costume
2  Mrs. Richards did not go to the door because ______ .
a.she was upstairs changing her clothes
b.she did not want to make a bad impression on the baker
c.she thought the baker might be taken in by her disguise3
d.the baker had already left the bread on the kitchen table
3  By saying‘It's only me’, Mrs. Richards hoped ______ .
a.the man would realize she was alone
b.to persuade the man he was seeing a ghost
c.the man would recognize her
d.the man would not close the door of the storeroom
Structure结构
4  After her husband had gone to work and the children ______ to school, she went upstairs…(11.1-2)
a.had sent
b.were sent
c.had been sent
d.were sending
5  She wanted to find out how ______ to wear. (1.8)
a.comfortable it was
b.comfortable it would be
c.it was comfortable
d.it would be comfortable
6  ______ to frighten the poor man, Mrs. Richards quickly hid under the stairs. (11.11-12)
a.Not anxious about
b.Anxious not
c.Being not anxious
d.Not being anxious for
7  Trying to explain the situation, she ______ ‘It's only me’. (1.14)
a.was saying
b.said
c.had said
d.has been saying
8  On seeing Mrs. Richards ______ towards him, he fled. (11.15-16)
a.to walk
b.having walked
c.walk
d.walkedVocabulary词汇
9  ______ Mrs. Richards was entering the dining room…(1.9)
a.At the very moment
b.So long as
c.Only when
d.During the time
10  ----if she ever ______ the door and to leave the bread…(11.10-11)
a.missed opening
b.forgot to open
c.did not succeed in opening
d.happened not to open
11  It was the man from the Electricity Board who had come to take a metre- ______ . (11.13-14)
a.reading
b.measurement
c.regulation
d.study
12  The man ______ a cry. (1.15)
a.escaped
b.gave
c.left
d.shouted


  【New words and expressions】 生词和短语
★costume
n.   化装服
costume ball: 化妆舞会
costume party:
fancy(dress) party
suit: 西装,西服
dress: 裙子
★consist
v.   由……组成
consist of...(表示被动概念)
== be made up of
== comprise……整体由部分所构成
be composed of  ---强调有什么成分所组成
Water is composed of oxygen and hydrogen
constitute4 ---- 由部分构成整体
G.B and Northern Ireland constitute The United Kingdom.
The committee consists of 10 members.
= Ten members constitute the committee.
Our class consists of 100 students.
== Our class is made up of more than 100 students.
The United Kingdom consists of G.B and Northern Ireland.
== The United Kingdom comprises G.B and Northern Ireland.
The house consists of six rooms.
★sheet
n.   被单
★effective
adj. 有明显效果的,有作用的
The costume is quite effective.
His words was effective.
influential5: 有潜移默化影响力的
What our parents do is influential to children.
efficacious: (医药)有效的,灵验的
The drug is efficaious
fruitful: 有成效的
Their experiment is fruitful.
★comfortable
adj. 舒适的
反义词:uncomfortable
comfort:(n)舒适 (a.)安慰
discomfort:(n.)不舒适
In spite6 of discomforts7 he is determined8 to stay here.
★storeroom
n.   储藏室
★electricity
n.   电
★metre
n.   电表
★pace
n.   一步
★flee (fled, fled)
v.   逃走
flee:(vt./vi.)(总称)泛泛强调逃离危险的禁地
escape: 逃出监狱,逃出牢笼
(vt.)逃掉,逃出
The people fled in panic when the bull9 got loose.
He was able to escape from the house.
I am sorry your name escaped me.
They tried to escape death.
★slam
v.   砰地关上
slam the door
同义词:bang


课文讲解】
  too ... to:太...而不能
不定式to,在大部分情况下,表示否定概念
not/never too ... to: 并不太...所以能够
One is never too old to learn 活到老,学到老。
The question is not too difficult for me to answer.
如果在副词too前发现修饰语all,but,only,不定式to的概念也是肯定的。
They are all too satisfied to work with you.
I am only too glad to have someone to speak to.
He was but too eager to get home.
fancy-dress paty = costume party
intended to = mean to:有什么打算,意图
dress up as: 化妆成为
the night before: 前一个晚上(以过去的某一个时间为基准点)
last night: 昨天晚上(以现在为基准点)
The night before she got everything ready.
she was impatient(eager,anxious) to try it on.
be impatient to do sth: 急于要做某事,迫不及待
=eager,anxious,hungry,thirsty,desperate,can't wait(口语)
try on :试穿
After putting it on: 穿上以后
动词不定式to wear,用来修饰说明comfortable,作它的状语
The book is difficult to read.
The dress is easy to wash.
Your handwriting is easy to recognize.
It would be comfortable(for her)to wear
It is easy for me to read
主动形式——表达被动概念
The music is sweet to hear.
The machine needs repairing.
"需要..."被动概念,用:need,want和动名词形式直接搭配
The dictionary is worth buying.
The book is worth reading.
The house is under construction
The puma10 is under control
The problem is under discussion
The thief is under arrest.
介词under表达被动的意味
The airport came into use again.
came into use: 不及物动词短语
Our time has already gone to use.(浪费掉,付诸东流)
She is respectable11 person.(被尊敬的人)
-able 形容词后缀,跟在动词后表达"能够被...的"
This is a returnable bottle.
"由...所组成": consist of,comprise本身表达被动概念,结构形式为主动
there was a knock on the front door: 有人敲门
come in :进来
straight: 直接地,径直地
if even --- ever 用于条件句,表示任何时候,任何场合
=when ever
If ever you see George give him my best regards.
When ever he is in trouble I'll be on the spot.
Not wanting ……分词的否定结构形式,做原因状语
多用于句首;也可插入句中,主谓之间
Not wanting to make her nervous,the doctor didn't fully12 explain the seriousness of condition.
= The doctor,not wanting to make her nervous,didn't fully explain the seriousness of her condition.
read the metre; 查电表
saying……现在分词做伴随状语
let out a cry: 大叫了一声
=utter/give a cry
jump back several paces 后退了好几步
slamming……现在分词作方式状语或伴随状语,说明fled的情况


Special difficulties】
wear
形容词+动词不定式
He was delighted to learn that...
I was glad to hear that...
He was anxious to leave...
感情形容词后的不定式通常是表示原因,在句中做原因状语
happy;relieved;astonished;amazed;surprised;horrified;
disappointed;sad;embarrassed;shocked
He was frightened when he saw the snake
He was frightened to see the snake.
I was sor  ry when I learnt that...
I was sorry to learn that...
不定式也可以放在表语之后,主语是不定式的实际宾语
The car is hard to park
Some questions are awkward13 to answer.
在少数几个动词后,可用作结果不定式
learn;find;see;hear;be told
He lived to see his inventions come to success.
He woke up to find everyone gone.
He went to his house only to find him out.
在不定式前加only,表示意想不到的,出乎意料的结果
He hurried to the post office only to find it was shut(closed)


  【Multiple choice questions】
1...because...D
She wanted to know whether that costume was comfortable to wear.
2...because...C
take sb.in 使某人信以为真,让某人上当
disguise伪装
At that moment,she was dressed up as a ghost.She didn't want to frighten the poor man,She hid as quickly as possible in the small storeroom under the stairs.
3...hoped...C
Key structure
4...C
and前后连接时态要呼应,表示并列关系
5...B
how修饰限定形容词
At that moment,she hadn't put on the costume.
6...B
...not wanting to frighten the poor man.
动词不定式的否定形式是在动词不定式符号之前直接加否定词not,never
anxious形容词做原因状语
7...B
强调过去的一个动作
8...C
see sb.do sth看见某人做某事
做宾语补足语时,不定式符号to被省略
9...A
at the very moment 就在此刻
as long as/so long as 用来引导条件句,表示只要
You can go out as long as you pormise to be back before 11 o'clock
only when 引导时间状语从句
10...D
miss+动名词,表示错过做什么事情
I don't want to miss seeing that film on television tongight
forgot to do sth表示忘记去做某事
Yesterday ,I forgot to lock the door.
succeed in doing sth.表示成功做了某事
if..happen to...表示某事偶然发生
If you happen to pass the baker's,pick me up a brown loaf,would you?
If you happen to finish the work early give me a ring.
11...A
reading 表示仪表或者仪器上的指数、读数
What are the temperature readings for the week?
take a metre-reading 读电表上的数字
measurement 测量尺寸、大小调节稳定
What's your waist measurement?
regulation 调节;regulation of body heat体温调节
12...B
let out 发出;give
shout 高呼,高喊;有目的的
shout to sb 对某人高声喊
shout at sb.对某人大喊大叫
Don't shout at the elders.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 dinning a447670d57bab426d50cd980de7afa72     
vt.喧闹(din的现在分词形式)
参考例句:
  • The cries of his tormentors were still dinning in his ears. 使他痛苦的人们的叫嚣仍然在他的耳际震响。 来自辞典例句
  • The meals in the artistic little dinning-room were pleasant. 在雅致的小餐厅里吃饭是一种享受。 来自辞典例句
2 baker wyTz62     
n.面包师
参考例句:
  • The baker bakes his bread in the bakery.面包师在面包房内烤面包。
  • The baker frosted the cake with a mixture of sugar and whites of eggs.面包师在蛋糕上撒了一层白糖和蛋清的混合料。
3 disguise 9lbzE     
vt.把...假扮起来;n.伪装物,假装,伪装
参考例句:
  • He went about in the disguise of a sailor.他伪装成海员到处流窜。
  • It is impossible to disguise the fact that business is bad.生意不好这件事无法隐瞒。
4 constitute PZDyx     
vt.组成,构成,形成,设立,建立,任命
参考例句:
  • A whole consists of parts,the parts constitute the whole.整体由部分组成,部分构成整体。
  • The company will constitute you captain of the ship.公司将任命你担任这艘船的船长。
5 influential l7oxK     
adj.有影响的,有权势的
参考例句:
  • He always tries to get in with the most influential people.他总是试图巴结最有影响的人物。
  • He is a very influential man in the government.他在政府中是个很有影响的人物。
6 spite uv7wD     
n.(用于短语)虽然,不顾,尽管
参考例句:
  • He has modern ideas in spite of his great age.尽管他年事很高,但思想观念却很入时。
  • In spite of his anger,his remarks were restrained.他尽管生气,说的话还是有节制的。
7 discomforts 21153f1ed6fc87cfc0ae735005583b36     
n.不舒适( discomfort的名词复数 );不愉快,苦恼
参考例句:
  • Travellers in space have to endure many discomforts in their rockets. 宇宙旅行家不得不在火箭中忍受许多不舒适的东西 来自《用法词典》
  • On that particular morning even these discomforts added to my pleasure. 在那样一个特定的早晨,即使是这种种的不舒适也仿佛给我增添了满足感。 来自辞典例句
8 determined duszmP     
adj.坚定的;有决心的
参考例句:
  • I have determined on going to Tibet after graduation.我已决定毕业后去西藏。
  • He determined to view the rooms behind the office.他决定查看一下办公室后面的房间。
9 bull jshzd     
n.公牛,买进证券投机图利者,看涨的人
参考例句:
  • It's only a hair off a bull's back to them.这对他们来说,不过九牛一毛。
  • Many dogs closed around the bull.很多狗渐渐地把那只牛围了起来。
10 puma Tk1zhP     
美洲豹
参考例句:
  • The police and the volunteers combed the forest for the lost puma from the zoo.警察和志愿者们在森林里到处寻找动物园迷失的美洲狮。
  • A businessman on a fishing trip saw the puma up a tree.一位商人去钓鱼,看见那只美洲狮在树上。
11 respectable vWExb     
n.品格高尚的人;adj.值得尊重的,人格高尚的,不少的
参考例句:
  • She seems respectable enough.她看上去挺体面的。
  • His savings were just enough to pay for a respectable funeral.他的存款刚好够办一个体面的葬礼。
12 fully Gfuzd     
adv.完全地,全部地,彻底地;充分地
参考例句:
  • The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.医生让我先吸气,然后全部呼出。
  • They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他们很快就完全融入了当地人的圈子。
13 awkward eu6ze     
adj.笨拙的,尴尬的,使用不便的,难处理的
参考例句:
  • John is so shy and awkward that everyone notices him.约翰如此害羞狼狈,以至于大家都注意到了他。
  • I was the only man among the guests and felt rather awkward.作为客人中的唯一男性,我有些窘迫。
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