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NPR 2012-06-29

时间:2012-07-18 07:29来源:互联网 提供网友:gmeng   字体: [ ]

 The administration's historic health care law that has been under attack since day one has survived the US Supreme1 Court. In a five-to-four ruling, the court announced today that the Affordable2 Care Act, including its individual insurance mandate3, were constitutional under Congress's power to impose taxes. Chief Justice John Roberts cited with the high court's liberal justices to make a five-vote majority. NPR's Carrie Johnson reports on the strong dissent5 from conservatives. 

Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy usually sides with the majority in close cases, not this time. Kennedy said from the bench that he found the President Obama's health care law “invalid in its entirety.” Justice Antonin Scalia, Justice Clarence Thomas and Justice Samuel Alito all signed on to that reasoning. The four dissenting6 justices criticized the attempt to cast the individual mandate as a tax, when Congress shied away from using that word in the law. The dissenters7 wrote that in upholding the Affordable Care Act, “the court today decides to save a statute8 that Congress did not write.” Carrie Johnson, NPR News, Washington.
While it’s expected political reaction has been fasting, coming in largely among party lines, it's a major election year boost for President Obama.
“Whatever the politics, today's decision was a victory for people all over this country whose lives will be more secure because of this law and the Supreme Court's decision to uphold it.”
But Republican presidential candidate Mitt9 Romney calls the law a “bad idea.”
“Let's make clear that we understand what the court did and did not do. What the court did today was say that Obamacare does nott violate the Constitution. What they did not do was say that Obamacare is good law or that's good policy.”
Romney says if elected, he will work to repeal10 what he calls “Obamacare.” 
The high court has struck down the Stolen Valor11 Act, a law that makes it a crime to lie about receiving military awards, including the Medal of Honor. Justices say “yes, a lie is contemptible12, but still protected by the First Amendment13.”
In Colorado Springs, officials say hundreds of homes have been destroyed by the Waldo Canyon14 fire. The massive blaze has also burned some land on Air Force Academy. More from Kirk Siegler of member station KUNC. 
The fire has forced the evacuations of two housing complexes on the Air Force Academy's sprawling15 grounds. Most regular operations, like flying and field training, are on hold. But Lieutenant16 General Mike Gould says the scheduled processing of new cadets is proceeding17
“We've looked at pros18 and cons4 of delaying, but we've made the decision that it is safe, and it's the smart thing to do to receive the class of 2016.”
Air Force officials have moved the processing to a safer location that's farther away from the fire. Alternative housing accommodations are also being arranged for some new cadets whose host families have been evacuated19. For NPR News, I Kirk Siegler.
Before the close, Dow was down 25 points. 
This is NPR.
A third clean-energy company that received a government loan reportedly has gone bankrupt in the face of stiff foreign competition. According to the Associated Press, the Colorado-based Abound20 Solar says it will suspend operations next week. The solar panel maker21 received a 400-million-dollar loan guarantee under the government's economic stimulus22 law.
Rupert Murdoch has announced plans to split News Corp. in two. As NPR's David Folkenflik reports, the conglomerate's newspapers would be separated from its TV and entertainment wing. 
Investors23 complained the company's stock has been punished because its newspapers don't perform as strongly as Fox News and other TV holdings. But the move occurs against the teen of the phone-hacking and corruption24 scandal at its British newspapers. Fox Business anchor Neil Cavuto asked his boss about that Thursday and got this reply.
“It's got nothing to do with it at all. At all. This is not any reaction. This is looking forward to what's best for our companies, and what's best for our shareholders25.”
The publishing wing, including Wall Street Journal, the British tabloid26 the Sun and more than 140 Australian papers, would be spun27 off debt-free.
The company's Australian TV interests will remain bundled with its newspapers. Murdoch said he’ll remain chairman of both companies and still be CEO of the entertainment and TV giant as well. David Folkenflik, NPR's News, New York.  
Europe's debt crisis is at the center of crucial talks in Brussels this week. Leaders have agreed that more needs to be done to stimulate28 growth and regulate banks. However, deep divisions remain over the issue of pooling government debt. 
Before the close on Wall Street, the Dow was off 25 points; NASDAQ down 26; S&P 500 down three points. 
This is NPR News.


1 supreme PHqzc     
  • It was the supreme moment in his life.那是他一生中最重要的时刻。
  • He handed up the indictment to the supreme court.他把起诉书送交最高法院。
2 affordable kz6zfq     
  • The rent for the four-roomed house is affordable.四居室房屋的房租付得起。
  • There are few affordable apartments in big cities.在大城市中没有几所公寓是便宜的。
3 mandate sj9yz     
  • The President had a clear mandate to end the war.总统得到明确的授权结束那场战争。
  • The General Election gave him no such mandate.大选并未授予他这种权力。
4 cons eec38a6d10735a91d1247a80b5e213a6     
n.欺骗,骗局( con的名词复数 )v.诈骗,哄骗( con的第三人称单数 )
  • The pros and cons cancel out. 正反两种意见抵消。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • We should hear all the pros and cons of the matter before we make a decision. 我们在对这事做出决定之前,应该先听取正反两方面的意见。 来自《简明英汉词典》
5 dissent ytaxU     
  • It is too late now to make any dissent.现在提出异议太晚了。
  • He felt her shoulders gave a wriggle of dissent.他感到她的肩膀因为不同意而动了一下。
6 dissenting kuhz4F     
  • He can't tolerate dissenting views. 他不能容纳不同意见。
  • A dissenting opinion came from the aunt . 姑妈却提出不赞同的意见。
7 dissenters dc2babdb66e7f4957a7f61e6dbf4b71e     
n.持异议者,持不同意见者( dissenter的名词复数 )
  • He attacked the indulgence shown to religious dissenters. 他抨击对宗教上持不同政见者表现出的宽容。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • (The dissenters would have allowed even more leeway to the Secretary.) (持异议者还会给行政长官留有更多的余地。) 来自英汉非文学 - 行政法
8 statute TGUzb     
  • Protection for the consumer is laid down by statute.保障消费者利益已在法令里作了规定。
  • The next section will consider this environmental statute in detail.下一部分将详细论述环境法令的问题。
9 mitt Znszwo     
  • I gave him a baseball mitt for his birthday.为祝贺他的生日,我送给他一只棒球手套。
  • Tom squeezed a mitt and a glove into the bag.汤姆把棒球手套和手套都塞进袋子里。
10 repeal psVyy     
  • He plans to repeal a number of current policies.他计划废除一些当前的政策。
  • He has made out a strong case for the repeal of the law.他提出强有力的理由,赞成废除该法令。
11 valor Titwk     
  • Fortitude is distinct from valor.坚韧不拔有别于勇猛。
  • Frequently banality is the better parts of valor.老生常谈往往比大胆打破常规更为人称道。
12 contemptible DpRzO     
  • His personal presence is unimpressive and his speech contemptible.他气貌不扬,言语粗俗。
  • That was a contemptible trick to play on a friend.那是对朋友玩弄的一出可鄙的把戏。
13 amendment Mx8zY     
  • The amendment was rejected by 207 voters to 143.这项修正案以207票对143票被否决。
  • The Opposition has tabled an amendment to the bill.反对党已经就该议案提交了一项修正条款。
14 canyon 4TYya     
  • The Grand Canyon in the USA is 1900 metres deep.美国的大峡谷1900米深。
  • The canyon is famous for producing echoes.这个峡谷以回声而闻名。
15 sprawling 3ff3e560ffc2f12f222ef624d5807902     
adj.蔓生的,不规则地伸展的v.伸开四肢坐[躺]( sprawl的现在分词 );蔓延;杂乱无序地拓展;四肢伸展坐着(或躺着)
  • He was sprawling in an armchair in front of the TV. 他伸开手脚坐在电视机前的一张扶手椅上。
  • a modern sprawling town 一座杂乱无序拓展的现代城镇
16 lieutenant X3GyG     
  • He was promoted to be a lieutenant in the army.他被提升为陆军中尉。
  • He prevailed on the lieutenant to send in a short note.他说动那个副官,递上了一张简短的便条进去。
17 proceeding Vktzvu     
  • This train is now proceeding from Paris to London.这次列车从巴黎开往伦敦。
  • The work is proceeding briskly.工作很有生气地进展着。
18 pros pros     
abbr.prosecuting 起诉;prosecutor 起诉人;professionals 自由职业者;proscenium (舞台)前部n.赞成的意见( pro的名词复数 );赞成的理由;抵偿物;交换物
  • The pros and cons cancel out. 正反两种意见抵消。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • We should hear all the pros and cons of the matter before we make a decision. 我们在对这事做出决定之前,应该先听取正反两方面的意见。 来自《简明英汉词典》
19 evacuated b2adcc11308c78e262805bbcd7da1669     
  • Police evacuated nearby buildings. 警方已将附近大楼的居民疏散。
  • The fireman evacuated the guests from the burning hotel. 消防队员把客人们从燃烧着的旅馆中撤出来。
20 abound wykz4     
  • Oranges abound here all the year round.这里一年到头都有很多橙子。
  • But problems abound in the management of State-owned companies.但是在国有企业的管理中仍然存在不少问题。
21 maker DALxN     
  • He is a trouble maker,You must be distant with him.他是个捣蛋鬼,你不要跟他在一起。
  • A cabinet maker must be a master craftsman.家具木工必须是技艺高超的手艺人。
22 stimulus 3huyO     
  • Regard each failure as a stimulus to further efforts.把每次失利看成对进一步努力的激励。
  • Light is a stimulus to growth in plants.光是促进植物生长的一个因素。
23 investors dffc64354445b947454450e472276b99     
n.投资者,出资者( investor的名词复数 )
  • a con man who bilked investors out of millions of dollars 诈取投资者几百万元的骗子
  • a cash bonanza for investors 投资者的赚钱机会
24 corruption TzCxn     
  • The people asked the government to hit out against corruption and theft.人民要求政府严惩贪污盗窃。
  • The old man reviled against corruption.那老人痛斥了贪污舞弊。
25 shareholders 7d3b0484233cf39bc3f4e3ebf97e69fe     
n.股东( shareholder的名词复数 )
  • The meeting was attended by 90% of shareholders. 90%的股东出席了会议。
  • the company's fiduciary duty to its shareholders 公司对股东负有的受托责任
26 tabloid wIDzy     
  • He launched into a verbal assault on tabloid journalism.他口头对小报新闻进行了抨击。
  • He believes that the tabloid press has behaved disgracefully.他认为小报媒体的行为不太光彩。
27 spun kvjwT     
  • His grandmother spun him a yarn at the fire.他奶奶在火炉边给他讲故事。
  • Her skilful fingers spun the wool out to a fine thread.她那灵巧的手指把羊毛纺成了细毛线。
28 stimulate wuSwL     
  • Your encouragement will stimulate me to further efforts.你的鼓励会激发我进一步努力。
  • Success will stimulate the people for fresh efforts.成功能鼓舞人们去作新的努力。
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