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SSS 2008-10-27

时间:2010-05-15 03:03来源:互联网 提供网友:木渐浅。   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

This is Scientific American's 60-Second Science. I'm Steve Mirsky . Got a minute ?

 

The eyes often don’t have it. Tennis referees2, for example, sometimes mess up when calling a ball in or out. And a new study finds that refs are much more likely to make a mistake by calling a good ball out than by calling a bad ball in. The research is in the October 28th issue of the journal Current Biology.

It takes at least a tenth of a second for us to become aware of an image striking the retina. So we all have to construct our perception of moving objects. And the way the brain works, we consistently think something has gone slightly further than it really has. It’s not surprising then that we misjudge the position of hundred-mile-an-hour tennis balls.

When researcher David Whitney saw a call overturned during Wimbledon, he decided3 to check out referee1 error rates. He reviewed videos of more than 4,000 randomly4 selected tennis points, and found 83 incorrect calls. Seventy of the 83 were the type predicted. So players contesting calls are better off asking for reviews on their own shots called out than their opponent’s called in.

 

Thanks for the minute for Scientific American's 60-Second Science. I'm Steve Mirsky .

 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 referee lAqzU     
n.裁判员.仲裁人,代表人,鉴定人
参考例句:
  • The team was left raging at the referee's decision.队员们对裁判员的裁决感到非常气愤。
  • The referee blew a whistle at the end of the game.裁判在比赛结束时吹响了哨子。
2 referees 7891e30f2b42e2d37914dc1ab29ba489     
n.裁判员( referee的名词复数 );证明人;公断人;(专业性强的文章的)审阅人
参考例句:
  • The fiery player has had numerous run-ins with referees. 这位脾气暴躁的队员曾和裁判员发生过无数次争吵。
  • If you want to appeal, the Court of Referees will decide. 如果你要上诉,可以由仲裁法庭去判决。 来自辞典例句
3 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
4 randomly cktzBM     
adv.随便地,未加计划地
参考例句:
  • Within the hot gas chamber, molecules are moving randomly in all directions. 在灼热的气体燃烧室内,分子在各个方向上作无规运动。 来自辞典例句
  • Transformed cells are loosely attached, rounded and randomly oriented. 转化细胞则不大贴壁、圆缩并呈杂乱分布。 来自辞典例句
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