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SSS 2010-12-30

时间:2011-01-06 06:55来源:互联网 提供网友:tianshun   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

This is Scientific American’s 60-Second Science. I’m Steve Mirsky. Got a minute?

Over the years regulations have developed to limit the hours of hospital interns1 and residents, because someone putting in a 100-hour workweek might not be at their best when deciding which medication to prescribe or when inserting a Foley catheter. But doctors who have finished their training don’t face any restrictions2 in their hours. Now The New England Journal of Medicine argues in an editorial that sleep-deprived physicians set to perform elective surgery should have to get the informed consent of the patient.

Sleep deprivation3 can impair4 motor skills as much as alcohol intoxication5 can. The editorial cites a 2009 study in the Journal of the American Medical Association that found an increase in the risk for complications in patients who had elective surgery performed by surgeons who’d had the chance for less six hours of sleep during a previous on-call night.

The editorial’s authors note that such consent represents a new responsibility for patients in making decisions about their care. It could damage the patient-doctor relationship. But, they say, "This shift may be necessary until institutions take the responsibility for ensuring that patients rarely face such dilemmas6."

Thanks for the minute. For Scientific American’s 60-Second Science, I’m Steve Mirsky.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 interns b9fd94f8bf381b49802b6b686cb9d5ac     
n.住院实习医生( intern的名词复数 )v.拘留,关押( intern的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • Our interns also greet our guests when they arrive in our studios. 我们的实习生也会在嘉宾抵达演播室的时候向他们致以问候。 来自超越目标英语 第4册
  • The interns work alongside experienced civil engineers and receive training in the different work sectors. 实习生陪同有经验的国内工程师工作,接受不同工作部门的相关培训。 来自超越目标英语 第4册
2 restrictions 81e12dac658cfd4c590486dd6f7523cf     
约束( restriction的名词复数 ); 管制; 制约因素; 带限制性的条件(或规则)
参考例句:
  • I found the restrictions irksome. 我对那些限制感到很烦。
  • a snaggle of restrictions 杂乱无章的种种限制
3 deprivation e9Uy7     
n.匮乏;丧失;夺去,贫困
参考例句:
  • Many studies make it clear that sleep deprivation is dangerous.多实验都证实了睡眠被剥夺是危险的。
  • Missing the holiday was a great deprivation.错过假日是极大的损失。
4 impair Ia4x2     
v.损害,损伤;削弱,减少
参考例句:
  • Loud noise can impair your hearing.巨大的噪音有损听觉。
  • It can not impair the intellectual vigor of the young.这不能磨灭青年人思想活力。
5 intoxication qq7zL8     
n.wild excitement;drunkenness;poisoning
参考例句:
  • He began to drink, drank himself to intoxication, till he slept obliterated. 他一直喝,喝到他快要迷糊地睡着了。
  • Predator: Intoxication-Damage over time effect will now stack with other allies. Predator:Intoxication,持续性伤害的效果将会与队友相加。
6 dilemmas 619646ac13737b880beb161dfe80967f     
n.左右为难( dilemma的名词复数 );窘境,困境
参考例句:
  • They dealt with their dilemmas by mixing perhaps unintentionally an explosive brew. 他们――也许是无意地――把爆炸性的佐料混合在一起,以此来应付困难处境。 来自辞典例句
  • Ten years later we encountered the same dilemmas in Vietnam. 十年后,我们又在越南遇到了同样进退两难的局面。 来自辞典例句
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