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SSS 2010-08-19

时间:2010-09-03 05:51来源:互联网 提供网友:yu6707   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

This is Scientific American's 60-Second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin. This will just take a minute.

When you think of someone who's trusting, you may assume that they’re gullible1. But that's not necessarily true—a fact that your Pollyanna pal2 might be in a good position to point out. Because people who have faith in their fellow human beings are actually good at spotting lies. The finding is described in the journal Social Psychological & Personality Science.

Researchers videotaped a cadre of second-year MBA students as they pretended to interview for a job. Half the interviewees were entirely3 truthful4, and half told at least three whoppers, lies they thought would make them more attractive candidates for the fake job.

The scientists then showed these videos to a second set of subjects and asked them to rate the honesty of the interviewees and say which ones they'd hire. The results: subjects who said they think that most people are basically honest, good-natured, and kind were better at spotting the liars5 than the self-described cynics. Subjects who were more suspicious were, ironically, more likely to hire the liars and less likely to detect their fabrications.

So trust may lend itself to better interpersonal intuition. And if you don't believe that, well, maybe you're just not being honest with yourself.

Thanks for the minute. For Scientific American's 60-Second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin.
 


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1 gullible zeSzN     
adj.易受骗的;轻信的
参考例句:
  • The swindlers had roped into a number of gullible persons.骗子们已使一些轻信的人上了当。
  • The advertisement is aimed at gullible young women worried about their weight.这则广告专门针对担心自己肥胖而易受骗的年轻女士。
2 pal j4Fz4     
n.朋友,伙伴,同志;vi.结为友
参考例句:
  • He is a pal of mine.他是我的一个朋友。
  • Listen,pal,I don't want you talking to my sister any more.听着,小子,我不让你再和我妹妹说话了。
3 entirely entirely     
ad.全部地,完整地;完全地,彻底地
参考例句:
  • The fire was entirely caused by their neglect of duty. 那场火灾完全是由于他们失职而引起的。
  • His life was entirely given up to the educational work. 他的一生统统献给了教育工作。
4 truthful OmpwN     
adj.真实的,说实话的,诚实的
参考例句:
  • You can count on him for a truthful report of the accident.你放心,他会对事故作出如实的报告的。
  • I don't think you are being entirely truthful.我认为你并没全讲真话。
5 liars ba6a2311efe2dc9a6d844c9711cd0fff     
说谎者( liar的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The greatest liars talk most of themselves. 最爱自吹自擂的人是最大的说谎者。
  • Honest boys despise lies and liars. 诚实的孩子鄙视谎言和说谎者。
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