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SSS 2010-08-30

时间:2010-09-03 06:23来源:互联网 提供网友:yu6707   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

This is Scientific American's 60-Second Science. I'm Christopher Intagliata. Got a minute?

Engineers are always plugging away to get better energy efficiency out of our products -- like cars that guzzle1 less gas or light bulbs that burn brighter on fewer watts2. But even if we replaced all today's bulbs with energy-sipping LEDs, the world might not see any energy savings3, according to a study in the Journal of Physics D. Because the more efficient lights get, the more light we tend to use.

The researchers looked at light consumption since the year 1700. Even though today's compact fluorescents are 500 times more efficient than candles and whale oil lamps, what we spend on overall lighting4 hasn't gone down. It's just increased proportionately to our wealth. For the past 300 years we've consistently spent just about seven-tenths-of-one-percent of our gross domestic product on artificial lighting. And the researchers think this trend could continue, because many parts of the world still haven't satisfied their appetite for light.

The upside is, more lighting means more productivity. But if the goal is green living, LEDs may not be a stand-alone solution. Instead, the authors suggest coupling those LEDs with energy policies that encourage smart lighting use. Now that's a bright idea.

Thanks for the minute. For Scientific American's 60-Second Science, I'm Christopher Intagliata.
 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 guzzle r5Vyt     
v.狂饮,暴食
参考例句:
  • Melissa had guzzled gin and tonics like they were lemonade.梅利莎像喝柠檬汽水一样大口地喝着加奎宁水的杜松子酒。
  • Pigs guzzle their food.猪总是狼吞虎咽地吃东西。
2 watts c70bc928c4d08ffb18fc491f215d238a     
(电力计量单位)瓦,瓦特( watt的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • My lamp uses 60 watts; my toaster uses 600 watts. 我的灯用60瓦,我的烤面包器用600瓦。
  • My lamp uses 40 watts. 我的灯40瓦。
3 savings ZjbzGu     
n.存款,储蓄
参考例句:
  • I can't afford the vacation,for it would eat up my savings.我度不起假,那样会把我的积蓄用光的。
  • By this time he had used up all his savings.到这时,他的存款已全部用完。
4 lighting CpszPL     
n.照明,光线的明暗,舞台灯光
参考例句:
  • The gas lamp gradually lost ground to electric lighting.煤气灯逐渐为电灯所代替。
  • The lighting in that restaurant is soft and romantic.那个餐馆照明柔和而且浪漫。
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