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SSS 2011-01-03

时间:2011-02-11 05:55来源:互联网 提供网友:qi2261   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

This is Scientific American's 60-Second Science. I'm Steve Mirsky. Got a minute?

Did you hoist1 a few on New Year's? Of course, getting together with friends over a few adult beverages2 has a long history. Here's the University of Cincinnati's Kathleen Lynch, on the ancient Greek symposium3:

"And the symposium is an all-male drinking event. It's a time where a small group of men get together, usually at the home of a friend. And the focus is on drinking. And so even they may have had some food earlier, but the focus is on drinking together. And the drinking together forms bonds."

On January 7th, Lynch lectures at the meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America on the types of cups used at symposia4 over the centuries and how they give us clues to what was going on in Greece at particular times.

As for the symposium, it had a couple of definite rules. First, participants reclined and arranged themselves in a circle or square. There was thus no obvious head of the table, and everyone involved had an equal status. Second, everyone drank together in rounds, so everyone got drunk at about the same rate. This communal5 and equitable6 inebriation7 led to a common loss of inhibitions and the building of, well, a fraternity.

Thanks for the minute. For Scientific American's 60-Second Science, I'm Steve Mirsky.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 hoist rdizD     
n.升高,起重机,推动;v.升起,升高,举起
参考例句:
  • By using a hoist the movers were able to sling the piano to the third floor.搬运工人用吊车才把钢琴吊到3楼。
  • Hoist the Chinese flag on the flagpole,please!请在旗杆上升起中国国旗!
2 beverages eb693dc3e09666bb339be2c419d0478e     
n.饮料( beverage的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • laws governing the sale of alcoholic beverages 控制酒类销售的法规
  • regulations governing the sale of alcoholic beverages 含酒精饮料的销售管理条例
3 symposium 8r6wZ     
n.讨论会,专题报告会;专题论文集
参考例句:
  • What have you learned from the symposium?你参加了这次科学讨论会有什么体会?
  • The specialists and scholars present at the symposium come from all corners of the country.出席研讨会的专家学者们来自全国各地。
4 symposia b231df824f5efce31cf3721af1bb8ac8     
座谈会,评论集; 讨论会( symposium的名词复数 ); 专题讨论会; 研讨会; 小型讨论会
参考例句:
  • Two symposia are scheduled for the ESC Congress 2007 on this subject. 在这个领域,两个会议被安排在2007ESC大会上。
  • Moreover, the coordinator participated in four international conferences and symposia, gave talks or showed papers. 此外,项目执行期间,参加了四次国际学术研讨会,作了分组报告或论文展示。
5 communal VbcyU     
adj.公有的,公共的,公社的,公社制的
参考例句:
  • There was a communal toilet on the landing for the four flats.在楼梯平台上有一处公共卫生间供4套公寓使用。
  • The toilets and other communal facilities were in a shocking state.厕所及其他公共设施的状况极其糟糕。
6 equitable JobxJ     
adj.公平的;公正的
参考例句:
  • This is an equitable solution to the dispute. 这是对该项争议的公正解决。
  • Paying a person what he has earned is equitable. 酬其应得,乃公平之事。
7 inebriation 90e5aa303a1ed92c735326ff7129911a     
n.醉,陶醉
参考例句:
  • His practice of inebriation was lamentable. 他的酗酒常闹得别人束手无策。 来自辞典例句
  • Poor Tom lamentably disgraced himself at Sir Charles Mirable's table, by premature inebriation. 可怜的汤姆在查尔斯·米拉贝尔爵士的宴会上,终于入席不久就酩酊大醉,弄得出丑露乖,丢尽了脸皮。 来自辞典例句
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