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SSS 2011-01-04

时间:2011-02-11 06:16来源:互联网 提供网友:qi2261   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

This is Scientific American's 60-Second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin. This will just take a minute.

Oh what a tangled1 web we weave. Or so it may seem, because many social networks eventually evolve into one of just two states. We either all get along, or an unbridgeable divide develops. And a new mathematical model can predict which it will be, findings laid out in the Proceedings2 of the National Academy of Sciences.

Consider a relationship triangle. Arthur and Carl don't like each other. But Bill is friendly with them both. Bill will probably try to convince Arthur and Carl to get along. But Arthur and Carl are telling Bill that the other guy's no good. You don’t need to be a math whiz to see that, as time goes on, either everyone will be friends or Bill is gonna have to pick a side.

Now picture a big network made of these triangles, which is what scientists did in their computer model. And they found that this theoretical social network produced either global harmony or all-out war, depending on the initial triangles. The model even predicted almost exactly the identities of all the Allied3 and Axis4 forces during World War II. So one way to prevent global war may be to forge friendships between enough Arthurs and Carls.

Thanks for the minute. For Scientific American's 60-Second Science, I'm Karen Hopkin.


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1 tangled e487ee1bc1477d6c2828d91e94c01c6e     
adj. 纠缠的,紊乱的 动词tangle的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  • Your hair's so tangled that I can't comb it. 你的头发太乱了,我梳不动。
  • A movement caught his eye in the tangled undergrowth. 乱灌木丛里的晃动引起了他的注意。
2 proceedings Wk2zvX     
n.进程,过程,议程;诉讼(程序);公报
参考例句:
  • He was released on bail pending committal proceedings. 他交保获释正在候审。
  • to initiate legal proceedings against sb 对某人提起诉讼
3 allied iLtys     
adj.协约国的;同盟国的
参考例句:
  • Britain was allied with the United States many times in history.历史上英国曾多次与美国结盟。
  • Allied forces sustained heavy losses in the first few weeks of the campaign.同盟国在最初几周内遭受了巨大的损失。
4 axis sdXyz     
n.轴,轴线,中心线;坐标轴,基准线
参考例句:
  • The earth's axis is the line between the North and South Poles.地轴是南北极之间的线。
  • The axis of a circle is its diameter.圆的轴线是其直径。
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