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SSS 2011-11-28

时间:2011-12-02 06:27来源:互联网 提供网友:gmeng   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

 This is Scientific American, 60-second science. I'm Sophie Bushwick. Got a minute?

How many Michael Jackson songs do you think became Number one hits? How tall do you think the Eiffel Tower is? How good is your posture1? Believe it or not, how you sit or stand could affect your answers. Because a new study finds that out estimates are skilled by the position of our bodies. The work is in the journal Psychological Science. Dutch researchers rigged a balance board to subtly tilt2 left, right, or remain flat while students stood on the board and answered estimation questions. In order to prevent the students from perceiving a bias3, they were told to stand up straight and a screen informed them taht they were upright even when their bodies were actually leaning to one side. When the board tilted4  the participants leaned left, their estimations were smaller than when they were standing5 up or leaning right. The fact that posture affected6 participants answers indicateds that the decision-making process isn't rational as it may feel. Amazingly enough, unconscious factors like tilting7 your body can also tilt your best guess. 
Thanks for the minute for Scientific American, 60-second science. I'm Sophie Bushwick.

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1 posture q1gzk     
n.姿势,姿态,心态,态度;v.作出某种姿势
参考例句:
  • The government adopted an uncompromising posture on the issue of independence.政府在独立这一问题上采取了毫不妥协的态度。
  • He tore off his coat and assumed a fighting posture.他脱掉上衣,摆出一副打架的架势。
2 tilt aG3y0     
v.(使)倾侧;(使)倾斜;n.倾侧;倾斜
参考例句:
  • She wore her hat at a tilt over her left eye.她歪戴着帽子遮住左眼。
  • The table is at a slight tilt.这张桌子没放平,有点儿歪.
3 bias 0QByQ     
n.偏见,偏心,偏袒;vt.使有偏见
参考例句:
  • They are accusing the teacher of political bias in his marking.他们在指控那名教师打分数有政治偏见。
  • He had a bias toward the plan.他对这项计划有偏见。
4 tilted 3gtzE5     
v. 倾斜的
参考例句:
  • Suddenly the boat tilted to one side. 小船突然倾向一侧。
  • She tilted her chin at him defiantly. 她向他翘起下巴表示挑衅。
5 standing 2hCzgo     
n.持续,地位;adj.永久的,不动的,直立的,不流动的
参考例句:
  • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  • They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
6 affected TzUzg0     
adj.不自然的,假装的
参考例句:
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  • His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
7 tilting f68c899ac9ba435686dcb0f12e2bbb17     
倾斜,倾卸
参考例句:
  • For some reason he thinks everyone is out to get him, but he's really just tilting at windmills. 不知为什么他觉得每个人都想害他,但其实他不过是在庸人自扰。
  • So let us stop bickering within our ranks.Stop tilting at windmills. 所以,让我们结束内部间的争吵吧!再也不要去做同风车作战的蠢事了。
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