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SSS 2011-12-28

时间:2012-01-13 05:56来源:互联网 提供网友:gmeng   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

 This is scientific American's 60 seconds science.I'm Sophie Bushwick.Got a minute? For shift workers odd hours usually mean strange sleeping habits and unhealthy meals.And now an editorial in the journal Public Library of Science Medicine takes the position-that unhealthy eating associated with unusual hours could be considered a new form of occupational hazard.Because such eating is a risk factor for obesity1 and diabetes2. More than 15% of workers in U.S are employed in shifts, with workers taking over for each other so that the establishment can stay open for up to 24 hours a day.Because some shifts take place at night,employees have their ?? rhythms disrupted and thus their metabolisms3.Taking round the clock shifts  also makes eating a good diet and getting sufficient exercise difficult.A recent study in the same journal found an increase in diabetes risk among nurses who perform shift work.The editorial suggests not only employee incentives4 but also legislation to make healthful diets easy and cheap.It concludes that treating poor eating among shift workers as an occupational hazard is consistent with the history of work place safety rights


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1 obesity Dv1ya     
n.肥胖,肥大
参考例句:
  • One effect of overeating may be obesity.吃得过多能导致肥胖。
  • Sugar and fat can more easily lead to obesity than some other foods.糖和脂肪比其他食物更容易导致肥胖。
2 diabetes uPnzu     
n.糖尿病
参考例句:
  • In case of diabetes, physicians advise against the use of sugar.对于糖尿病患者,医生告诫他们不要吃糖。
  • Diabetes is caused by a fault in the insulin production of the body.糖尿病是由体內胰岛素分泌失调引起的。
3 metabolisms fef5637ca3ae7cdc1a11a48aef5a9487     
n.新陈代谢( metabolism的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Garden snails are evolving slower metabolisms. 花园蜗牛新陈代谢进化缓慢。 来自互联网
  • Elite swimmers tend to be born with certain advantages, such as superefficient metabolisms. 精华的游泳者趋于与某个优点出生,例如superefficient新陈代谢。 来自互联网
4 incentives 884481806a10ef3017726acf079e8fa7     
激励某人做某事的事物( incentive的名词复数 ); 刺激; 诱因; 动机
参考例句:
  • tax incentives to encourage savings 鼓励储蓄的税收措施
  • Furthermore, subsidies provide incentives only for investments in equipment. 更有甚者,提供津贴仅是为鼓励增添设备的投资。 来自英汉非文学 - 环境法 - 环境法
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