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SSS 2011-05-30

时间:2011-06-04 09:08来源:互联网 提供网友:wanglihong80   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

This is Scientific American's 60-Second Science. I'm Cynthia Graber. This will just take a minute.

Do you come from a country that has, let's say, a history of environmental disasters or conquests? Then your culture is probably "tight"—it has strong social norms and doesn't tolerate much deviance from those norms. And your society is probably autocratic with few political and civil liberties. Or, a happier history probably led to your culture being "loose," with more rights and openness. So says a study in the journal Science.

Researchers surveyed almost 7,000 people in 33 countries. They asked respondents to scale the truth of statements such as, "In this country, if someone acts in an inappropriate way, others will strongly disapprove1." Participants also rated the acceptability of activities such as kissing in public.

Then the researchers correlated those answers with current and historical data about ecological2 and societal threats, population density3, even the prevalence of diseases. They found that the more stresses a society has faced—whether ecological or human-made—the more likely that culture is to be a tight one.

The scientists say that its threat history could explain why a given culture finds others to be alien or immoral4. And that appreciating the roots of cultural differences could improve international communication.

Thanks for the minute. For Scientific American's 60-Second Science, I'm Cynthia Graber.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 disapprove 9udx3     
v.不赞成,不同意,不批准
参考例句:
  • I quite disapprove of his behaviour.我很不赞同他的行为。
  • She wants to train for the theatre but her parents disapprove.她想训练自己做戏剧演员,但她的父母不赞成。
2 ecological IrRxX     
adj.生态的,生态学的
参考例句:
  • The region has been declared an ecological disaster zone.这个地区已经宣布为生态灾难区。
  • Each animal has its ecological niche.每种动物都有自己的生态位.
3 density rOdzZ     
n.密集,密度,浓度
参考例句:
  • The population density of that country is 685 per square mile.那个国家的人口密度为每平方英里685人。
  • The region has a very high population density.该地区的人口密度很高。
4 immoral waCx8     
adj.不道德的,淫荡的,荒淫的,有伤风化的
参考例句:
  • She was questioned about his immoral conduct toward her.她被询问过有关他对她的不道德行为的情况。
  • It is my belief that nuclear weapons are immoral.我相信使核武器是不邪恶的。
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